Главная 7 Aquarium fish 7 Peculiarities of the maintenance and care of the ponpondetta furcata fish

Peculiarities of the maintenance and care of the ponpondetta furcata fish

Popondetta furkata – schooling fish of rare beauty. It was first discovered in 1953 off the coast of Papua New Guinea and immediately aroused the interest of aquarists.

Due to the large translucent fins with bright edging, it seems that it is floating in a shining halo; uniqueness furkaty emphasize the huge neon-blue eyes. In order for the fish to be comfortable, it is necessary to recreate a habitat that is close to the natural one and add friendly “neighbors” to it.

Popondetta furkata – a small friendly fish

In Papua New Guinea, there is the city of Popondetta, near which the fish of the same name was first caught. Habitat – the river Quagira, Muse. Most of this species is not found anywhere in the world, which means popondetta are typical endemics.

Due to the limited number of fish was listed in the book of rare animals.

The second name furkaty – fork-tailed blue-eyed. The name “speaking” reflects the appearance of the fish. She has big eyes with a bright blue iris.

The tail on the sides has intense yellow stripes, so it visually resembles a stripped fork.

The body of the fish is elongated, slightly oblate. Furkat refers to the “iris”, so in the reflection of her scales, you can see all the colors of the rainbow.

On each side yellow color prevails, on the back – blue, reddish spots may appear on the abdomen.

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The length of the fish reaches 4-5 cm, although in nature it can be 6 cm.

In the aquarium it is recommended to inhabit from 6 individuals. In the pack, furcats are extremely mobile, confident, they single out the “leader”.

It is interesting to observe their activity.

It is easy to distinguish masculine popondetta by their brighter color and fin shape. Males have a translucent body covered with rows of large iridescent scales.

Bright reddish spots at the bottom of the head and abdomen become even more noticeable if the male wants to attract attention.

Males have a brighter color than females

In males, 2 dorsal fins, one shorter, and the second longer, ends at the very tail. Blades of fins have black stripes, and the edge is outlined with a yellow strip.

If a rival appears on the horizon, the male raises the dorsal fin, showing his superiority and conquering the position of the females.

Another difference is the long tail tail fin, which stretches along the entire body. Almost transparent, he is bordered by a yellow stripe.

Paired pectoral fins are colored bright yellow, high and protruding above the back. There is a small notch on the caudal fin, a dark brown triangle along the center, and yellow stripes along the edges.

Female iris less bright. It has a small dorsal fin with a yellow tint, gray dorsal and under tail fins with a faint gleam of gold, gray tail with small yellow rays at the edges. At the base of the tailtail fin is a yellow stripe.

The eyes of males and females do not differ – they are noticeably highlighted by neon-blue lights.

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Individuals peacefully coexist. It is noticed that if you add a few males, they will “culturally” compete, enhancing the brightness of the color.

Important rules for the successful maintenance of furcate popondette

The conditions of the blue-eyed jail affect its activity, color, and lifespan. In order for the fish to live for at least 2 years, it is necessary for it to create a favorable habitat.

For the maintenance of the poponette, it is enough to buy an aquarium of 40 liters. It will be comfortable flock of 6 fish. Recreate a particle of the tropical world allows an aquarium of up to 200 liters with a flock of 40 blue-eyed eyes.

The size of the aquarium depends on the number of individuals in the flock.

Popondetta unpretentious. In the natural environment, it is forced to adapt to the constant changes in the composition of water and temperature changes.

This is due to the peculiarities of the tropical climate. Winter is a period of heavy rainfall. The flow of the rivers becomes stronger, the temperature drops slightly.

In the dry summer the rivers partially dry up and the water warms. The fish has adapted to change, but it feels better in clean water, the temperature of which reaches 24-28 ° C, but the blue-eyed man withstands the lower limit to 20 ˚С.

In the natural habitat of the popondetta, the hardness of the water is constantly changing, so the fish is used to different indicators and can live in soft and hard water.

It is desirable to control the parameters of acidity. The normal pH level is 6.5-7.5.

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Every week the water must be replaced. Depending on the number of “residents” updated 1 / 5-1 / 3 of the total.

The more greenery around the ponderettes, the better. The most inappropriate plant is duckweed, which tightens the surface.

A good choice is vallisneria (long, rushing up algae), javanese moss (fluffy bushes), elodey (long stems resembling the branches of the Christmas tree), richi (openwork moss that floats on the surface and is ideal for hiding fry).

Scenery in the form of tunnels, castles, pipes, jugs for pondeultta are not needed, but they will not interfere, if that is the idea of ​​an aquarist.

Aquarium should be richly populate greens

Popondette does not need a bright light. Natural lighting for 9 hours will be sufficient.

Light is needed more by plants in which fish love to frolic and hide.

With a sharp change in the illumination, the popondetta starts to panic. This is observed both when turning on and off the light.

The lamp must be turned on only after lighting the entire room, just turn off the light smoothly. If you do not follow these rules, you will be able to find a puppy on the floor.

For fear, she begins to rush through the aquarium, beats against the walls and jumps out of the water.

Fine and medium pebbles, coarse sand will be suitable as soil.

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Sineglazka unpretentious in food. Small dry plates and live frozen food will also be suitable: daphnia, tubule, artemia, cyclop.

Sometimes fish catch large particles of feed, ignoring small ones. This is fraught with rapid contamination of the aquarium.

Two-day hunger helps solve the problem. In the absence of food, blue-eyed eyes will quickly “re-educate”.

Malkov should be fed infusoria. In order to cultivate the latter yourself, it is necessary to type clean water in a jar, add a vegetable supplement: rice, lettuce leaves, potato skins, put a container in the sun.

As soon as the water becomes cloudy, it can be added little by little to the fry.

Fish can be fed live or dry food.

Furkat – good neighbors. They get along with their relatives and other spiteful fish.

The most favorable will be the neighborhood with danios, barbs, tetras, corridors, microassembly, shrimps.

Avoid fish sharing:

Consideration should be given to the conditions of the “neighbors”, if necessary – to purchase a larger tank.

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Most often, popondetta suffers from oodiniosis (velvet disease). The reason of defeat is insufficient purity of water in the aquarium, weak artificial flow.

Signs of the disease – the appearance on the body of small gray spots, changes in fish behavior, the desire to “rub” on hard surfaces. If untreated, the fins exfoliate in the fish, and it dies.

Copper salts are used for treatment. Individuals are placed in a separate tank with a healing solution, creating a comfortable environment. Change the water in the aquarium is not necessary.

The pathogen parasite will die without fish if the temperature is raised to 28 ° C and a bright light is directed to the aquarium. To avoid reinfection, all items that come into contact with water should be treated with a solution of potassium permanganate.

If the water in the aquarium is dirty, popondetta is sick

When acquiring a fish ponkondettu furkata, it is necessary to pay attention to the conditions of its maintenance. If a bright light is directed at the tank, there are no plants in it, the fish will be under stress.

Small individuals are prone to disease. Large, most likely, will soon live out their short century.

The optimal size when buying is about 2.5 cm.

Reproduction of puppet poponetta in aquarium conditions

To continue the offspring, the blue-eyed bird spawns in small portions – 6-10 each. Popondettu difficult to attribute to caring parents.

Hungry, she can eat eggs, so they need to be moved to a separate container.

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For breeding it is recommended to take individuals from different breeders.

In this species there is only 1 spawning. From 12 months the fecundity of fish drops sharply, and even during the first spawning, part of the eggs is unfertilized.

Breeding is carried out in 1 of the ways:

  • Separately settle 2-4 males and 3-5 females. In the aquarium plant javanese moss. Water heated to 27 ˚C. Marriage games take place in the morning. After that you should check the moss daily for the presence of eggs. As soon as they appear, transfer the moss to the incubator. This is a container filled with water at 10 cm, with good filtration and aeration. After about 10 days, fry will appear. Then you can start feeding them with infusoria and increase the volume of water.

Popondetta furcata can breed in an aquarium setting

  • The second way is to breed directly in the aquarium. It is also necessary to plant moss, keep track of the eggs, but the probability of the appearance of offspring is very small. Most likely, the fry will be eaten by blue-eyed parents.

To save offspring, special care is needed:

  • moving to a separate tank;
  • regular feeding with infusoria, microhatch, caviar of artemia;
  • 1/3 water change once a week;
  • daily cleaning of residual feed.

The remains of feed after feeding the fry need to be removed from the aquarium, otherwise the water will spoil

After 4 months the fry are ready for breeding.

The beauty and friendliness of the puppet furts make it a desirable inhabitant of large and small aquariums. The care is simple, and the fascinating activity of the colorful flock improves mood and relieves fatigue.

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