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Peaceful fishes

maintenance, care, compatibility

Aquarium catfish are popular fish in almost any aquarium, in addition, some species also serve as a cleaner. These peaceful fish live in the bottom layer of water and are easy to maintain.

Glass catfish

In addition to these types of aquarium fish, there are many other equally interesting and peace-loving inhabitants of the aquatic world. The main thing is to create proper care for them and provide comfortable conditions.

Argus

Unusual fish with a transparent body, very peaceful and calm. They are also called “phantom phantoms”, reach a length of 7 cm.

Somiks prefer to keep a flock, get along with small and peaceful fish.

Aquarium is, first of all, harmony. A person wants to relax as much as possible, to find inner peace and tranquility, relaxing while observing the life of aquatic inhabitants.
Therefore, it is important that your water world is inhabited by peace-loving aquarium fish, and not aggressive individuals who are not able to coexist side by side with other species of aquarium fish.

In an effort to populate their aquarium, amateur beginners do not think that compatibility is an important factor when choosing fish. But many predatory fish are dangerous not only for members of another family, but also for their own species.
To make it easier for you to navigate in a huge variety of aquarium dwellers, let us tell which of them are peace-loving fish.
Characzae is a family living in tropical and equatorial aquatic areas. This is a schooling freshwater peace-loving fish that have a bright color and do not require special care.

But it must be borne in mind that in this family not only the herbivorous species is enough, but also many predatory species (for example, piranhas).
A characteristic feature of these fish is the presence of a fat fin on the upper tail.
There are over a thousand species of fish in this family. Let’s get acquainted with some of them.

They live closer to the bottom. Moreover, the more unsightly the color of the soil, the more noticeable the unusual coloring of these peaceful aquarium fish.
Temperature, stiffness and pH vary, depending on the variety. For example, the usual neon temperature should be 21 – 25 ° C, dН 6 – 10 °, and pH: 6 – 7.
Neons can choke with large food, moreover, they are prone to overeating, which can lead to the death of fish.

  • Danio – subfamily in the carp family living in South Asia.
    Small, mobile, elongated fish with bright colors. The most common peace-loving aquarium fish are zebrafish, Malabar zebrafish and zebrafish albino-neatus. They have a similar structure and lifestyle. The most popular fish is zebrafish, in common “ladies’ stocking”. They reach sizes up to 8 cm. The main color is silver, with bright blue and yellow stripes. The belly of the females is thicker than that of the males. The tail and anal fins are also with longitudinal stripes, the rest are whitish-yellow, on the dorsal fin there is a dark strip at the back at the end.
    In the content they are unpretentious, the water temperature, on average, 21 – 25 ° C. In the aquarium should be a lot of plants with a free area for swimming.
  • The best food – live cyclops and daphnia. In addition to live food, you can diversify their menu with dry food.
    These are just some types of peace-loving fish. Another list can be added: goldfish, swordtails, guppies, mollies, gourami, almost all types of catfish.

    Speaking about the popularity of fish, it should be said that a meaning is embedded in this concept: the prevalence among aquarists, accessibility, ease of maintenance — the simplicity of the fish, etc. That is, a popular fish is a fish deserved authority and demand in the aquarium market.

    Popularity does not depend on the size or type of fish. As a rule, this question is asked by novice aquarists who are going to purchase or purchase additional fish.

    In this connection, it should be noted that when buying fish, first of all, it is necessary to take into account the compatibility of aquarium fish, and only then their popularity.
    So, we present to your attention our selection of the most popular aquarium fish (in alphabetical order, with photos and descriptions).
    Ancistrus
    The most popular soma suckers. Antsistrusy not whimsical in the content, are orderlies of the aquarium world.

    They have a sharp character and can even drive medium-sized, neighboring fish.
    Order, family: carps, mail catfish.
    Comfortable water temperature: 22-24 ° C.
    Ph: 6.5-7.5.
    Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
    Antsistrus has a mouth with horn-shaped suckers, which he actively scrapes algae in an aquarium – he cleans the walls of the aquarium and eats dead organics. I am happy to eat any live and dry food.

    The activity of these soms is manifested with the onset of dusk or when the aquarium lighting is turned off during the day.
    Astronotus
    These fish are hard to call easy to maintain, since they belong to the family of tsikhlovyh fish, moreover they are large, predatory fish. Nevertheless, due to its beauty, its qualities: demeanor, mind – the astronotuses won the leading positions in popularity among cichlids.
    Order, family: cichlids
    Comfortable water temperature: 22-28 ° C
    Ph: 6.0-7.5.
    Aggressiveness: 99% aggressive
    Aquarium volume for astronotus should be from 300 to 500 liters.
    Needs aeration, filtration, regular water changes (weekly 30%). Particular attention should be paid to filtering – it should be powerful (the second filter will not be superfluous).

    The aquarium can be decorated with large stones and snags, the decor should not be sharp. Provide shelters for fish.
    Barbusses
    Amazingly diverse family of fish. Nimble, gregarious fish, for which it is interesting to watch.

    Barbs live relatively peacefully with similar medium-sized neighbors in an aquarium, but can pinch smaller and weaker fish.
    Order, family: Carp.
    Comfortable water temperature: 21-23 ° C.
    Ph: 6.5-7.5.
    Aggressiveness: quite aggressive 30%.
    Sumatran barb compatibility: barbus, gourami, moths, parrot, catfish, creeps, tetri.
    Most species of these fish can be kept in aquariums from 50 liters. Lifetime in the aquarium for them is usually 3-4 years.

    When keeping barbs you need to take into account the peculiarities of a particular species, since the variety of different variants of this fish often confuses novice aquarists.
    Guppy
    Everyone knows these fish, even those people who never had an aquarium. This is not surprising because they were the most popular inhabitants of all Soviet aquariums.

    Guppi fish have also earned their popularity: unpretentiousness in nutrition and maintenance, resistance to adverse conditions of detention and low price.
    Poecilia reticulata or Lebistes reticulata
    Order, family: Pecilia (Poeciliidae).
    Comfortable water temperature: 20 – 26 ° C.
    Ph: 6.5 – 8.5.
    Aggressiveness: not aggressive 0%.
    Guppy Compatibility: compatible with all non-predatory and not big fish.
    During the long years of keeping guppies in aquariums and careful selection, many species of guppies have been obtained, and their maintenance and maintenance are not so simple. At present, it is very difficult to classify guppies, because as a result of numerous crosses, more and more new breeds are bred each year.
    Gupeshek can be kept in the general aquarium (but not with fast-floating species that can tear off their fins) with a length of 60 cm, in places with dense thickets of plants, including small-leaved, reaching the surface of the water (among them desirable Indian limnophila and glossy grass), floating plants with roots hanging down, as well as riccia, where the fry will find shelter. To the volume of the aquarium guppies are undemanding.

    Gourami
    Another large family is the labyrinth fish. The beauty and popularity of these fish is their diversity and beauty. And also in the fact that they are not demanding aeration of the aquarium and can go without it for a long time.

    This is due to the fact that the homeland – the habitat of the gourami is the rice fields of Asia, where there is little oxygen in the water, and the water itself is stagnant. These fish, as a result of evolution, have learned to breathe atmospheric air, which they capture from the surface of the water with the help of the gill labyrinth.
    Order, family: labyrinth
    Comfortable water temperature: 24 – 28 ° C.
    Ph: 6.5-7.5.
    Aggressiveness: not aggressive 40%.
    For maintenance, an illuminated aquarium (overhead lighting) with a volume of 100 l and more, with thickets of living plants and free swimming space is required. It is desirable to have snags (fish constantly keep near them).

    Filtration, light aeration and weekly substitution of up to 30% of the volume of water are needed.
    Danio
    These are small, nimble fishes, which mainly swim in flocks near the surface of the water. Pink danios are especially popular. Unpretentious in content, inexpensive, can get along even with large non-predatory neighbors.

    An interesting fact about danios is the fact that these are the first fish that have undergone the current trend. Glofish – artificially derived form of glowing fish.
    Danio pink Brachydanio albolineatus
    Order, family: Carp.
    Comfortable water temperature: 21-25 ° C
    Ph: 6.5–7.5, water hardness: 5–15 °.
    Aggressiveness: not aggressive. Fish are kept in an aquarium by a flock (from 6 specimens) in an aquarium with a length of 60 cm and a volume of 20 liters and more.
    Discussion
    Discus are the kings of the aquarium. These fish can not be called easy to maintain, unpretentious.

    Moreover, their cost very much bites, and their character is so capricious that sometimes even an experienced aquarist has a hard time coping with them. Nevertheless, the disc-shaped body of these South American cichlids, their coloring is just fascinating.

    This fish is popular because everyone wants to start it in its aquarium, but not everybody can feel it.
    Discus blue Symphysodon aequifasciata haraldi
    Order, family: South American cichlid.
    Comfortable water temperature: 25-30 C.
    Ph: 5.8-7.5.
    Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
    Discus is a big fish. In the natural environment, it reaches a length of 20 cm, in aquariums the size does not exceed 12 cm.

    Body shape – discoid. The dorsal and anal fins are very long, bending around almost the whole body.

    Pelvic fins narrow. The body is brown with vertical blue stripes.

    The whole body is decorated with numerous blue strokes. Males are larger and brighter than females, males fins are more pointed.
    Discus demanding care – for their maintenance, a tall and spacious aquarium is needed. The minimum size of an aquarium for a couple is 150 liters.

    However, schooling fish and for its maintenance (5-6 individuals) an aquarium is needed from 300 to 500 liters.
    Goldfish
    Here we are with you and got to these posh representatives of the aquarium world. Perhaps, these fish are not only known, but also seen by everyone.

    After all, even with mother’s milk, we all heard a fairy tale: “On the Fisherman and the Fish,” where this popular fish, or more precisely, the tail feather, became the prototype of the sea mistress. In addition, since time immemorial, namely from the time of ancient China, the monks were engaged in the selection of these fish, while receiving amazing forms from the progenitor of all Goldfish – silver carp.
    Order, family: carp.
    Comfortable water temperature: 18-23 ° C.
    Ph: 5-20.
    Aggressiveness: 5% are not aggressive, but they can bite each other.
    Compatibility: with all peaceful and non aggressive fish.
    Many novice aquarists, trying to make friends with these fish, take a whole horde of young cinchons. However, you should always remember that this is a large type of fish and for a couple of Goldfish you need an aquarium from 100l.
    Corridors
    This is a family of chain catfish. Popular, easy-to-keep, not capricious, peaceful catfish.

    They have intestinal respiration, i.e. can breathe booty – anus.
    Corydoras paleatus
    Order, family: armored soma.
    Comfortable water temperature: 24-25 ° C.
    Ph: 6.0-7.0.
    Aggressiveness: not aggressive.
    Compatibility: any fish. Only not desirable – Labo, modest bots, well, Ancistrus, because they chase them (although this is more like a game). Large cichlids are also not the best neighbors.

    The most famous catfish and excellent attendants of the aquarium – by keeping them with “Goldfish” you will ensure the purity of the soil in the aquarium.
    Lyalius
    Another of the members of the labyrinth fish family. In this topic, it is singled out separately, since lalyusy have a calm and peaceful disposition.

    Unlike gourami, they peacefully coexist with the most innocent fish.
    Order, family: labyrinth
    Comfortable water temperature: 18-20 ° C.
    Ph: 6.5-7.0.
    Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
    Lyalius is one of the most beautiful, attractive fish of the labyrinth family. The fish is not big in the aquarium can reach 5-6cm. The body of the fish is flat.

    The lilius color is greenish-blue with transverse stripes of red and blue-blue color, the belly near the gills is blue. The fins of lalius are covered with red spots. The male lyalius differs from the female in a brighter color.

    They are the same size. Lyalius live only for a short period of 2-3 years.
    Fish has a timid character. It is advisable to put lyalius in the aquarium with calm, peaceful fish.

    It is recommended to keep cutting with a flock of 3pcs., So the fish feel more confident.
    Swordtails
    Bright, lively representatives of viviparous fishes. Hardy, active, cheap in price.

    May contain peaceful cichlids, for example, scalar.
    Xiphophorus helleri
    Order, family: petsilievye.
    Water temperature: 20 – 25 ° C.
    Ph: 7.0 – 7.5.
    dH: 5-20 °.
    Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
    These fish have a variety of shapes, types and colors. They have a specific tail tail that is unique to them, for which they are among the people that got their name.

    In addition, swordtails belong to the species of viviparous fish and therefore their breeding does not pose any difficulty.
    The combination of the above factors affected not only the popularity of these fish, but it can be said to have made them popular.
    Neon
    Neons are one of the smallest aquarium fish, look beautiful in a flock. Absolutely peaceful, harmless fish, which can talk for hours.
    Paracheirodon
    Order, family: carp-shaped, haracin
    Comfortable water temperature: 18-24 ° C
    Ph acidity: 5.5 – 8 °.
    Stiffness dH: 5-20 °.
    Aggressiveness: not aggressive 0%.
    The complexity of the content: easy
    Neon Compatibility: non-aggressive, peaceful fish (neons, tetras, swordtails, petsyli, ornatus, pulchera, lanterns).
    Not compatible: Neon can not be kept with large, aggressive fish: tsikhly, barbs, large catfish, goldfish, Labe, gourami.
    Petushki or Betta
    Very beautiful fish, its veil tail and fins just fascinate. The color of the fish is different. The most common ink color with a reddish tint.

    Males are colored much brighter, fins are longer than those of females. Fish size up to 7 cm.
    Order, family: labyrinth
    Comfortable water temperature: 22-24 ° C.
    Ph: 6.0-7.5.
    Aggressiveness: aggressive males in relation to each other.
    Compatibility: with all the peaceful fish. It is not necessary to plant to the swordtails, barbs, gourami, especially to tsikhlam.
    Angelfish
    Angelfish are popular American cichlids. They favor peaceful and not very large neighbors.

    Angelfish do not uproot aquarium plants, as many cichlids do.
    Latin name: Pterophyllum scalare.
    Order, family: Perciformes (Perciformes), cichlids, cichlids (Cichlidae).
    Comfortable water temperature: 22-27 ° C.
    Ph acidity: 6-7.5.
    Stiffness dH: up to 10 °.
    Aggressiveness: not aggressive 30%.
    The complexity of the content: easy
    Compatible scalar: although the scalars are cichlids, they are not aggressive. Favorable attitude even to small, peaceful fish and even to vivipartes.

    As neighbors, we can recommend: Red Sword-bearers (they look great with black sklyarias), terntions and other tetras, danios, all soma, gourami and lyaliusi, parrots and eloi, other non-aggressive chichlaids.
    These South American cichlids simply fascinate with their elegance and beauty of sailing fins, which, like the wings of an angel, support it in dimensional weightlessness. Actually not for nothing foreign these fish are called angels.
    Ternetsii
    Thorns is a small, popular dark silver fish. It can be found in any pet store and in many home aquarium.

    Its unpretentious content, ease of breeding, peaceful nature – deserves the attention of aquarists beginners.
    Latin name: Gymnocorymbus ternetzi
    Synonyms: Black, mourning
    In English: Black skirt tetra, Black Widow tetra, Black tetra.
    Order, family: Characteristic.
    Comfortable water temperature: 21 – 24 p.
    Ph acidity: 5.7 – 7.0.
    Rigidity: up to 6-16 °.
    Aggressiveness: not aggressive 20%.
    The complexity of the content: easy
    Torakatum
    Tarkarums are one of the most common catfish in our aquariums. Their popularity is due to the simplicity of content, endurance and peaceful disposition of these fish.
    Latin name: Hoplosternum thoracatum.
    Correct name: Many people call this fish tarakatum, probably comparing it with a cockroach, but the correct way to speak is thoracatum, from the Latin “thorax” – the shell.
    Synonyms: Torakatum, Hoplosternum, Som Toraktum, Tarakatum Som.
    Order, family: Carapace soms.
    Water temperature: 22-28 ° C.
    Ph “acidity”: 5.8-7.5.
    dH: Up to 25 °.
    Aggressiveness: Not aggressive 0%.
    The complexity of the content: Very light
    Compatibility: In fact, any fish – these catfish do not pose any threat to other inhabitants of the aquarium.
    Tsikhlazoma black-striped
    Black-striped tsikhlasoma – one of the most popular fish of the family tsikhlazom. These are relatively small, unpretentious in keeping fish, possessing a beautiful, sophisticated body color and what is important, unlike many cichlids, have a more relaxed character.
    Latin name: Cichlasoma nigrofasciatum. From the Latin words “nigro” – black and “fascia” – ribbon, belt, strip.
    Russian synonyms: Black-striped cichlinoma, black-striped cichlasoma, black-striped cichlamose.
    Foreign names: Zebra Cichlid, Zebra chanchito, Convict Cichlid, Zebrabuntbarsch Grunflossenbuntbarsch, Blaukehlchen.
    Order, suborder, family: Perciformes (Perciformes), Okunevidnye, Tsikhlovye (Cichlidae).
    Comfortable water temperature: 20-28 ° C.
    Ph acidity: 6.8-8.0.
    Stiffness dH: 8-30 °.
    Aggressiveness: 30% are relatively non-aggressive, aggression is shown during the spawning and care of offspring.
    The complexity of the content: easy
    Some may say that the peak of their popularity has passed, that now there are many other more colorful forms of cichlids and cichlase in particular. However, the statistics are not lying!

    Today, black-striped tsikhlazoma, the most popular of all tsihlazom in search Yandex. Every month more than 2200 users of this search engine apply for this request.
    We also recommend you to look at the colorful brochure “Popular types of aquarium fish”. This brochure contains all popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding + photos.

    (to view or download, click on the image)

    There are aquarian inhabitants who feel great and look great in pairs or even in one copy. And there are those who are better to keep in groups. Packs can be simple, in which all the fish are equal and the leader, depending on the situation, can be any, or hierarchical with a permanent leader and participants who clearly know their place.

    The pack has its own advantages: the fish are better protected from enemies, it is more convenient for them to eat, they are less nervous and, finally, they look very advantageous. Let’s briefly consider the main types of schooling aquarium fish, for convenience, arranged in alphabetical order.

    It has a long and flattened laterally body, the shape resembling an ellipse. Its length is not more than 12 cm. The tail consists of two blades.

    There is a fat fin. The back is gray-brown, the sides are olive or yellow-green, and the belly is pinkish.

    On a tail stalk and a tail a black strip. The iris of the eye is red and shiny above.

    The fins of some individuals are grayish-yellow, others are reddish. The nature of the fish is peaceful, timid.

    They move a lot and are very jumping. Contain a flock in an aquarium with a front wall length of at least 1 meter.

    They are schooling, peace-loving, mobile and shy small (up to 3.5-4 cm) fish. Contain a group of 10 individuals.

    Categorically you can not sit down them to large fish, as defenseless neons will be eaten. There are several varieties of them:

    • Blue or ordinary. The back is dark olive, under it is a bright blue neon band across the whole body, even lower – red from the middle to the tail, the bottom is silver-white. All fins are colorless.
    • Green or catholic. Greenish-silver fish with olive back and whitish belly. The side line is duplicated by a greenish stripe. At the base of the tail is a dark spot, and above it is a golden “flashlight”. Fins do not have color. Anal rimmed with white.
    • Red. It looks like neon ordinary, but the bottom of the body is red.
    • Metinnis

    A native of South America. A little shy and herbivorous. In nature it grows up to 15 cm, in captivity it is somewhat less.

    It is better to keep in a specific aquarium with a group of 6 pieces. Volume not less than 200 l.

    • Petitella geography

    This representative of the family of Haracinaids in nature can be found in the upper reaches of the Amazon River. She is slim, painted in silver color. The back has a bluish tint, and the head is reddish.

    The tail is white with three black stripes. Other fins of females are transparent, while males are red.

    The maximum size of fish is 5-6 cm. In a 50-liter aquarium, 7-9 fish can be kept.

    Very beautiful fish. Her body is tall and flat, silver.

    It grows up to 5 cm. A pair of vertical dark stripes on the body, as well as a wide black anal fin, resembling a skirt, are considered distinctive features of a thorn.

    The fin on the back is also black, and the others are colorless. In addition to this classic form, there is also a voileus, albino and artificially colored “caramel”.

    The minimum amount for the content – 7 pieces.

    There are a lot of species of this fish. Sizes range from 2 to 7 cm.

    Body shape also varies from elongated to almost rhomboid. What to say about the variety of colors! The most popular representatives of this species are:

    • Golden Color gold. The head and tail have bright spots. The side line is dark green.
    • Copper or Hasemania. The body is copper. The side line is silver. The tips of the fins are milky.
    • Royal or Palmer. Brown or olive back. Yellowish white belly. Dark stripe along the body. Fins are translucent pointed.

    There are many others: background Rio, flashlight, firefly, rhodostomus, Colombian, mirror and others. For all recommended schooling content of 10-12 pieces.

    Alone, these fish become aggressive and annoying.

    His second name is red or bloody tetra. It was imported from Brazil and Paraguay.

    The body is slim. Appearance is quite memorable.

    The upper part of the body is olive brown with green tint, the bottom is bright red. A dark band passes along the body.

    Gill covers and dorsal fin may have small specks. The fins are red, there may be a white rim on the dorsal. A distinctive feature of the species is a quadrangular standing fin on the back, often elongated.

    Its base has no scales. They contain a flock in a specific or general aquarium.

    Type of aquarium fish and compatibility of different species (table)

    Another pets for beginners – goldfish. Aquarium species of these fish are very common.

    If you look at the compatibility table, the line devoted to goldfish will be completely filled with red, with a few yellow areas, just like many cichlids. But if cichlids are aggressive, then goldfish often become victims themselves.

    Goldfish are large, and little things like rasbor and neon, they gradually eat. And the other inhabitants of the aquarium themselves can offend the slow and delicate little crowns with long fins.

    Golden fish is best to settle with their own kind, there are enough interesting varieties of this breed. It should not be forgotten that if you want to get offspring, then you cannot keep different species together. Who do goldfish can get along with?

    Aquarium species of calm catfish – the Tarakatum, fighting-clowns, corridors, peaceful tetras – Congas, terntions and calm danios will be fine. There are also examples of successful cohabitation of gold with neons, scalars, viviparous, but we must remember that any neighborhood of goldfish with other species may result in conflicts and death of the inhabitants of the aquarium.

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