Pterigoplicht brocade (Glyptoperichthys gibbiceps) – The brocade leopard catfish was first described by Kner in 1845, in 1980 it was attributed to the genus Pterigoplicht, and in 2003 – glyptopericht.
This incredibly beautiful chain catfish is called differently: brocade pterigoplicht, brocade catfish, brocade glyptopericht.
Habitat: inhabits parts of rivers where there is a very weak current, as well as places flooded during the rainy period. Inhabits the shallows of the Peruvian Pacaya River, Brazilian Xingu and Tefe rivers, in the Orinoco rivers, Amazon.
In the drought brocade catfish hibernate, hiding in a cave of mud.
Description: body elongated, flattened in shape. The pectoral fins are large and can practically touch the ventral ones.
Dorsal fin saillike. Top tail fin slightly oblique to the head, there are no braids on it.
Oral suckers are developed so strongly that it is almost impossible to tear the fish away from the surface to which it stuck, without causing damage to it. At the base of the mouthpieces are thick mustaches with skin folds.
The basic color ranges from black to golden chocolate. There are individuals with a greenish, yellowish, olive and gray tint.
Irregularly shaped cream lines are located all over the body, forming a kind of leopard pattern that moves to the fins. On the body, the pattern is larger than on the head.
Both color and pattern can change with the age of the fish.
The brood catfish has a unique eye structure, he is able to see both in front of him and behind him.
Males are slimmer, larger and brighter than females, have pectoral fins.
In nature, it grows to 60 cm, in aquariums no more than 30 cm.
Arrangement and parameters of the aquarium: for keeping one individual you need a capacity of 200 liters, for a pair of fish – from 300 liters.
They prefer to spend the daytime in shelters – caves made of stones, ceramic or plastic pipes, artificial grottoes. It is necessary to have a snag made of natural wood: aspen, birch or alder.
Wood pulp is vital Pterigoplichtu brocade (Glyptoperichthys gibbiceps) for normal digestion.
The soil should be light, smooth and medium-sized so that the fish do not hurt themselves.
It is better to choose strong and well-rooted species from plants: cryptocorynes, aponogatons, and vallesneria. Their roots are covered with stones so that pterigoplicht does not dig them.
With a lack of food can eat plants.
Water parameters: 24-28 C, pH 6.5-8, dH 4-15.
Requires aeration with filtration, it is desirable to create a light flow. Water changes should be carried out weekly.
With a sufficiently spacious aquarium, it can peacefully exist with almost any kind of fish.
Nutrition: For full development and growth of brocade pterigoplicht requires a varied diet, which should be based on vegetable components: leaves of spinach, dandelion, cabbage, lettuce, nettle, green peas, seaweed.
As an animal component suitable live feed: tubemaker and bloodworm. Shredded shrimps are fed to young catfish, and shrimps can be given entirely to adults.
Adding to the menu fish fillets accelerates growth.
You can diversify the menu with dry food, as well as sinking pills for catfish. Feed better in the evening.
Reproduction: breeding in aquarium conditions is almost impossible.
In nature, the female places her eggs in very deep holes in the riverbank. It is difficult to create such conditions in an aquarium, and besides in captivity, fish often do not grow to the size necessary for breeding.
Pterigoplicht breeding is carried out in specially created ponds in Australia (Quisland), America (Florida) and southeast Asia.
Catfish spawn at night. The female lays 120-500 eggs in the burrow, the male will be guarding them later. Hatching fry have a gray-gray color with black dots.
After resorption of the yolk sacs, the young are fed with special food pills.
Brocade pterigoplicht reaches sexual maturity by 3 years.
When creating optimal conditions Pterigoplicht brocade (Glyptoperichthys gibbiceps) can live in an aquarium for about 10 years.