Aquarium lovers treat striped robbers differently. Some like these fish for bright and elegant coloring, habits and body shape, while others consider the barbs as real bandits.
In general, both categories of aquarists are right.
In view of its interesting appearance, funny habits and spawning conditions, the Sumatran barb can easily compete with almost any aquarium fish. However, a flock of 8 – 10 individuals can do away with a slow-moving fish in a matter of minutes, and it doesn’t matter whether it is a guppy, an angel or a tail.
As shown by the practice of long-term maintenance of barbs in domestic aquariums, only the joint maintenance of Sumatran barb and other aquarium fish from a young age can somehow temper the heat of striped fighters, and, as a rule, not always.
As you understand from the name, the birthplace of this wonderful aquarium fish is the island of Clemanathan and Sumatra. The maximum length of the body of a barb is about 6 centimeters, and the shape of the body is somewhat similar to our native bream. Body color is silvery yellow with wide black and green transverse stripes.
The upper part of the dorsal fin is bright red, and the lower part is black. Paired fins are also red.
In active and adult males, the front part of the head and the end of the caudal fin are also bright red.
For the maintenance of the Sumatran barb you need a relatively small aquarium of 50 liters of volume. In the aquarium, it is necessary to ensure a dense planting of long-stemmed plants (ambulia, cabomba, wallisneria, multi-seeded hygrophil, Schizandra).
Since the fish are very active, you should leave them enough free space for swimming. In view of their habits, fish do not like shaded areas of the aquarium and prefer to keep open and brightly lit areas.
The normal form of existence of a striped robber is a pack. If you break this immutable rule, it can negatively affect their behavior and well-being.
If you are planning to breed barbs or just want to get offspring from them, then you need to acquire about one and a half dozen individuals at three months of age. From this whole mob, you will choose only a few pairs of good producers.
At this age, you can already easily distinguish the female from the male by the red tinge of the extreme best tail fin.
When buying fish, you must take on an order of magnitude more males than females. Until the fish reach sexual maturity, they can be kept in the same aquarium. Water parameters for barbs are as follows:
- Acidity 6.5 – 7.5 pH;
- Temperature 22-24 degrees;
- Stiffness 6 – 10 degrees, but not more than 15.
- Do not forget about the mandatory weekly substitution of ¼ – 1/5 of water for fresh and include at the same time aeration of the aquarium.
It is necessary to feed the fish with live feed several times a day, it is preferable to give them bloodworms, pipe daphnia, koretra. In addition, so that the barbs do not gnaw your aquarium plants with delicate leaves (this applies to limnofil, kabomba, peristristis, hornolistnika), you must add food of plant origin to the diet.
When feeding, be careful, as the Sumatran barbus loves to overeat and is prone to obesity. In order not to harm the fish, you should always control the amount of feed you give.
In case of urgent need, the amount of feed can be reduced.
By about 6 – 8 months, barbs become sexually mature and begin to spawn even in the general aquarium. If you have plans to get offspring, then males and females need to be settled in different aquariums.
Unfortunately, the Sumatran robber rather heavily transfers the change of situation and the transfer from one reservoir to another. To fully get used to the new habitat will take up to 10 days.
When the fish reach puberty, your task is to select good producers. It is necessary to take into account one fact – males mature for a month and a half later than females. Accordingly, you need to select young females with older males.
When selecting manufacturers, pay attention to the behavior of the fish, they must be active, have a bright color, without any defects, the head and the first rays of the tail fin in males must be bright red. If the selected males have a rounded belly, then you did everything right.
Within two weeks, the eggs of the females fully mature. In the female, ready for spawning, the abdomen has a denser and more swollen anus. As a spawn, use a small aquarium (from 10 to 20 liters in volume).
Small-leaved aquarium plants (Javanese moss) are interspersed with the usual fishing line on the bottom.
The water in the spawning should be fresh with a hardness of not more than 6 degrees, a pH in the range of 7 to 7.5, and the water level in the aquarium should not exceed 15 centimeters. Before replanting fish to spawn, the spawning aquarium should stand filled for about 2-3 days. One corner should be shaded, and the second should be open and well lit.
In the same corner and put sprayed air.
Approximately one day before spawning, producers need to stop feeding. Before planting barbs in spawning, in water you can add salt at the rate of 1g per 10 liters of water. This will contribute to better fertilization of the roe.
Manufacturers to spawn are planted in the evening, and the water temperature is raised to 29 degrees. Barbs spawn, as a rule, the next day early in the morning, but there are cases when spawning takes place after a day.
If the pair has not spawned for two days, then it is necessary to change the male.
A male ready to spawn actively pursues a female in a shaded corner, which provokes spawning. The females of Sumatran barbus are quite prolific – about 800 eggs for spawning.
Upon completion of spawning, spawners are removed from the spawning farm and the aquarium is prune. After several days the larvae appear from the eggs.
After another 3-4 days, the larvae are already swimming in the aquarium and at this time the substrate is removed, the aeration in the aquarium is reduced and the blackout is removed.
Youngsters of Sumatran barbus are of a rather large size, and live dust will be suitable for them as food for the Nauplii Artemia. To the delight of an aquarist, fry do not suffer from lack of appetite. At first, the fry should be fed 3-4 times a day.
During the first week the light in the aquarium should not be turned off. After the start of feeding in the aquarium, it is necessary to gradually lower the water temperature to 22 – 24 degrees.
Two weeks later, the spawned female is again put on repeated spawning, but with a different cavalier. If you do not do this, then you risk the life of the female, as she may have a cyst.
For prophylactic purposes, manufacturers once every 2-3 months are kept for two weeks in one aquarium.