Hello, dear subscribers and readers of Aquablog, with you, as always, Andrey Selitsky and today I want to talk about barbs, namely about the Sumatran barbus. The Sumatran barbus is a very common aquarium fish, which is loved by many experienced aquarists and not very much.
But really: it is funny to look at striped robbers who rush around the aquarium and cling to other fish.
Sumatran barb is very simple to maintain and a very common aquarium fish. Varieties of barbs weight, but we will talk today about the Sumatran 🙂 Barbus Sumatran fish school, grows up to 6 centimeters in aquariums.
In the form of the body, there is nothing unusual in principle: a little body compressed from the sides, short and high. Outwardly, he looks like an ordinary crucian that lives in our ponds and lakes. A pronounced feature of the barbat of Sumatran is four black transverse stripes, the outermost of which pass near the tail of the fish and through the eyes.
The color of the body itself can be either yellowish or silver. The dorsal fin is edged with a red stripe at the end.
The female differs from the male in a fuller belly, not so bright in color and it is noticeably larger. Since the fish is schooling, it is better to keep 6-8 individuals in aquariums.
I want to note that the Sumatran barb is a very mobile fish, therefore it is recommended to start them only if the volume of your can will exceed 50 liters.
Maintain the Sumatran barb in principle is not difficult. The most optimal temperature of aquarium water is 21-25 degrees Celsius.
The good news is that the composition of water, in principle, has no role on the barbs. As usual: change the water once a week to a fresh 1/5 of the volume.
To make the barbs stand out better in your tank, it’s better to take a dark one. Well, if in your tank a lot of aquatic plants that sit in the ground, and it is also preferable that there were also floating plants.
Like most aquarium fish, Sumatran barbus loves aerated water with a weak flow.
It’s nice that Sumatran barb is unpretentious in feeding, as it perfectly eats dry and live food. Adult Sumatrans also need additional plant food.
They will be happy to eat some plants or glass. This type of barbs prefers to feed predominantly in the water column, but if needed, it can take food both from the bottom and from the surface. In no case is it possible to overfeed Sumatrans, since they are highly prone to obesity.
To prevent this from happening, feed them once a day and not very large meals. Try once a week to do for Sumatra barbs unloading day – let them starve a day.
In principle, the barbat Sumatran get along with any peaceful neighbor, the main thing that he was the same, or larger. But there are also such cases that the fish show aggression towards other inhabitants of the aquarium. The barbs will show the greatest number of aggressions if there are a small number of fish in the pack.
Consider this factor when you pick up neighbors for Sumatran barbs. Another not very pleasant feature of the barbat is Sumatran – they often gnaw the tails of other fish, in particular, of the veiltails.
There have been cases when in my aquarium these striped devils nibbled the tails of the guramks. Due to the fact that the fish is pretty nimble, often, the neighbors can not do anything with them.
If there are some fry in your tank, it is better to plant them out of the common aquarium in which the Sumatran barbs live, as they quickly dispose of the trifle.
Often, males of barbs can arrange fights among themselves, especially when females are observed behind them. There is nothing serious in these clashes, but if there is a fish with a smaller size in the general flock, then the other relatives probably will score it. Very often I observed a picture when a barbus zaskknitsya in a dark corner and maybe a few hours there to sting.
Do not worry about this – this is a common phenomenon. In aquariums, a Sumatran barbus can live for 5 years under normal conditions of maintenance, full puberty comes at 7 months, and you can tell a female from a male when the fish are 4 months old.
If you still do not know how to care for aquarium fish, then read this post.
In principle, it is not difficult to breed Sumatran barbs. They spawn perfectly in the general aquarium, and this is useful in order to remove roe from females.
If the female has not spawned for a long time, it can start to hurt and eventually die. Fry and caviar in common aquariums are usually eaten by their relatives and other fish.
Therefore, if you want to breed Sumatran barbs at home, do it better in separate vessels. In the role of spawning can act bank in twenty.
You can arrange either a group spawning or a pair. In order for the barbs to successfully spawn, prepare them for this process.
To do this, set off a couple of barbs from each other for a couple of weeks, let’s make the most diverse feeds, do a special emphasis on vegetable.
Barbat sumatran albino
For these purposes, lettuce leaves or dried seaweed are perfect. During this period, the males become very aggressive. It will be better if you are in the aquarium where the male prepared for spawning will have many plants.
They will help other fish to hide from the aggressor. Aquarium water is added to the spawning tank with a 30 percent fresh addition and raise its temperature to 29 degrees.
Lay the bottom of the aquarium with small-leaved plants so that parents do not devour their own eggs. Make sure that snails do not get into the spawning together with the plants.
If you decide to plant Sumatran barb on an industrial scale, then instead of small-leaved plants, it is better to use a separator net.
In the spawning season, the producers are placed in the late afternoon, and the next morning the fish are already spawning. There have been cases of killing females in spawning. During one spawning, the female can sweep away about six hundred eggs!
After spawning, it is better to immediately remove the parents from the spawning ground, as they devour the eggs, and cover the aquarium so that direct sunlight does not fall on it. Substitute 1/3 of water for fresh with the addition of an antifungal drug. This way you can save caviar.
In a day, from the eggs, the larvae appear, which in four days will eat normally. At first, feed them with infusoria, artemia, live dust and other similar food.
About the choice of food for aquarium fish, I wrote here, I advise you to read.
Feed the young in the first case often, but do not forget to clean the spawn from excrement and food residues. A trifle grows up very quickly, but not evenly. Weed out larger ones from smaller ones and sort them, as barbs can become cannibals.
Within two to three months, lower the temperature in the aquarium to 24 degrees.
In addition to Sumatran barbs, there are also other variations that were obtained by artificial selection. Among them are both dark forms and albinos. But they do not occur often.
A couple of albinos can not always produce offspring. As a rule, in the progeny of sumatran and albino pink fish is not enough. Dark barbs are often called mutants, which are colored with green stripes that merge together.
After spawning, most of the fry take on their parents’ coloring. However, these forms of barbs are very picky about the conditions of detention.
On the Sumatran barbus this is all, I hope the article turned out to be useful for you. Subscribe to my blog feeds and do not miss the latest articles. I attach to the post another video about Sumatrans.
See you soon on the pages of my blog, friends.