To the genus Pecilia (Poecilia) There are several dozen species of fish. Since these inhabitants of the aquarium are unpretentious, they enjoy great success with novice lovers.
At that time, these strange fish were brought to Russia in 1908, but the individuals did not survive, so they brought a couple of them again in 1952, now they can be found in almost any pet store.
photo: Pecilia (red)
The natural habitat of the cilias is Guatemala and southern Mexico. Remarkable is the fact that wild individuals are not as brightly colored as their counterparts artificially bred in aquariums. Wild petilia has a yellow-brown color, and before the tail fin you can see 2 dark spots.
After many years of breeding, hybrids were bred that retained their body shape but acquired a varied color. Adults rarely grow up to 10 centimeters in length, males are much smaller than females in size.
They have a very wide tail fin and a short torso. Despite the fact that they seem cumbersome, these fish are very mobile.
Sex differences are very clearly visible; in adult males, the anal fin is modified and forms gonopodia. There are about ten color variations of fish: the most common are speckled, red, yellow with black spots, green and yellow with a black stripe, and others.
This fish is unpretentious to the conditions of detention: for the flock, you can choose an aquarium from 50-60 liters, which is densely planted with plants, but in the center, be sure to leave the place for the fish to swim. For a pair of pets, you can even take a 5-liter jar.
The composition of water does not play a special role, but it is desirable that it be weakly alkaline medium hardness. About a third of water changes once a week, the temperature should be maintained at 22-25 degrees.
Sometimes aquarists even add regular table salt to an aquarium – 10-15 grams per 10 liters of water, it has a beneficial effect on the health of the fish.
photo: Pecilia is an aquarium fish with a million different colors
Pocilia are omnivorous, they eat live and dry food with the same greed, it is also advisable to feed them with plant food. For adult individuals, the tubule, daphnia, and bloodworm will become the optimal food, for the fry – Cyclops. As for the content with other fish, it is advisable to select individuals of small size and calm temperament, they will not get along with cockerels or fights.
Crossing with similar species, including swordtails, is allowed; quite interesting variations appear as a result.
photo: female caellium