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Red neon: features of reproduction and content of the fish

In calm and shallow waters of South America, rich in all kinds of vegetation, red neon is found. This is a very beautiful aquarium fish. Her body is divided horizontally into two parts: the bottom has a bright red color, and the top one is neon.

In order to provide her with suitable conditions for life in an aquarium, it is necessary to recreate in it a microclimate as close as possible to the natural living conditions of the fish.

For breeding red neon at home, you need to recreate the microclimate in it, as close as possible to natural conditions.

As a rule, these fish live in flocks of ten to fifteen individuals. They attract special attention due to their specific color. The name of this species of fish was due to the bright neon strip in the upper body.

In addition, it can change its shade at different degrees of illumination. The lower part of the body, painted in red, acts as a characteristic distinguishing feature of this species from its close relative – the pseudomugil Pasca (neon ordinary).

Sometimes females of red neon sometimes reach about 5 centimeters in length, males are smaller. With proper care and maintenance, red neon will be able to live for quite a long time, delighting its owners. To ensure normal functioning he needs the following conditions:

  • An aquarium for these aquatic inhabitants should be chosen elongated and in volume from 30 to 50 liters.
  • Despite the fact that the red neon fish is quite small, it needs a lot of swimming space.

Aquariums for red neon should choose a volume of 30 to 50 liters.

  • A suitable temperature range is from 20 to 27 C, the optimum is 23–25 C. Cooler water slows down the aging process, and fish can live up to 5 years.
  • Since neon loves an abundance of greenery, large amounts of aquatic vegetation should be placed on both sides of the bowl, for example, fern, echinodorus, javanese moss.
  • The ground should be dark. A good option would be river sand, gravel, and these fish are very fond of various snags.
  • Neon does not tolerate too intense light, but in a darkened aquarium the brightness of the color is fully manifested.
  • The optimum water hardness is 5 dGH. It is necessary to maintain it at this level, and if it increases, the fish will not be able to breed.
  • If you keep these fish in soft acidified water, their color becomes brighter.
  • One of the most important factors is to maintain the temperature in the aquarium. Temperature drops can negatively affect the health of neon: its color turns sharply pale, it becomes thin and can even die.

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    Under natural conditions, these fish feed on worms, larvae and small insects. They are undemanding to food, consume any feed. It is necessary to consider one nuance: The mouth of the red neon is very small, in connection with which the feed should be chosen small in size so that the pet does not choke.

    In addition, food should be balanced and varied. The most popular among these fish are daphnia and gammarus.

    Suitable as feed and herbal supplements. Once a week you should arrange a fasting day.

    At the age of 7−9 months, the fish reach sexual maturity and are ready to breed. Immediately distinguish the male from the female is very difficult. But there are some distinctive features.

    The female is larger, with a rounded abdomen and a neon strip curved in the middle. The body of the male is smaller, and the color is noticeably brighter. He is more agile and agile.

    Another characteristic feature – the so-called hook departs from the anal fin.

    Red neon reaches maturity at the age of 7−9 months

    The breeding process of neon red is quite complicated. The main goal is to create suitable conditions for reproduction. The female 2-3 months old must be moved to a separate tank with a volume of about 10 liters.

    Water is used distilled, but you can add a small amount of water from the aquarium. It is necessary to put moss pieces on the bottom so that the adults cannot eat the fry.

    If necessary, to increase the acidity of water, you can add there a decoction of oak bark.

    The temperature should be within 23 ° C, and the lighting should in no case be bright, as this may destroy the eggs.

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    Basic requirements for the selection of individuals:

    • in the female, the color of scales should be bright, which will be a sign of good health;
    • the abdomen should be thicker than that of other females;
    • among males choose the fastest.

    The individuals of both sexes are transplanted into separate bowls a week before spawning and are fed abundantly. 1 day before spawning, they are not given food, and fed only after transplanting into a separate aquarium. Spawning itself takes place most often at nightfall or at night.

    The sexually mature female is ready to produce about 200 eggs.

    Deferred roe stick to algae and moss. Adult fish are placed back in their aquarium to avoid them eating their young (given that they have not eaten for a long time).

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    In order for the fry to grow faster, it is necessary to create diffused lighting in the aquarium. On average, their development is as follows:

    1. On days 4–5, the fry can already swim. They can be fed with various small food (ciliates, rotifers) and egg white. As soon as the kids grow up a little, the water needs to be made tougher so that they can get used to the aquarium life. The bowl for small fish should always be clean and the water should be fresh.
    2. After three weeks from the moment of birth, a blue band will appear on their body. After 1.5 months, they already resemble adults in size and color. From this point on, they can be transplanted into a large aquarium.

    Observing all these nuances, you can succeed in breeding beautiful, but rather capricious fish – red neon.

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    It is known that this fish prefers a gregarious way of life. Next to their relatives, red neon looks very impressive and attracts attention. Large flocks of these fish look especially beautiful.

    They are non-aggressive and get along with almost all kinds. Nevertheless, larger fish can devour them, therefore one should responsibly consider the choice of neighbors for red neon.

    It is preferable to choose fish of the same size., and better – less:

    • gold, blue and black neons;
    • dwarf cichlids;
    • nanostomuses;
    • labyrinth;
    • small rasborov;
    • erythrosonus;
    • som corridors.

    Despite the fact that the breeding of this species of fish is fraught with some difficulties, it is still very popular among experienced aquarists and beginners. After all, red neon is very beautiful, unusual and bright – a real decoration of any aquarium.

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