maintenance, care, compatibility
The name of the aquarium fish photo catalog video species.
NAMES OF AQUARIUM FISHES.
Goldfish appeared almost more than a thousand years ago, the first color variations of the Chinese goldfish. It is from them that the goldfish with all its numerous species leads its pedigree.
Aquarium for goldfish should be large, with a large pebble or gravel.
GOLD FISH Name of aquarium fish
Beautiful fish “in the soul” remained crucian and, like crucians, dig in the ground, stir up the water and dig up the plants. It is necessary to have powerful filters in an aquarium and plant plants with a strong root system or in pots.
Body length up to 22 cm. The body is rounded, with long veil fins. The color is orange, red, black or spotty.
By a long-term selection of aquarists of the Ancient East, it was possible to bring out a huge number of beautiful species. golden fish. Among them: telescopes, veils, celestial eye, or astrologer, Shubunkin and others. They differ from each other in body shape, fins, color, and have long lost their resemblance to carp.
Name aquarium fish-COMET
Pretty small fish that can live in aquariums from 30 liters. Classic color – brown.
Often these little catfish are confused with larger counterparts – pterigoplichtami. In general, a very hardworking fish and well clean growth.
Name aquarium fish – ANCISTRUS
HUMBLER – one of the most popular aquarium fish. In nature, it is found in the waters of Honduras, Central America, Guatemala and Mexico.
Viviparous fish. Males are distinguished from females by the presence of a process in the form of a sword, hence the name. It has an interesting feature, in the absence of males, the female can change the sex and grow a “sword”.
They are also known for eating algae and snails.
HEMBERS –Name of aquarium fish
Contents: 24 – 26 ° С; dH 8 – 25 °; pH 7 – 8
Very cute and smart catfish corridor. We would compare them with the Pomeranian Spitz in the dog world. The bottom small fish, which does not require special conditions, feeds on what it can find at the bottom.
As a rule, they are 2-10 centimeters long. Do not know who to plant in the aquarium – buy a corridor.
CORRIDORAS—Name of aquarium fish
This type of bots is the most popular among aquarists. Most likely due to the fact that clowns look very impressive, as seen in the photo.
Feature of the fish – thorns, which are under the eyes. These spikes can be advanced when the fish are in danger.
Can live up to 20 years.
BOTTION CLOWN—Name of aquarium fish
Perhaps one of the most spectacular types of barbs – for this and is considered one of the most popular of its kind. Keep them necessary in the pack, which makes the fish even more spectacular.
Size in the aquarium – up to 4-5 centimeters.
BARBUS—Name of aquarium fish
SIAMSKAYA VODOROSLEED – peace-loving and very active fish. The best helper in the fight against algae.
Inhabits the waters of Thailand and the Malaysian Peninsula.
In nature it grows up to 16 cm, in captivity it is much smaller. Life expectancy in an aquarium can be 10 years.
It eats algae of almost all types and even “Vietnamese”.
Contents: 24 – 26 ° С; dH 4 – 20 °; pH 6.5 – 7
VODOROSLEED –Name of aquarium fish
DISKUS – the most interesting and beautiful fish, a representative of the Cichlid family. The birthplace of this fish is South America.
Discussions are calm, peaceful and a little shy. They live in the middle layers of water, they do not get along well with scalars and highly active fish.
Keep should be a group of 6 or more individuals. Very demanding on water temperature.
If the temperature is below 27 ° C, the discus is sick, refuse to eat and die.
Content: 27 – 33 ° С; dH to 12 °; pH 5 – 6
DISKUS—Name of aquarium fish
GUPPI – the most unpretentious fish, ideal for novice aquarists. Habitat – North part of South America and Barbados and Trinidad.
The male has a luxurious tail with a bright and beautiful pattern. The female is twice the size of the male and not so bright.
This fish is viviparous. The tank should be closed.
It is better to keep them in a specific aquarium, as active neighbors can damage their veil tails. Guppies are omnivores.
Content: 20 – 26 ° С; dH to 25 °; pH 6.5 – 8.5
GUPPI—Name of aquarium fish
Shark Barbus (bala)
The shark of the ball or the barbus is a fish, which was so named as a result of similarity with sharks (this can be seen from the photo of the aquarium fish next to the description). These fish are large, can grow up to 30-40 centimeters, so they are best kept together with other large barbs in the amount of 150 liters.
SHARK BALA—Name of aquarium fish
COCK – betta fish In nature, it is found in Southeast Asia.
The only drawback is that males are very aggressive towards each other. Can grow up to 5 cm in length. Surprisingly, this fish breathes atmospheric air, due to a special labyrinth organ.
The content of this fish does not require special knowledge. It is desirable to have an aquarium from 3 liters.
Variety in feed is welcome.
Content: 25 – 28 ° С; dH 5 – 15 °; pH 6 – 8
COCK –Name of aquarium fish
GURAMI – peace-loving and beautiful fish. It belongs to the Labyrinth family. Found in the waters of the large islands of Indonesia, the Malacca Peninsula, southern Vietnam.
They get along with any neighbors, grow up to 10 cm. It lives mainly in the upper and middle layers of water.
Maximum active in the daytime. Recommended for beginner aquarists.
It is necessary to keep in the aquarium at least 100 liters with live plants and bright lighting.
Contents: 24 – 26 ° С; dH 8 – 10 °; pH 6.5 – 7
GURAMI—Name of aquarium fish
Small fish up to 5 centimeters. It is not difficult to recognize because of the color – a black body with longitudinal white stripes.
Like all danios, nimble fish that never sits still.
DANIO—Name of aquarium fish
Telescopes come in gold and black. In size, as a rule, they are not particularly large, up to 10-12 cm, so they can live in aquariums from 60 liters.
Fish spectacular and unusual, suitable for those who love all the original.
TELESCOPE-Name of aquarium fish
There are black, orange, yellow, and mestizos. The form is a cross between a guppy and a swordtail.
The fish is larger than the above described relatives, therefore it needs aquariums from 40 liters.
Mollensia—Name of aquarium fish
Pecillia is the personification of the whole genus – petsiliev. They can be of different colors, from bright orange, to variegated with black patches.
Fish can grow to 5-6 centimeters.
PECILIA-Name of aquarium fish
Moral fish that does not like encroachment on its territory. Though beautiful, it requires proper attitude.
It is better not to plant them with their own kind, in the aquarium there is enough female and male of this species, they can get along with neons, guppies and other non-large species.
MACROPOD—Name of aquarium fish
NEON – mobile, schooling, peace-loving and very shy fish. Rod from the basin of the river Rio Negru.
In an aquarium it grows up to 3.5 cm, life expectancy up to 5 years. Keep should flock in an amount of 10 individuals. It is not worthwhile to push them into large fish, since neon can easily become their prey.
Keeps in the lower and upper layers. The size of the aquarium is selected at the rate of 15 – 20 liters per couple of individuals.
Feed: small bloodworm, dry flocculent.
Content: 22 – 26 ° С; dH to 8 °; pH 5 – 6.5
NEON-Name of aquarium fish
CALERY – angel fish. It is found in South America in the Amazon and Orinoco rivers.
This fish has been known to aquarists for many years. She is able to decorate with her presence absolutely any aquarium.
This calm and gregarious fish with a life expectancy of 10 years. Keep it should be a group of 4 – 6 individuals. A large and hungry angelfish can eat a small fish, such as neon.
And such a fish as a barbus can easily pluck her fins and antennae. Prefers live food.
Contents: 24 – 27 ° С; dH 6 – 15 °; pH 6.5 – 7.5
SCALARIAN—Name of aquarium fish
The tetra fish like when there are a lot of live plants in the aquarium, and therefore oxygen. The body of the fish is slightly oblate, the prevailing colors are red, black and silver.
TETRA—Name of aquarium fish
Ternetia is also called black tetra. Classic color – black and silver, in black vertical stripes.
The fish is quite popular, so finding it in your city is not difficult.
TERNESIA—Name of aquarium fish
The size of the fish is different, but in general they do not grow more than 8-10 centimeters. There are smaller species.
All the fish are beautiful, have a silver color, with different shades. Schooling fish and more calmly live in a group.
Rainbows—Name of aquarium fish
ASTRONOTUS – large, calm and a little shy fish. Occurs in the Amazon River Basins.
In the aquarium can grow up to 25 cm, the life expectancy can be more than 10 years. Little neighbors can eat.
The aquarium is selected at the rate of 100 liters per individual. Sharp scenery should not be, as the astronotus in a panic can hurt yourself.
Aquarium must be closed. Feed should be live food.
Content: 23 – 26 ° С; dH to 35 °; pH 6.5 – 8.5
ASTROTONUS –Name of aquarium fish
BLACK KNIFE – bottom and night fish. It inhabits overgrown parts of the Amazon River.
It has an interesting body structure. Can move in any direction.
In an aquarium it grows up to 40 cm. During the daytime it mostly hides. It is better to keep alone, as skirmishes may occur between large individuals.
An aquarium of 200 l with snags, live plants and a large number of stone shelters will be suitable for maintenance.
It feeds on live food.
Content: 20 – 25 ° С; dH 4 – 18 °; pH 6 – 7.5
FISH KNIFE—Name of aquarium fish
Among this type of aquarium pets barbs are widely distributed (Sumatran, fiery, dark-haired ruby, tiger), which prefer live food and grow to about 6 centimeters. They are quite unpretentious, but they should be purchased in pairs.
These smallest aquarium pets can not be settled with relatives of veil forms because barbs are able to nibble their fins.
See how live barbs look like.
The presence of the smallest aquarium fish – danio rerio or danio inle will be spectacular. These most active and very playful small schooling fish prefer live or dry food, and their size reaches 3 to 5 centimeters. Excessive mobility of waterfowl, unfortunately, is dangerous for them.
Often, danios jump out of their pool, so only closed aquariums are suitable for growing them.
Talking about the smallest fish for breeding, it is impossible not to mention the well-known neon. These smallest inhabitants of indoor ponds are famous for their amazing color, or rather neon luminous strip, which runs through the whole body.
Like all small fish, neons are schooling, so it is worth to settle them in groups of 10 pieces.
Look at the neon aquarium.
Whatever schooling fish you choose, it is very important to understand that their attractive colorful appearance and cheerfulness depend on you completely. It should be borne in mind that the minimum allowable amount of water for each instance can not be less than 3 liters.
Too many water dwellers will transform your source of inspiration and positive into a kind of “communal apartment” and not the best way affect their behavior. Maintaining an optimal temperature, a weekly water change of 20 percent, the presence of an aquarium filter, aeration and suitable food – these simple procedures will help you enjoy the contemplation of the brilliance of bright colors in the aquarium.
And here’s another great selection of nano fish – look:
The role of the aquarium in the apartment is interesting: a piece of the water element, placed in the interior of the citizen’s dwelling, is an excellent element of decor, as well as a means for relaxation after a busy day full of stress. Aquarium fish, embodied in your apartment in miniature, will bring you a lot of joy.
But when starting an aquarium, it is important to understand what types of aquarium fish will live in it and how.
Leafing through the catalog, delving into the photo and names of aquarium fish, first of all, you should decide on the purpose of the upcoming purchase: do you want to engage in breeding or start an aquarium of aesthetic motives?
Breeding takes a lot of time and effort, as certain species of aquarium fish require special conditions for reproduction. You also need to find out under what conditions a particular species of aquarium fish will acquire the desired external parameters (the appearance and temperature of water, lighting, and the nature of food can significantly influence the appearance).
Creating an “underwater world” with an aesthetic goal is a somewhat different task from selection. Here you are primarily in the help of catalogs, in which various types of aquarium fish in pictures are presented.
However, here, studying photos and descriptions of aquarium fish, you should choose the inhabitants of the aquarium, which require similar conditions of detention and are not part of each other’s food chain. Failure to follow these principles will lead to disease and death of fish.
Many years of work of aquarists and breeders have led to the fact that all the names of aquarium fish can not be mentioned even in the volume brochure. Therefore, below we provide a table that includes a brief description of the most common individuals.
Small aquarium fish, males are smaller than females, the length of aquarium species is 4-5 cm. Peace-loving creatures do not touch their neighbors. However, large and predatory fish can offend them.
You can not keep with aquarium sharks, sword, giant gourami, pangasius. It is also not recommended to settle in with them barbs and crescents, who like to tear off the fins to beautiful fish.
They are well accustomed to neon rastorami cardinals, speckled catfish, tarakatuma. It should be settled in one tank a small flock of 5 fish, in such numbers they will be comfortable and safe.
At this number of fish enough 20-50-liter aquarium.
Is it difficult to keep aquarium fish? Such a question is often asked by novice aquarist lovers.
They are afraid that they will not cope with the care, feeding, settlement of pets. Like any living creature, aquarium fish requires attention and care, but how to create comfortable living conditions for it, if you don’t know enough about the aquarium business?
In this case, your pets can become unpretentious aquarium fish. They are easy to maintain, unpretentious fish are considered very hardy, tenacious, get used to the person.
If you are very busy, and you do not have enough free time to care for animals, then the most unpretentious aquarium fish will significantly reduce the time for employment of the aquarium.
Aquarium fish: species, names, list, photo-video review
I think that a person who asks such a search query as “aquarium fish” would like to get a good Internet resource at the exit and get to the starting page from which it would be possible to start and get answers to interesting questions about the world of aquarium fish.
Actually, this prompted me to do some kind of compilation – to work out as much as possible and put in one article everything related to aquarium fish with links to the desired page. I hope that this article will become your starting point in the world of aquarium fish. So, for convenience, we divide the article into sections:
1. A bit of history about aquarium fish.
2. Types and names of aquarium fish.
3. General conditions of aquarium fish.
4. What do aquarium fish eat?
5. What are aquarium fish?
6. Aquarium fish and plants.
7. Aquarium fish and other inhabitants.
8. Requirements for aquarium water for fish.
9. Rules that will be the key to the health and well-being of your aquarium fish.
1. A LITTLE HISTORY OF AQUARIUM FISHES
Everything to which humanity participates undergoes changes, this fate and the world of aquarium fish did not escape. Somewhere, human intervention was useful, but somewhere destructive for the current aquarium inhabitants. In any case, in recent years, people’s interest in the aquarium has grown, has acquired enormous proportions and sizes.
What are the huge oceanariums, tireless Chinese selection of goldfish, in the end, the genetic modification of aquarium fish – Glofish.
It all began like this. The first mention of the aquarium and aquarium fish dated to the times of ancient Egypt, from which it can be concluded that aquarium inhabitants from time immemorial, along with cats and dogs, were friends of man.
However, the beginning of aquaristics are considered 618-907gg. When Chinese Buddhist monks began with a scientific approach to breed and select goldfish.
But they, before the modern aquarium world was still far away, as the aquarium fish were kept either in ponds or in flowerpots and it was possible to watch them only from above.
The breakthrough came in 1841. – there was the first real “modern” aquarium.
The starting point of aquarism in Russia can be considered 1862. associated with the creation of the Moscow Zoological Garden. You can learn more about the history of aquarium fish in the article:
The origin of the aquarium, the meaning of the word aquarium
2. TYPES AND NAMES OF AQUARIUM FISHES
The aquarium world is so diverse that to list all the families, squads, clans, species and subspecies — even Wikipedia is not strong enough. The world knows, according to various sources, from 25,000 to 31,000 species of fish.
Types of aquarium fish with the names of their representatives Anabasovye (Anabantidae)
Anabasas or Slider Fish and Ctenopomes
Apteronotye (Apteronotidae) Black Knife
Badis Badis, Chameleon Fish
Fringed or Peristose Som Synodontis
Bronykovy or sidescale catfish
Gobies (Gobiidae): Bullhead spotted.
Loach species (Cobitidae) Acantoftalmusy and Bothia.
Goodyevye (Goodeidae) Xenotoka red-tailed.
Puffer or Four-toothed, toothed (Tetraodontidae) Tetraodons
Barusy, Danio, Goldfish.
Cartooth teeth (Cyprinodontidae) Afiosemion south
Wedge-bellied or Gasteropelekovye (Gasteropelecidae) Sternikla, Gasteropelekus sternikla, common speck.
Mail catfish or Loricariidae catfish (Loricariidae) Ancistrus, Ototsinkluy
Betty – Petushki, Gourami, Lyaliusa, Macropods
Bag-bearing catfish or Bagniferous (Heteropneustidae) Catfish bag-tabernacle
Notopterovye, spinoperoe (Notopteridae)
Knife-read eye, Silver Blanche knife
Bastard Catfish (Callichthyidae)
Torakatum, corridors – speckled catfish, etc.
Pecilia (Poeciliidae) Guppies, Sword, Mollies, Pecilia
Pimelodic or Flat-headed catfish. Antennaous catfish (Pimelodidae). Bearded catfish, Zebra microglanis.
Polurilye (Hemirhamphidae) Poluoryl red-black
The iris (Melanotaeniidae)
Melanotenias and Irises
Hack catfish (Chacidae) Hack or frog short
Neons, Orantusi, Pulcher, Tetras, Tairee
Helostoma (Helostomatidae) Gourami kissing
Hobotnorylye (Mastacembelidae) Mastamembel red-striped, Mastamembelus red-striped, Hobotyryl red-striped, Fiery eel
Centropomovye (Centropomidae) Perch glass
Cichlids or Cichlidae (Cichlidae) Akaras, Apistorams, Discus, Parrots, Angelfish, Tsichlamozy
Shilbovy catfish (Schilbeidae)
Shark catfish, Freshwater shark, Siamese pangasius
Wide-headed catfish or Aspredinaceae (Aspredinidae) Bunocephalus or Som snag
Electric soma: Catfish electric.
As you can see, there are 30 types of aquarium fish. Imagine what the list will be if the fish are divided into subspecies and variations.
I think just 30,000 thousand and typed. Here is a list of aquarium fish from our site: HERE.
We also recommend you to look at the colorful brochure “Popular types of aquarium fish”. This brochure contains all popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding + photos.
(to view or download, click on the image)
3. CONDITIONS OF THE CONTENT OF AQUARIUM FISHES It’s all much easier than with species of aquarium fish. Actually, the general conditions include:
– the volume and size of the aquarium;
– compatibility of aquarium fish with each other;
– compatibility of fish and other inhabitants of the underwater world;
– feeding aquarium fish.
– diseases of aquarium fish.
– aquarium fish and plants.
– composition and parameters of aquarium water for fish.
The topics listed above are very voluminous, some deserve writing a whole book. Taking into account the objectives of this article, I will try to present everything in a compact and accessible manner. Volume and size of the aquarium – the basis, the basis, the beginning of all the aquarium began.
Simply put, what kind of aquarium you will get a house for aquarium fish, such and you will be fish. Buy a “small family” (up to 50l.) – there will live guppes, and tetras with swordmen, buy a “two-piece” (100l.) – populate Goldfish, “three rubles” (150) – large and medium cichlids, well, for pent- Hausa (from 200-300l.) – Discuss and Astronotusy will do.
The quality characteristics of the aquarium affects not only its volume, but also the size (shape). The price is always long aquariums, as in such an aquarium the fish will have a place to roam.
In a short aquarium, they are unlikely to “pass the standards for swimming.”
Therefore, choosing an aquarium, you should first think about its future tenants. After all, the head of the REP is you, and only it depends on you who will live the akvadome entrusted to you and how!
Compatibility of aquarium fish with each other – how many books have been written, how many articles, debates and forums on this topic are there. Nevertheless, people manage to make the most serious mistakes: to combine the uncombinable and to push the non-punch!
Especially, for some reason, this fate befalls Goldfish when they are shoved into a 40-liter aquarium with a crowd, and, for greater beauty, they sit down to them, for example, a Labo. And then they are surprised, “that they die and are covered with some kind of cotton.”
My call, you can say – the cry of the soul: “Follow the rules of compatibility and living space per capita. ”
More information about this can be found here in this article: Compatibility of aquarium fish. How many fish can be in an aquarium of X liters (at the bottom of the article, select the volume of aquarium you need).
4. WHAT AQUARIUM FISHES EAT
Modern aquaria does not know the problems in this matter. In pet stores you will be offered a variety of food for your pets.
From you envy is just a question – the correctness of feeding and diet of aquarium fish.
The most common mistake is overfeeding fish. Remember, it is better to feed less fish than to feed them.
From excess food in fish there are gastrointestinal diseases, and the aquarium turns into a warehouse of stubs, which in turn leads to a violation of the biobalance.
The second important thing that you need to pay attention to is a balanced, complete nutrition of aquarium fish. Do not feed the fish only dry food, enter into their diet a variety of food and then your pets will be “white and fluffy.”
In addition, consider the features of the fish, if the fish love plant food, pick exactly the food with the addition of vegetation, or buy them cheap plants for feed.
We read and ask questions here: How and how much to feed aquarium fish. See also: How to feed goldfish?
5. WHAT AQUARIUM FISHES ARE PAINFUL
Fish, like people get sick. And most of the diseases they have also arise from poor living conditions. From here we can conclude: Your care, attention and proper care is the key to the health and longevity of aquarium friends.
But still, if we were three times attentive, sometimes we get into trouble and the fish get sick. One thing pleases – almost all fish diseases are treatable, it is only important to make the correct diagnosis and apply the correct treatment.
The following sections of our site will help you with this:
DISEASES OF FISHING FISH
DISEASES OF FISHES
And also article: treatment and diseases of small fishes.
6. AQUARIUM FISHES AND PLANTS
I think that it will be no secret to anyone that the plants are the lungs of the aquarium and the redefining component of the excellent biobalance of the aquarium world. An aquarium without live plants, like an apartment without furniture – everything seems to be fine, but somehow it is not comfortable!
For many fish, a plant is not only food, but a place of shelter, sleep and spawning.
I suggest you to go through the list of aquarium plants and read more about what you like: AQUARIUM PLANTS.
7. AQUARIUM FISHES AND OTHER DOMAINS
Of course, the aquarium world does not end with the fish. In addition to the fish in the aquarium live: mollusks, crustaceans, crabs, shrimps, tritons and turtles.
However, in many cases this neighborhood is strictly limited. Since, many fish are not away profit from snails or shrimps and vice versa turtles devour small fish in two accounts.
Although on the other hand the presence in the aquarium, the same snails coils, not so bad! They will be excellent feed and will be a great addition to the dinner of your aquarium fish.
That will save you money and time.
Here is a section of our site dedicated to “other inhabitants” of the aquarium:
Shellfish and others.
8. REQUIREMENTS FOR AQUARIUM WATER FOR FISH
This is certainly a topic for writing a thesis! As for people, air, as for fish, water is the primary factor of existence.
How you “tune” it will envy and the health and appearance of the aquarium and fish.
The main parameters of the aquarium water are:
– t ° C, aquarium water temperature.
– hD, aquarium water hardness.
– pH, “acidity” of aquarium water.
– rH, org aquarium water.
Given the volume of this issue, I will give you links to each water parameter:
AQUARIUM WATER: parameters of aquarium water. Aquarium water temperature.
How much and how much does the water in the aquarium go?
Also, do not forget about the product of ammonia decomposition: NH4, N02, NO3.
9. RULES THAT WILL BECOME A MORTGAGE OF HEALTH AND GOOD WELLBEING OF YOUR AQUARIUM FISH
Summarizing this article to a logical conclusion, I would like to focus on simple, not difficult rules:
– initially select an aquarium for fish, not fish for an aquarium;
– follow the rules for compatibility of aquarium fish;
– Observe the rules of the settlement of the aquarium fish;
– defend the aquarium water, but rather use melted, boiled, distilled water;
– feed the fish wisely;
– make your aquarium beautiful and cozy. Do not forget about plants and other abodes of the aquarium kingdom.
– Watch the parameters and composition of the aquarium water.
Useful video about aquarium fish