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Paku fish: the content of the red predator

Among the many inhabitants of home aquariums, there are many exotic species. These are rare Malawian cichlids, and a tetradon from a distant island of Borneo, and tiger fighting.

It is difficult to surprise a modern fish farmer; What is really surprising, if in a city apartment often live … piranhas.

The belly and fins of the piranha have a red tint

Red-bellied pacu, pacu fish, Piaractus brachipomus – all these are the names of small fish, as if flattened on both sides and covered with small silvery scales. Her belly and fins are red.

This is the real piranha. However, specific.

The fact is that the basis of her diet is vegetarian food.

The vegetarian set is varied. These are lettuce leaves, various cereals, chopped fruits and vegetables, grapes.

Some owners use bananas or other tropical fruits that grow in the natural habitat of the “herbivore predator”.

Paku is called the herbivorous piranha, as its food is plant food.

From organic piranha, the red pacu prefers moth (preferably large), larvae of other insects, snails, worms, and crustaceans. Feeding fish and even raw meat is possible – after all, a pack is half predator fish.

However, the introduction to the diet of meat should be approached with caution: Such feed can cause aggressiveness with constant consumption.

The main thing to know about feeding this pet is that there should be a lot of food. After all, the average size of an adult individual reaches from 30 to 60 cm.

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Of course, for such a giant and the habitat you need to choose the appropriate one. One “live unit” will require at least 300 liters of water. So even for a small flock of 3-4 individuals you need a house with a capacity of about a cubic meter.

The temperature of the water should be maintained in the range from 22 to 28 ° C, the acidity should be from 6 to 7 pH, the hardness should be 1-15 dGH. It is very important to have a good filter in the aquarium.

Every week you need to replace at least one third of the volume of water in the aquarium.

Gravel works best for soil. It is not necessary to decorate an artificial habitat by live plants: fish use them for food.

Sometimes a few gravel stones are enough to form an interior for an aquarium with a red pacu.

This fish is growing rapidly, and its life expectancy often reaches 10 years, so it is better to immediately prepare a large (at least 1.5 meters in plane) glass house with a height and width of at least 1 meter.

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If you want to diversify a small underwater world, you should understand that The content of piranha pacu must take into account such factors:

  • relatively large size of the individual;
  • belonging to predators.

Therefore, the neighbors need to pick up appropriate: impressive size and not of the timid. From the experience of aquarism on the best compatibility and livability, you can select fish arovan and catfish species plexostomus.

Mostly red pacu is quite peaceful and livable with other kinds of fish (except for really very small ones). But the risk is always present.

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By two years, piranha pacu reaches puberty. In nature, females lay their eggs, which the male fertilizes.

Fry grow quickly.

However, captive breeding of this species of fish is combined with certain difficulties. There are few successful examples, and special injections are used to obtain offspring.

There are farms that breed pak fish fry for aquariums. They are located in the Far East and in the natural habitat – South America.

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Paku is a freshwater fish that originally inhabited the rivers of the Amazon and Orinoco basins. Unlike the notorious predators – piranhas – the red pacu has a tooth structure similar to that of a human. They are also adapted for eating plant foods, even the nutshell is amenable to the powerful jaws of a pac.

However, cases of injury to people of this fish are not uncommon.

In the wild nature of Amazonia, fish “feed up” to 30-40 kg of live weight, reaching a meter or more. Naturally, the bite of such a “monster” is fraught with consequences up to traumatic amputation.

The lack of control over fish farming has led to the fact that various species of piranhas have mastered freshwater bodies of water from other continents. Now you can meet her:

  1. On the islands of the Caribbean.
  2. In the rivers and lakes of North America.
  3. In Europe.
  4. On the islands of the Pacific region.

Red pacu has a tooth structure similar to human

Irresponsible owners of aquariums release their pets in the nearest reservoir, and if the pack gets acclimatized, then it occupies its niche, displacing the native species.

After the cases of the attack of “vegetarian” predators on swimmers, the authorities of some cities have banned swimming in the waters where this fish was noticed. And on the island of New Guinea, where the pacu, having become accustomed, feels “at home”, it has become a serious threat to local fishermen.

In Papuans, this species was called “ball katu”, which means “cutting off the genitals”.

When acquiring such an exotic and insecure inhabitant of a home aquarium, such as a red pacu, the content of which requires considerable experience and skill, you should critically evaluate your abilities so that instead of a cute curiosity you don’t get a dangerous neighbor.

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