Главная 7 Aquarium fish 7 Representatives of the class of ray-finned fishes

Representatives of the class of ray-finned fishes

Radiant fish belongs to the class of bone rocks. It received its name due to the structure of the fins, inherent only to her. Ray-finned fishes are distributed in almost all water bodies of the planet.

The archaeological findings of the skeletons of these individuals allowed to establish that they have been living on Earth for 420 million years.

Ray-finned fish got this name due to the special structure of the fins.

A huge class of ray-finned fish is divided into two types: new-fin and ganoid. The latter include not only two modern detachments, but also ten fossils. The younger group is the newcomer.

It consists of numerous species of various bony fishes. Although all these individuals belong to the same class, they have significant differences in appearance and structure. Ganoid ray-ray representatives include:

  • sturgeon;
  • mnogoporoobraznye;
  • carapace-like.

Luciferous – the most numerous detachment of fish

This is the most numerous and famous detachment of fish. Their skeleton structure is primitive and consists of cartilage with separate vertebrae. Scales of such representatives of the diamond shape, connected to each other.

It forms a very hard shell.

Bony ganoids have a formed bone skull, gill covers, and a swim bladder. This order includes sturgeon, sturgeon, beluga, and several other valuable commercial species.

The most ancient representative of the ray-finned – the imperial pomakant. The remains of this predatory fish were found in Estonia, Sweden and Russia.

If you liked the video – share with friends:

Marine fish, as well as freshwater, belonging to the same class, differ significantly from each other. If they can be from 1 centimeter to 12 meters in size, then the weight can reach more than two tons. In 1908, a fish was caught, the weight of which was 2,235 kg.

The best known representatives belonging to the species of ray-finned are herring, all species of salmon and perch, sticklefish, flatfish, representatives of carp, freshwater and sea eels, catfish.

The varieties of northern fish include the herring family. Its representatives are often accompanied by fishermen vessels.

They are always moving in large schools-shoals. Often, herring becomes food for larger individuals.

Predators can be tuna, salmon or cod.

Herring family members often move in the doorjamb

Fish of the herring family grow to medium size. In length, they can be from 25 to 45 cm.

Their body is flat and streamlined. The abdomen of individuals is always noticeably lighter, and the back is colored gray with blue.

There are about 70 subspecies of herring. The most famous and frequently encountered are the Atlantic, Araucan and Pacific.

All kinds of herring taste good, thanks to what they are common in cooking. Often fish include in the diet, as it contains a lot of useful elements.

Herring can be salted, fried, pickled, smoked, dried and fermented.

If you liked the video – share with friends:

All individuals of this family are divided into three subspecies: salmon, whitefish, and grayling. The salmon family consists of 7 genera. They belong to predatory breeds.

Nutrition in these individuals is mixed. Their large maw has rather large teeth. Salmon includes pink salmon, salmon, trout, chum salmon.

They are the most famous representatives of the genus.

The subspecies of the whitefish consists of three genera. Its representatives have a large scale and a small maw.

These subspecies include the tree, omul and peled.

Only one genus belongs to grayling. They live only in fresh water, preferring fast rivers and cold lakes.

The most famous individuals of this species are European grayling., Mongolian and Siberian.

The salmon family consists of 7 genera

Salmon meat is considered a delicacy. In cooking, it is used both after heat treatment, and in a lightly salted or dried form.

There are many recipes eating this valuable and healthy meat in its raw form.

The carp family includes more than two thousand different species. These are marine and freshwater individuals, as well as some aquarium fish.

Since the size of the family is very large, it is divided into 250 genera, which are combined into 9 subfamilies.

The color of the body in representatives of carps is mostly monophonic. The scales may be silver, greenish-brown or gold.

The sizes of individuals of these breeds are very different. Their length can vary from a few centimeters to three meters. The most famous representatives of the carp family are roach, roach, crucian carp, tench, bream, etc.

If you liked the video – share with friends:

О admin

x

Check Also

Koridoras Rabauti (Corydoras rabauti) – content, breeding

Rabidy Corridor (Corydoras rabauti) Rabauti Corridor is a very active, friendly and curious fish that ...

Botsiya dwarf (Yunnanilus cruciatus) – content, breeding

Botsiya dwarf striped (Yunnanilus cruciatus) Striped was first described in 1944. Names are synonyms: Yunnanilus ...

Adolf’s Corridor (Corydoras adolfoi) – content, breeding

Adolphus Corridor (Corydoras adolfoi) Burgess, 1982 Adolf’s Corridor is a very elegant catfish, described only ...

Speckled otozinclus (Otocinclus flexilis) – content, breeding

Ototsinkly Mottled (Otocinclus flexilis) Habitat: Ototsinkly speckled inhabits both rapid and calm rivers with dense ...

Tetra Kerry (Inpaichthys kerri) – content, breeding

Kerry or False Royal Tetra (Inpaichthys kerri) Gery Junk, 1977 Other names: Tetra Kerry, Violet ...

Koridoras pygmy (Corydoras pygmaeus) – content, breeding

Pygmy Corridor (Corydoras pygmaeus) Knaack, 1966 Corridor Pygmy is a miniature fish with an elegant ...

Marble Botion (Botia lohachata) – content, breeding

Botsiya marble (Botia lohachata) It became known to aquarists in 1912, and only got to ...

Koridoras similis (Corydoras similis) – content, breeding

Koridoras similis (Corydoras similis) Habitat: The Similis Corridor is found in nature in the Madeira ...

Popondetta furcata (Pseudomugil furcatus) – content, breeding

Popondetta blue-eyed or Popondetta furcata (Pseudomugil furcatus) Popondetta furcata of the melanoteny family lives in ...

Tetra Kitty (Hyphessobrycon heliacus) – content, breeding

Tetra Kitty (Hyphessobrycon heliacus) described by ichthyologists in 2002. Tetra Kitty, Hifessobrikon Heliacus, Tetra Heliacus ...

Venezuelan Corridor (Corydoras venezuelanus) – content, breeding

Corridor inVenezuelan (Corydoras venezuelanus) Family – Callicht (Callichthyidae).Subfamily – Carapace – (Corydoradinae). Origin: South America ...

Bull-calf Bee (Brachygobius doriae) – content, breeding

Goby Bee or Bumblebee (Brachygobius doriae) Gunter, 1868. The bumblebee goby or bee is a ...

Sterba Corridor (Corydoras sterbai) – content, breeding

Sterba Corridor (Corydoras sterbai) – very bright and popular catfish aquarists. Known since 1962. Habitat: ...

Pseudomugil Gertrude (Pseudomugil gertrudae) – content, breeding

Blue-eyed spotted Gertrude (Pseudomugil gertrudae) WEBER 1911 Detachment: Atheriform (Atheriniformes).Family: Iris (Melanotaeniidae). Genus: Pseudomugil (Pseudomugilidae). ...

Tetra Congo (Phenacogrammus interruptus) – content, breeding

Congo tetra (Phenacogrammus interruptus) Boulenger, 1899 Congo tetra – this is amazingly beautiful, active, peaceful, ...

Botsiya Clown (Chromobotia macracanthus) – content, breeding

Botsiya Clown or Botsiya Makrakant (Chromobotia macracanthus) Bleeker, 1852 The genus Chromobotia derives its name ...

Girinoheylus (Gyrinocheilus aymonieri) – content, breeding

Girinoheylus (Gyrinocheilus aymonieri) – called yet Chinese Seaweed Habitat: inhabits mountain streams in China, Thailand, ...

Corridors (Corydoras) – types, description, content, breeding

Corridors (Corydoras) – kind of aquarium catfish. Family: Calligthy catfishes (Callichthyidae). Inhabit Central America, the ...

Pterigoplicht brocade (Glyptoperichthys gibbiceps) – description, content

Pterigoplicht brocade (Glyptoperichthys gibbiceps) – The brocade leopard catfish was first described by Kner in ...

Tetra Krasnonosay (Hemigrammus bleheri) – content, breeding

In the late 70s – early 80s, a heated controversy flared up on the pages ...

Botsia Striata (Botia striata) – content, breeding

Botia striata NARAYAN RAO, 1920. Botsia Striat is a spectacular, peace-loving and unpretentious fish, known ...

Akantoftalmus Kühl (Pangio kuhlii) – content, breeding

Akantoftalmus Kühl (Pangio kuhlii) – a fish with a very unusual body structure and bright ...

Glossolepis red (Glossolepis incisus) – content, breeding

Glossolepis incisus Glossolepis red Weber, 1908. Glossolepis red – a bright fish of rich red ...

Mastamembel Armatus (Mastacembelus armatus) – content, breeding

Mastamembel Armatus (Mastacembelus armatus) Lacepède, 1800 Other names: Mustambell Carapace, Coffee Eel. Family: Hobotnorylye (Mastacembelidae). ...