Главная 7 Aquarium fish 7 Red cap fish (oranda, goldfish with a red head): care, conditions of detention, reproduction, photo, compatibility

Red cap fish (oranda, goldfish with a red head): care, conditions of detention, reproduction, photo, compatibility

The oranda fish red cap is a decorative species belonging to the carp family and bred by Chinese and Japanese breeders by an artificial method in the 15th century. The ancestor of the species is a goldfish.

The name “Little Red Riding Hood” came about because of a specific appearance — an orange-red growth is located on the head of each representative.

Popular unusual appearance, different from the usual Goldfish. The oval body, extended at the sides, looks like an egg.

Grow up to an average of 15–20 cm. Of particular value is a bright red wen covering the upper part of the head and ending at eye level.

When breeding fish, individuals with the largest caps were selected. Until now, the fish with a larger head with a red wen is considered more valuable.

Such representatives are valued at a much higher cost.

The color of all representatives is the same – the body is white-pinkish in color with metallic sheen. Less common representatives of other colors.

The fins are translucent, painted in a whitish color. In the fish there are genes of the voilehvosta, from which the red cap got a long, veil-like tail, often exceeding the length of the body.

Especially prized individuals with a tail fin in the form of skirts.

  • Black oranda. The color of the body is charcoal black, there are golden inclusions.
  • Blue Oranda. Gray or blue.
  • Calico oranda. The main color is pale golden-red and chaotic spots of different colors.
  • Chocolate oranda. Body color is brown chocolate.

The red cap aquarium fish is a peaceful inhabitant of an aquarium, rarely engaging in skirmishes or fights with other residents. Most often, representatives are neutral to others, not noticing other species.

But he likes to swim in the company of his own kind, so it is desirable to keep a small flock.

The average life expectancy of this aquarium fish is 13-16 years. One record holder lived more than 40 years.

Goldfish have the mark of sloppy. But this is not true, they pollute the aquarium no more than other species and need infrequent cleaning 1-3 times a month.

And this myth arose due to the large amount of feed consumed.

Fish care red cap includes a weekly replacement of 1/3 of the volume of water in the aquarium.

The size of an aquarium for one Goldfish is 50 liters. For a small flock of several representatives will need an aquarium of more than 100-150 liters. The number of decorations should be minimal.

Sand, decor items are also selected taking into account the remaining free space for swimming. Large volume is much more important than shelter.

Comfortable temperature – 16-25 degrees. Acidity should not exceed 8 pH and be no lower than 5 pH.

Water hardness 6–18 gH.

They are not indifferent to live plants in an aquarium. Often the leaves are bitten, and the roots are burrowed and nibbled.

For reservoirs with a red cap suitable leaf plants with a strong root system or artificial vegetation.

  • Anubias.
  • Atonogeton stiklistny
  • Congolese fern.
  • Microsporium or Thai fern.
  • Ekhinodorus.
  • Crinum Kalamistratum.
  • Tsiperus Helfer.
  • Lagenandr Meebold.

Oranda is notable for his love of digging. To avoid unnecessary pollution of the aquarium, choose river sand or crushed gravel or pebbles as a substrate.

Avoid large stones with sharp edges.

The aquarium is equipped with an aerating device and a filter.

Install a powerful compressor, because the red hats are particularly sensitive to the amount of oxygen in the water. A filter will help keep the aquarium clean and remove excess organic matter.

Goldfish love direct sunlight and bright artificial lighting. In the long dim light of their color turns pale.

Oranda red cap unpretentious in the choice of food, eats live, vegetable, dried and frozen food. But much of the food should still be vegetation.

These aquarium fish have a high appetite. Develop a feeding plan in advance and stick to it daily.

Feed the fry and adolescents twice a day, reduce the diet of adults to 1 feeding per day.

If you do not adhere to the diet, then the fish manifest a symptom of overeating – it starts to swim on its side. When overeating, reduce the dose of feed and arrange a fasting day.

Eat well and specialized industrial food for goldfish.

Goldfish red cap – peace-loving and gregarious appearance. It is therefore well compatible with all representatives of Goldfish, calm or neutral species that do not pay attention to gold.

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Publication from Aquaria and Pet Supplies (@_kamidog_) 21 Feb 2018 at 4:39 PST

  • Danio Rherio.
  • Shubunkin.
  • Guppy
  • Telescope.
  • Comet.
  • All kinds of catfish.
  • Ternesia.
  • Cardinal

Low compatibility with large and territorial fish showing aggression. The neighborhood with nimble and active fish, which will lift up calm red caps and spoil, tear off long fins, is not transferred yet.

Too miniature species also do not fit – they will be quickly eaten.

  • Barbus
  • Discus
  • Swordsman.
  • Petushki.
  • Neons
  • Mollies
  • Fry of small species of fish.

Representatives become sexually mature and capable of reproduction in 1.5–2 years of life. For procreation, a female and 2–4 males are selected. If you want to get valuable and expensive fry, then choose from a flock of representatives with the largest caps and long tails.

If the fry are not for sale and will remain in the aquarium, then any representatives are suitable.

Set up a separate spawn and move the selected individuals to it.

Sexual dimorphism is weak, it is difficult to determine sex. Usually, the size of the males is smaller, and the body is more elegant and elongated.

Females are larger and more massive. Before spawning in males, the color becomes brighter and white dots-spots appear on the head.

Portions of food before spawning increase, and a variety of food is added to the diet. For stimulation in spawning, lower the temperature by a couple of degrees.

Most often, the female begins to spawn in the morning at dusk. The process of spawning takes 2–4 hours.

Eggs are deposited on the leaves of planted plants. After spawning, parents are deposited in a common aquarium, because they are able to eat eggs.

Inspect the eggs and remove whitish caviar. Larvae hatch from eggs after half weeks.

After half a week the larvae become active fry, cognizing the world around. The diet of babies consists of lively dust, crushed daphnia or special fodder feeds. After a few weeks, the fry will get stronger and will look like miniature copies of adult fish.

At this age, they are transplanted into the general aquarium.

Opinions aquarists who bought aquarium fish red cap, vary. Although initially the beauty and calm disposition win the hearts of buyers, but later there are problems in the care of the fish red cap.

Novice aquarists who overestimate their strength complain about the difficulties of keeping a pet. The main reason for the difficult maintenance is the large amount of organic matter released.

And with an inadequate purification of the aquarium, mold, brown algae, and turbidity of water occur.

The cost depends on their age and size. The value increases depending on the size of the red wen on the head and on the length of the caudal fin.

Size, cmCost, rubles
Fry, 1-2100
Grown fry, 2–5200
Teens, 6–8250
Adults, 9–15350
Major representatives, 15–20400–500
  • Prepare a diet beforehand and do not overfeed the fish.
  • Get large volume aquariums with a large free swimming area.
  • Carefully select the neighbors for the red caps and see their compatibility.

The oranda red cap fish has gained its popularity in many countries and has been decorating aquariums for many people for decades. And because of its distinctive appearance and calm nature, it is so common.

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