Sturisoma Panamanian (Sturisoma Panamense) – It is a representative of the family of chain catfish, their habitat is the waters of Colombia and Panama, they love to live in the flow of water. In artificial conditions, the body length of a sturisome is up to 18 centimeters. The body of fish is elongated, rather flat, the head is long, with a short outgrowth in the nose area.
The fins are round, the body and fins are colored reddish yellow. Through the eye to the tail fin passes a strip of dark brown color.
Photo: Sturisoma Panamense (Sturisoma Panamense)
The belly of the fish is colored silvery-white with yellow-brown spots. Fluvium rays are also dark brown. The color of the males is more intense, the females are somewhat paler, and their fins are closer in color to the ocher, and the sides and other fins are white-gray.
The head of the female is narrow, wedge-shaped, in males it is wider and more powerful, with bristles on the sides. The easiest way to determine the sex is by examining the papule of mature fish.
a photo; Sturisoma Panamense (Sturisoma Panamense): the color of the males is more intense
The Sturis have a fairly peaceful temper, most of the time they spend lying on snags or the ground. They can be contained in the general aquarium, but better in the species.
3-4 Sturisom fit in a 150-liter tank. Planted floating large plants in the aquarium, take care of shelters.
Water temperature should not exceed 25-28 degrees, pH 6.5-7.5, dH – 4-10. Weekly you need to change up to a third of the volume of water, install a filter that will create a strong movement of water.
You can feed fish both live and vegetable food, the starisoms do not like dirty water, so let’s give as much food as fish can eat.
photo: Panama Sturisom – peace fish
For breeding Panamanian sturisoma can not use the aquarium spawning. The pair, ready to spawn, begins to clean the stone slab or snag, which will lay eggs. Females lay up to 200 eggs, after which the male fertilizes them and remains to care for.
After the appearance of the larvae, the male ceases to care for the offspring, they can be transferred to a spacious aquarium without soil and looked after. The larvae turn into fry after 2-3 days, they are fed with artemia, cyclops, rotifers, vegetable food.
photo: Panamanian Sturisom – bottom view