Hello dear readers! Otozinclus ordinary lives in stagnant waters of the South-Eastern part of Brazil. The fish prefers slow-flowing or even stagnant ponds richly overgrown with vegetation.
This is the smallest representative of the Chain Som.
The body at the otozinclus is elongated and flattened in the abdomen area. The whole body, except the belly, is covered with bony plates.
The eyes are large, the mouth is like of a hirinoheylus and ancistrus, has the appearance of a sucker. Intestinal breathing allows the fish to breathe atmospheric air. The body of the fish has a yellowish tide.
The back is dark gray with slight brown spots. The abdomen also has a yellowish ebb.
A black-and-brown strip runs along the entire body. The fins are colorless and have a greenish ebb. The male is usually smaller than the females.
The maximum length of the catfish in the aquarium conditions does not exceed 4 centimeters, and the life in aquas is about 5 years.
Ototsinklyusy are considered unpretentious and peace-loving inhabitants of aquariums, which are known for their certain fearfulness. In the daytime, the fish hide in shelters, and as dusk approaches, the sucker is active. Like all representatives of this species, the otozincluses are kept near the bottom.
It is best to keep in small flocks from 5 to 6 individuals. In the role of neighbors you can pick up the same peace-loving and small fish.
The ideal option may be red neons, minors, guppies, crescents and rasbora.
You should know that this aquarium fish is considered to be a nurse of the aquarium, so it’s better not to keep them with one fish in one jar, since they can remain hungry. That is, the Ancistrus and Girinoheylus are not suitable as neighbors! The aquarium is required at least 60 centimeters long.
It is decorated with various shelters (dense thickets of plants, snags, stones and pots). Aquarium substrate is best suited for coarse sand.
When organizing aquarium lighting, try to make it diffuse. Aquarium water must have the following parameters:
- acidity: 7pH;
- hardness: 3-10dH;
- water temperature: 22-26 degrees;
- weekly water change, filtration and aeration of aquas.
The fish consumes small living organisms and various fouling. If there is not a lot of algae in the aquarium, it is recommended to additionally feed the oocytes with tableted vegetable feeds.
Sexual mature oocytes become 8 months old. Spawning need a volume of 30 to 50 liters.
It is also necessary to plant densely aquarium plants (anubiasses, echinoduruses and cryptocoryns) in it. To get the descendants of the cleaners, you need to select 3 males and 1-2 females. Water in spawning should have the following parameters:
- hardness: 4-10dH;
- acidity: 6.5-7 pH;
- temperature: 20-22 degrees.
Spawning fish usually in the morning. The male releases the milt into the water and the female collects it in her mouth, and then pours it on the cleaned and well-lit surface. Then the female throws caviar on this surface, which is literally glued to it.
For spawning, you can get up to 130 small eggs. Immediately after spawning, the producers are rejected to prevent them from eating their future offspring. It is also necessary to raise the water temperature to 26-28 degrees.
At this temperature, the incubation period for caviar is from 2 to 7 days, and after 2-3 days the fry independently swim and feed. Starter feed is as follows: zooplankton and micro-feed.
The water level in spawning with fry need no more than 20 centimeters.