Главная 7 Aquarium fish 7 Piskun fish (convolvulus): description, habitat and reproduction

Piskun fish (convolvulus): description, habitat and reproduction

An ordinary loachfish or sandworm is an individual from the carp family and is widely distributed in water bodies of East Asia. The appearance of an individual makes it unattractive for those who maintain aquarium fish at home.

However, the simplicity of the content and the peaceful nature of the fish allows it to get along with any kind of non-aggressive individuals. Before you start a similar fish, it is recommended to get acquainted with its characteristics.

Aquatic loach of the common carp family.

Bindweed fish in rare cases, reaches 35 cm in length. Usually its size ranges from 25 to 30 cm.

The appearance of an individual resembles a snake, which makes it unattractive and not particularly popular among amateurs of aquarium fish. The body is covered with small scales, which are almost invisible.

There are some individuals that are completely devoid of it.

The eyes of the small sandpiper are small, rounded. He also has a long and thin mustache, which is a bit like a catfish.

The fish got their names because of the incredible ability to wriggle, as well as to make a sharp sound when a person tries to pick it up.

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Pikun’s fins are rounded, have small size. The color of the back of the fish is dark yellow or brown. The belly may be red, but in most cases it has different shades of yellow.

Small dark spots of various shapes can also be seen on the back quite often. They are not all individuals, but are considered a characteristic feature of the pike.

There are also albino loachers. This species in rare cases exceeds 20−23 cm in length and is distinguished by the fact that its body is less in volume than in ordinary species.

You can meet a loach in natural conditions in East and Central Asia. Sometimes it lives in fresh waters of France. In England, fish are bred exclusively artificially.

Often the pike can be found in the swamps, which are almost dry. Of them, he moved to the reservoirs, choosing only fresh.

The favorite place is swampy ditches and small rivers with slow or no flow.

For normal life, the loach requires a large number of plants at the bottom of the reservoir. Fish prefers shaded places and keeps them most of the time.

One of the peculiarities is that, when the weather deteriorates, the horner rises to the upper layers of water.

Wyuns live in swampy ditches and rivers.

Loach is able to breathe not only the gills, but also through the digestive canal. Through it, the fish also makes an unpleasant, harsh sound.

Life expectancy in natural conditions is about 10 years.

In nature, there are about 170 species of piskun. They are combined into several genera and two subfamilies. The most common and studied in detail are the following types:

  • Tipovka ordinary. It inhabits almost all of Europe in freshwaters. It is considered the smallest representative among the Pussy hunters: the maximum length of an individual is 10 cm. It is widely distributed on the territory of Ukraine and Russia. Body color is almost always light yellow, on the sides there are dark spots merging with the main color.

Pinching is a type of loach.

  • Piskun ordinary. He chose for his habitat muddy freshwater reservoirs of Asia and Europe. It has an average size in the range of 15−20 cm, individual individuals reach 30 cm in length. A feature of this type are the longitudinal stripes of brown or black color throughout the body.
  • Amursky vyun. It is considered the most attractive variety. It has not such a serpentine body and a pleasant copper color with dark spots on the back. Under natural conditions, it can be found in the waters of Siberia, Asia and Sakhalin. It grows at large up to 25 cm. In an aquarium, the size of the Amur loach does not exceed 15–18 cm in length.

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The latter type is quite common in domestic aquariums, because it has a more attractive appearance and docile nature. Unpretentious to the conditions of detention and peacefully gets on with its neighbors.

These fish feed mainly on larvae and insects, as well as bloodworms and worms. A peculiarity of the piskun is that it often steals the eggs of other species of fish, which they bury at the bottom of the reservoir.

Since the loach spends most of the time at the bottom, it is easy for him to eat caviar.

There are cases when in a small body of water over time there are no other species of fish, because the loach gradually destroys all the eggs, preventing the reproduction of other inhabitants. In artificial conditions, he almost does not do this, since reproduction in the general aquarium is extremely rare.

In artificial conditions, a fish can be without food for up to 6 months without harm to itself. After getting used to it, it becomes voracious and readily uses everything that goes into the aquarium.

Unlike other fish, the loach does not take food from the surface of the water, but waits for it to sink to the bottom.

The wines feed mainly on the larvae and insects.

Despite its voracity, loaches cannot protect themselves and quite often become a “snack” for large pikes, perches and other species of predators. Piskun meat is elastic and nutritious, so predators enjoy hunting it.

Spawning of this species of fish occurs in the period from April to June. Females are characterized by strong fecundity, and their eggs are extremely vitality. The breeding process is as follows:

  • At the moment of spawning, the larvae do not exceed 5 mm in length.
  • They are attached by means of special sticky devices to the leaves of algae and develop on them.
  • In the first 10–12 months of life, the fry grows up to 4–5 cm in length, and by 3 years this figure reaches 12–13 cm.
  • In 3-4 years, females are already able to breed. Due to the simplicity of the breeding process, many professional fishermen and amateurs breed fish at home for the purpose of eating. In Russia, this species is not so common, but in Asia it is considered a popular food.

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