Hello dear readers! Psevdotrofeus Lombardo – this is an aquarium fish from the family of tsikhlovyh.
In nature, he lives in a lake of Malawi and prefers to stay between the rocks and the muddy bottom of the lake.
Psevdotrofeus Lombardo has a body stretched and flattened on the sides. The back is high.
The body of the male can be both yellow-brown and yellow-golden. In some cases, on the sides of the fish, you can see dim transverse dark stripes.
The fins have the same color as the color of the fish itself, only there is a bluish tint on the fins. There are light yellow spots on the anal fin, and a white border on the dorsal fin. In young stock, black broad stripes run across the body.
The maximum length of the fish in aquarium conditions does not exceed 15 centimeters.
Psevdotrofeus Lombardo is ideal for species and biotope aquarium. The optimal ratio of individuals: one male and 2-3 females.
The size of the aquarium should be large, as tsikhlovye territorial fish and they need free space. It is possible to contain pseudotropheus with other peaceful cichlids originating from Lake Malawi.
In the aquarium there should be stone shelters almost to the surface. So you will create conditions of maintenance close to natural.
In addition, do not forget about the large flat stones that will be used by fish as a substrate for spawning. Do not be lazy to build grottoes of shelter from the stones where the fish could hide.
In general, cichlids with aquarium plants are usually incompatible, but some types of cryptocoryne and anubias can be used. The main condition – they must have hard and large leaves.
Optimal conditions for the content:
- Temperature 25 – 27 degrees;
- Hardness 8 – 20;
- Active reaction of the environment 7.5 – 8.5 pH.
In addition to this, it is imperative to have good filtration, aeration, and carry out regular water changes ¼ parts for fresh ones. Even taking into account the ability of cichlids from Lake Malawi to adapt to different conditions of detention, with the maintenance of Pseudotrophyus Lombardo, pay close attention to pH. The experience of cichlids has shown that in an alkaline medium a fish can perfectly tolerate soft and hard water.
However, all attempts to keep cichlids in soft and acidic water did not end well.
In addition, if you keep other Malawian cichlids with Lombardo Pseudotrophyus, try to keep the water temperature at 26 degrees. Yes, and do not forget to regularly remove from the aquarium the products of vital activity of the inhabitants of the aquarium, the remnants of undernourished food, because in an alkaline environment, a large amount of ammonia is formed as a result of nitrification, which is poison to fish.
Experienced tsikhlidniki recommend regularly to add five teaspoons of drinking soda or 60-80 grams of salt to the water. Psevdotrofeus Lombardo mainly feeds on plant food, but a third of its diet in aquarium conditions should be live food and its various substitutes.
Among the permissible plants, the following can be used: Vallisneria spiral and gigantic, limnofila, Carombian cabomba and hygrophil are multi-seeded. They will quickly fade and in the future will serve as an excellent food for fish.
Psevdotrofeus Lombardo becomes sexually mature at the age of 9 to 12 months. Fish can spawn both in the general aquarium and in the spawning pool, the volume of which should be more than 100 liters.
1 male and several females are selected for spawning. Males can dig on their territory special grooves in the ground, where later lay clutch.
As a rule, in one spawning, the female lays up to 50 eggs.
When spawning is over, the female puts all her calf in her mouth and hides in the nearest shelter. To save the future offspring, either the female or the calf is transferred to another aquarium.
And the selected eggs from the female should be placed for the first time in the incubator. The first attempts of the fry to leave the mother’s mouth are observed 3-4 weeks after spawning.
But they will still be hiding there at night and in case of danger detection. Starter feed for fry: small cycle and nauplii of artemia.