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How to solve the riddle of Einstein :: solving the riddle of Einstein about home :: Hobbies and entertainment :: Other
Every person has a logical mindset. However, not all people can use it to the full.
In some, it is more developed, in others – less. But logical thinking can be trained through tasks.
Riddle Einstein is one of the most popular. It is rather difficult to solve it in mind, but having made a table, it noticeably loses in complexity.
The question “how to recognize a chip prefix or not” – 1 answer
1. Recall the essence of the problem. On the same street there are 5 houses of different colors, people of different nationalities live in them. They all drink different drinks, smoke different brands of cigarettes and breed different animals.
Question: who grows fish?
It is known that:
1. The Norwegian lives in the first house.
2. The Englishman lives in the red house.
3. The green house is directly to the left of the white.
4. Dane drinking tea.
5. The one who smokes Rothmans, lives next to the one who grows cats.
6. Whoever lives in a yellow house smokes Dunhill.
7. German smokes Marlboro.
8. He who lives in the center drinks milk.
9. The neighbor of the person who smokes Rothmans drinks water.
10. The one who smokes Pall Mall, grows birds.
11. The Swede is breeding dogs.
12. Norwegian lives next to the blue house.
13.The one who grows horses lives in a blue house.
14. The one who smokes Philip Morris, drinks beer.
15. In the green house they drink coffee.
Draw a table. List all the signs of houses and their numbers.
2. Fill in the table. Let’s start with the simple. So the Norwegian lives in the first house (1), which is next to the blue (12).
Consequently, the house number 2 is blue. The owner of the central house, i.e. No. 3, drinking milk (8). Horses are raised in the blue house (13).
Now, logically speaking, you can fill in the rest of the table.
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3. The easiest way to start is with the line “house color”. According to the condition of the problem, the green house is directly to the left of the white (3). This house can be number 3 or number 4.
Green can not be the first house, because to his left is blue. We also know that in the green house they drink coffee (15), and in house No. 3 they drink milk. So, the green house – №4, respectively, the house №5 – white.
We learn the colors of the remaining two houses. It is known that an Englishman lives in a red house (2). In the first – the Norwegian, then the Englishman lives in the house number 3 and its color is red.
Consequently, the first house is yellow, its owner smokes Dunhill (6).
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4. Now we will find out which drinks are preferred by these people. The easiest way to determine what the Norwegian drinks. We know that in the third house they drink milk, and in green coffee.
Dane drinking tea (4). Philip Morris smoker drinks beer (14), but Dunhill smokes Norwegian.
From what we conclude that he drinks water.
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5. Go ahead. Find out who lives in the blue house. His master smokes Rothmans and breeds horses.
This is not a Norwegian or an Englishman. The Swede also cannot live in this house because he breeds dogs.
Not German, as he smokes Marlboro. So this is a Dane and he drinks tea (4).
The one who lives in the white house and smokes Philip Morris drinks beer (14).
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6. We do not know the owners of houses number 4 and number 5. A German cannot live in a white house, as he smokes Marlboro.
This means that the Swede lives in a white house and breeds dogs (11), and the German lives in green.
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7. From the table it can be seen that the remaining brand of cigarettes (Pall Mall) is smoked by an Englishman and he also breeds birds (10). Norwegian, on the basis of paragraph 5, grows cats.
We still have one who breeds fish – this is a German.
8. Problem solved.
What seems insoluble at first glance turns out to be simple on closer examination.
Logical puzzles are not just fun fun, it’s a warm-up for the brain.
Argued that the famous logical problem Einstein about 5 foreigners can solve only 2% of the world’s population. In part, this is true, because it is impossible for an average person to operate in his mind with a task that includes twenty-five concepts.
But there are more simple and understandable ways to solve this cunning mystery of the great physicist.
1. Draw on a sheet of paper a table consisting of 6 rows and 6 columns. Enter the known conditions in the columns: house, color, nationality, drink, cigarettes and animal.
In the row “home” fill all columns with numbers from 1 to 5. Record all these conditions in a table.
2. If the Norwegian lives in the first house, it means that the second house is blue. Think what color the first house? He is not red, because an Englishman lives in red.
It is not green and not white, as the houses of these flowers are conditionally nearby. So the first house is yellow, and therefore, Dunhill is smoked in the first house, and the horse is kept in the second house.
3. What does a Norwegian drink (who lives in the first, yellow house and smokes “Dunhill”)? Tea, coffee, beer and milk disappear, because they do not fit under the proposed conditions.
It turns out that the Norwegian drink is water.
4. According to the condition, in the second, blue house, “Marlboro” is smoked and the horse is held. What nationality is this person?
He is not a Norwegian (first house), not an Englishman (red house), not a Swede (his animal is a dog), and not German (Rothmans cigarettes). So in the second house lives a Dane, who drinks tea.
5. Since they drink coffee in a green house, it cannot be the third. Fifth, he also can not be, because to his right there is a house.
So, the green house is the fourth. Consequently, the red house is the third (an Englishman lives in it), and the white house is the fifth.
By the method of exclusion in the white house they drink beer and smoke Winfield.
6. Where does a German live? He smokes “Rothmans” and therefore can only live in the fourth, green house.
And the man who smokes Pall Mall and breeds birds lives in the third, red house, and this is an Englishman. Swede with a dog, it turns out, live in the fifth house. The cat lives in the first or third house, but the third house already has birds, which means the cat is in the first house.
Thus, the answer to the problem is that the fish are bred by a German.
There lived an uncle without a wife and without children, And he was ready for a lot of wonderful pranks. He indicated in the testament a fad, What would get the most would be the one who guessed Einstein’s riddle about houses and people, About who lived in them, drank and what He had And a competition was organized among the servants and among his relatives They all competed together And he answered the question first.
Einstein’s riddle is a well-known logical problem, according to legend, created by Albert Einstein during his childhood. Also, there is an opinion that she If we assume that the first house is on the far right, we get a slightly different situation, but the same answer.
There lived an uncle without a wife and without children, And he was ready for many wonderful plots. He pointed out the testament, What the one who guessed Einstein about the houses and people would receive most, About who lived in them.