maintenance, care, compatibility
As mentioned above, due to heterosis, red parrots have excellent health and strong immunity and do not get sick in good conditions, and when they become ill, they can be treated successfully.
They most often have the following diseases:
- Ichthyophthyriosis (semolina). This is generally one of the most common diseases of aquarium fish, caused by ciliates. The body and fins of a diseased fish are covered with white tubercles the size of a semolina. It must be said that the red parrots that came from Asia and have not been quarantined sometimes have a tropical, fulminant form of this disease, from which fish die literally within a few hours, so treatment should begin immediately after the symptoms are detected.
- Hexamitosis. Called flagellates, affecting the intestines of fish. Symptoms are whitish mucous excrement, refusal to feed or spit it, and then the appearance of small fossae-ulcers on the fish’s head.
A common problem is also the poisoning of red parrots with nitrogen compounds, usually ammonia, due to improper start-up of the aquarium or too high density of fish landing. At the same time, the fins of the fish redden or blacken and get a shredded look, the fish begin to choke, therefore they keep in the filter stream or at the surface of the water with the gills sticking out of the gills.
To help them in this case, you can frequent (several times a day) water changes. Hydrogen peroxide, potassium permanganate, methylene blue or specialized aquarium preparations such as antiammonia are added between water changes.
These problems and diseases will bypass your parrots, if they are kept by all the rules that are not so complicated. In a large, well-equipped and neglected aquarium with clean water, these fish have a bird’s name, a cartoon-like appearance and dog habits for a long time – and parrots live to 10 years! – they will bring you only joy.
Video story about the content of parrot fish:
The parrot fish is a species of fish from the cichlidae group of perciformes, which belongs to the aquarium hybrids, artificially derived. The aquarium parrot fish went through a series of crosses, and in 1991, after a long research process, the species red parrot was bred.
These interesting cichlids conquer the hearts of aquarists with insane speed and enjoy wide popularity due to their interesting appearance and habits. Simple care, peaceful nature and good compatibility with many fish give them a great advantage over other cichlids.
Parrots have an oblong and high body, compressed on the sides. The most popular species of aquarium parrots is red parrot.
A dark streak runs along his body. The fins on the abdomen are colored bright red and the back is dark.
Parrot fishes have one anatomical feature, which often leads to their death. Fish have a head that resembles a beak in structure, which causes difficulties with the process of eating food.
Their small mouth also opens vertically at a low angle. Often, parrots die from starvation.
Parrot females are distinguished by their smaller size, but greater body weight, as well as by a different structure of the fins. The dorsal fin is highlighted by a golden frame and has several spots on the tip, while the caudal fin is chopped off and also has spots.
Aquarium parrots can reach sizes in captivity up to 15 cm. And how much these fish live in an aquarium depends directly on their living conditions. Parrots usually live for up to 10 years if they are properly cared for.
The red parrot can recognize the owner and show it with its twisting movements on the front wall. In addition to the red parrot fish are also in other colors, there are orange, yellow, purple, green parrots.
Parrot aquarium fish are playful and inquisitive in nature, lively and live happily with their relatives. To provide them with comfortable conditions, you need a large and spacious aquarium of 200 liters with a top lid so that the fish do not jump out of it. A filter simulating the flow is highly recommended in the tank, since in nature cichlids live in running water.
The main water parameters: temperature 22-26 ° C, hardness 6-7.5 °, acidity 6. Parrot fish will also need powerful aeration, since the water must be rich in oxygen. A third of the volume of water should be replaced regularly. Dirty water can lead to the appearance of the disease in the form of the appearance of dark spots on their body.
The red parrot is not picky about the presence of live vegetation in an aquarium, but likes to build nests on its own, digging holes and thereby changing the bottom landscape. Lighting should be diffused, the soil in the form of small or medium pebbles.
Proper maintenance of parrots should mainly involve a sufficient number of shelters for all the fish.
The red parrot is not capricious in the diet, loves to eat live food in the form of moth and small dry food. In order to avoid fading, the scales of the parrot must be fed with a special food containing carotene, which contributes to the acquisition of a reddish color to maintain the brightness of the color of the body of the fish.
Feed the parrots should be several times a day in small doses and supplement their diet with herbal supplements, vegetables and bread. But do not overdo it with overfeeding these voracious fish, so as not to pollute the water.
The remains of food can rot, and the fish will eat it anyway, which will lead to fish disease.
Reproduction in the aquarium conditions of parrots has not yet been crowned with success, no matter how favorable the parameters are created or how experienced aquarists try. The males of parrots are sterile and unable to reproduce offspring. However, it is enough for the fish to change the water parameters a little so that they instinctively begin to prepare their breeding by starting the construction of nests.
Aquarium fish pits in the ground and change the surface of the aquarium bottom.
It is very interesting to observe the process of nuptial games of parrots, after which sometimes females can lay eggs, which will remain unfertilized. However, some specialized firms engaged in breeding these fish say that the hatched fry are gray-black in color and become colored by 5 months.
At the moment, Western aquarists are fighting to stop the reproduction of these fish by artificial means.
Aquatic parrots have a peaceful nature and have good compatibility with many fish. The red parrot used to stay in the lower layer of water, so it is best to pick up its neighbors fish swimming in the upper level of the aquarium to avoid conflicts.
Especially it concerns the period of their spawning, when males start to show excessive aggression.
However, it is better to sit in the neighbors not quite small fish such as neon and gracilis, which they can accidentally swallow despite their small mouth. It is not recommended to move the slow moving fish.
The red parrot has optimum compatibility with large catfish, arvanoy, medium-sized cichlids, labo, black knife fish, large barbs and haracin.
Diseases caused by external infections are not as dangerous for parrots as their own, which are not so easy to diagnose and treat. Dark spots on the body may indicate poor water quality, after which you need to replace the water and siphonit soil. If the red parrot lies on the bottom or swims poorly, it is a sign of poisoning or overeating.
Usually, these diseases are provoked by the fact that the fish do not eat the food immediately, but can be taken over almost a day later, as a result of which poisoning occurs. These diseases are treated by jigging fish into a separate aquarium with high-quality aeration and dissolve metronidazole and methylene blue in water.
The appearance of white spots and grains on this cichlid’s body indicates the onset of the disease ichthyophthyriosis, which is treated with a special medicine and at the same time changes the water to clean and increases its temperature not higher than 28 ° C.
Parrot fish can perfectly decorate any aquarium, giving the owner great pleasure with his amusing behavior and curiosity. They do not need painstaking care, it is enough to observe proper feeding and ensure the correct composition of water.
Small fish live together with other peaceful neighbors and do not cause their extraordinary trouble in the aquarium.
Pelvicahromis pulher (lat. Pelvicachromis pulcher) or as it is also called cichlid parrot, and most often aquarium parrot fish is an excellent choice, especially among those aquarists who want to try to contain cichlids in the aquarium.
In addition to their very bright colors, they also differ in interesting behavior. But the most important thing that attracts aquarists is small size, peaceful behavior.
They can be contained in small aquariums and at the same time quite unpretentious to the parameters of water and types of food.
The aquarium parrot fish is calm enough for a cichlid fish, which can be kept in a general aquarium without fear that it will kill someone. Thick-grown aquariums love kribensis, and although they also like to dig deeper in the ground, they don’t pull out and touch the plants.
Like all cichlids, parrots love shelter, but also need an open spot for swimming, however, they mostly stay at the bottom. It is especially funny to watch parents with a flock of fry, gray and imperceptible, they instantly obey any order of the parents and dissolve literally before your eyes.
Parrot fish, or red parrot (Red Parrot) – a representative of the Cichlow family. It is a hybrid of aquarium fish, which appeared as a result of selection of two representatives of Cichlids. In 1991, the fish became the property of the first aquariums.
Its production has increased, with time it received the name “red parrot”.
The history of creating a hybrid carefully classified, however, this applies to many fish, artificially bred. There is a version that the Red Parrot is a descendant of several South American Cichlovas, as a result of triple crossing.
Asian breeders strictly protect the right to the maintenance of this fish. The red parrot can interbreed and bring offspring, but very few people managed to see their eggs.
Aquarium parrot fish has an unusual body color. Thanks to him, she is popular among breeders and lovers.
All the pet shops and aquariums in the world do not deny themselves the pleasure of settling this wonderful creature. In Russia, a red parrot appeared in the 90s of the twentieth century.
The red parrot is one of the most popular tsikhlovyh. Why he got this name is unknown. Most likely, such a name appeared because of the unusual shape of the head, resembling the beak of a parrot and because of the bright color of the body.
As a hybrid offspring, it has a certain anatomical deviation — it opens its mouth vertically only at a small angle, so grabbing food sometimes causes difficulties.
Fish coloring is artificial, although sellers are not always ready to admit it. How does the saturation of color, no one tells. Rumor has it that Western breeders recommend banning its production.
Despite all the prohibitions and prejudices, this creature was loved by many aquarium owners.
See how a parrot swims in an aquarium.
The red parrot is a peaceful and unpretentious creature. In an aquarium, it can grow up to 15 cm in length. A beginner aquarist can keep it apart from all other fish, as well as with other fish.
Although she is an “artificial” child, even such a fish has good health, strong endurance and vigor. In captivity lives 10 years.
When buying parrot fish, you can choose any body color: red, purple, yellow, blue, green or orange. Sometimes there are “exotic” colors resembling the color of tsihlazom and cancer.
With age, the color of the parrots fades, so you should add food with keratin to the diet, contributing to the saturation of body color.
Aquarium parrot fish can live in a water tank, both separately and with other fish. Compatibility with the rest of the underwater world has been studied in detail, so you should remember only the general parameters of water for all, the conditions of feeding and the list of fish with which it will peacefully coexist.
Red parrots are funny, playful, moving fish, there should be enough space in the dwelling for movement. Choose an aquarium of at least 200 liters for one individual. If you are going to push neighbors to them, then you can choose a container with a volume of 800 liters.
Create an undercurrent, it is familiar to all tsikhlovyh.
Water parameters for all residents of the general aquarium should be as follows: temperature 22-26 degrees, acidity 6.5-7.6 pH, dH 6-15. Water is recommended to saturate with oxygen, aeration is important. Replace ½ part water with fresh water weekly.
The red parrot must live in a spacious aquarium, because of its jumping ability, it may inadvertently jump out of the water, close the tank with a lid.
Aquarium plants are not required in large quantities, but if they are, then keep in mind that many twisted nests will appear in the water.
Check out the recommendations on the compatibility of parrots with other fish.
By launching an adult into a prepared water tank, she will hide for fear in a shelter for several weeks, and will eventually get used to the new house and neighbors. It is curious that the young fish poorly adapts to the parrots, with whom it did not grow together.
Immediately get 4-6 fry that are already “familiar.”
Due to the calm nature of the fish can live in water with medium fish. Compatibility is likely with predators and peace-loving species.
It’s better not to settle with small species (guppies, neons, microassemblies, danios, catfish) – the red parrot will swallow them. Recommendations for settling parrots with other fish in the common nursery:
- The best neighbors for parrot fish are labo, arovanas, black knives, South American cichlids, medium catfish, large barbs, fish of the Kharatsin family.
- Do not move them with fish that constantly require shelter.
- Move active, fast-swimming fish with them.
- Do not move shrimps and small crustaceans with them.
- Optimal shelters for all fish in a common container – large coconut grottoes, dense algae, medium pebbles and stone caves.
- In order to avoid the disease of all fish, constantly maintain the purity of the aquarium and monitor the water parameters.
- The red parrot swims in the lower layers of water, during the spawning period the males become more aggressive, so choose fish swimming in the upper layers of the aquarium as cohabitants.
- Do not settle snails with them – they gnaw through the shell, swallowing the fragments.
Red parrots are very voracious fish, they eat almost everything that the owner will give. Small fish are swallowed, the algae gnaw … What to feed to satisfy their appetite? Living in a tank with fish, instantly taken away from those food.
Ideal food – bloodworm, koretra, meat, floating pellets, fish and shrimp.
Pet shops sell feeds for cichlids, live food can be alternated with it. Due to excessive overeating, the animal may die, so feed it in moderate portions.
These creatures love to frolic and the size of their home should not be less than 200 liters. Some of them may try to jump out, so cover the container with a lid.
Wild cichlids live in running water, so the pump in the aquarium is required. The alkalinity of the liquid should be between 6.5 and 7.5 pH, and its temperature should be close to 22-26 °.
It is necessary to arrange a filtration system and replace up to 30% of water a couple of times a week.
The soil in such an aquarium consists of pebbles of small and medium fraction. Parrots adore snags, caves and algae.
They like to choose these secluded places for spawning. Parrot aquarium fish can not get along with everyone, they are best compatible with the inhabitants of the upper layers of water. They themselves float down and in the middle part of the aquarium.
It must be remembered that cichlids are able to swallow small fish. The best neighbors for them are Labo, arovan, soma, haracins, apteronotus (black knife).
Keeping and care of a parrot fish is not a difficult task. They eat both live food and non-living food.
You can use flaky products and tablets that settle to the bottom. Live food is fish, shrimp or worms that can diversify a good diet.
If you want to have beautiful bright color parrots, then buy food that is saturated with carotene.
Parrots are a very beautiful, bright fish. Most individuals have a brownish body with bright spots on the abdomen or fins.
The uniqueness of these fish is that they are able to change colors depending on mood and time. So, during the spawning period, cyclids change color and become incredibly beautiful. Change color and at the moment when they find a female, suitable for mating.
At such a moment, you can notice a change in color and get an albino fish.
Unlike other cichlids, parrots are small in size. Males can reach about 10 centimeters in captivity, females are 3 centimeters less.
But, along with the size, decreased life expectancy. With proper care, they can live in the aquarium for 4-6 years.
Amazingly beautiful aquarium fish – cichlid parrot
In 1991, Taiwanese breeders obtained offspring from constant cross-breeding of Cichlasoma synspillum, Citrinellum and South American cichlids, which gave rise to a new group of hybrids, known today as parrots.
They received their name because of the great similarity of the shape of the head with the colorful head of a parrot. Due to its bright and unusual coloring, the parrot is very popular among breeders and amateur fish lovers, while no other aquarist located outside of Asia has managed to breed.
Aquarium fish cichlids parrots: species
Mostly yellow and orange parrots are imported. You can often buy bright red, crimson and purple fish. This color is supported by specialized coloring feeds, which contain large quantities of carotenoids.
When feeding with simple feeds, the standard orange color is restored. Black and blue parrots are imported much less frequently.
For these fish, food of animal origin is preferable, for example: koretra, bloodworm, minced fish and beef heart, shrimp. They have a wonderful appetite and can indulge in the sin of gluttony around the clock. But this circumstance leads to various accidents.
This is mainly dangerous when feeding in the evening. They do not have time to eat all the food until it is dark, and in the morning, when they wake up, they immediately begin to eat it vigorously.
But he lay in the aquarium all night, having had time to spoil. Fish get quite serious poisoning.
The area of the red parrot cichlid fish
In our country, the parrot comes mainly from Singapore and Taiwan. In the conditions of our country does not reproduce, but it is well accustomed to in domestic aquariums.
Cichlid parrot: sizes
The red parrot grows to 15 centimeters. The color of the fish varies quite strongly; the most common are yellow and orange forms.
In addition, there is a “wild” color, which happens in some cancer and cichlase. Crimson, purple and bright red fish turn into bright orange form over time.
When feeding with various specialized feeds saturated with carotene to enhance the saturated red color, the color improves markedly.
Cichlid parrot feeding
Parrots in feeding are picky – fish consume the majority of high-quality dry food and any live ones. The best for them are floating granules and bloodworms.
Cichlid parrot breeding
The parrot in nature has no analogues. This type of fish obtained by artificial insemination from various species of African and American cichlids.
Cichlid parrot: additional information
Fish live in the aquarium up to ten years. It is a very quiet fish, capable of coexisting peacefully with other inhabitants of the aquarium, but occasionally intraspecific aggression occurs.
Grown up individuals who are not familiar with each other, have poor contact with each other, due to which they should be launched at the same time small, so that they can get used to each other.