Hello dear readers! Star trophy is a cichl family. In nature, this beautiful aquarium fish can be found on the territory of the African continent in Lake Tanganyika.
This fish prefers to stay close to the rocks and heaps of stones.
The body of the star trophy is slightly elongated, and the tail with the head is connected by a smooth arc. Head and eyes are large.
The main color of the body of the fish is black-blue, but the head is gray-blue. On scales vidka dark edging. From the dorsal fin to the ventral passes a yellow wide transverse strip.
The edges of the median fins are dark and have yellowish-white spots. Young trophies are colored black or dark blue, and on the head and torso there is a scattering of yellowish spots.
As the fish matures, the spots become larger, and by the age of life the fish completely changes its color. Under natural conditions, the fish grows up to 15 centimeters, but in the aquarium it rarely overcomes the 12 centimeter mark.
In nature, the Trophy starfish lives in small flocks of up to 15 each. In each such group there is a clear hierarchy. The fish is mainly kept in the middle layers of the water or near the very bottom, often hiding in shelters.
If they find a tender plant, then most likely they will uproot it. Keep trophies need a flock in which females should prevail and they should have a spacious aquarium.
If in the general aquarium there are other representatives of tsikhlovyh from Tanganyika, then the length of the aquarium should be not less than a meter.
If you grow a small group of small individuals, then they will have a hierarchy and their own territory. Due to this, they will have virtually no clashes.
But still it is necessary to monitor the behavior of the fish, and if you suddenly find the most ardent provocateur, then it is better to set it out. Unfortunately, it is extremely difficult to add a new neighbor to the formed group. Even if you keep a couple of weeks of fish from one formed flock, after you put them in one aquarium, they will definitely recognize each other.
Also, if you take the whole flock and transfer it to another reservoir for a month, and then return it to the past, the fish will find their territory and will love it again.
In the aquarium with tsikhlovymi must necessarily be present grottoes of stones, caves and heaps of cobblestones. The number of shelters in the aquarium should be a few more than fish in the bank. The water in the trophy bowl should meet the following requirements:
- water temperature: 24-27 degrees;
- hardness: 8-20;
- acidity: 7.2 – 8.5 pH;
- Twice a week you need to substitute 1/10 of the volume of water for fresh with the same parameters as in the aquarium (the fact is that the fish are extremely sensitive to changes in the chemical parameters of water);
- aquarium aeration;
- mechanical and biological water filtration.
You can feed your pets mainly with vegetable food and sometimes dilute the diet with live food. The main food of fish in nature is algae.
Therefore, in order to have them in the aquarium enough, the lighting in aqua should be bright.
Trophies of sexual maturity reach 10-14 months of age. Fish spawn in spawning as well as in the general aquarium. Spawning in the general aquarium can be stimulated by frequent water changes.
The male star trophyus digs a hole in the sand under the stone and signals to the female that everything is ready. A pair of individuals chooses to spawn either the wall of the dug fossa or the sloping side of a large stone.
After the female sweeps aside up to 5 eggs, she carefully takes them into her mouth and brings the milk of the male to the stream. This procedure is repeated several times.
Between these processes, manufacturers can pause. The female does not always succeed in picking up all the eggs, and some of her she already does not find.
But during spawning the experience of the female increases and such punctures no longer occur. In total, in one spawning, the female can lay no more than 30 yellow-brown eggs.
At the end of spawning, the female is removed to a cave or some crevice.
At the time of maturation of eggs, the female can eat without harm to her offspring. The first attempts of the fry to leave the mother’s mouth occur 3-4 weeks later, but at the same time the female does not cease to protect them. Starter feed for young: Artemia nauplii and small Cyclops.
To save offspring, for some time before the young fry leave the mother’s mouth, the female should be transferred to another container, in which a flower pot should be put sideways. After the young leave the mother’s mouth, the female is caught and deposited in a common aquas.
Unfortunately, trophies spawn in large aquariums and many lovers simply cannot afford to buy another 200-300 liters aquarium. For one male and several females, just such an aquarium is needed.
Water parameters in spawning should be the same as in the general aqua. If there are ceramic tubes on the bottom and the female laid eggs there, then it should be transferred to another aquarium together with the tube.