maintenance, care, compatibility
Guppy – the most common type of aquarium inhabitants. These colorful fish with large iridescent tail.
Often, talking about his hobby, experienced aquarists say that let them begin with her purchase. In addition, guppies are ideal test subjects for studying genetic mutations. Males of this species are much larger and more beautiful than females.
Their tails are much larger than those of females, and differ in their original, unusual coloring. The small size of the fish – from 1.5 to 3 cm allows you to make them the center of the aquarium world.
Females are much larger – about 6 cm, but have not such a beautiful color. Today, with the help of selection, beautiful individuals of females have been obtained, but their cost is much higher.
You can see the possible fish options in the photo, which is full of internet.
The most common types of caudal fins are:
Guppies are one of the most easily bred breeds, so their population is growing so fast. In order to do their breeding you do not have to make a lot of effort. Enough to provide them with comfortable conditions.
It is surprising that fish can breed without a male. This is due to the first fertilization. That is, the female can breed several times during one “meeting” with the male.
Therefore, to start breeding, you can buy only one female and you will receive about 8 litters.
Viviparous guppies, so they do not need a place for throwing caviar. Fry appear completely independent.
They are already swimming and ready to take full adult food. Photo fry can often be found on the Internet – they differ from their parents only in size, otherwise it is a full-fledged fish.
After you have noticed that the female is “in position”, set her off from the others. Although the pregnancy lasts about 30 days, in a separate dwelling it will be much more comfortable.
After the fry are swept up, it needs to be deposited. Hungry guppies can eat their own offspring, so for the first time, it is better for young animals to live separately in an aquarium with small-leaved plants, and when they get stronger, return them back.
In aquarist communities, all thickets began to appear messages about aggressive behavior. Sometimes relationships in a flock can lead to a deplorable outcome for the weakest.
If you notice something wrong in your aquarium, then reconsider the conditions of their maintenance, it is quite possible that they just closely.
Video about guppy content:
Its name – these fish were in honor of the man who first discovered and made public this discovery to the world community. His name was Robert Guppy. There was such a significant event on the island of Trinidat back in the year 66.
To date, there are a huge number of varieties of these fish, each of which has its own distinctive features. Consider some species of guppy in more detail.
SPECIES AND BREEDS GUPPI
The variety of aquarium fish sometimes affects. And given the fact that one species of fish has its own varieties – the aquarium world becomes just gigantic.
Sometimes it is even difficult for an experienced aquarist to tell what kind of fish it is. Hopefully, the following selection of species and breeds GUPPI help you figure out who is swimming in your aquarium.
GUPI Poecilia reticulata
Order, family: Pecilia (Poeciliidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 20 – 26 ° С.
Ph: 6.5 – 8.5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 0%.
Guppy Compatibility: compatible with all non-predatory and not big fish.
In nature, lives in the northern part of South America. But now, as a result of artificial acclimatization, these fish have spread to all continents.
Guppy aquarium fish are descendants of the wild Poecilia reticulata, which were brought from freshwater Trinidad and Tobago ponds. Guppies are also found on the territory of Venezuela, Brazil and Guiana, were acclimatized in Mexico.
They prefer crystal clear water over time, they can swim in salted water, but not sea water. In wild gupashek diet varied: insects and their larvae, worms, bloodworms, plants.
Artificially, fish were brought to tropical regions, where many anopheles mosquitoes — guppies do an excellent job with them. The males of wild fish are very bright, but the body color is not as motley and diverse as that of aquarium guppies.
Wild color helps the fish to hide from predators.
The first description and scientific name of the fish received in the 60s of the XIX century. Robert John Guppy, an English missionary, told the scientific community about the fish that produce ready-to-live fry.
Then they laughed at the scientist, not believing that such fish could exist. However, this beautiful fish received his name.
Outwardly, all varieties of guppies are small fish, males are even smaller than females. The body length of wild specimens is 1.5-3 cm, aquarium – 3-5 cm.
Life expectancy in captivity: 3-5 years, depending on what content they provide. In the warm water that Poecilia reticulata loves, the metabolism speeds up and the body wears out quickly.
Look at the aquarium with guppies.
The external characteristics of all Guppy are hard to describe – they are too different. Such diversity was the result of many years of breeding work, and the natural crossing of fish with other viviparous Pecilia.
They bring offspring from swordtails, mollies and placias.
Sexual dimorphism in fish is pronounced – the males are slim, angular, their body size is smaller than that of females. The tail of the male is large, long. The anal fin has acquired a cone-shaped form (gonopodia), from which milt emanates.
The females are much larger, they have a rounded and convex belly, the color of scales is relatively faded. It is difficult to distinguish young in the early stages of life, it is believed that the males are the first to stain, and later the females.
Is a high-quality fish life possible in a round mini-aquarium?
Diseases of guppy external signs and treatment photo description video.
- red scab and fin splitting;
- fin rot
Trichodinosis infection occurs through the parasite – ciliates of trihodin modest.Most often, parasites develop in fry and juveniles, as their bodies are rather weak.
Fish can also become infected with trichodinosis.
At the initial stage of the disease the fish seem to be itching About plants in an aquarium, some fish have dim spots on their bodies.
It is possible to get rid of the infusoria by increasing the temperature of the water in the aquarium to 34 ° С, and very much strong aeration water to the fish enough oxygen at such a high temperature. It is equally effective to add the following components to water:
- sea or table salt;
- methyl blue.
Look at what a guppy looks like, infected with columnaria.
General rules for compatibility with guppies in home aquarium conditions
When choosing a fish for a community with guppies in an aquarium, you need to know some general rules that you should follow:
- In the tank you can keep the fish only with a similar temperament and behavior. Males guppies usually have long and lush fins, so those neighbors who can pluck them should not live with them. Guppy is not compatible with aggressive, fast types, otherwise stress and physical exhaustion of victims cannot be avoided.
- Diet and water requirements – be sure to choose fish that prefer the same food and water conditions as guppies. Check the pH, hardness, temperature of the water environment.
- It is better to keep all the fish in a spacious tank with enough space for swimming and shelter. On one fish should go on average 50 liters of water.
- The proportionality of the fish – Poecilia reticulata are considered small fish, so it is desirable to keep them with the same neighbors. Large “comrades” will be seduced by the size of defenseless guppies, they can eat them, or take food from them.
- Small bottom fish species can be kept with viviparous Guppy, which rarely swim to the bottom.
AQUARIUM FISH DISEASES, INFECTIVE AND NON-DIFFERENT – TREATMENT DESCRIPTION PHOTO VIDEO SYMPTOMS.
A typical question for aquarists who are going to keep Poecilia reticulata (Guppy) in the general aquarium is: “Which fish get along with guppies?”. It is important to avoid settling with predatory fish, such as the red-tailed shark, Sumatran barbs, scalars, large cichlids, eels, and mastembela.
The best aquarium neighbors for small viviparous fishes (3-7 cm) are small fish with a peaceful nature.
Fish that are suitable for settlement with Poecilia reticulata
There are a large number of freshwater aquarium fish that can live with guppies in peace and harmony. The listed types are the safest options.
They mate with these viviparous Pecillians in terms of similarity of living conditions and behavioral characteristics.
Somiki corridor – relatively slow swimmers, almost always in the lower layers of the aquarium. They are characterized by small body size and calm disposition, they gradually clean the aquarium from food debris. Guppies swim in the upper and middle layers of the water, so the corridors will not hook them.
However, one should not add salt to the water in which catfish live (and the pets-liqueras love such water), otherwise they will die.
See how guppies and catfish corridor dwell in the same aquarium.
Indian glass fish, or Malaysian glass – it is often confused with glass catfish, but they are completely different species. The glass is a peaceful and rather hardy fish, they are excellent companions for guppies and other small tropical fish. The transparent body of the body makes them unique, they even shine through the skeleton and internal organs.
Malaysian glass is characterized by gregarious behavior, swims in a group of 5-7 fish. It is not recommended to buy fish with a fluorescent color.
Just “painted” glass fish are more sensitive to the parameters of the aquatic environment, and during the disease color pigment can open wounds, causing infection in the water.
Mollies, patcilia, swordtails – viviparous fish of the Family Petsilievye, which are best compatible with guppies. All fish are related species, in the general aquarium they can breed, bringing hybrid offspring.
Guppies, mollies and platies will not conflict with each other. But the swordtails, especially adult males, can terrorize the tail fish, so it is better to settle with “swords” fish with short fins. Mollies prefer to live in a pair.
If in a spacious aquarium will live a couple of moles and a few guppies, you get a great neighborhood.
Neon tetra – the most popular freshwater and tropical fish. You can keep with any peaceful species of fish, it was even called “pearls of the aquarium.” Neon tetras are characterized by a rosy blue body with a reddish tinge.
They create a strong flock of 6-10 individuals, and calmly swim in the upper and middle layers of water. Can make an excellent company viviparous fish, without disturbing them.
Rasbory – differ in metallic color scales, they are clearly visible, which simplifies the care of these fish. Hardy, peace-loving, swim in a flock of 6-8 fish.
They can be settled with guppies in the general aquarium, as their characters are perfectly compatible.
Dwarf loaches – like all loaches, they are very peaceful fishes. However, some types of char can grow larger in size compared to guppies. Dwarf loaches remain small all their life, rarely grow to a length of more than 5 cm, so that they are commensurate with petilia fish.
They like to swim in a flock, so settle them immediately with a flock of 3 individuals. You can build a few shelters in the aquarium, add live plants, because these loaches like to hide and rest.
Endler Guppy (lat. Poecilia wingei) – used to believe that Endler’s viviparous fish are relatives of Poecilia reticulata.
Later it turned out that these are different species, although both come from Central America. There are certain similarities between species; they can interbreed in the same aquarium.
Viviparous endlers are suitable for tropical aquariums, where different viviparous petsilievy live. It should be borne in mind that the Endler fish grows up to 3.8 cm in length, therefore it cannot be accommodated with larger species.
Settle them immediately for 6-8 individuals and more, create shelters for them, otherwise they will be eaten. Poecilia reticulata will ignore them, but under proper conditions of detention.
Observe laliusi, neons, catfish and guppies in the general aquarium.