Neon melanotenia or Neon iris (Melanotaenia praecox).
Neon melanotenium is called differently – a small iris, a dwarf iris, a neon iris. This fish has been known in the aquarium hobby since 1922, and 70 years later it hit the territory of Europe.
Habitat: The area where you can meet a neon iris is very small – it is a small section of the Mameramo river, which flows through one of the provinces of Papua New Guinea.
It dwells in fast tributaries of the river, and in the surrounding ponds and wetlands. It prefers places with dense vegetation and many kryag.
Description: body elongated, flattened laterally. On the back there is a high hump characteristic of the species, and on the chest is a keel, which is more visible in males. The head is small and slightly flattened, the eyes are large.
Dorsal and anal fins paired.
Melanotenia neon balloon
The main color of the body is light silver with a blue tint, which increases with light. The fins of the males are red, the females are yellowish.
Neon melanotenia or Neon iris
Males are brighter and are distinguished by a more flattened abdomen shape and a high body, they have a higher dorsal fin.
Neon melanotenia – males
The size of the dwarf iris about 5 cm, in the natural environment of the fish can grow up to 8 cm.
Neon melanotenia – females
Arrangement and parameters of the aquarium: Neon iris prefers to live in a flock of 6-8 fish. The sex ratio should be either equivalent or with a predominance of females.
For such a number of fish enough 50-liter capacity with densely planted areas of plants and free space for swimming.
Coloring fish wins on the background of dark soil. For registration of an aquarium snags, artificial grottoes, large stones are suitable.
The main thing is that all objects, as well as the ground, do not have sharp edges, since melanoteenia floats very rapidly and can get hurt. Fish jumping, so the tank should be on the aquarium.
Water parameters: 24-28 ° C, dH 4-9, pH 5.8-7.2.
Powerful filtration with aeration, weekly replacement of a third of water is needed. Fish can withstand temperature fluctuations in the range of 5-35 ° C, but such experiments are undesirable and may adversely affect the health of the neon iris.
It is advisable to create a light current in the aquarium.
Neon melanotenia or Neon iris (Melanotaenia praecox) a rather peaceful fish and feels comfortable in a common aquarium with other species of similar size and character. Suitable neighbors will be Somiki corridors, Danio Khopra, Tetra Penguin, Rasbora Espay, Sunbeam, Melanenia Boesman.
Permissible content with shrimp.
Nutrition: unpretentious and take all kinds of food: frozen, live, dry. You can not feed the fish only dry food – this leads to the emergence of various diseases.
From the live food they willingly eat the pipe-maker, the insects and their larvae, the small moth, and the bead. If you get hungry, you can eat tender plants and algae on glasses and stones.
Reproduction: in a 30-liter spawning place are placed several small-leafed bushes and a synthetic scourer, which will be a substrate. Need to ensure a small flow.
Neon iris – males
Water parameters in the spawning aquarium: 26-28 ° C, pH 7.
Neon iris – females
For spawning choose a female with a fat belly and the brightest male. Food producers before spawning should be varied and abundant.
Spawning is stimulated by a slight increase in temperature. It lasts for several weeks, during which the female spawns in small portions, the size of which decreases all the time.
There is a risk of parents eating the caviar, so it is better to put it in a separate container with the same water parameters.
Spawning fish in the morning. The performance of the female depends on its size and state of health.
On average, it is about 150 eggs.
Incubation of caviar lasts 6-10 days, depending on the conditions created in the spawn. Small gray larvae swim and are able to feed on day 5.
Infusoria and live dust are suitable as starter feed, later you can add microworms, artemia and egg yolk. The fry of neon iris are growing very slowly, and the amount of surviving offspring is greatly affected by the purity of the water.
Neon melanotenia is capable of reproduction upon reaching 9-10 months.
In aquarium Neon melanotenia or Neon iris (Melanotaenia praecox) lives 5 years.