Sumatran barbus is considered the main teaser of the whole aquarium. These striped fish will not give rest to any inhabitant of the aquarium and make all the slow-moving inhabitants hide.
Barbs are distinguished by their activity and restlessness, so they are suitable only for the same active owners, and not lovers of quietly watching the underwater world.
Sumatran pumpius or barbus is a species of fish from the order of carps and the class of ray-finned fish.
In nature, lives in the waters around the islands of Kalimanan and Sumatra, for which he received its name. In the European part of pumpius first learned in 1935.
Distribution in Russia was received in 1947. They prefer quiet medium-sized rivers with weak current, clear water and sandy bottom in the thick of the jungle.
The body of a sumatrant is high, slightly resembles a circle, the head is sharp. The size of the barb in nature is usually 7 cm, in captivity these fish are even smaller. Body color is pale yellow with red patches.
Feature – 4 vertical black stripes on the body. One of the bands always passes through the eye of the fish, the second – in front of the dorsal fin, the third – near the anal fin, and the last one in front of the tail fin.
There is a red border on the dorsal fin.
Barbus are active inhabitants and have a rather aggressive behavior to other species and individuals of their own species. There is a strict hierarchy in the flock, in which each fish has its own specific place.
If a fish does not want to be in the hierarchy, then it is severely punished.
During sleep and rest, they hang in the water and lower the front of the body down, being at an acute angle to the bottom. Some aquarists think that this fish shows its poor health, but it is not.
Sumatrans do not differ in longevity. The average lifespan is 5 years, but fish die earlier due to improper maintenance or overfeeding.
In addition to Sumatran, other types are common:
- Albino. Sumatran albino barb was bred artificially. Differs white-beige color.
- Fiery barb. It lives in the waters of India. It has an elongated body and an orange-red color of the skin and fins.
- Cherry. It lives in Asia. The back color is brownish, the sides are crimson colored with dark stripes and spots.
- Mutant. It has one of the most unusual colors. The mutant combines blue, green and black with orange fins and snout.
- Denisoni. Named in honor of Sir William Denison. The body is elongated. From the head on each side are black and red stripes, the lower part is pale yellow, and the upper part is bluish.
The maintenance and care of the Sumatran specimens is not particularly difficult. These carps are quickly adapting to new conditions and will not experience prolonged stress when moving, like some other fish.
A few minutes after moving into a new aquarium, the barbs are ready to reconnoiter a new home.
In an aquarium, a special place is given to plants. Sumatrans do not spoil them and do not dig the ground, so you should not worry about vegetation.
The tank, which contains barbs, must be at least 50 liters per flock.
Choose the capacity of a long, because the fish need a large space to move. Equip an aquarium with a cap, because these nimble fish easily jump their waters.
Locate at the bottom of the snags, caves, branches, grottoes, boulders, so that the aquarium looks like a natural habitat.
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The water temperature is 21-26 degrees. Water hardness is not too high, barbs prefer soft water. Acidity at level 7.
The aquarium requires a large amount of vegetation, as well as in the natural habitats of the Sumatrans. Any plants are suitable, but it is preferable to choose plants with small foliage or floating plants.
For example, a low-growth bacopa, apalant Granadsky, avran medicinal, aldrovenda blister, two-vine butterlac and coinstrike are well suited.
Any soil is suitable: sand, pebble, substrate, stones. But aquarists brought out the pattern that when using light soil the color of fish becomes less bright.
Barbus can do without special equipment. But for a more comfortable fish life, install a not too powerful compressor and filter.
This will help maintain cleanliness in the aquarium and control the level of oxygen in the water, ensuring good aeration.
Sumatrans are not picky about aquarium lighting, they feel good in dim light and in direct sunlight. It is better to choose an average option, not too bright and not dim lighting.
Another solution is to light one part, and leave the other dark, and the barbs will decide for themselves where they are more comfortable.
The fish is not picky about the type and quality of food, eats everything that gets into the aquarium. Even when eating only dry food, the fish remains active.
But if individuals are intended for breeding, then feed them carefully.
The main ration of the species includes live and frozen food. For example, daphnia, bloodworm, tube maker.
The main thing is that they do not contain a large amount of fat.
Fed Sumatrans 1 time per day. Remember that barbs are gluttonous and often die early because of obesity.
It is better to underfeed than overfeed.
Compatibility with other fish in barbus is not too high. When keeping barbs together with other fish in the same aquarium, remember that these are active fish. Most of the problems will solve the content of fish flock.
The fish in the aquarium should be larger than 8. Then the fish will be busy building relationships and creating a hierarchy, and they will not pay attention to other individuals.
With a single content barbs annoying neighbors, especially slow-moving fish, they nibble long fins. Goldfish, angelfish, cockerels, gourami, koi, trophyus, akara are not suitable for joint content.
Guppies, Congo, Melanochromis, Petsilia have medium compatibility. But the barbs get along quite well with the same nimble fish: catfish, tetras, danios, terntions, antsistrus, pabeo, neon, swordsman, mollies.
Even a beginner aquarist is capable of breeding barbs. With proper feeding, at 7 months of age, puberty begins and fish are ready for reproduction.
If desired, heterosexuals are seated in different tanks so that the female spawns, but this is not necessary. The water temperature is maintained at 23 degrees.
It is almost impossible to distinguish the male and female of the Sumatran barb at a young age. A visible difference appears as the barb breeding period approaches. In females, the belly is noticeably rounded, and the males stretch out and become more slender.
And also the color of males is more distinguished by beauty and brightness.
To lay eggs, a separate spawn of about 15 liters will be needed. Soil is not required, suitable moss or synthetics. A net is placed on the bottom so that the caviar falls there and the parents do not eat it.
The temperature in the spawn is raised to 26 degrees. Closer to the morning begins the process of spawning.
It lasts not for long, several hours, but the female sweeps out about 600 eggs.
After spawning, the Sumatran barbus parents are removed from the spawn and transferred to a common aquarium. It is advisable to replace a part of the water with a clean one. Sunlight and direct light should not fall on the spawn.
After a couple of days, the larvae hatch, which after a few days turns into fry. At this time, the fry become active and require feed.
The fry do not need special care, it is enough just to feed them and replace the water.
One of the most dangerous ailments barbs, which is easy to avoid – obesity. It is also considered the most common cause of death.
Another disease – aeromonosis, popularly called rubella. The barbus can become infected by contact with sick fish or with poorly treated soil and equipment.
In case of illness, the body is covered with ulcers, the scales are raised, the eyes are too bulging, and the abdomen is swollen. The individual becomes inhibited and does not eat. In the early stages, levomycetinum or methylene blue is treated, making baths of them and launching sick fish there.
In the later stages it is not possible to save the fish.
White skin also sometimes affects barbs. There is a lesion of the skin and nervous system. When infecting the skin near the dorsal and caudal fins whitens.
Treat baths of chloramphenicol.
Barbusses attract aquarists with their beauty and vigor, as well as unpretentiousness and omnivorous. But owners of slow fish complain that barbs are attacking other fish.
This is the main reason for dissatisfaction with the maintenance of barbs.
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- Do not overfeed barbs.
- Plant enough plants.
- Choose a shallow aquarium, and a long one.
- Do not move along with slow and stately fish.
- Do not share with small fish or fry.
Sumatran barbus will revive any aquarium with its cheerful temperament and will be an excellent decoration. If it seems to you that the aquarium has become slow and lifeless, then buy a barb.
These fish will quickly create a stormy livelihoods in the water, you will only watch them.