maintenance, care, compatibility
Algaewater aquarium fish: description, content, care and reviews
These aquarian inhabitants play a special role – to prevent the algae from actively developing and eliminating those types of vegetation that are not visible to our eyes. Algae – an aquarium fish that will help you fight excessive planting at the stage of formation of small algae colonies, as well as to clean up their remains after treatment with special means.
This does not mean that aquarium fish (Siamese algae or some other species) can solve absolutely all problems with algae. In the aquarium, it is desirable to have different types of fish, snails, shrimps, as each individual species successfully fights with certain vegetation. That is why in this article we will talk about different algae.
This will allow you to figure out exactly what type is required for your aquarium.
Representatives of this species grow to 15 cm. Their life expectancy sometimes exceeds 10 years. For content we recommend a volume of 100 liters.
This is one of the most unpretentious inhabitants of the aquarium, well adapting to various conditions.
However, experts believe that it is better to keep them in aquariums that mimic the natural environment of fast rivers. It is advisable to create open spaces for them to swim, to equip the aquarium with snags and large stones.
Siamese seaweed likes to rest on the wide leaves, so for them you should purchase several large plants.
Water parameters must comply with the following standards:
- pH 5.5-8.0;
- water temperature – + 23-26 ° C;
- rigidity – 5-20 dh.
Siamese algae – good jumpers, so the aquarium should be covered or use the so-called floating plants that cover the surface of the water.
When fully fed, the Siamese do not touch the plants, but they eat the duckweed, as well as the roots of the water hyacinth.
Siamese seaweed: compatibility with other fish
We have already said that this is a peaceful fish, and therefore it can be kept with most of the fish. Living together with veil forms is not recommended – the Siamese seaweed can bite on their fins. To undesirable neighbors should include two-color Labe.
This is explained by the fact that these two species are relatives, between which fights will necessarily arise.
In addition, the territoriality of this species is manifested between males, so it is not recommended to keep the two in the same aquarium. Siamese seaweed, as a fairly active fish, will not become a good neighbor to cichlids, which jealously guard their territory during spawning.
Finally, we come to the real aquarium cleaner. This is a seaweed fish Siamese.
A very peaceful and not too big fish is of two kinds – Siamese aqueduct and Siamese flying fox (Epalzeorhynchus sp). The second species is often called false algae.
These fish are very similar in appearance, so they are often confused.
In most cases, the real Siamese algae-eaters are on sale, but it happens that their false “relatives” are given out for them. This is not surprising – under natural conditions they live in the same range, and the young of these fish often creates mixed schools.
This fish is found in southeast Asia, Sumatra, in Thailand and Indonesia. Siamese algae is found in fast-flowing rivers and streams with a hard bottom, lined with cobblestone, gravel and sand.
It prefers flooded roots of trees, a large number of flooded drifts.
Transparency and low water levels create favorable conditions for the intensive development of algae, which the seaweed feed on. Experts believe that this fish can migrate, moving to more turbid and deep waters.
Seaweed Siamese grooming breeding description compatibility photo.
Algae eaters are famous for their jumping ability and supermobility, so they need a lot of space in aqua – at least 100 liters per pair. There should be enough vegetation so that the fish can find shelter (they really like algae with wide leaves). The tank should be equipped with a cover glass or an adjacent cover so that the algae could not jump out of the aquarium.
At the bottom you can put small gravel or large non-sharp stones, snags.
For the Siamese algae, the content necessarily involves very clean water, which must necessarily be enriched with oxygen. Therefore, be sure to purchase a filter with high power, organize a constant aeration and substitution of up to 30% water.
In the aquarium, you can arrange and flow, although it is not necessary. CAE is not particularly demanding on the parameters of water – the optimum temperature is 24-26 ° C, the hardness is 5-20 dh, the acidity is pH 6.5-7.0.
Lighting can be both muffled and bright – for fish it is, in general, indifferent.
The main part of the CAE diet is algae, but if this food is not enough, then the fish willingly eat any live and dry food. However, it is required to feed the seaweed and vegetable food (green food), otherwise they may start to eat mosses and other useful plants in the aquarium.
Please note that you should not keep these fish in the aquarium, where there is Javanese moss – this is their favorite food, so nothing will remain from moss in this case.
Fish breeding is difficult to distinguish by sex, but there is one difference. Algae-eater is a bit more complete and looks rounded when viewed from above. In artificial conditions, the Siamese Epalceorinhus reproduces exclusively by hormonal means.
In the wild, the fish pass through reproductive seasonal migrations. During a drought, they move upstream, and when the water level rises – in the opposite direction.
It is natural to assume that with the Siamese algae you will spawn when the quality characteristics of water (temperature, hardness, pH level) and other conditions of keeping change.
Most algae fish belong to the category of suckers that can remove green raids from surfaces. But among the Siamese seaweed there are no devices for sucking greens.
But such a fluffy vegetation, like a black beard, this fish will be “in the teeth.”
To estimate how many Siamese algae eaters you need to run into your pond, assume that 2 fish are enough for a 100-liter aquarium. Juveniles feed exclusively on algae.
Older fish do not have enough of this – they are taken for soft mosses.
Starved seaweeds sometimes try to “feast on” with bright wide fins of the tails of the aquarium. But, in principle, these are peaceful fish that can coexist in any biome.
But, anyway, you should not bring the Siamese to extremes – throw fish food to them more often.
Already from the name, it is possible to understand where this aquarium fish comes from. In the native spaces of Indochina, sea-eaters prefer to settle in fast rivers.
Therefore, it is necessary that in your tank there is a constant movement of water.
Siamese algae – restless, but do not forget that they need rest. And they like to take “breaks in movement” on snags, large (relative to their personal size) stones and large leaves of plants.
Therefore, create them zhousnoe content in the pond.
But what is not a place in the aquarium, so it is Javanese moss, krismasu, water hyacinth and duckweed. This is a great decor for the reservoir, but also a favorite delicacy of the Siamese seaweed.
Therefore, if you indulge yourself in the hope of preserving this vegetation, then provide the “sweeper” in sufficient quantities with full-fledged food for the fish.
To make Siamese fish comfortable in your aquarium, keep the water temperature at an optimum level (within 23-250С). Stiffness should be medium and acidity should be neutral.
But it will be normal to feel algae and in a weakly acidic environment (about 6-8 pH).
The seaweed has a long grayish or brown body, growing in length up to 16 cm in natural conditions, and a bit smaller in aquariums. The fish reaches its maximum size by two years.
The fins are almost transparent and have no reflux, the tail fin is two-bladed. The abdomen is colored silver, and each scale on the back is framed with a black border.
This fish is often confused with a similar to her Siamese flying fox, but between them there is a certain distinguishing feature, which helps to distinguish them. Starting from the tip of the nose to the very tip of the tail of the algae, there is a dark jagged strip that turns pale in stressful situations or in a state of excitement.
And the fox strip is smoother and ends at the base of the tail.
The mouth of the seaweed is a sharp form, with which the fish can easily cope with the cleaning of fluffy algal fouling in an aquarium. However, he will not succeed in removing green bloom from the container walls. On the muzzle, the Siamese handsome has a pair of antennae, which are pressed to the cheeks in a calm state.
With age, the fish around the mouth appears reddish. Females are usually fuller than males, other sex differences are almost imperceptible.
Due to the underdeveloped swim bladder, the fish cannot swim for a long time and needs frequent rest on a horizontal surface. Siamese swimming is located on the belly, and the body is supported with the help of all the fins, except the pectorals. This species feature has become a distinctive feature of this fish.
In comfortable conditions in captivity, this resistant and strong seaweed lives up to 10 years.
Siamese seaweed is omnivorous and undemanding fish. For adults, you will need a large capacity of 1 meter in length or 100 liters.
Be sure to have a cover, as the fish is quite bouncy, and can fly out of the tank. The optimal parameters of water: low-acid water, temperature 24-26 ° С, acidity 5.5-8, hardness up to 19 °. Clean water, rich in oxygen and well-circulated, is very important.
The content of the Siamese algae requires a good filter, aeration and regular replacement of a third of the volume of water. A gentle flow can be arranged with a trickle flowing from a pump or a special pump. Fine gravel, snags and non-sharp stones are laid on the bottom as soil.
Lighting should be diffused and muffled.
Algae-eater most favorably feels in an aquarium with areas densely planted with live plants and an adequate swimming area. A Siamesean orderly loves to actively swim with the flow, and if he is not there, he wanders at the bottom or rests on the wide leaves of low-growing aquarium plants like cryptocorynes.
Algae eats food of plant nature, scraping algae from the surfaces of the decor and plants. In common aquariums, a Siamese cleaner eats what other inhabitants eat, and gets used to live and dry food.
In cases of lack of plant food fish can damage live plants and moss, especially Javanese. But you can not overfeed algae, otherwise he laughed to collect algae and will get used only to the usual feed.
Seaweed is a peaceful schooling fish, combined in small groups of 5-6 individuals and arranges funny catch-ups and fights. In solitude or a small group, the fish may behave fearfully. These fish do not show interest in other species, but in the case of loneliness and absence of the pack, the algae can come to the flock of another species of fish.
Algae-eaters get along well with smaller fish and do not show predatory habits.
Siamese cleaner has good compatibility with many fish, its excessive activity may contribute to or hinder the spawning of some species, which include the dwarf cichlid. It is not recommended to keep it together with fish of the same size as a labo, with which they may conflict due to the division of space and the eating of lower plants.
Siamese seaweed is the fish that is recommended to be purchased for your aquarium. This pet will perfectly revive the mood in the aquarium, will try to clean it and eliminate the fear of the appearance of dangerous algae in the vessel.
Siamese seaweed (Epalceorinhus) is one of the cutest and hardworking aquarium fish. In another way they are called abbreviations SAE (Siamese algae eater).
The homeland of the Siamese seaweed is Thailand and the Malay Peninsula. Individuals do not have a spectacular appearance, so they often lead them not for aesthetic, but for practical reasons.
This small fish is an excellent aquarium orderly who copes with red algae and even a black beard.
The body of the fish is painted in brownish-grayish shades. On the lateral surface stretches a black wide band with characteristic wavy contours. The edges of the scales are black, thereby creating a mesh pattern.
Under natural conditions, the algae can reach 16 cm. In an aquarium, as a rule, an adult barely “falls short” to half of this indicator. While creating favorable conditions, some specimens grow to 14 cm.
The life span of the algae is approximately 10 years.
There are fish very similar to SAE: this is Flying Fox, or “flying foxes.” And those, and others along the body stretches a black stripe. The difference is as follows:
- In chanterelles, the strip ends directly at the caudal fin, and in algae-eaters it also occupies a small part of the fin.
- Fox fins, as a rule, have a yellowish color, in SAE they are opaque or transparent, without a yellow tint.
- Siamese algae – the owner of a pair of thin antennae. They are directed forward, but during movement or rest they are pressed against their cheeks.
- There is a reddish color around the mouth of adult foxes, but it is absent in SAE.
- Resting, Flying Fox rests on the anal, ventral fins or tail. Algae does not use the pectoral fins as a support.
- Foxes are quite aggressive towards other species, and the SAE fish is distinguished by its peaceful nature.
Siamese algae is distinguished by unusual mobility. Therefore, it needs a lot of space in an aquarium: one pair requires at least 100 liters. In addition, there should be a lot of vegetation in the tank: the fish likes to find shelter for itself.
She especially likes broadleaf algae, although young individuals also grow on narrow leaves. In the absence of plants, they rest, sitting on the bottom. The content of these fish is not particularly difficult: Siamese Epalceorinhus is quite stable and has the ability to adapt to different living conditions, but he will feel best of all in an aquarium with open areas and over.
In the absence of a current, the algae mainly runs along the bottom of the reservoir.
The water in the aquarium must be clean and constantly enriched with oxygen. Therefore, if you decide to start these fish, buy a powerful filter in advance (preferably a biofilter) and take care of constant aeration and replacement of up to 30% of the volume of water.
The following water parameters are optimal:
- temperature – 24-26 degrees
- pH level from 6.5 to 7;
- rigidity – 5-20 dh.
To prevent the algae from jumping out of the aquarium, it must be closed with an adjacent cap or cover glass. The bottom of the aquarium can be covered with fine gravel or large non-sharp stones and snags.
Siamese Epalceorinhus eats mainly algae. He scrubs them from large plants and an aquarium with sharpened jaws. However, with a lack of such food, the fish may well go on to dry, flaky or live food.
In any case, it should also be fed with “green food” – vegetable food. If this is not done, the algae begins to eat useful plants in the aquarium, such as mosses.
He especially likes Javanese moss, so that, most likely, nothing will be left soon.
In nature, SAE is mostly in free swimming. Therefore, when the content in small quantities or separately, they often show shy behavior.
Best of all, the Siamese seaweed feels in a group of at least five individuals: in this case, it will behave as naturally as possible, and you will have the opportunity to observe the curious relationships between individuals. The number of fish is determined depending on the size of the aquarium.
Algae eaters have a peaceful nature and, as a rule, get along well with most of the peaceful fish. Sometimes he may show a gastronomic interest in long cockerel fins, but this rarely happens.
Seaweed Siamese – compatible with other fish
Such aquarium fish, such as the Siamese algae, are characterized by high activity, mobility and vigor, and therefore can irritate fellows, a little more calm and slow. Otherwise, the Siamese are wonderful neighbors of other inhabitants of the underwater world, the only kind with which they constantly conflict is the two-color labo, the clashes between these two fish can become very fierce and end in tragedy.
The reason is that the males of these two species perceive each other as rivals, therefore, once in the conditions of a close aquarium, they can start fighting for territory.
Algae – schooling fish, and therefore it is desirable to keep them in the amount of about a dozen. However, even a two-three representatives will find a company if there are other schooling fish in your aquarium to which they can be attached.
As for the compatibility of the fish with vegetation, then with proper nutrition no problems should arise – algae prefer to the highest aquatic plants of the Siam, but during hunger strikes they often eat mosses. Adult fish should be fed with live food.
Aquarium fish Siamese algae have an elongated body shape, which narrows around the tail. They are characterized by a brown-gray color with a black horizontal stripe on the sides.
If the fish is in a stressful situation for themselves, then the black bar becomes noticeably paler.
The fins of the algae are either transparent or dull. Females are slightly larger than males in size and sometimes they can change the color of the lips and mustache.
Under natural conditions, these fish can reach up to 16 cm in length, and with artificial rearing they grow a couple of centimeters less. The average life expectancy of the sea spider is approximately 10 years, and their maximum size is reached in two years.
Among fans of aquarium fish, this specimen is known as eating unwanted algae in the aquarium. He with great zeal cleans everything that is covered with old and unwanted algae. Siamese seaweed, whose content is not very complicated, gets along well with other fish in the aquarium.
His main requirement is that there be a pump that creates a current and a large amount of oxygen in the water.
Capacity must be very well closed with a lid, as the fish jump quite well and can just jump out of it.
The only competitor in the aquarium, these pets believe Labe, because they also eat algae.
It is best to keep such fish in small flocks, at least three fish – this gives them more confidence. Algae-eaters feed not only on the remains of algae in the aquarium, but also on dry food. It should be remembered that the fish, fed fat, will not be very good to clean the aquarium.
Therefore, from time to time they should be deprived of dinner (but do not get carried away with this).
Under conditions of cultivation in an aquarium, the Siamese algae does not reproduce, and basically all deliveries are made from Southeast Asia, where the natural habitats of this representative fish are found.
Siamese seaweed – a good helper in cleaning aquariums and a wonderful neighbor for other inhabitants of the aquarium!
The aquarium fish girinoheylus Gyrinocheilus aymonieri, or as it is also called the Chinese seaweed, is not a very large and quite popular fish. He first appeared in aquariums in 1956, but in his homeland, gyrinoheylus was caught as an ordinary commercial fish for a very long time.
This fish is loved by many aquarists. Although it does not belong to the most beautiful species, it is loved for the fact that it helps to clean the aquarium from algae.
A tireless sweeper in his youth, an adult changes his taste preferences and prefers live food, he can even eat scales from other fish. By the way, there is the writing of gerinokhailus, which is also correct, in principle.
Young fish are usually found on sale, up to about 5 cm, but note that in nature, the gyrinoheylus grows up to 28 cm. In an aquarium, it is much smaller, about 12 cm, but for small aquariums this size can be a problem.
The natural coloring of the girinohailus is quite variable. Most often they are yellow on the sides and brown-gray on the back.
But now there are many different color forms, and the most popular and common of them – gold or yellow. About him we will talk in our article.
Although, in fact, he is no different from the color of his wild relative.
Girinoheylus yellow belongs to the family Cyprinidae, better known as carps. The lower mouth and the absence of a mustache distinguishes it from the usual representatives of the carp.
The mouth in the form of a sucker helps it to stick to hard surfaces and scrape off algae and bacterial film from them, while firmly holding it in a fast stream.
She loves shelters in snags, plants and stones. Since teens are all the time looking for fouling, the aquarium is better brightly lit or plant dressing is obligatory.
They do not like cold water, if the water temperature is below 20 ° C, they stop their activity.
Siamese Gold’s Girinoheylus has an elongated body that promotes movement in fast waters and creates little resistance to the flow of water. Unlike many carp, it does not have a mustache, however, there are small spikes around the mouth. These are large fish that grow in nature up to 28 cm in size, but in the aquarium there are about 13, rarely 15 cm.
The average life expectancy is up to 10 years with good care, but it can live longer. Body color – bright yellow, orange or shades of yellow. Also often found forms with different spots, close to the wild relative.
There are no fundamental differences between them, it is all one type.
Do not confuse Chinese seaweed and Siamese seaweed, they are two completely different species, from two different areas. In Siamese watering, there is another form of the mouth, it is painted differently – there is a horizontal black stripe along the body.