maintenance, care, compatibility
Neon fish: content, compatibility, reproduction, species, photo-video review
Latin name: Paracheirodon
Order, family: carp-shaped, haracin
(on Lat. Characidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 18-24 ° C
(for manufacturers up to 22 ° C)
Ph acidity: 5.5 – 8 °.
(for future manufacturers pH up to 6.8 °)
Stiffness dH:5-20 °.
(for future manufacturers – dH to 10 °)
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 0%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Neon Compatibility: non-aggressive, peaceful fish (neons, tetras, swordtails, petsyli, ornatus, pulchera, lanterns).
Not compatible: Neon can not be kept with large, aggressive fish: tsikhly, barbs, large catfish, goldfish, Labe, gourami.
How many live: The life of neon depends directly on the temperature of the aquarium water in which they are contained: 18 ° C – 4 years, 22 ° C – 3 years, 27 ° C – 1.5 years. As can be seen with increasing temperature, the biorhythm of life of neons also increases. That is why, unlike many other aquarium fish, they can and should even be kept in “cool” water.
Find out how much other fish live IN THIS ARTICLE!
Minimum aquarium for neon content: from 10 liters, in such an aquarium you can put 4 neons. Neonchiki are schooling fish and therefore it is recommended to keep them in larger aquariums.
For information on how much neon can be kept in the X aquarium, see HERE (at the bottom of the article there are links to aquariums of all volumes).
These neons have a long slightly flattened body. Throughout the body passing two stripes, narrow silver at the top, and wide black below.
More in detail here: Black neon
Neon gold (Paracheirodon innesi var.)
This is the smallest neon of all representatives. Its maximum size is only 1.5 centimeters in length.
Decorated with a golden stripe that stretches throughout the calf.
More details here: Neon gold
Neon diamond or diamond (Paracheirodon innesi diamond)
These fish have no neon strip at all. The diamond look of neons has only a light color and a reddish tail.
Reaches the sizes to 3 centimeters. More in detail here: Neon diamond or diamond
A very rare and expensive type of neon, with a characteristic voile shape of fins. Reach up to 4 cm. In length. Content options are standard.
Cost 5.4 USD. More details here: Neon voile and neon orange
Neon orange or orange
The rarest look! Neon resembles a transparent orange slice.
It is the subject of hunting exquisite gourmets of the aquarium world.
Interesting facts about neons
“Neons: a bloody story” As it was already said before, a certain French national, Auguste Rabo, was the first person to become interested in neons. Well, since he was a dashing businessman and was looking for gold in the tropical forests of the Amazon River, he also caught exotic butterflies and collected orchids, again not for idle curiosity, but for further sale – the reflection of neon fish greedily reflected in gold in his insatiable eyes .
Everyone knows that greed and greed do not lead to good because they are included in the list of deadly sins. Rabo paid for it. And it all happened like this:
Auguste Rabo wandered through the Amazon rainforest and picked up the infection – tropical fever. Benefit pumped his local aborigines – Peruvian Indians.
Having labeled Rabo in one of the Indian huts, he first saw the neons that were floating in a makeshift dish. It was then that the business idea of Rabo was ripe, as it was making money on these brilliant little fish.
He organized the transportation of fish to the continent, and the poor neonchik was pushed into wooden crates, missed the gaps with resin, and in addition to the fish during transportation, they did not feed anything. However, the neons were tenacious and safely reached the United States of America.
Most of the surviving neon Rabo sent to Germany, and the rest gave fanatic and connoisseur of tropical fish – William Innesi. Remembering the nature of O. Rabo, it should be said that this was done not out of the goodness of his heart, but for the purpose of a complaint – because Innes was the publisher of an aquarium magazine and Rabo was hoping to publish an article about his mega discovery, with all the ensuing profit consequences …
The article was published, moreover, Inessi handed over the fish to ichthyologist D. Mayers, who in 1936 published a scientific work describing a new type of fish and named them in honor of Inessi – Paracheirodon innesi.
William Thornton Innes (1874 -1969) – The state of Philadelphia, USA was born, where he graduated from school. Upon graduation, began to work with his father in publishing.
In 1917 he published his first book, On the Goldfish. In 1932 founded his famous magazine “Aquarium”, which lasted 35 years.
In addition, since 1920, Innes has regularly organized aquarium exhibitions. Also in 1932 published the book “Exotic Aquarium Fish”, which was regularly republished.
George Myers (1938–1970) – US national: ichthyologist, zoologist and herpetologist, was a professor at Stanford University, from 1942 to 1994. – Professor of the National Museum of Brazil in Rio de Janeiro. So began the neon boom! Employees of the largest aquarium companies have ousted Auguste Raboh, generously and regularly paying him decent sums for the supply of neons.
Aquarium dealers hoped to multiply them and thereby return the money spent on Rabo. Yes, it was not there, all the swept up neon caviar died for unknown reasons.
In turn, Rabo, realizing the benefits of his monopoly position, strictly kept the secret of the neon’s habitat and secretly left for Amazon for a new batch of fish. This situation lasted for three years until spies of aquarium companies traced Rabo by the Ucayali River, where he was killed.
A year later, the delivery of neon fish was arranged without the participation of the deceased.
Neons, what else ?! – Neon is called the initiators of aquarium chemistry.
This is due to the fact that for their breeding and obtaining the “necessary soft, spawning water” aquarists had to carefully study the hydrochemistry of water, because of which the aquarium case rose to an even higher level.
– Caviar and young neon catastrophically afraid of lighting, from which they inevitably die. Such a malicious joke is played with them by the neon genetic program, which allows the fish to develop only in the twilight, as it happens in the tropical environment of the Amazon River.
– Neons have scales, but under it skin, which consists of special pigment cells – chromatophore. Actually, they produce from the blood the neon-metallic color of the fish.
– Fish do not emit light, it is only a reflection and refraction of the incident rays of light.
– Not only neons but also many other inhabitants of the aquarium world can glow with neon. For example, neon goby oceanops (Elacatinus oceanops), the size of which is comparable to neon and is 5 cm.
in the photo is a neon bull – Many lovers of the aquarium world are wondering, why does neonam need such an attractive color, is it very dangerous? Until now, there is no scientific explanation for this color of fish.
There is only the assumption that they need it to attract a partner in the mating season, as well as to confuse the predator, fooling it when the flock of neons crumbles. Recommended neon literature:
1.Kochetov S. “Neons and small haracinids”
2. Kochetov S. “Characteristic in an aquarium: from neons to piranhas”
The author of the book tells about many species of tropical fish, including neon fish and other small species. From the books you will learn how to prepare an aquarium for neons, their conditions of detention, feeding and breeding.