Dear colleagues! In today’s article I would like to discuss such a fish as a scarlet barb.
The fish is quite beautiful, however, not as popular as its relatives in the family. As a rule, in small towns it is extremely problematic to find it, basically, only in large regional centers, and this is not a fact.
Fish unpretentious as in conditions of detention, and in feeding. Her character is peaceful, so for keeping in a common aquarium with haracin and live-bearers it is ideal, as most novice aquarists like.
In nature, scarlet barb is found in such countries of Southeast Asia as: China, Laos, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Burma. It is quite common in major Asian rivers, such as the Meklong, Chao Piraya and Irrawaddy.
But to a greater degree the fish prefers dams and backwaters of medium and large rivers. The bottom in the natural waters is muddy, where the fish spends most of its life in search of food.
If you take and put in a row of small barbs, then this fish is considered the most beautiful. He prefers to stay in the pack, loves a large amount of free space for maneuvers. The color of the body of the fish becomes brighter if muffled light is provided in aqua, which is well provided by floating plants (pistia, azolla, riccia).
In addition, the dark aquarium soil and dense green vegetation especially strongly emphasizes the color contrast.
Males are brighter in color. The body is silver-gray with a pair of black dots near the tail and head. This particularly emphasizes the bright red strip running along the whole body.
This very strip also served to give the fish the name “scarlet”. During spawning, the color of the strip becomes even brighter. The maximum size of an adult fish is no more than 6 centimeters, and the life expectancy is no more than 3 years.
If the care is good, it can live longer.
As I mentioned earlier, the scarlet barb is a schooling fish. The minimum number of fish in the flock must be at least 6 pieces.
All barbs have a peculiar behavior, when with a large number of congeners fish decreases stress, a clear hierarchy is formed and adequate behavior is revealed as in natural conditions.
With the content of scarlet barbs, however, like the cherry ones, the fish will become extremely shy and invisible in your aqua. Fish will be prone to stressful conditions and various diseases may develop against this background.
The aquarium can be small in size, with a length of 60 centimeters. As always, leave near the front wall enough space for free swimming, and near the back you will plant long stem plants (valisneria, ambulia, lemongrass, hygrophil).
Scarlet barbs love to live in clean water enriched with oxygen. Without fail we use a good filter and once a week we make water changes.
Screw up your filter so that it gives out not a strong current, which is to the fish for the soul. The chemical parameters of water barbs can withstand various, but it is preferable that they are within these limits:
- dH 5 – 15;
- pH 6.5 – 7.0;
- water temperature 20 – 25 C.
Scarlet barbs feed under natural conditions with various small insects and their larvae, detritus and all sorts of plant food. Under the conditions of an aquarium, it will not be difficult to feed this aquatic animal, since it is happy to eat all kinds of food that an aquarist offers. It can be vegetable, frozen, fresh feed and all sorts of substitutes.
To fish were healthy and different strong immunity and beautiful color, it must be fed a variety of food.
As neighbors to the scarlet barb, you can add his own relatives in the family (Sumatran barb, cherry, Denison, fire, schubert and mutant). In addition, excellent fish look at the background of danios, Congo, neon and other haratsinovyh. Males from females differ in the smaller sizes and progonist body structure.
Females are slightly larger and have a more rounded abdomen. In addition, the color of the male body is brighter and more remarkable.
Surprisingly, the scarlet barb perfectly breeds both in the general aquarium and in a separate container. It is strange why no one contains it in their aquariums. Hydrobiont does not care for its fry, spawn swept away, fertilized and coped.
During one spawning, the female is able to postpone up to 150 small eggs, of which the young fry for the next day, and after another couple of days the young fry independently swim around the aquarium and feed.
For breeding fish fit a small aquarium, on the bottom of which lay small-leaved plants, which cover the top of the separator mesh. The thickness of the water layer in a spawning aquarium should not exceed 20 centimeters.
The grid, as you understand, is needed so that parents do not eat their own eggs. Instead of a mesh, you can use a synthetic thread woven into a tight bundle.
The temperature of the water should be increased to 25 degrees, a small aeration is turned on. The light in the spawning should not be very bright, you can use all the same floating plants. In no case do not allow the roe barbs direct sunlight.
Spawning usually begins in the morning. Due to the fact that producers can immediately eat all their eggs, they need at the end of spawning to remove from the aquarium, and then shade the tank. After a day, larvae hatch out of the eggs, which will feed on their yolk sac for several more days.
When it floats along the aquarium, it is time to feed it with a microworm and infusoria, and as it grows, introduce larger feeds into the diet.