Главная 7 Aquarium fish 7 Predator freshwater fish bersh – pike perch brother

Predator freshwater fish bersh – pike perch brother

Bersh is a fish from the perch family, which looks very similar to zander, but does not grow to such large sizes. For tender and juicy meat is valued fish, although industrial fishing is not carried out.

It leads a gregarious way of life and hunts fry, and young individuals often swim in ponds near the perch.

Bersh are found in fresh water bodies of Russia

Dark symmetrical stripes on the body – this is the first sign by which you can distinguish the bursa from other fish from the perch family. This is a small fish, reaching a length of up to 45 cm, while the body weight does not exceed 1.4 kg.

The long case is abundantly covered with scales, the fins are large in size, 2 front ones consist of bone spines, united by a membrane.

Externally similar to a small perch

Pike perch brother prefers clean waters with a moderate course. It does not go to the open sea, it floats only in fresh water.

Large individuals live in the depths, and fry in shallow water.

In large quantities the bergs are not found anywhere, but its individual individuals can be found in the rivers flowing into the Sea of ​​Azov, the Caspian and the Black Sea; Volgograd, Kuibyshev and Tsimlyansky reservoirs, the Baltic Bay. Most often beershi are caught in the Volga. They love warm water and choose habitats in the pond, located closer to the south.

With a low level of oxygen it chokes, therefore this fish does not occur in turbid, muddy lakes.

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The habitat, food supply and even the appearance of these two members of the perch family are in many ways similar, so they are often confused. But an experienced fisherman can easily name the main differences between a bersh and a pike perch:

  • there is small teeth in the mouth of the bursa, and pikeperch has fangs;
  • has a more modest weight – up to 1.5 kg, while the older brother – perch – can reach up to 15 kg;
  • the gills are completely covered with small scales;
  • the head is short and wide, and the eyes are larger than those of the older brother;
  • the bands on the body are dark and symmetrically arranged;
  • fewer transverse bands – only 8;
  • the scales are larger – bersh has 70-75 rows, and perch has 80-90;
  • the pike perch keeps at a depth of 10 m, and the adult berch usually goes under water at 14 m;
  • shorter sideline.

The differences between these two types are obvious.

Bersh can hunt for its prey at any time of the day, while pike perch goes hunting only at night. The absence of canines also makes some adjustments to the way of life of the fish – they choose a smaller prey for food, no larger than 7 cm in size.

Bersch pecks in spring and autumn. Winter fishing seldom brings catch, because the fish hides under the snags on the bottom and practically does not feed.

The basis of the feed is small fish, mainly gudgeon, but fry of other species of fish often become prey to the predator.

They catch fish for bait bait or using a variety of fishing gear – spinners, twisters, and jigs come into play.

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In order for fishing to succeed, you need to know some secrets of catching bersh:

  • the line must be taken of medium thickness;
  • Mormyshka better choose a large and elongated shape;
  • as live bait use sprat, headwater, minnow.

Fish actively pecks in the morning, until 12 o’clock in the afternoon. After that, small pikeperch fish usually fall for the bait or spinning. During winter fishing you need to use an inertial reel, and for the bait a bloodworm, a worm, a larva will do.

Catching a bursa is not an easy task, so the fish caught is considered a real trophy.

Bersch – the desired catch for any fisherman

Note! Bersh is listed in the Red Book, so before fishing you need to clarify whether it is not prohibited in your area.

It becomes sexual maturity in the 4th year of life, spawns in the spring – in April-May. Females are distinguished by their fertility and in one spawning they lay up to 500 thousand small eggs of light yellow color.

Berch caviar lays in specially equipped nests on a sandy bottom, usually they are within the limits of an abandoned snag. After laying the eggs, the female leaves the nest, and the males remain to protect it until the larvae have been churning.

After about a week, the eggs hatch, but small eggs remain in the cocoon and eat the remains of the shell. After 5 days, the larvae turn into fry, leave the nest and begin to feed on zooplankton.

Small beershe in unlimited quantities eat invertebrates.

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