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Palia – a predatory fish of the northern waters

Palia is a salmon from the genus of the char. It differs from other representatives of the genus in bright color and big head.

There are small teeth in the mouth. Refers to commercial fish, but due to a sharp decline in the population, there is a restriction on its catch.

In natural conditions, lives only in cold waters.

There are 2 types of loaches living in freshwaters of the European continent. Paluda palia is larger in size and can grow up to 8-9 kg. It is often called red, but not for the color of meat, which, on the contrary, is white, but for the bright belly of a dark orange color.

The back is usually dark green, covered with small white and orange dots, the sides are light green. The upper fins of the palia are yellow, the lower fins are gray, the front rays of the fins are white. It has a large head.

The meat is soft, crumbly.

Kryazheva palia is easily recognizable by the gray body with white dots. Its weight usually does not exceed 5 kg. The head is relatively small.

The population is smaller than the previous species. Lives near deep-sea ridges, from where its name went.

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Fish loves the cold, so all year round lives in the depths. Ludozhna floats at a depth of 20-70 cm, Kryazhevaya – 70-150 cm.

Palia rises in shallow water in order to hunt or at the opening of ice, but as soon as the water warms up, it sinks to the bottom of the reservoir, where conditions are better suited to its habitat.

It is a sociable fish that can coexist peacefully with fish of other breeds.

Palia is considered a fish of deep lakes, lives in Lake Ladoga, Onega, Palozero, Topozero, Segozero, Umbozero and other lakes of North Karelia and the Kola Peninsula. Lake loaches are also found in cold waters of Finland, Sweden.

Sometimes found floating in the sea, but to spawn sent to the river, flowing into the waters of cold oceans.

The fish has a large head and mouth of prey

A separate type of palia is American, living in the cold lakes of North America with a rocky bottom. This species does not tolerate water pollution, and reproduces well only in oxygen-rich water bodies.

Palia becomes sexually mature after 4-5 years. Ludozhna spawns in the fall – in September-October on rocky shoals.

Caviar is large, relatively small – on average, about 3 thousand eggs 4-5-5 mm in size, light yellow in color. Kryazhev palias spawn in spring, but not every year.

For laying eggs, females rise from the depths to shallow water.

The fry ripen in 4-5 months, but since the palia calf is a favorite delicacy of ruff, burbot and minnow, by the spring only a few of the eggs laid by the female survive.

The population is rapidly declining

Palia belongs to predators and feeds on fish, crustaceans, mollusks, and insects. In its diet there is a sticklefish, whitefish, smelt, bokoplavy, amphibians.

Eats fry of its own species.

The fish is well caught on spinning spinners, on the track, live or dead fish. It is difficult to catch a palia with a bait, as the fish lives in the depths.

However, in rainy and windy weather, the predator comes to the surface and can be caught on large salmon flies.

The most convenient way is to catch palia on a boat, but you can try to flash from the shore.

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Palia is affected by furunculosis, a bacterial disease that causes acute inflammation of the intestines or the formation of purulent furuncles in the muscles. Infection affects older individuals, it develops in the body of fish, water, silt.

Also in this inhabitant of freshwater lakes there were revealed cases of ligulosis – lesions by large tapeworms reaching 80 cm in length. Palia become infected by eating the lower crustacean.

Already in the body of the fish, the larva grows, turns into a flat worm, and reaching a considerable size can cause bloating or even rupture of the abdomen.

Fish suffers from parasitic and infectious diseases

The affected fish behaves uncontrollably, rushes randomly over the water, and in the end independently dies or is eaten by birds of prey. Then in the organism of birds Ligulya quickly reaches puberty, lays eggs, which, together with the excrement of birds, are thrown back into the water.

According to popular belief, the main reason for the softness of Palia meat is the defeat of tapeworms. In other types of deep-sea fish meat is more dense and does not disintegrate during cooking.

Like other salmonids, palia is affected by ichthyosporidiosis, a mycotic disease caused by phycomycetes fungi. The disease affects the central nervous system and internal organs. Infected fish behaves sluggishly, loses coordination of movements, swims off the coast.

Hence the second name of the disease – “drunken salmon disease”. Ichthyosporidiosis occurs chronically and leads to the death of fish.

Infection occurs by ingestion of fungal spores.

Diseases affect the taste of fish caught

Palias parasitic leeches and crustaceans are especially annoying, they bite into the scales, tail, fins. In an attempt to get rid of parasites, fish have to rise from the depth and rub against the stones.

External parasites disturb the palia extremely often, it is almost impossible to meet these charrs without crustaceans on the lower fins.

In the northern part of Lake Ladoga, the volume of catch increases every year, even if we do not take into account poaching. Especially significant commercial press in the autumn, as many fish producers are connected to the process only for the purpose of catching valuable autumn-spawning species of fish, including Palia.

Palia fishing is of great interest to fishermen.

In order to prevent the substitution of valuable species of fish with low-value ones, the paleia was entered into the Red Book of Karelia and limited its catch. Measures are also being taken for the breeding of Palia to increase the population.

The catch rates for Palia are strictly regulated, but recreational fishing is still allowed – in Onega Lake you can catch char from 50 cm in size, in all other lakes from 30 cm.

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