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Notobranchius fish: description and content at home

Many people prefer pets as pets. The aquarium is a good addition to any home and helps reduce the nervousness of its inhabitants. One of the fish, which is often found in home aquariums, becomes Notobranchius, or Killy fish.

The individual quickly multiplies, unpretentious to the conditions, has several varieties and is a beautiful addition to any collection of fish lovers.

Thanks to its variegated color, Notobranchius will decorate a home aquarium.

Eastern Africa is considered the birthplace of fish, where it lives in stagnant waters before the onset of drought. In the natural environment, the life of each individual does not last longer than a year.

This is due to difficult living conditions. The individual belongs to the family of Karpazubykhs.

Reservoirs where Killy can usually be found are the result of the long seasonal rainfall typical of the area. For this reason, the fish dies almost immediately after their drying. Before death, the individual lays its eggs in the depth of the reservoir.

After the end of the drought, rainstorms return and the reservoir fills again..

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It is during this period that the embryos hatch. After 6–8 weeks, they are also able to produce offspring. When the temperature decreases, the fish and the embryos suspend or slow down the vital processes in order to resume them upon the onset of heat.

Due to this, there are always a certain number of embryos ready to hatch.

The appearance of individuals differs depending on the species. All species are small in size within 5−9 cm, elongated and oblate on the sides of the body and amazing color in different colors with a brilliant overflow.

An individual can be painted in one color with different shades. or combine several shades with modulations.

The color of notobranchius depends on its variety.

It is because of the incredible beauty of this species is considered the most popular among fans of fish and those who are engaged in their breeding. Most often in the artificial environment contain three types of Notobranchius: Rakhov, Günther, Courthouse.

Common type for home breeding. The adult individual reaches 7 cm in length.

The color of the fish is most often blue-green with multiple spots on the sides. Spots can be red or orange and different sizes.

The belly of the fish is often yellow, and the fins are painted in different shades of blue. It is quite simple to distinguish a male from a female Rakhov, since the former has larger sizes and a bright color.

The female is pale, and its size is smaller than that of the male.

Notobranchiums Rakhova love to hide in the decorations of the aquarium.

The preferred artificial habitat of the fish is large aquariums of at least 50 liters. It is necessary for comfortable living of several males at the same time.

With a smaller volume, cases of rivalry between males and the death of part of the aquarium population are not excluded.

A distinctive feature of this species is the need to regularly hide in the shaded corners of the aquarium. For this reason, there should be a lot of decorative shelters in it, so that individuals feel comfortable.

The water temperature in the aquarium should not exceed +24 degrees, and the hardness should be no more than 10. The optimal amount of water change per month will be 4-5 times.

With a rarer replacement, the death of individual individuals that are weakened is not excluded.

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The fish of Rakhov belongs to peaceful species, but when settling several males in one aquarium it is almost impossible to avoid skirmishes. In order to prevent this, one should select several peaceful fishes of another species and exclude the possibility of the settlement of several males.

For one aquarium, a settlement of 3–6 females and one male will be ideal.

It is important to remember that this variety is prone to various diseases, and to prevent them, add a little salt to the water at the rate of 1 gram per liter of water. The calculation should be done accurately, because in too salty water the fish will also die.

The maintenance of Notobranchius Rahov in conditions of a moderate amount of food and the exclusion of conflicts between individuals will help to prolong the life of the fish.

Fish Rakhova prone to various diseases.

The natural habitat of this fish is the waters of Eastern Africa. Individuals can live in fresh and salt water, which greatly facilitates their existence and allows them to survive in extreme conditions.

Gunther’s males are colored blue and green with brown spots. There are also bright red dots in the coloring, which makes it unusual and memorable.

A distinctive feature of females will be a pale gray color and almost transparent fins. The size of the fish is from 7 to 9 cm, the females are almost always smaller.

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The maintenance of Notobranchius Gunter at home is possible when the water temperature in the aquarium is not below +25 degrees. There are also several features that It is necessary to consider if you want to have such a fish in the house:

  • Mandatory presence of peat chips at the bottom of the aquarium.
  • Subdued lighting that can be achieved by adding plants to the surface of the water.
  • Keep it separate from other fish, but this species may be co-inhabited with another peaceful species.
  • Feed at least twice a day, it is better to use live food in the form of bloodworms. In its absence, it is allowed to substitute raw meat or fish in moderate quantities.

The maintenance of Notobranchius Gunter is possible at a water temperature in the aquarium not lower than +25 degrees.

Keep in mind that this species prefers open space, and an aquarium with a volume of less than 80 liters will be cramped for it. It is also important to monitor the amount of feed and avoid overeating, which is likely to shorten the life cycle of the fish.

If breeding of individuals is intended, it is necessary to monitor the water temperature more carefully, to prevent its cooling, to clean and saturate it regularly with oxygen. Like other species of fish, Notobranhius Günter spawns in the ground at the bottom of the aquarium, where the larvae mature to hatch.

This species is distinguished by bright colors of males and more subdued shades in females. Red colors of different variations prevail in color.

The Courthouse fish prefers to dwell almost at the bottom of the aquarium, is distinguished by its peaceful nature and ability to get along with other species.

Notobranchius of Courthouse is distinguished by bright colors of males.

Peat crumb is considered a necessary element in an aquarium with this species of Killy fish, because it spawns its spawn, like its close relatives. In the absence of blackout and secluded places in an aquarium, individuals experience excitement and often refuse food.

This happens because of the constant feeling of danger in open space.

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To avoid this and extend the life of fish will help the construction of many secluded places of decorative materials, plants and floating algae. Plants are best seated near the walls, so that in the center there is free space for feeding and swimming.

The water temperature should not exceed the mark of +24 degrees and decrease to less than +21 degrees. Under cooling conditions, individuals slow down the vital processes in their bodies in anticipation of improved conditions.

Feed for this species must be lively. Unlike related species, Courthouse prefers to eat plenty of food several times a day.

This does not affect the life span of individuals and their ability to reproduce offspring.

Notobranchius Courthouse prefers exceptional live food.

Depending on the type of fish should create certain conditions for them. This should take into account the purpose of their content.

If you plan to breed fish in the future, you should monitor the water temperature more carefully. If dilution is not intended, it is permitted to keep the temperature within the acceptable minimum. You must also observe the following rules:

  • Do not place the aquarium in the open sunlight or in a place where constant artificial lighting of high brightness is expected. In such conditions, the fish will not be able to live and breed, will begin to die.
  • It is necessary to monitor the water temperature, level of acidity and hardness by means of special devices.

Aquarium with notobranchuses should not be put on in the open sunlight.

  • Water should be changed at least once a week to prevent its flowering and the development of various harmful microorganisms. In dirty water, fish will not only produce no offspring, but will live no more than 3 months. In some cases, poor-quality water becomes the cause of death of fish in 1-2 weeks.
  • Natural peat crumb will be the best filler for the aquarium. At the bottom, its layer should be up to 3–4 cm in height. This will be an ideal condition for throwing and burying the eggs during spawning.
  • Plants for the aquarium should be useful and not poison the water. Consult on the appropriateness of placing one or another species in the aquarium should be with a specialist who understands this issue.

All the necessary materials for the arrangement of the house for Killy fish should be purchased in a specialized store. It is especially important to create a few darkened corners for overly shy individuals.

Often, constant stress and lack of shelter cause the death of fish.

The conditions of an ordinary aquarium will rarely be favorable for the Notobranchus to begin to multiply. Creating ideal conditions for spawning is not easy, given that these conditions will be a hot climate and high humidity above the water surface.

But the fish are still bred in an artificial environment. To do this, heat the water in the aquarium a few degrees higher than usual, create a more darkening than usual.

Before that, females and males are divided into separate containers and fed with plenty of live food.

After a few days, the females and males are joined. A prerequisite will be the presence of peat soil, which the fish will take for the mud of the reservoir in their natural habitat. During spawning, the male and female are nearby so that the eggs can be fertilized with milk, which is distinguished by the male.

Within a minute, both can spawn caviar and milk several times.

During spawning, the pair are next to each other to fertilize the eggs.

After that, the female shallows the eggs in the peat soil and leaves them. At artificial cultivation the zoologist collects soil with eggs in a separate package after preliminary drying. It should not be allowed to dry completely, as this may kill the eggs.

Peat should be left in the bag slightly moist, remove the air from it and leave for about 12 weeks for the eggs to ripen.

During this period, you should prepare a container where the newborn fry will grow. After the required period of time, the dried peat is placed in a container with water, the level of which does not exceed 3 cm.

Within an hour, one can observe how the individual fry hatch, and the eggs emerge. Newborn fry are harvested with a syringe and placed in an aquarium where they will grow.

A prerequisite should be the presence of peat chips and special moss in the tank. Conditions for keeping fry are similar to those necessary for adults. As a rule, it is enough a week for all ripe eggs to hatch.

After that, peat is again collected according to the previous scheme and left for 12 weeks.

Repeat a similar pattern with drying and placing peat in water should be until all the eggs hatch. As a rule, this will require 3−4 cycles of drying-placing in water.

It is rather difficult to repeat such manipulations at home, therefore professionals are engaged in breeding in specially equipped premises. The breeding process is long and laborious, but the result is worth it.

Fry in the first 2 weeks of life feed small live food, gradually translating to feed adults. Keep fry with adult fish should not be, because males and females can exterminate them.

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