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Somic Candira

Tropical freshwater fish Vandellia ordinary (catfish Candira) lives in the Amazon River basin and is among the most dangerous parasites. It would seem that a harmless fish parasitizes on other types of fish, feeding on their blood.

Getting into a person causes incredible suffering to him, and if he does not provide medical assistance to the victim in time, a fatal outcome is possible. Candira has other names: a toothpick, a vampire catfish, a Brazilian bloodsucker.

Catfish kandiru leads a parasitic lifestyle, feeds on blood, because of what he is sometimes called a vampire

The adult fish kandyra asu with a length of no more than 5 cm, rarely there are individuals growing up to 16 cm. The narrow eel-like and almost transparent body allows the catfish to sneak up on the victims unnoticed.

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The head is proportional, with short sensitive antennae around the mouth, on the gills are prickly spikes, which it firmly hardens inside the prey. A hungry catfish has almost no belly, but it increases markedly after eating.

In the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso, the ethnologist G. A. Boulanger studied the behavior of the bloodthirsty Candira fish, described it and informed the public about the threat. The area also covers extensive areas:

The victims of vandelium are often large fish. A reference point of the search is the ammonia smell that they emit when breathing.

Almost imperceptible in the water space, the catfish swims next to the future prey, choosing the right moment to penetrate the gill covers. Once inside, it straightens the spines, fastens and damages the ventral artery with needle-like teeth.

Under pressure, blood flows directly into the intestine of the catfish.

As it saturates, the body of the fish swells up and becomes dark red. Meal lasts from 30 seconds to 1.5 minutes.

A saturated vampire gets out and falls to the bottom, where he falls asleep, buried in the mud.

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Attacks on humans are extremely rare. The first case of extracting a small fish that gets into the canal is recorded in Brazil on October 28, 1997 and is still a matter of dispute.

The victim – a young 23-year-old man – told that catfish “jumped” out of the water and got into his urethra along a stream of urine, when he urinated standing in the water. Subsequently, he was taken to hospital, where Dr. Anoar Samad performed the operation to remove a candida.

There are cases of this parasite in the human body

In 1999, an American biologist S. Spott arrived in Brazil to investigate the incident more accurately. He told about this journey in his book “Candira: legends about bloodsucking catfish”. In a personal meeting with Dr. Samad Spott, he did not only interview him.

Samad handed him a photo and video tape with a recording of the cystoscopy procedure, as well as formalin-embedded dead catfish extracted from the patient.

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Spott together with colleague P. Petri studied in detail the materials at the INPA (Institute for Amazon Research) and compared them with Dr. Samad’s notes. Spott did not state this publicly, but questioned the patient’s assertion and of Samad himself and presented documents giving the following views:

  1. The length of the dead catfish was 133.5 mm, and the head circumference was 11.5 mm. With such dimensions, the candira could hardly enter the urethra, since it lacks organs for such penetration. Moreover, if the fish jumped out of the water, it simply could not fly into the penis.
  2. According to Samad, the fish made its way into the scrotum through the abdominal wall of the urethra. Spott proved that for this action Candira lacks the right teeth.
  3. Dr. Samad said that he had to cut the thorns from the catfish to remove it from the urethra, but in the sample provided they were in place.
  4. In the video during cystoscopy, the probe passing through the urethra was clearly visible, then the dead catfish was visible, which was subsequently removed. But such a manipulation is impossible to carry out without removing the thorns.

There is one very controversial study of catfish coming into the human body in a stream of urine.

There is also no evidence that the smell of human urine attracts Candira. This is just a conviction that has existed for centuries and was refuted in 2001, so the theory of attacking fish on humans can be considered erroneous.

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For a long time, zoologists did not recognize the existence of a vampire soma, considering this to be a folk invention. But now it’s definitely established What way does a catfish comer to a person and parasitize it:

  • Vandellia penetrates into the female body through the vagina, into the male through the hole in the head of the penis. Cases of catfish entering a person through the anus are not fixed – this is a myth.
  • It is a common misconception that the Candira moves through the human body and can be enjoyed by any organ. In fact, it has been proven that the extreme point of the catfish’s path is the urethra, where Candira is fixed by sharp spikes, causing bleeding in a person, accompanied by severe pain.

There are many myths associated with the cat vampire, but none have been confirmed in real life.

  • Myth: catfish dies inside a person and goes out with feces. Fact: the catfish can leave the human body only with surgical intervention.
  • In the XIX century, people believed that the catfish toothpick jumps out of the water and literally flies into the urethra, heading up the stream of urine. Modern scientists have established that in order to do this, the fish must violate several laws of physics, therefore such an action cannot be performed.

If you do not promptly go to a medical facility for help, human death is inevitable. Men living on the shores of the Amazon, use a local method of treatment.

There, where the fish is fixed, the juices of two plants are introduced, after which the Candira dies.

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