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Pezilya fish maintenance and care

maintenance, care, compatibility

Beautiful, bright and unusual, but at the same time unpretentious and easy-to-care petsiae – ideal fish for those who have just begun their acquaintance with the content, and maybe breeding creatures living in the water. Despite the amazing undemandingness of these viviparous, the basic recommendations and tips for their content need to know that the fish would decorate the aquarium as long as possible, and not be a week later in the sewers.

A noticeable and amusing feature of the animals is that the female (even the one that has already given birth) can change sex by growing gonopodia. This is a kind of signal that the owner overlooked and the living conditions have changed a lot.

Another interesting point: if the patcilia are adjacent to the swordtails, then they can interbreed with each other, which ultimately can lead to the degeneration of the first.

Thus, the partilias are not only simple in content, but also very interesting fish. And even those who have never been involved in aquarism can cope with them.

A minimum of effort, patience, and everything will turn out!

Despite the fact that the patcilia is very hardy and unpretentious to the quality, temperature and other characteristics of water, the following conditions will be ideal for them:

  1. The capacity may be small in volume, but deep, as these fish live in the middle layers of the water. Each individual should account for about 1.5-2.0 liters of water. They contain platies in 10-liter jars, but more preferably, aquariums are about 50 liters. There you can not only place with the comfort of fish, but also plant the necessary plants, and there will still be a place for games. Glass or lid with holes are required, as when playing, pets can accidentally jump out.
  2. Ideal for water: pH 7.5-8; dH 8-25 ′, temperature 22-26 ° C. Here are the extreme ranges, but it is clear that it is better to stick to the golden mean in order to avoid disease and reduce life expectancy.
  3. With regard to petillas and other viviparous, the issue of salinization of water is very acute. Despite the recent craze for them, it is not worth practicing all the time. Salt is still a medicine that is used in quarantine and in the treatment of sick and weakened individuals. Otherwise, the fish will become tender, will lose immunity and endurance. In addition, novice aquarists simply can not maintain salinity at the right level.
  4. Aeration and filter are optional, but anyone can install them, it will not be worse. Every week it is necessary to substitute a quarter of the water for fresh.
  5. To illuminate a small aquarium, you can use sunlight, avoiding direct rays, or install a lamp of low power.
  6. The soil is better to take the dark. Must be present living unpretentious plants and shelters, as the fish love to hide. To create a thicket behind and on the sides of the aquarium, you can take a cryptocoryne, an echinodorus, an elodea, a rodentofolia and others. Top well fit Riccia. The space in front is desirable to leave empty.

Pecilia (Latin Xiphophorus maculatus) is one of the most popular aquarium fish. Unpretentiousness, beauty, varied coloring and ease of breeding, made it so popular.

She, like a guppy, swordtail, mollies is viviparous, that is, bears eggs inside the body. We will tell about the content of petilia and breeding in our article. How do they look?

How and what to feed the poultry? Are they difficult to maintain?

How to breed them? These and other questions will be answered by our article.

Fish is perfect for both beginners and pros. Among the birds, everyone will find an interesting fish for themselves.

Like almost all viviparous, the partilias are extremely unpretentious and livable. You can keep them in small aquariums, from 40-50 liters, but more is better.

Between themselves, they do not show aggressiveness (as opposed to the Swordsmen), and they can be contained with the predominance of females. One male is enough for two or three females.

Water parameters are not too important, medium hard water will be ideal (15 – 30 dGH), acidity is within ph: 7.0-8.3, and water temperature is 22-25 C. It is important that the water is clean and fresh, it is advisable to replace part of the water weekly ( up to 20%). Filtration and aeration is desirable, but if the aquarium is not overpopulated, it can also be neglected.

Pitsilii get along great in the general aquarium, do not touch any fish. However, predators can be easy prey.

Petsilya get along well with other viviparous: mollies, guppies, swordtails.


Like almost all viviparous, the partilias are extremely unpretentious and livable. You can keep them in small aquariums, from 40-50 liters, but more is better. Between themselves, they do not show aggressiveness (as opposed to the Sword), and they can be contained with the predominance of females.

One male is enough for two or three females.

Water parameters are not too important, medium hard water will be ideal (15 – 30 dGH), acidity is within ph: 7.0-8.3, and water temperature is 22-25 C. It is important that the water is clean and fresh, it is advisable to replace part of the water weekly ( up to 20%). Filtration and aeration is desirable, but if the aquarium is not overpopulated, it can also be neglected.

Pitsilii get along great in the general aquarium, do not touch any fish. However, predators can be easy prey.

Petsilya get along well with other viviparous: mollies, guppies, swordtails.

Pitsilii belong to warm-water fish. The color of aquarium species, thanks to many years of breeding and comfortable conditions of keeping, differs in brightness, richness and a wide variety of colors than in the ancestors of fish of this genus.

Their relatives, living in natural conditions, have a brownish-yellow color, with two prominent dark spots in front of the tail fin.

The fish of the genus Paecilia is small in size: the length of the body of the males is shorter than that of the females – from 3 to 4 cm and from 4 to 6 cm, respectively. The body is rather dense, strong, wide and strong tail fin, although as a result of selection experiments individuals with various forms of the body and fins were bred.

For adult males, in addition to size and more slender body, a characteristic omen is the aggregate organ (gonopodia) – anal fin rolled into a tube.

Problems with the content of placium usually does not occur. If the acquired small fish is sick, then the fish’s withdrawal may be 100% already in the first week after the acquisition. Usually this is found with imported fish.

If the fish is healthy and all the conditions are met, then it will not cause much trouble. Whitefish can always be distributed to friends or give away (albeit free of charge) to a bird or to stores.

Summing up, we can say that the Petsilia is a very unpretentious, bright fish that is perfect for a novice aquarist. Observe the cleanliness in the aquarium, the mode and rate of feeding and the fish will delight your eyes for more than one year.

Bright and eye-catching patchillias are among the most popular fish that aquarists around the world prefer to keep. And this is not surprising.

After all, they are extremely unpretentious, and the observation of their behavior is a very interesting and exciting activity, allowing you to take a break from everyday worries.

Maintenance and care is carried out without any problems, regardless of their type. In general, there are 33 species of placium. In addition to the “real” there is a fish, which is mistakenly attributed to the genus Poecilia.

It is called plyatipetsiliey, but in fact it belongs to the sword bearers. Among the most popular species of these fish is sailing mollies, which is not related to the selection obtained and has kept its captivity in captivity the same as its “wild” brothers living on the Yucatan Peninsula.

There are also many who want to settle in their aquarium guppy – freshwater fish of the genus Poecilia, which is naturally found on the islands of Barbados and Trinidad, in northern Brazil, in Venezuela and in Guiana.

Care, reproduction, feeding and breeding of these fish – these are issues that most concern aquarists. I must say that they are extremely sociable and unpretentious.

For their maintenance is enough ordinary aquarium with a capacity of 40-50 liters, but the fish will be convenient if it will be larger in size. Between the individuals of the patsilii do not show aggressiveness.

The ideal option is when the ratio of the number of females to the number of males is 3: 1 in the aquarium.

Pecilia, the maintenance, reproduction and care of which does not require special knowledge, live in nature in the lower reaches of freshwater rivers that flow through Guatemala and southern Mexico and flow into the Atlantic Ocean. This means that the parameters of water for them are not too important. In particular, “ordinary” water of medium hardness (15–30 dGH) and with acidity in the range of pH 7.0–8.3 would be an acceptable option for them.

As for the temperature, it should be maintained at a level of 22-25 degrees. At the same time it is important that the water was fresh and clean, so you should replace the weekly up to 20% of the content of the aquarium.

Aeration and filtration are desirable but not necessary, i.e. if the number of fish is small, then these procedures can be neglected. By the way, it is categorically not recommended to salt some water, as it is proved that the patsili, contained even in very weak salt solution, are more often sick due to a decrease in immunity.

Females and males of the patchilia have pronounced sex differences. In particular, female individuals are usually significantly larger, have a fuller and rounded abdomen, and are not as brightly colored as male ones.

In addition, the males have a small pointed gonopodia, resembling the anal fin, which is more widely present in the female platile. Fish (maintenance, breeding and care described in detail in this article) of the genus Poecilia are viviparous.

In order for females to become pregnant, the owner of the aquarium does not need to create any special conditions.

In the presence of fish of both sexes in the aquarium, the chilli give birth to well-formed fry every 28 days. The pregnancy of the female, which, depending on the species, lasts from ten days to two months, is determined by the dark spot that appears near the anal fin and the rounded abdomen. The births of females are simple, and it is enough to plant them before them and add plants to the aquarium.

During this period, fish-fishy need not be disturbed, and it is better to temporarily close the front glass with paper.

If you live in aquariums, the maintenance and care of them also includes the protection of newborn individuals. The fact is that “mammas” and “dads” have a bad habit of eating their offspring. That is why, before the birth of fry, it is necessary to provide a sufficient number of plants in the aquarium and to seed the offspring from the female as soon as possible.

You can feed babies with chopped egg yolk, dry food or special fry food.

Now you know that if you fish in the aquarium, the maintenance and care of them will not take much time and effort, as well as you know what to feed them and how to breed.

Pecilia is one of the few species of viviparous fish that do not eat their offspring. These fish are unpretentious.

Manage a small amount of oxygen. It is quite sufficient to periodically make a partial water change in the aquarium.

Fully change the water only in emergency cases: infectious diseases or the massive death of fish.

There are several types of these fish:

  1. Pechiliya spotty. Small fish. Females rarely grow more than 6 cm, and males – 4 cm. The body is slightly elongated, rather wide tail fin. The color of the fish can be different: gray-blue, red, olive, blue. To date, breeders managed to bring a few dozen colored varieties of this species of fish. The fish is very unpretentious, even a three-liter bottle is suitable for its content.
  2. Necil Pecilia. Very peaceful and colorful fish. Perfect for a novice aquarist, as completely unpretentious. For a small aquarium it is better to buy several individuals at once, at least 7 pieces. Fish swim in flocks, while their scales shimmer in blue-blue.
  3. Pecilia is black. The fish has a black color, iridescent with a greenish or bluish tint. The fins of the fish are colorless, even transparent. Fry acquire black color at the age of about two months. To date, bring a matte smooth color and failed.

Breeding pelicia greatly simplifies the work due to the fact that nothing threatens the offspring. This type of fish is not fertile.

For one breeding period, you can get up to five litters of 50 fry in each. If the female is small, her litter will be even smaller. Pregnant petilia bears offspring for about a month.

As soon as the spot near the anal fin darkens, and the abdomen swells noticeably, it is time to replant the female to the spawner. The label lasts for several days. The female sweeps out one fry at intervals.

After giving birth, the female is again deposited in the general aquarium.

Caentium fry have a wide body that differs in body shape from other viviparous fish species. It is better to feed pelice fry with live food, placing it in a sufficiently large and spacious aquarium twice a day. In such conditions, the fish grow quickly and after 4 months you get a new generation of producers.

If there are only peelities in the aquarium, the fry are not in danger, they live peacefully with the adults. To improve the breed, select the best representatives of the species.

Then apply separately education of males and females for 8 months. To determine the sex, consider the male’s anal fin.

Pelicia can tolerate contagious or non-contagious diseases. Contagious infectious diseases appear in the presence of pathogens of plant origin: viruses, fungi or bacteria.

Animal parasites cause a non-infectious occurrence.

Pelicia can get sick in violation of the rules of the content, cold or infection, which came with food. Externally, the disease can be determined by the following features:

  • fluffy formations appeared on the body of the fish;
  • you have discovered bubble points;
  • tumors.

Often this type of fish has melanosis, which is most often found in black and black-speckled species. With the disease you will find excessive pigmentation, over time it develops into a tumor.

For prophylaxis, strictly follow all rules of keeping fish, carefully monitor the temperature in the aquarium, carefully select food and diet, do not forget about the breeding.

The fish is omnivorous, but vegetable feed should prevail. Mollies eat up small-cell and filamentous algae (which they participate in cleaning the aquarium), with a lack of food supply they begin to nibble the plants.

Very fond of Ritchia and its young shoots.

The aquarium should have constant aeration, filtration and weekly water changes. Feed adults need once a day.

This species is peaceful, quietly transfers the community of other fish, while it is well crossed with representatives of related species.

Among aquarists, the following types of mollies are very popular:

  • black lira
  • sailing,
  • Velifera sailing with various color otlasy scales (brown, green, blue).

They love clean, clear water, bright lighting and algae thickets.

The main differences between males and females are the presence of gonopodium, in males the shape of the body is slimmer, with large fins, brighter coloring. The body length of an adult individual is 8 cm; the male is shorter than the female.

To care for mollies suitable aquarium from 60 liters, with the ability of fish to swim freely, with the presence of dense vegetation.

Summary of aquarium mollies

Successfully fertilized, the female bearing the fry is distinguished by a dark spot in the lower abdomen, near the anal fin, and a large belly. The duration of pregnancy in mollies is about four weeks, after which the female produces up to 100 fry, with age and growth large mollies can give birth to 250 fry.

There is no need to create special spawning grounds for black mollies, since they do not pursue their offspring.

After giving birth, the female remains slightly fat, because at one time she does not give birth to all of her fry, but continues to carry fertilized eggs. Due to this, the female can produce offspring for 6 months without male participation.

The most successful breeding takes place in an aquarium with various types of mollies. Fry are born quite large.

For their rapid growth you need to use vegetable and live food of the appropriate size, you can feed dry food, pounded or crushed into dust. To get the dust enough to put a certain amount of feed in a mortar and carefully crush.

Special fry food available at pet stores. Feed you need often and abundantly.

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