Good day. Smaragdovaya Cykhlazoma belongs to the Cichlovic family and, in common people, it is also called Crassus Cichlosa.
In nature, this aquarium fish lives in calm, shallow rivers and lakes, which are rich in various shelters. Homeland tsihlazomy is the great river Amazon.
Smaragdovaya cichlasoma has an elongated and flattened body on the sides. In nature, the maximum body length of a fish reaches 30 centimeters, in conditions of an aquarium – no more than 20 centimeters. In adults, the back is quite high.
The head of the cichlid is large, the lips are thick and the eyes are large. The main color of the body of the fish is dark red in the chest area, on the back is brown-green with a red or golden sheen.
The color of the body of the fish can vary from the habitat of the hydrobiont and its state of health. From the eyes and to the very base of the caudal fin a dark stripe passes. In addition to this band, there is a small spot on the caudal fin.
There are cases when transverse strips appear on the sides and on the head, which are poorly expressed and sometimes completely invisible. The color of the remaining fins is wine-red.
The male differs from the female in the following ways: the anal and dorsal fins are longer, the fatty growth is larger and the size of the males is larger than that of the females.
Smaragd cichlase is considered a peaceful aquarium fish that gets along perfectly with melanoteny, catfish and cichlids of the same temperament and size. Aggressive tsikhlasoma becomes only during spawning and while caring for their offspring.
If the fish received a shock, then its color changes to red-brown and a scattering of yellow spots appears throughout the body. This feature can be observed at any age and for all sizes of fish.
In order to successfully contain a wine tsichlazoma in an aquarium, it is necessary to equip a tropical aquarium with a volume of at least 200 liters, in which various shelters are placed in the form of heaps of large stones and branched snags. A dense planting of aquarium plants, which later form dense green thickets, is also welcomed in the cichlid bank. Aquarium water must have the following parameters:
- Stiffness: 5 – 20;
- Temperature: 25 – 30 degrees;
- Acidity: 6.5 – 7.5 pH.
In addition, be sure to once a week you have to do a water change in the amount of ¼ of the total. Add to this a good filtration and constant aeration of the aquarium.
The tsikhlazoma eats any live feed. It perfectly eats small insects, daphnia, bloodworm, and also sometimes does not mind eating vegetable food and their substitutes.
Mature fish become one and a half year old. By the age of one and a half years of life, the body length of the fish reaches 15 centimeters. Fish can breed in a separate aquarium, and in general.
To stimulate spawning, in an aquarium, you need to raise the temperature of the water and gradually add distillate to it, so that ultimately the proportion of distilled water relative to normal water is 40/60 of the total volume. A pair of adult fish that are ready to spawn pick up a suitable shelter for themselves and dig a hole in the ground near it.
Then this place is carefully guarded from various violators.
Depending on the age of the fish, their size and conditions of detention, spawning can take time to an hour and a half. During the entire spawning, the number of fertilized eggs can vary from 200 to 600 pieces.
During the period of spawning and care for the offspring of fish can not be disturbed, therefore, the best option would be to hang the aquarium with a cloth or coverlet. Upon completion of spawning, the male remains to protect the nest, and the female hangs above the clutch.
Smaragd cichlisome is a very caring parent who carefully cares for its offspring and fry. The duration of the incubation period leaves 3 days. At the end of the incubation period, the parents of all the fry are transferred in the mouth to the previously dug holes near the shelter.
As the fry grows older, caring parents either walk the young either in turn or together.
When danger arises, parents quickly drive the fry into the hole near the shelter, and then hang over this hole. The color of the body of the fry, as well as that of the parents, can vary from dark with yellow spots to pinkish-beige with longitudinal dark stripes. The first food for fry: live dust and nauplii Cyclops and Artemia.
When the fry grow up to 1 centimeter in length and if the parents are ready for the next spawning, the fry should be settled in a separate aquarium.