The Princess of Burundi (Neolamprologus brichardi and Neolamprologus daffodil) is a freshwater fish of the tsikhlovy family. It lives in the coastal waters of the African Lake Tanganyika.
In aquariums, the Princess of Burundi fish appeared in the 70s of the XX century.
In the wild they lead a gregarious way of life, a hierarchy is developed. Habitat – shallow water near the rock shelters.
It feeds on plankton, insects, mollusks and algae.
Brichardi and daffodil differ in coloring and behavior, but belong to the same species. The former have dark stripes on the gills in the form of the “T” symbol, and in the latter they are parallel.
The correct single name is Neolamprologus pulcher
The body is oval, compressed from the sides. The length of the cichlid in the aquarium is 8–11 cm (daffodil – up to 12 cm). Color cream with a pinkish tinge with pink or yellow spots on the body and fins.
Periodically there are albino individuals.
The fins to the tail are pointed, with a blue tint at the edges. Tail forked, dorsal stretched from head to tail.
Active, looking for food at the bottom and in the middle layers of water.
Prone to jumping out of the aquarium.
They knock in flocks of 3-5 individuals, headed by a male. Daffodil is sometimes divided into pairs.
Princess of Burundi fish in a spacious common aquarium are aggressive only during spawning and territorial. But the character is individual.
A flock protects eggs and fry by attacking fish with large body sizes.
Longevity, subject to the conditions of detention lives 7-10 years.
Content is available to novice aquarists. But the fish are sensitive to the composition of the water.
Forced ventilation, filtration and replacement are required.
Species aquarium. From 70 liters per pair, for a flock of 5-6 fish – from 200 liters.
- Water temperature: 22–27 ° С.
- Stiffness: 3–12 ° Ж.
- Acidity: pH 7.5–8.5.
Replace weekly with a quarter of the water volume. Avoid the accumulation of excrement and food debris on the bottom: spoil the water.
To maintain the parameters of water, use chemicals (Tetra pH / KH Plus). Or salt-rich soils.
Not all plants fit the water parameters needed by the princesses.
- Thai ferns. 15-30 cm high. Grow on snags, stones.
- Anubiasa, hard-leaved plants with a developed root system. Sensitive to intense light, overgrown with algae. Needs nutrient soil.
- Wallisneria is unpretentious, the root system is moderately developed. Growing fast.
- Ekhinodorusy differ powerful roots. To the water temperature is not demanding.
- Cryptocorynes are adapted to any conditions suitable for aquarium fish. But adversely react to a sharp change in acidity, light.
- Javanese moss grows on snags, stones, stony ground. Shelter for caviar and fry. Water temperature is 20–30 ° C.
Protect plant roots with pots or large stones. As the algae overgrow the leaves of the plants prune.
Thrive overgrown colonies.
Use a sandy substrate with a fraction of 2 mm. Layer – 3–6 cm.
Aragonite sand (aragonite) increases the pH and hardness to the desired parameters. Coral baby: the action is similar.
As shelters provide:
- ceramic or plastic rings;
- heavy stones;
Do not use snags – add acidity.
- External filter with pumping 4–5 volumes of the aquarium per hour. If there are no live plants, then use bio-chemical filters to reduce the amount of nitrates and ammonia in the water.
- Compressor with a spray to saturate the water with oxygen. Capacity: 0.8 liters of air per hour for 1 liter of capacity.
- Heater with thermostat. Focus on the submersible with horizontal placement on the ground. Does not require shutdown when changing water.
- Cover for the aquarium. Princesses love to jump.
- Siphon to remove food residues.
- Scraper to remove algae from the glasses.
- 6-inch net with frame.
The backlight is standard, the light output is 40–60 lumens per liter of water. Purchase LED or fluorescent lamps with a color temperature of 4200 K.
Princess of Burundi is omnivorous.
Live food – mosquito larvae (bloodworm, corelet), thin worms (tubule). Caught in polluted water bodies, there is a risk of infection with toxins, parasites and infection.
Coretra is not as dangerous as it feeds in the water column.
Crustaceans – artemia, gammarus. Extracted in water or divorced at home.
The latter are preferred, do not bear the risk of infection.
Frozen food eliminates the danger of parasites and major infections. But the quality of food, even from a trusted manufacturer, cannot be controlled.
During transportation and storage, defrosting is possible, which is unacceptable.
From regular feeding of princesses with high-caliber bloodworms and pipemakers, fish develop obesity.
Live and frozen feed – a source of protein, fat, glycogen (animal starch). And also contain in an accessible form micro and macro elements, vitamins.
Give Burundi slices of fish fillets, the yolk of boiled chicken eggs.
Vegetable foods – phytoplankton, oatmeal. Source of carbohydrates, vegetable sugars.
Lack of sugars causes abnormalities in the gastrointestinal tract.
Dry foods are balanced, contain the necessary ingredients and vitamins. Do not require training.
Suitable for automatic feeder with a timer. Feeding only dry food is harmful.
Choose high-quality feed for cichlids: Tetra, Sera, Hagen, JBL and others.
The determining factor is the specific parameters of water suitable for Burundi.
Incompatible with herbivorous cichlids.
Males of one species are enmity. Protect the territory.
Attack any fish near caviar or fry. Because of the aggressiveness of the spawning period, it is recommended that the couple be deposited or separated.
Aggressively accept new inhabitants of the aquarium.
Incompatible with shrimp: eat.
Fish are fairly simple to breed. Spawning successfully occurs in a common and separate aquarium.
Dimorphism is mild. Until puberty at 9–10 months, it is impossible to distinguish. Males are larger than females.
Exit – launch a flock into the aquarium. Couples will form themselves.
A pair is formed inside the flock. The belly of the female princess of Burundi is enlarged, you can sit out. If you do not otsazhivat, trouble will not.
Parents and then members of the flock will take care of the roe and fry.
Spawning aquarium – from 100 liters. Water parameters are similar to the general.
Shelter needed. To stimulate spawning, the temperature is slowly raised to 28 ° C.
In the shelter couple lays caviar. During the first laying, the female lays up to 80–100 eggs. Adult – up to 150-200.
Larvae appear in 3-4 days. After 8–10 days they begin to search for food. The main food is “live dust” and phytoplankton.
Spawning shelter leave in 3.5–4 months.
The princesses of Burundi are sensitive to water parameters. For behavioral disturbances, swimming in the upper part of the aquarium and gasping for air, perform a water change, enhance aeration and filtration.
It shows the lack of oxygen in a crowded aquarium or nitrate poisoning.
Perform tests for recommended water parameters. Bring the parameters back to normal.
If symptoms persist, begin diagnosis and treatment.
Ichthyophthyriosis – parasitic damage by infusoria. Brought through live food or new inhabitants. Manifested in the form of white bumps on the skin (“semolina”).
Treated Tetra Contralck on the attached instructions.
Bacterial infections are manifested by mucus, swelling of scales, spots on the skin. Tetra General Tonic (external infection), Sera baktopur direct and Sera bakto Tabs (internal infection) are treated.
Fungal infections are characterized by “cotton” on the skin. Most are treatable with special drugs.
The fish is interesting, mobile. Originally painted, actively propagated.
Sensitive to conditions.
Half of aquarists find princesses peace loving, half – difficult. Affected by the tightness of capacity, lack of shelters.
Note the individual nature of the fish.
|Size (mm)||Category||Price (₽)|
|Up to 30||S||200|
|Up to 45||M||300|
|Up to 60||L||400|
|Up to 80||XL||500|
- The princesses of Burundi are hostile to the new inhabitants. Fill a glass jar with aquarium water for 2/3. Place the novice and let him swim in the water. When the old-time aggression stops, transplant into an aquarium. If there is a lot of new fish, partition the container with plexiglass with holes.
- Make more shelters than individuals.
- In the overpopulated species aquarium, Burundi do not flock together. Aggression do not show.
A flock of princesses may contain in a spacious common aquarium. But the preferred species.
Take care of fry, breed actively. In one container may be several generations.
Attractive to aquarists, but need the right selection of neighbors and plants.