maintenance, care, compatibility
Rooster aquarium fish – maintenance, care and compatibility with other fish
The cockerel fish, or, as it is also called, fighting, is a representative of the labyrinth family. Such a name in this species is not accidental. The bright color and the warlike character of the “fighters” in some way resemble the same cocky and beautiful “earthly” roosters.
If two males are placed in one aquarium, then a real cockfight with loose tails and fins can begin. It is necessary to quickly separate fighters, otherwise one of them will die.
Fighting cockerels are extremely popular in their homeland.
You do not need to have academic knowledge or special conditions in order to have a rooster fish. This species feels great even in a small-sized aquarium.
Some owners manage to keep one individual in the usual three-liter jar. But the two males in one “pond” do not get along.
True, some owners share long aquariums with glass, settling their pets one by one in different compartments. Many do this also because, seeing the opponent, the males begin to become brighter, more colorful, they take up belligerent poses, trying to frighten and intimidate their counterpart.
Females are not so aggressive, they can be kept on several individuals simultaneously.
The cockerel fish at home can live in the aquarium at the same time as other species. It is worth, however, to avoid the neighbors with veil fins.
Otherwise, the “fighters” will certainly cut them off. It is better to settle to the cockerels of larger fish with short fins, for example, barbs.
For tropical cockerels, it is desirable to maintain the water temperature in the range from 24 to 28 degrees. It is allowed to periodically reduce it to 18 degrees.
Open areas should be left on the surface of the water, without floating vegetation. Fish need air.
Special aeration of water is not needed, but it is desirable to pass water through the filter. It is recommended to set up an aquarium so that during the day the sun falls on it for several hours.
It is undesirable to put it in a draft.
Periodically thoroughly clean the reservoir. To do this, either partially or completely change the water. The fish are pre-caught with a special net and placed in a jar.
Sanitation is carried out without the use of powders.
As mentioned earlier, male cockerels can not be kept together. It is also undesirable to keep together heterosexuals.
The male will constantly chase and bully the female.
Do you have a cockerel for the first time at your home? “With whom does this species get on?” – such a question is often asked by beginners. Despite the “martial” glory, cockerels behave quite peacefully towards their neighbors.
Sometimes, however, the male can attack the male guppy, taking him for a relative.
It is undesirable to share a rooster with owners of beautiful long fins and tails. This is sure to provoke a fighting fish, and it will begin to attack.
It is unlikely that the cock will bring the opponent to death, but he can bite or tear off the tails and fins.
Often, owners of aquariums are hooked to their pets snails. Fight fish can eat small specimens (for this they are usually planted).
In larger individuals, cockerels may bite off the antennae. It should be remembered by those who are planning to decorate your aquarium with large snails.
The Cockerel Fish: content, compatibility, reproduction, photo-video review
Amazingly beautiful, beautiful, unpretentious, bold – all these words can be applied to the cockerel aquarium fish. Aquarium cockerels have a bright variable color.
Males, of almost all types of cockerels, have chic, veiled fins. And their content and breeding does not represent any complexity.
That is why cockerels are among the most popular fish among beginners in the aquarium world, as well as among professionals, who contain beautiful breeding forms, exposing them to competitions.
To understand the beauty and temper of these fish, I’ll give below a literary description of the behavior of cockerel fish in nature from the book by I. Sheremetyev: “Along with beautifully colored gouras, a greyish-green fish does not immediately strike the eye. Her body is 6 cm long, slightly compressed laterally, elongated.
On the sides there are turbid longitudinal stripes with a greenish sheen.
And the same gray, inconspicuous fish approached the fish. And suddenly, as if something had flared and shone in a small body. The body and splayed fins have become emerald.
The fish opens the gill covers and goes to meet the guest. Who is it – the female or rival – the male, the fish can determine only when he sees what the stranger will answer.
The female is in front of a gorgeous male, obeying, placing fins. If she is not ready for spawning, she immediately flees.
If two males meet, their intentions will be more serious than can be imagined. Mutual posing begins, demonstrating brightness, playing brilliance and fin sizes.
This can take several minutes, and sometimes an hour. If one fish turns out to be half the size of the second, then it leaves another area.
But, if males are the same size, then the first blow will be made sooner or later! Within minutes after the start of the fight, the fins of a weaker male hang down in pieces, the gill covers are broken, the body is covered with bloody wounds. Fishes do not bite, and having opened their mouths so that their teeth stick out ahead, with all their might they drive dozens of needles into the body of an opponent.
After some time, the opponent is defeated, … the male who won the fight, does not allow him to the air and the surface. The loser is killed! ”
Beautiful, professional photo of a rooster fish
Let us take a closer look at these amazing representatives of South Asian reservoirs.
Latin name: Betta splendens;
Russian name: Cockerel fish, Siamese cockerel, cockerel, chicken, betta, fighting fish;
Order, suborder, family, subfamily, gender: Perciformes –Perciformes, Anabantoidei, Osphronemidae, Macropodusinae, Betta
Comfortable water temperature: 25-28 ° C.
Ph acidity: It does not matter, but comfortable 6-8;
Stiffness dH: does not matter, but comfortable 5-15 °;
Aggressiveness: cockerels – Betta relatively peaceful fish – they can not be called predators. However, they have a strong intraspecific aggression and territoriality.
Keep two males in a small aquarium is not possible. The dominant male will surely kill the weaker. Two or more males can be maintained only in large and wide aquariums, while fights for territory and females still cannot be avoided.
In addition, males often show aggression and to a “disliked” female during spawning.
The complexity of the content: easy;
Cockerel fish compatibility: in addition to the previously mentioned intraspecific aggression, the aggression of fish extends to all small, clumsy and voile fish. Therefore, you can keep them, only nimble, active fish that will be similar in size.
As a recommendation, it is possible to advise in the neighbors of the males: corridors (speckled catfish), danios, molines, swordtails, other nimble petilles, tetras.
Males are not compatible with cichlids, the family of goldfish, other labyrinth fish are not desirable. Not compatible with snails, they eat small snails, and large ones cut off their whiskers.
In addition, when combining fish you should always take into account the similarity of conditions and water parameters, for more information on the compatibility of aquarium fish, see HERE!
How many live: Cockerel fish are not aquarium long-livers, their age is short – only 3 years. Find out how much other fish live HERE!
The question of the volume of the aquarium for these fighting fish is a separate topic.
Alas, almost all pet stores sell these luxury fish in 250ml. glasses, while sellers tell people that these are “unique fish”, they say they do not need oxygen, filtration, that they feel great even in a glass.
Do not believe the sellers of pet stores, their task is to sell the goods, and what will happen next with the fish, with you and the tears of the child who saw the cockerel floated up with a belly up – DOESN’T INTEREST THEM. And yet, you would know how many cockerels do not live out of pet stores until the time of purchase.
You would sincerely feel sorry for these innocent fish.
Yes, of course, cockerels are hardy fish, in natural habitat they live in muddy, silted, oxygen-free rice fields. But this does not mean that they can be kept in a small glass with water.
Firstly, because the conditions of keeping of any animal should be as close as possible to the natural living conditions. Monkeys must jump in trees, birds fly, and fish swim.
When the cockerel fish just hangs in a glass, dropping the fins – this is actually a sad sight. Secondly, in the cup, vase and other small vessels there is no biobalance at all. In the rice field, for example, various biochemical processes take place that purify water from various poisons (ammonia, nitrites and nitrates), these processes are absent in a glass with water, the poisons accumulate, the immunity of the fish weakens and it dies.
Biological equilibrium in artificial conditions can be achieved only in spacious aquariums, and the more, the better.
So, the minimum amount of aquarium (decorative vase, etc.) for cockerels should be 3 liters. To call such a vessel an aquarium is difficult in all senses, and therefore, if we talk about creating a full-fledged aquarium, the minimum volume for one individual should be 5-10 liters. In such an aquarium, you can put a mini-filter, such an aquarium can be beautifully — naturally, you can plant aquarium plants, adjust the biobalance, and taking care of such a reservoir is much easier than washing the “pot” weekly, while delivering great stress to the fish.
A good volume for a pair of Bette is considered an aquarium from 20-30l.
About how much you can keep the fish in the X aquarium, see HERE (at the bottom of the article there are links to aquariums of all volumes).
Requirements for the care and maintenance of cockerel fish
From the above, we can conclude that in one, a small aquarium, you can contain only one male cockerel. If the aquarium is large – from 100l. You can try to plant the second male or make transparent partitions in the aquarium, for example from plexiglass, pre-drilled holes in them to circulate the water in the aquarium.
In addition, I advocate the creation of a natural – natural environment in an aquarium. The aquarium can and should be decorated with stones, grottoes, snags, as well as living aquarium plants. Lighting should not be very bright, preferably the presence of filtering.
The aquarium itself should not be filled with water to the brim, you need to leave 7-10 cm and be sure to cover the aquarium. All labyrinth fish and cockerels in particular breathe atmospheric air, swallowing it from the surface of the water. In the absence of airspace or access to the surface of the water, the fish will suffocate.
A lid is needed to ensure that the air swallowed by cockerels from the surface of the water is not too cold.
An aquarium with cockerels can be equipped with artificial plants, but still, if you have the opportunity, purchase live aquarium plants. With live plants, the aquarium looks more natural, the plants themselves contribute to biological balance, and the males can also use them for spawning and creating a foamy nest.
Of unpretentious plants for cockerels can recommend: vallisneria, rogolini, cryptocorynes, other not complex plants.
Feeding and diet of cockerels: they are not whimsical in food, they are happy to eat both dry and live food (Artemia, bloodworm, etc.). The males eat any brand-name dry food, but advanced aquarium brands have developed special ones for them – individual foods that are best suited.
Feeding aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.
Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking.
In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry.
Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
In nature, live: Southeast Asia: Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia, Vietnam. They live in stagnant, oxygen-free waters – puddles, ditches, rice fields.
Description: Very beautiful fish, its veil tail and fins just fascinate. The color of the fish is different. The most common ink color with a reddish tint.
Males are colored much brighter, fins are longer than those of females. The size of the fish is 5-10 cm. The body is laterally compressed, elongated, oval.
They have cycloid scales, pointed pectoral fins, upper and tail fin of a rounded shape, the lower fin originates from the head and ends at the base of the tail.
The history of cockerel fish
The first mention of the fish dates from the beginning of the nineteenth century, it was then that the people of Siam paid attention to these small, but lively and aggressive fish. Next, the Siamese began to cross wild individuals Betta and got a new kind of fish, calling it “biting fish.”
A couple of copies of these “pieces” in 1840. King of Siam handed over to Dr. Theodor Cantor, who in 1849 gave them the name Macropodus pugnax. After 60 years, the British ichthyologist Charles Tate Regan renamed them “The Beton Fish”, arguing that the Macropodus pugnax species already exists in nature.
It is known that the cockerel fish appeared in Paris in 1892, in Germany in 1896, and in 1910 appeared in the United States with Frank Locke from San Francisco, California. Through the selection of these fish, he received a “new” fish, calling it Betta Cambodia – one of the first color variations of Betta Splendens.
The history of the appearance of Bette in Russia is not truly known. There are several versions. The first is associated with aquarist VM.
Desnitsky, who allegedly in 1896. brought from Singapore exotic species of fish and plants, but it is not known for certain whether there were any cockerels among them. The second version says that the aquarist V.S.
Melnikov approximately in the same period spread a number of labyrinth fishes in Russia. By the way, a competition for the best fighting fish was established in his honor.
And the latest version says that the fighting fish were brought in by the Frenchman Seysel, and all descendants from Russia and Europe went from his fish.
Types of Bette and Petushki selection forms
The first thing I want to say is that the cockerel fish (Betta splendens) is one of the Bett species. Bette species should be distinguished from Betta splendens breeding forms.
On the Internet, everywhere breeding forms of a rooster are given for species, which is not correct!
So, the Bette’s species include: Betta picta (Betta picta), Betta striped (Betta taeniata Regan), Betta smaragdova (Betta smaragdina Ladiges), Betta untamulata (Betta unimaculata), Betta black, she’s also the dwarf, Cockerel black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black imbeIIis ladiges), Cockerel (Betta splendes).
And here, the selection forms of the Cockerel (Betta splendes) include:
In size and shape of the fins:
– Veiltail fighting fishes or “veil cock”
– Deltatail fighting fish
– Giant or royal fighting fish
– Crescent-tailed warrior fish
– Round-tailed fighting fish
– Crescent-tailed warrior fish
– Deltatail fighting fish
– Flagtail fighting fishes
– Poster fighting fish
– Crownstail fighting fish
– Poster fighting fish
– Crosstail fishes
– Two-tailed fighting fish
By color: Multicolor “multicolor”, two-color, one-color.
Photos of some breeding forms
The first video is especially recommended – Nest of cockerels, very beautiful HD shooting.
Compatibility of aquarium fish – a very important issue for beginners and experienced razvodchiki. Each fish has an individual character, style of behavior, regardless of whether it is a herbivore or a predator. Some fish quickly eat plants and shrimp, others attack the fish themselves.
Of course, there were cases when practically incompatible species coexisted in one reservoir.
Aquarium fish compatibility chart
To systematize this issue, you should familiarize yourself with the habitat conditions of each hydrobiont, and then decide who to share it with. Assess the degree of aggressiveness of each species, the water parameters that are acceptable for them, in which layers of the reservoir they usually swim.
To ensure that your aquarium is filled with life, a table is provided that lists the compatibility of freshwater fish.
Watch the video about the compatibility of aquarium fish.