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Som-sticking: the content of popular species of fish-suckers

Home aquarium – timeless classics of “live” interior. Bright and mobile fish not only decorate the home, but also give peace.

This is especially true of the “non-formals” of the underwater world who are able to refresh any water corner, for example, som-stuck, whose habits will not leave anyone indifferent.

Antsistrus – catfish aquarium with original habits and peaceful nature

Catfish-suckers are chain-mail fish. Often they are called Loricaria. Regardless of whether a cat lives on the outside or in an aquarium, its size will surely amaze lovers of living creatures.

Aquarium fish-stick grows actively and rapidly, reaching impressive size in the first year of life. However, do not be afraid for the safety of their neighbors.

Whiskers are very harmless and even peaceful.

The main task and the favorite occupation of any sticky will be cleaning the walls and bottom of the aquarium. Thus, these fish feed, while benefiting its habitat.

Catfish rarely refuse animal food, therefore it is difficult to call them absolute vegetarians.

The aquarium fish-sticking grows actively and rapidly, reaching an impressive size in the first year of life

All stuck, both small and large, are united by one feature – sucker. The modified mouth helps the fish to cling to flat surfaces, scraping off the coating with a special grater, which plays the role of teeth.

To collect algae was more convenient, evolution has endowed the suckers with powerful jaw muscles, as well as a strong and massive head. At the same time, the very body of the catfish is covered with horny scales, which formed the basis for the name of the species. Chain catfish have taken care of their protection.

To prevent the predators from distracting the passive algae from eating, he raised strong thorns on his gills.

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The body of the fish itself has a streamlined shape and a flat belly. For convenience and speed of movement, it is equipped with strong pectoral fins.

Thanks to them, the fish can overcome the strongest river course. Moreover, the sticks are so fond of fast-moving streams of water that even in captivity they need an artificially created current.

To move on the surfaces of the cat uses the dorsal and caudal fin. If the aquarium is not equipped with a flow simulator, the fish moves using the tail.

In the “life” kolchuzhnye catfish rather unpretentious. Their modest nature needs nutritious algae, soil and a few snags.

Like other somobraznye, sticky will not refuse from a cozy shelter in the form of a shell or a house.

Catfish prefer clean water with good aeration. Bright illumination of these residents of the water is not needed, because the favorite time of day for any sticky will be evening and night.

Most species are undemanding in care, however, the content must take into account the characteristics of a particular species.

Most common in home aquariums:

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Kind of catfish Ancistrus originated in South America. The warm climate and the perfect formula of water on the continent gave the world a wonderful unpretentious aquarium fish.

Even a beginner aquarist will cope with the contents of this stick.

Due to its unusual appearance, catfish got the popular nickname “black” or “star”. Fish colors are presented in albino and voile forms.

Loose Ancistrus grows up to 15 cm in length. Their home relatives a little less.

However, this simplifies the maintenance of catfish-suckers, because only 80 liters of water in the aquarium will be enough for him.

Ancystus requires an aquarium of 80 liters.

Aquarium catfish-stick does not require a device to simulate the flow. Antsistrus feels great and in stagnant water.

If the newly minted aquarist decides to create ideal conditions for his sticky, he needs to take care of the purity of the water and its quality aeration. The optimum temperature for this species is 23–25 ° C.

The only thing that can harm an unpretentious fish is sudden changes in temperature.

In good conditions, Ancistrus will become not just a decoration of the aquarium, but also a caring nurse. Catfish feeds on almost any kind of fouling, smartly coping with the pollution of the walls. Do not neglect the special feed for sticking.

After all, suckers need food of animal origin. For a lure in the form of a cucumber or carrot, the chain mail fish will thank the owner for a well-groomed appearance and activity that pleases the eye.

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Kid Ototsinklyus Came to Europe from sunny and warm Brazil. Small and agile fish grows up to 5 cm in length.

He prefers to live in small flocks. Among Ototsinklyusov there are more than two dozen species that get along well together.

Brazilian catfish quite elegant in appearance. His back is dark and his belly is white.

An elongated fish looks more like a little gentleman in a frock coat than a sticky one. The fins are transparent.

As befits any catfish, Ototsinklyu possesses a chic mustache.

Black and white catfish – the perfect neighbor. He is able to get along with almost any fish that do not show aggression.

Squabbling and sharing of the territory the species does not like, as well as too dirty water.

But the impassable jungle Otozinklyus loves. He can spend hours cleaning and caring for algae.

For novice aquarists, this species will become a real helper in the management of green economy.

Stickylah love to carry out “cleaning” in the aquarium

Aquarium catfish sticky feeds on fouling. But do not keep it on a strict diet.

The mustache will never give up a piece of zucchini, but after a meal the leftover food from the bottom must be removed.

Glyptopericht – A large and prominent resident of the Amazon, long settled in aquariums around the world. In the wild, the fish grows to 60 cm.

Some domestic catfish in size are not inferior to their free brothers. The view differs not only in size, but also in duration of life.

In good conditions, such a pet can live more than a decade.

The structure of the body Glyptopericht strong and massive. If the fish decided to cling to a flat surface, it will be impossible to tear it off.

It is not necessary to do this, because by applying force, you can damage the mouth of the animal.

Characteristics of fish:

  1. Very bright and slim.
  2. Males have a more outstanding appearance. They are brighter and more colorful.
  3. The mustache of both sexes is thick and short.
  4. On pectoral fins spikes are placed.

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Caring for Glyptopericht is somewhat more complicated than the content of his baleen brothers. The species lives only in clean water, so half of it will have to be replaced weekly. In addition to replacing 50% of the liquid, sticking need spacious housing.

Aquarium suction cup should be at least 200 liters.

To the interior of the aquarium catfish sucker unpretentious. He will need one good snag, as the catfish feeds on high cellulose feed.

Grinding wood, he will not forget to clean the walls of his home.

In addition to the vegetable menu, fish requires animal food. Since Glyptopericht leads a twilight lifestyle, it should be fed in the dark.

The ideal food for this chainmail pet will be special tablets for large bottom fish.

Feed catfish should be in the dark

Sturisom – an unusual fish. Its appearance is fascinating, and unpretentiousness pleases novice aquarists.

Sturisom is a native of Panama and Colombia. But it feels great not only in the wild, but also at home.

The body is elongated and slightly oblate. On the head there is a large black outgrowth. The fins and the body of the catfish itself casts a yellow tinge.

A dark brown stripe runs along the whole body. Tummy silver.

Sturisom adapts so well that it is able to survive, even once in the aquarium from the wild. Fortunately, such experiments are rarely carried out, because the species is unpretentious and multiplies even in captivity.

Water temperature for Sturisoma can be from 21 to 30C.

The water temperature range is quite high. It can be as much as 21 degrees Celsius, and all 30.

In this case, the water hardness of the fish has no requirements. It needs only high-quality aeration and diffused muffled light.

The fish is actively growing and is engaged in breeding in any conditions. But for good health, she will need a spacious container.

The aquarium should be large – at least 250 liters. In such a house, Sturisom will grow to its classic 20 cm and will be able to stick to any surfaces.

Aquarium catfish sticks have an incredible appetite. But you should not settle along with Sturisom of the same voracious fish.

Mustaches don’t like to compete, especially in the fight for food.

Eating an elegant Colombian will be fouling on any surfaces. But vegetable food will not satisfy all its needs, so you need to add food in tablets in the fish menu.

From the fresh cucumber or zucchini, this sucker is also not refuse. As animal food, you can use regular ground beef.

Balanced nutrition and good conditions for this catfish are required. Only with proper care can the fish live for more than 8 years.

An adornment for a home aquarium will be fish-sticky. Aquarium views will help not only to diversify the indoor water world, but also help the owner to keep it clean.

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