maintenance, care, compatibility
Peaceful fishes are not boring at all – there are many species for safe cohabitation, all of which are also beautiful and interesting, bright colors. In order for a settlement to succeed, it is necessary to take into account the conditions of water in which the fish can live, their way of life and behavioral patterns.
Consider the most popular peace-loving fish.
Although the males of these small fish of the family Melanoteni can fight with each other, but in fact they are peaceful fish. Often are the victims of other fish that love to pluck their long fins, so it is better to settle to the same peace-loving species.
When kept in a good and spacious aquarium with a volume of 50-60 liters in a group of at least 6 individuals, they will demonstrate interesting behavior and good character in relation to the same neighbors.
See what Werner’s iriaterina looks like.
Carnegiella marble is an excellent choice for an aquarium of 60-100 liters. Swim in the upper layer of the aquarium. They have a very interesting appearance: their wedge-shaped abdomen and variegated color immediately attracts the eye.
They are calm and shy, can leave other fish alone. Aquarium fish are kept in groups, it is recommended to settle a flock of 6 individuals at a minimum. A flock prefers to swim in the upper layers of the water, without disturbing the bottom fish with a peaceful disposition.
However, the aquarium should have a cover so that the fish do not jump out of it. Sometimes you can hear blows on the cover – it means that it frolics or requires attention to itself.
Fish twig, or catfish farlovella (Farlowella vittata)
Catfish Farlovella is an excellent choice for lovers who want to take care of the cleanliness of the home aquarium. These herbivorous catfish definitely will not hunt fry of other fish, and even small-sized fish.
Prefer calm, peaceful aquariums, where there is no place for hostility. Do not take food from others, and eat up its remnants.
They grow up to 15 cm in size, so they should be placed in spacious aquariums of at least 120 liters. Sensitive to the parameters of the aquatic environment. Fish twigs – the best algae eaters.
For their content requires constant feeding of plant food – zucchini and algae plates, otherwise aquatic plants will eat. Compatible with peace-loving fish swimming in the upper layers of water.
Panda corridor – small fishes of the Pantherfish catfish family. They can live in an aquarium of 50-100 liters. These are bottom fish that prefer rectangular aquariums with a sandy substrate.
Like other aquarium catfish, you must live in a group of 5-7 fish to feel safe.
They are contactless, friendly, sometimes they play games and catch up without hurting each other. Sometimes demonstrate hyperactive behavior.
The best neighbors for them are other corridors of small size, and small fish up to 5 cm in size, which do not show an aggressive disposition and swim in the upper and middle layers of water. It is important that catfish get food that they collect from the bottom.
Aquarium catfish are popular fish in almost any aquarium, in addition, some species also serve as a cleaner. These peaceful fish live in the bottom layer of water and are easy to maintain.
These aquarium fish are small in size, peaceful and cute, they need a lot of free space for swimming. Danio is a schooling and mobile fish that love oxygen-rich water and light.
It is necessary to cover the aquarium, as danios are bouncy and can fly out of the aquarium. Such types of danios such as rerio, pearl, pink, leopard are popular.
Well side by side with small haracinov and labyrinth fish.
Fish from the cichl family are rather large and brightly colored inhabitants of aquariums. Most of their varieties are considered to be aggressive and fighting fish.
But among them there are several representatives, differing more or less calm temper. You only need to take into account their territorial nature and provide an aquarium with shelters for these fish.
Ctenopoma – aquarium representatives, combining beautiful colors with a peaceful character. Due to the peculiarities of the structure and color, the ctenopoma successfully disguises itself from the pursuit of predators.
Ctenopoma have a timid temper, hiding in the thickets and live in the lower layer of water.
Fish, like other living creatures, have a need for personal territory, which they carefully guard. Therefore, the larger the aquarium and the number of different shelters for pets in it, the freer and more comfortable the aquarium inhabitants will feel in it.
However, we should not forget that during the spawning period, even the most peaceful inhabitants of the aquarium, due to their natural inclinations, can desperately protect and show aggression, protecting their offspring, at such time they are better to be spawned.
Peace-loving fish in an aquarium will give their owner a relaxing effect and will give you inner peace. A person can be calm for the life of fish and the atmosphere in his aquarium due to the good nature of their pets.
Unusual fish with a transparent body, very peaceful and calm. They are also called “phantom phantoms”, reach a length of 7 cm.
Somiks prefer to keep a flock, get along with small and peaceful fish.
Fish black telescope – aquarium pet with an original appearance. These are descendants of Carassius auratus – the well-known golden fish.
Telescopes have a velvety coal body, a veil tail fin and large eyeballs. Telescopes can be maintained in an aquarium where there are no decorations due to the possibility of eye injuries. The minimum number of plants and decor actually saves his life.
Black telescopes prefer warm water, so they are best kept in a tropical aquarium. Looks great in a white tank aquarium.
Black mollies – belongs to the family Perzilievye. A beautiful fish with a brilliantly blue body.
The length of the body reaches 10-12 cm. Behavior is peaceful, molly prefer to live in a small flock. Some members of the breed may be stained non-uniformly.
These mollies sometimes produce albino fry, or with a lighter body color. Molly are able to interbreed with the cilias, guppies and swordtails, bringing hybrid offspring.
These aquarium fish look very beautiful among green plants, against the background of white soil.
Labeo two-tone – a fish with a dark body and a bright red tail. Body size – from 10 to 12 cm. Body elongated, slim, flattened at the sides.
Above the upper jaw there is a pair of antennae. Algae fish, which with the help of a mouth-sucker scrapes algal growths from plants and other surfaces.
The fins are large – the dorsal fin is sharp and high, the ventral and anal fins are colored coal. The tail fin has a red tint.
Character is active, territorial. Good labo look on the background of light stones and wooden snags, which they love very much.
Look at the two-color labo in the general aquarium.
Ornatus black phantom – unpretentious aquarium fish. The body is small (4-5 cm), oval and flattened on the sides.
Dorsal fin high, sail-like. The color of the scales is silver-coal, the tail is dark, the ventral and anal fins have a coal “plaque”.
This is a school ornatus, which can be kept in the company of several relatives. Character mobile, peace-loving.
For the maintenance of a small flock requires an aquarium of 50-80 liters.
The scalar black velvet is a breeding form of the scalar ordinary. Body color is intensely coal, eyes and fins are also black.
Good specimens should not have shiny scales. In the process of constant selection, the breed loses its original qualities. Angelfish are peaceful fish, which from the age of the young can be kept with other fish.
But the older they get, the more aggressively manifest their character. It is recommended to keep in a pair, and in a specific aquarium.
The veil forms of these scalar fins are longer.
The name of the aquarium fish photo catalog video species.
NAMES OF AQUARIUM FISHES.
Goldfish appeared almost more than a thousand years ago, the first color variations of the Chinese goldfish. It is from them that the goldfish with all its numerous species leads its pedigree.
Aquarium for goldfish should be large, with a large pebble or gravel.
GOLD FISH Name of aquarium fish
Beautiful fish “in the soul” remained crucian and, like crucians, dig in the ground, stir up the water and dig up the plants. It is necessary to have powerful filters in an aquarium and plant plants with a strong root system or in pots.
Body length up to 22 cm. The body is rounded, with long veil fins.
The color is orange, red, black or spotty. By a long-term selection of aquarists of the Ancient East, it was possible to bring out a huge number of beautiful species. golden fish.
Among them: telescopes, veils, celestial eye, or astrologer, Shubunkin and others. They differ from each other in body shape, fins, color, and have long lost their resemblance to carp.
Name aquarium fish-COMET
Pretty small fish that can live in aquariums from 30 liters. Classic color – brown.
Often these little catfish are confused with larger counterparts – pterigoplichtami. In general, a very hardworking fish and well clean growth.
Name aquarium fish – ANCISTRUS
HUMBLER – one of the most popular aquarium fish. In nature, it is found in the waters of Honduras, Central America, Guatemala and Mexico.
Viviparous fish. Males are distinguished from females by the presence of a process in the form of a sword, hence the name. It has an interesting feature, in the absence of males, the female can change the sex and grow a “sword”.
They are also known for eating algae and snails.
HEMBERS –Name of aquarium fish
Contents: 24 – 26 ° С; dH 8 – 25 °; pH 7 – 8
Very cute and smart catfish corridor. We would compare them with the Pomeranian Spitz in the dog world.
The bottom small fish, which does not require special conditions, feeds on what it can find at the bottom. As a rule, they are 2-10 centimeters long.
Do not know who to plant in the aquarium – buy a corridor.
CORRIDORAS—Name of aquarium fish
This type of bots is the most popular among aquarists. Most likely due to the fact that clowns look very impressive, as seen in the photo.
Feature of the fish – thorns, which are under the eyes. These spikes can be advanced when the fish are in danger.
Can live up to 20 years.
BOTTION CLOWN—Name of aquarium fish
Perhaps one of the most spectacular types of barbs – for this and is considered one of the most popular of its kind. Keep them necessary in the pack, which makes the fish even more spectacular.
Size in the aquarium – up to 4-5 centimeters.
BARBUS—Name of aquarium fish
SIAMSKAYA VODOROSLEED – peace-loving and very active fish. The best helper in the fight against algae.
Inhabits the waters of Thailand and the Malaysian Peninsula.
In nature it grows up to 16 cm, in captivity it is much smaller. Life expectancy in an aquarium can be 10 years.
It eats algae of almost all types and even “Vietnamese”.
Contents: 24 – 26 ° С; dH 4 – 20 °; pH 6.5 – 7
VODOROSLEED –Name of aquarium fish
DISKUS – the most interesting and beautiful fish, a representative of the Cichlid family. The birthplace of this fish is South America.
Discussions are calm, peaceful and a little shy. They live in the middle layers of water, they do not get along well with scalars and highly active fish. Keep should be a group of 6 or more individuals.
Very demanding on water temperature. If the temperature is below 27 ° C, the discus is sick, refuse to eat and die.
Content: 27 – 33 ° С; dH to 12 °; pH 5 – 6
DISKUS—Name of aquarium fish
GUPPI – the most unpretentious fish, ideal for novice aquarists. Habitat – North part of South America and Barbados and Trinidad.
The male has a luxurious tail with a bright and beautiful pattern. The female is twice the size of the male and not so bright.
This fish is viviparous. The tank should be closed. It is better to keep them in a specific aquarium, as active neighbors can damage their veil tails.
Guppies are omnivores.
Content: 20 – 26 ° С; dH to 25 °; pH 6.5 – 8.5
GUPPI—Name of aquarium fish
Shark Barbus (bala)
The shark of the ball or the barbus is a fish, which was so named as a result of similarity with sharks (this can be seen from the photo of the aquarium fish next to the description). These fish are large, can grow up to 30-40 centimeters, so they are best kept together with other large barbs in the amount of 150 liters.
SHARK BALA—Name of aquarium fish
COCK – betta fish In nature, it is found in Southeast Asia.
The only drawback is that males are very aggressive towards each other. Can grow up to 5 cm in length. Surprisingly, this fish breathes atmospheric air, due to a special labyrinth organ.
The content of this fish does not require special knowledge. It is desirable to have an aquarium from 3 liters.
Variety in feed is welcome.
Content: 25 – 28 ° С; dH 5 – 15 °; pH 6 – 8
COCK –Name of aquarium fish
GURAMI – peace-loving and beautiful fish. It belongs to the Labyrinth family.
Found in the waters of the large islands of Indonesia, the Malacca Peninsula, southern Vietnam. They get along with any neighbors, grow up to 10 cm. It lives mainly in the upper and middle layers of water.
Maximum active in the daytime. Recommended for beginner aquarists.
It is necessary to keep in the aquarium at least 100 liters with live plants and bright lighting.
Contents: 24 – 26 ° С; dH 8 – 10 °; pH 6.5 – 7
GURAMI—Name of aquarium fish
Small fish up to 5 centimeters. It is not difficult to recognize because of the color – a black body with longitudinal white stripes.
Like all danios, nimble fish that never sits still.
DANIO—Name of aquarium fish
Telescopes come in gold and black. In size, as a rule, they are not particularly large, up to 10-12 cm, so they can live in aquariums from 60 liters.
Fish spectacular and unusual, suitable for those who love all the original.
TELESCOPE-Name of aquarium fish
There are black, orange, yellow, and mestizos. The form is a cross between a guppy and a swordtail.
The fish is larger than the above described relatives, therefore it needs aquariums from 40 liters.
Mollensia—Name of aquarium fish
Pecillia is the personification of the whole genus – petsiliev. They can be of different colors, from bright orange, to variegated with black patches.
Fish can grow to 5-6 centimeters.
PECILIA-Name of aquarium fish
Moral fish that does not like encroachment on its territory. Though beautiful, it requires proper attitude.
It is better not to plant them with their own kind, in the aquarium there is enough female and male of this species, they can get along with neons, guppies and other non-large species.
MACROPOD—Name of aquarium fish
NEON – mobile, schooling, peace-loving and very shy fish. Rod from the basin of the river Rio Negru.
In an aquarium it grows up to 3.5 cm, life expectancy up to 5 years. Keep should flock in an amount of 10 individuals.
It is not worthwhile to push them into large fish, since neon can easily become their prey. Keeps in the lower and upper layers. The size of the aquarium is selected at the rate of 15 – 20 liters per couple of individuals.
Feed: small bloodworm, dry flocculent.
Content: 22 – 26 ° С; dH to 8 °; pH 5 – 6.5
NEON-Name of aquarium fish
CALERY – angel fish. It is found in South America in the Amazon and Orinoco rivers.
This fish has been known to aquarists for many years. She is able to decorate with her presence absolutely any aquarium.
This calm and gregarious fish with a life expectancy of 10 years. Keep it should be a group of 4 – 6 individuals.
A large and hungry angelfish can eat a small fish, such as neon. And such a fish as a barbus can easily pluck her fins and antennae.
Prefers live food.
Contents: 24 – 27 ° С; dH 6 – 15 °; pH 6.5 – 7.5
SCALARIAN—Name of aquarium fish
The tetra fish like when there are a lot of live plants in the aquarium, and therefore oxygen. The body of the fish is slightly oblate, the prevailing colors are red, black and silver.
TETRA—Name of aquarium fish
Ternetia is also called black tetra. Classic color – black and silver, in black vertical stripes.
The fish is quite popular, so finding it in your city is not difficult.
TERNESIA—Name of aquarium fish
The size of the fish is different, but in general they do not grow more than 8-10 centimeters. There are smaller species. All the fish are beautiful, have a silver color, with different shades.
Schooling fish and more calmly live in a group.
Rainbows—Name of aquarium fish
ASTRONOTUS – large, calm and a little shy fish. Occurs in the Amazon River Basins.
In the aquarium can grow up to 25 cm, the life expectancy can be more than 10 years. Little neighbors can eat.
The aquarium is selected at the rate of 100 liters per individual. Sharp scenery should not be, as the astronotus in a panic can hurt yourself. Aquarium must be closed.
Feed should be live food.
Content: 23 – 26 ° С; dH to 35 °; pH 6.5 – 8.5
ASTROTONUS –Name of aquarium fish
BLACK KNIFE – bottom and night fish. It inhabits overgrown parts of the Amazon River.
It has an interesting body structure. Can move in any direction.
In an aquarium it grows up to 40 cm. During the daytime it mostly hides. It is better to keep alone, as skirmishes may occur between large individuals.
An aquarium of 200 l with snags, live plants and a large number of stone shelters will be suitable for maintenance.
It feeds on live food.
Content: 20 – 25 ° С; dH 4 – 18 °; pH 6 – 7.5
FISH KNIFE—Name of aquarium fish
- Parrot fish (lat. Chlorurus bleekeri) probably the fish received the name because of the similarity of its mouth with a bird’s beak. There are varieties of colors and forms of this fish. Fish use their powerful jaw to grind sea corals, where they search for invertebrates for food. They play an important role in the ecosystem of the World Ocean – due to the fragmentation of corals, sands are formed near coral reefs. Having bitten off a layer of coral, a parrot fish will crush it with a powerful jaw, grasping invertebrates. Then she spits out the remains of coral crumbs.
Fire Angel Fish (Flame Angel) is a parrot fish congener. Often it can be seen in reef aquariums, where it is replete with its beauty.
The fiery angel is capricious to the parameters of the aquatic environment. It gets along well with other marine fish swimming in corals.
Diet – invertebrates in live and frozen form, feed of plant origin.
Fish surgeon (born Regal Tang) – got its name due to the sharp plate, which stands out at the base of the tail, and is used for protective purposes. The so-called “scalpel” fish sends to the enemy, and the conflict can be considered settled.
Regal tang – a beautiful marine life, eats algae. Some fish of this family feed on detritus and plankton.
Zebrasoma (eng. Zebrasoma) is a very beautiful sea fish of small size. In nature, it can be found singly, or in a small group.
Body color is bright yellow, the muzzle is narrow, with protruding lips. The nature of the fish is peaceful and curious.
They explore the reef bottom, finding algae in it. Prefer bright light for the growth of cyanobacteria.
One fish requires an aquarium of 200-300 liters.
Clown fish (Amphiprion) – characterized by an incredibly beautiful colors, is a real decoration of the marine aquarium. In nature, hiding in poisonous sea anemone – anemones.
Fish are immune to poisonous secretions of anemones. The fish have a peaceful nature, they breed well. Body size 10-18 cm.
Thanks to the constant movement, increase the flow of water, which brings actinia food.
See what a clown fish looks like.
Preliminary preparation before the acquisition of small fish
If you have enough space and money to install an aquarium of any acceptable size, as well as the necessary equipment to ensure the life of the fish, you can proceed to the next heading of this article.
If you are cramped in something, then you need to define your desires, given that small aquariums are much more difficult to maintain than large ones, but the latter require more time for maintenance. For example, a 100-liter aquarium will suit a novice aquarist better than a 50-liter aquarium.
A large aquarium is simpler and better kept for several reasons:
1. Water temperature and quality are more stable.
2. The impact of adverse factors on the fish takes longer, which gives the novice aquarist the opportunity to influence them in a timely manner. For example, in winter time, the water heater broke, the cooling process is slower and you can manage to get off and buy a new one before the fish get cold. Or ampularia died from old age in the thickets of a small aquarium, the water became dull, the smell appeared, fish began to die.
In a large aquarium, this process will occur many times slower and you can remove the dead snail from the can without harming the fish.
3. In small aquariums there is little space for free swimming, and, accordingly, not every favorite decor can be placed in it.
4. Ample opportunities for design and decoration.
5. A large aquarium can hold a lot of large fish or a large number of small ones, it allows you to contain various types of fish.
With all the advantages of large aquariums, it is sometimes not possible to install it. Small aquariums are great for apartments, country houses or hostels, as well as for the second floors of private houses.
Large aquariums weigh a lot, they are difficult to transport, take up more space, and in unforeseen circumstances cause more damage.
The biggest advantage of a small aquarium is a financial issue. Aquarium, equipment, scenery, soil, plants, the cost of electricity, the treatment of fish cost much less.
Before acquiring you need to properly assess the benefits of both large and small aquariums. Answer yourself to the question: “What volume of aquarium would you like and is there an opportunity to contain such a volume?” If finances are not important and you do not often move, then the choice is obvious.
And if you do not want or can not afford a large aquarium, then a small aquarium is what you need for you. In any case, the main thing – comfortable conditions for the maintenance of fish.
This topic is hot and is discussed in many forums. There are many types of fish that require minimal maintenance.
This allows you to choose the most suitable pets for each novice aquarist both in a variety of colors and in size. The aquarium can be equipped with beautiful relief and plants, and originality will give a contrast to the color of the fish.
Very often, beginners choose viviparous fish such as swordtails, plazii, guppies, mollies, etc. And this is an excellent choice.
They have a good survival rate, are easy to maintain, are active, have a long lifespan and do not require strict conditions of detention.
There are some types that are ideal for beginners.
Guppy – fishes of the Petsiliev family, with a peace-loving character, calm and unhurried in behavior. Coloring is very diverse and beautiful. To the composition of the water does not impose requirements.
Periodically you need to change the water. Viviparous Easily distinguished by sex.
Males are much smaller, more beautiful and brighter. Omnivores. Overfeeding is not recommended.
Easily tolerate a decrease in water temperature to 15 ° C.
Swordtails – Family Peziliye. Have more than 25 decorative varieties. In the male, the tail fin has the shape of a sword.
Very beautiful fish that does not require special conditions and specific size of the aquarium. Viviparous, easily reproduce.
When the fry appear, the parents should be moved to a free container to avoid eating the children.
Gourami – mobile fish, differing in an interesting spotty color, are curious. To other species of fish and inhabitants are tolerant.
They can breathe not only air dissolved in water, but also oxygen directly on the surface. Black out.
Somics different external originality. Unpretentious, peaceful, eat any food from the bottom. Clean up the remnants of food uneaten by other inhabitants.
Orderlies aquarium. Prefer bottom-living and easy to get along with other species.
Neon – Representatives of the Kharatsin, there are more than 150 species of fish. The most common among beginners are red and blue.
The content is simple, undemanding to water. They love space, the length of the aquarium should be at least 50 cm.
Excellent jumpers, so you need to cover the surface of the water with glass or a lid.
Danio – schooling, bright, beautiful fish. Aquarium is needed with a length of at least 55 cm.
Very mobile and love space. Requires regular water changes and good aeration.
Great jumpers, so you need an aquarium with a lid or glass. Prefer good lighting and clear, clean water.
Barbusses – schooling fish. There is a huge variety of species (more than 200). In the schooling content of peace.
Very active. It is not recommended to keep them with fish, the tail of which has thread-like or voile forms.
They love floating plants.
gold fish – representative of the carp family. It is very popular, but it requires a large volume of aquarium (per adult of at least 35 liters of water).
Prefers clear, clean water and requires its regular substitution. Very voracious, so you need to be careful with feeding.
Prone to overeating.
Antsitrus – somobrazny, herbivore. Very good orderly, nibbles small shoots from the glasses of the aquarium.
The oral opening resembles a suction cup. Males have a large number of mustache.
Peaceful. It is recommended to feed tabletized plant spirulina.
Presents the most common, unpretentious, do not require special care fish that are suitable for beginners. But this does not mean that they do not need to be watched, to know their preferences, the temperature of the water, etc.
In nature, it can be found in South America in the Orinoco River Basin. These are bright 8-centimeter small fishes with a high body and a large head. The background of the body is grayish-olive.
The spot on the side, the upper parts of the rays of the dorsal fin and the oblique strip passing through the eye are black. The edges of the median fins are edged in red. Males are larger, brighter, have elongated fins on the back and near the tail.
The nature of butterflies is peaceful. Plants they do not spoil.
In a 70 l aquarium, you can comfortably arrange a flock of 8-10 fish.
In nature, lives in Brazil and South America. Very calm and leisurely fish with a fancy disc-shaped body shape.
The head and mouth are small. Eyes bulging, iris red. Grow up to 15 cm.
A lot of their color variations were derived using breeding. Keep better in a large, deep species aquarium with warm water.
These fish have interesting habits, a way of breeding, caring for offspring, and also they are unpretentious and do not spoil the plants. Their whole life is closely connected with the shells of mollusks, where they find shelter in case of danger and lay their eggs during the breeding season.
Bright appearance, they can not boast. The sizes depending on a look vary from 2 to 10 cm.
Recommended to contain 8-10 pieces in a 90-120-liter aquarium.
- Motley parrot
These are medium-sized fish (approximately 10 cm) with a powerful elongated body and variegated color. On the silver-yellowish with a purple tint torso is a long longitudinal band. The anal fin has a large bright red spot.
The fin on the back is dark gray with a silver border. The upper part of the tail is pink with a pair of dark spots, and the lower part is grayish-purple.
Fins on the abdomen red. In a 100-liter aquarium, you can comfortably accommodate 8-9 parrots.
- Scalar vulgaris
Very beautiful and elegant fish, sometimes called “angel fish”. It is optimal to contain in the amount of 4-6 pieces in the aquarium at least 40 liters.
It can grow up to 15 cm. It has a diamond-shaped body, whose height exceeds the length. Abdominal fins are filiform.
On the back and near the tail, they are distinguished by a large width, length and perpendicular to the body. At the tail, the extreme rays are elongated.
The classic color is silver-white with four transverse stripes in black. But there are also artificially derived variations: white, gold, leopard, marble and others.
There is also a veil form.
No wonder she is called the queen of Tanganyika. The impressive size (up to 35 cm) and the original color (alternation of white, blue and black stripes) will not leave it invisible even among other bright fish.
You can keep a group of 4 individuals, but better from 8-12, and in the species aquarium. The capacity required is huge and spacious.
His homeland is Lake Tanganyika. It grows up to 11 cm.
Colors can vary greatly. Males are most often of a honey tint with bluish neon inlays and bright fins (blue, turquoise, blue, striped). Body and head elongated.
Very small scales. Crescent-shaped tail. Fins on the back and abdomen long, rounded.
For flocks need an aquarium from 150 liters with a front wall of at least 1 meter.