maintenance, care, compatibility
The name of the aquarium fish photo catalog video species.
NAMES OF AQUARIUM FISHES.
Goldfish appeared almost more than a thousand years ago, the first color variations of the Chinese goldfish. It is from them that the goldfish with all its numerous species leads its pedigree.
Aquarium for goldfish should be large, with a large pebble or gravel.
GOLD FISH Name of aquarium fish
Beautiful fish “in the soul” remained crucian and, like crucians, dig in the ground, stir up the water and dig up the plants. It is necessary to have powerful filters in an aquarium and plant plants with a strong root system or in pots.
Body length up to 22 cm. The body is rounded, with long veil fins. The color is orange, red, black or spotty.
By a long-term selection of aquarists of the Ancient East, it was possible to bring out a huge number of beautiful species. golden fish. Among them: telescopes, veils, celestial eye, or astrologer, Shubunkin and others. They differ from each other in body shape, fins, color, and have long lost their resemblance to carp.
Name aquarium fish-COMET
Pretty small fish that can live in aquariums from 30 liters. Classic color – brown.
Often these little catfish are confused with larger counterparts – pterigoplichtami. In general, a very hardworking fish and well clean growth.
Name aquarium fish – ANCISTRUS
HUMBLER – one of the most popular aquarium fish. In nature, it is found in the waters of Honduras, Central America, Guatemala and Mexico.
Viviparous fish. Males are distinguished from females by the presence of a process in the form of a sword, hence the name. It has an interesting feature, in the absence of males, the female can change the sex and grow a “sword”.
They are also known for eating algae and snails.
HEMBERS –Name of aquarium fish
Contents: 24 – 26 ° С; dH 8 – 25 °; pH 7 – 8
Very cute and smart catfish corridor. We would compare them with the Pomeranian Spitz in the dog world. The bottom small fish, which does not require special conditions, feeds on what it can find at the bottom.
As a rule, they are 2-10 centimeters long. Do not know who to plant in the aquarium – buy a corridor.
CORRIDORAS—Name of aquarium fish
This type of bots is the most popular among aquarists. Most likely due to the fact that clowns look very impressive, as seen in the photo. Feature of the fish – thorns, which are under the eyes.
These spikes can be advanced when the fish are in danger. Can live up to 20 years.
BOTTION CLOWN—Name of aquarium fish
Perhaps one of the most spectacular types of barbs – for this and is considered one of the most popular of its kind. Keep them necessary in the pack, which makes the fish even more spectacular.
Size in the aquarium – up to 4-5 centimeters.
BARBUS—Name of aquarium fish
SIAMSKAYA VODOROSLEED – peace-loving and very active fish. The best helper in the fight against algae.
Inhabits the waters of Thailand and the Malaysian Peninsula.
In nature it grows up to 16 cm, in captivity it is much smaller. Life expectancy in an aquarium can be 10 years.
It eats algae of almost all types and even “Vietnamese”.
Contents: 24 – 26 ° С; dH 4 – 20 °; pH 6.5 – 7
VODOROSLEED –Name of aquarium fish
DISKUS – the most interesting and beautiful fish, a representative of the Cichlid family. The birthplace of this fish is South America.
Discussions are calm, peaceful and a little shy. They live in the middle layers of water, they do not get along well with scalars and highly active fish. Keep should be a group of 6 or more individuals.
Very demanding on water temperature. If the temperature is below 27 ° C, the discus is sick, refuse to eat and die.
Content: 27 – 33 ° С; dH to 12 °; pH 5 – 6
DISKUS—Name of aquarium fish
GUPPI – the most unpretentious fish, ideal for novice aquarists. Habitat – North part of South America and Barbados and Trinidad.
The male has a luxurious tail with a bright and beautiful pattern. The female is twice the size of the male and not so bright.
This fish is viviparous. The tank should be closed. It is better to keep them in a specific aquarium, as active neighbors can damage their veil tails.
Guppies are omnivores.
Content: 20 – 26 ° С; dH to 25 °; pH 6.5 – 8.5
GUPPI—Name of aquarium fish
Shark Barbus (bala)
The shark of the ball or the barbus is a fish, which was so named as a result of similarity with sharks (this can be seen from the photo of the aquarium fish next to the description). These fish are large, can grow up to 30-40 centimeters, so they are best kept together with other large barbs in the amount of 150 liters.
SHARK BALA—Name of aquarium fish
COCK – betta fish In nature, it is found in Southeast Asia.
The only drawback is that males are very aggressive towards each other. Can grow up to 5 cm in length.
Surprisingly, this fish breathes atmospheric air, due to a special labyrinth organ. The content of this fish does not require special knowledge. It is desirable to have an aquarium from 3 liters.
Variety in feed is welcome.
Content: 25 – 28 ° С; dH 5 – 15 °; pH 6 – 8
COCK –Name of aquarium fish
GURAMI – peace-loving and beautiful fish. It belongs to the Labyrinth family. Found in the waters of the large islands of Indonesia, the Malacca Peninsula, southern Vietnam.
They get along with any neighbors, grow up to 10 cm. It lives mainly in the upper and middle layers of water. Maximum active in the daytime.
Recommended for beginner aquarists. It is necessary to keep in the aquarium at least 100 liters with live plants and bright lighting.
Contents: 24 – 26 ° С; dH 8 – 10 °; pH 6.5 – 7
GURAMI—Name of aquarium fish
Small fish up to 5 centimeters. It is not difficult to recognize because of the color – a black body with longitudinal white stripes.
Like all danios, nimble fish that never sits still.
DANIO—Name of aquarium fish
Telescopes come in gold and black. In size, as a rule, they are not particularly large, up to 10-12 cm, so they can live in aquariums from 60 liters.
Fish spectacular and unusual, suitable for those who love all the original.
TELESCOPE-Name of aquarium fish
There are black, orange, yellow, and mestizos. The form is a cross between a guppy and a swordtail.
The fish is larger than the above described relatives, therefore it needs aquariums from 40 liters.
Mollensia—Name of aquarium fish
Pecillia is the personification of the whole genus – petsiliev. They can be of different colors, from bright orange, to variegated with black patches.
Fish can grow to 5-6 centimeters.
PECILIA-Name of aquarium fish
Moral fish that does not like encroachment on its territory. Though beautiful, it requires proper attitude.
It is better not to plant them with their own kind, in the aquarium there is enough female and male of this species, they can get along with neons, guppies and other non-large species.
MACROPOD—Name of aquarium fish
NEON – mobile, schooling, peace-loving and very shy fish. Rod from the basin of the river Rio Negru.
In an aquarium it grows up to 3.5 cm, life expectancy up to 5 years. Keep should flock in an amount of 10 individuals.
It is not worthwhile to push them into large fish, since neon can easily become their prey. Keeps in the lower and upper layers. The size of the aquarium is selected at the rate of 15 – 20 liters per couple of individuals.
Feed: small bloodworm, dry flocculent.
Content: 22 – 26 ° С; dH to 8 °; pH 5 – 6.5
NEON-Name of aquarium fish
CALERY – angel fish. It is found in South America in the Amazon and Orinoco rivers.
This fish has been known to aquarists for many years. She is able to decorate with her presence absolutely any aquarium. This calm and gregarious fish with a life expectancy of 10 years.
Keep it should be a group of 4 – 6 individuals. A large and hungry angelfish can eat a small fish, such as neon. And such a fish as a barbus can easily pluck her fins and antennae.
Prefers live food.
Contents: 24 – 27 ° С; dH 6 – 15 °; pH 6.5 – 7.5
SCALARIAN—Name of aquarium fish
The tetra fish like when there are a lot of live plants in the aquarium, and therefore oxygen. The body of the fish is slightly oblate, the prevailing colors are red, black and silver.
TETRA—Name of aquarium fish
Ternetia is also called black tetra. Classic color – black and silver, in black vertical stripes.
The fish is quite popular, so finding it in your city is not difficult.
TERNESIA—Name of aquarium fish
The size of the fish is different, but in general they do not grow more than 8-10 centimeters. There are smaller species. All the fish are beautiful, have a silver color, with different shades.
Schooling fish and more calmly live in a group.
Rainbows—Name of aquarium fish
ASTRONOTUS – large, calm and a little shy fish. Occurs in the Amazon River Basins.
In the aquarium can grow up to 25 cm, the life expectancy can be more than 10 years. Little neighbors can eat. The aquarium is selected at the rate of 100 liters per individual.
Sharp scenery should not be, as the astronotus in a panic can hurt yourself. Aquarium must be closed.
Feed should be live food.
Content: 23 – 26 ° С; dH to 35 °; pH 6.5 – 8.5
ASTROTONUS –Name of aquarium fish
BLACK KNIFE – bottom and night fish. It inhabits overgrown parts of the Amazon River.
It has an interesting body structure. Can move in any direction.
In an aquarium it grows up to 40 cm. During the daytime it mostly hides. It is better to keep alone, as skirmishes may occur between large individuals.
An aquarium of 200 l with snags, live plants and a large number of stone shelters will be suitable for maintenance.
It feeds on live food.
Content: 20 – 25 ° С; dH 4 – 18 °; pH 6 – 7.5
FISH KNIFE—Name of aquarium fish
List of all aquarium fish alphabetically, with a link to the photo and description
List of all aquarium fish alphabetically,
with a link to the photo and description
Fishes on letter a
Agamiksis white-blooded Asian pikes
Anoptihtis or Blind Fish
Arnoldihtis, Tetra red-eyed or Congo yellow
Afioharaks Ratbun or ruby
Fishes on letter b
Two point barbus
Barbus Oligolepis or Island Barbel
Four Line Barbus
Belontia or Ceylon macropod
Bricinus long-fusible or Congo’s brilliant
Brochis or Catfish Green
Fishes on a letter AT
Fishes on a letter R
Fishes on a letter D
Dermogenis dwarf or Poluryl fighting
Dragon or Corynopom
Fishes on a letter F
Fishes on a letter H
Astrologer or celestial eye
Fishes on a letter TO
Calicht and Kallichtis
Xiphohorus or Pecilia
Fishes on a letter L
Labeo two color
Fishes on a letter M
Bosmana melanotenia or bicolor uterine
Mecherot, Mecherotny pike or Peacock eye
Mollies high ceilings
Fishes on a letter H
Fishes on a letter ABOUT
Orizias or Japanese Medka
Fishes on a letter P
Pachipankhaks or Pleifer
Pelmatohromis or Parrot
Cock, Betta or Boytsovskaya fish
Polycentrus or Fish Stump
Fishes on a letter R
Fish chameleon or badis badis
Fishes on a letter WITH
Fishes on a letter T
Trichopsis or Gourami grumbling
Fishes on a letter F
Philomena or Moenkauzia red-eyed
Fishes on a letter X
Hasemania or Tetra copper
Fishes on a letter C
Wine or Smaragdine
Lemon Cychlasma or Citron Cychlasma
Cyclosend gray or Cychlosome spilurum
Fishes on a letter H
Fishes on a letter Sh
Fishes on a letter Uh
Fishes on a letter YU
The first began to breed these beautiful creatures of the Chinese and Koreans. Then they conquered the Japanese in the 16th century, and in the 17th century the Portuguese and the Dutch brought goldfish to Europe.
Homeland aquarium fish guppies.
In the wild, these creatures inhabit the waters of Brazil, Venezuela, and they are also found in Guiana, on the islands of Trinidad and Barbados. For the first time physicians paid attention to them.
It turns out that these fish eat the larvae of anopheles mosquitoes, significantly reducing the population of these dangerous insects in their region.
Homeland aquarium fish catfish.
Golden catfish, tiger and speckled came to us from South America (Colombia, Brazil, Uruguay). Som shifter appeared in Africa (region of the Congo River).
But there is also a unique transparent fish – glass catfish. These creatures came to Europe from Hindustan, Sumatra and Burma.
Homeland aquarium fish gourami.
This type of fish lives in Southeast Asia (Sumatra, Java, Thailand, Vietnam). The first who began to actively engage in acclimatization gourami, trying to teach them to the climate of Europe, was a French aquarist and naturalist Pierre Carbonier.
Homeland of aquarium fish angelfish.
To see these creatures in the wild, you will have to go to the shores of Orinoco and Amazon, or take a walk along the largest river of Guyana – Essequibo. Angelfish do not like the fast flow and adore the reservoirs covered with thickets.
To describe all the aquarium fish and tell where their distant homeland is located is simply impossible. The number of species of these amazing creatures exceeds 21 thousand!
Those lovers who are interested in this article can find more information in reference books or catalogs. Only on the example of the five most common species, you will easily understand how wide the geography of the origin of the creatures that inhabit your aquariums is.
Among this type of aquarium pets barbs are widely distributed (Sumatran, fiery, dark-haired ruby, tiger), which prefer live food and grow to about 6 centimeters. They are quite unpretentious, but they should be purchased in pairs.
These smallest aquarium pets can not be settled with relatives of veil forms because barbs are able to nibble their fins.
See how live barbs look like.
The presence of the smallest aquarium fish – danio rerio or danio inle will be spectacular. These most active and very playful small schooling fish prefer live or dry food, and their size reaches 3 to 5 centimeters.
Excessive mobility of waterfowl, unfortunately, is dangerous for them. Often, danios jump out of their pool, so only closed aquariums are suitable for growing them.
Talking about the smallest fish for breeding, it is impossible not to mention the well-known neon. These smallest inhabitants of indoor ponds are famous for their amazing color, or rather neon luminous strip, which runs through the whole body.
Like all small fish, neons are schooling, so it is worth to settle them in groups of 10 pieces.
Look at the neon aquarium.
Whatever schooling fish you choose, it is very important to understand that their attractive colorful appearance and cheerfulness depend on you completely. It should be borne in mind that the minimum allowable amount of water for each instance can not be less than 3 liters. Too many water dwellers will transform your source of inspiration and positive into a kind of “communal apartment” and not the best way affect their behavior.
Maintaining an optimal temperature, a weekly water change of 20 percent, the presence of an aquarium filter, aeration and suitable food – these simple procedures will help you enjoy the contemplation of the brilliance of bright colors in the aquarium.
And here’s another great selection of nano fish – look:
Popular and beautiful predators from home aquariums
Place a tank for predatory fish in a calm, well-lit corner. The larger the size of the aquarium, the better for all the fish.
Predatory pets need optimal water parameters, do not tolerate temperature fluctuations, which also provokes aggressive behavior. The parameters of the aquatic environment need to be adjusted by instruments, any changes affect the overall condition.
Filtration, aeration should be permanent.
Decorate the water landscape with snags, caves, stones, clay pots, water broad-leaved plants with a strong root system. The easiest way to contain predators tsihlazom and cancer because of the larger size and simplicity.
Smaller predators require serious training aquarist. Do not immerse hands in the tank with water, treated with cosmetics, or scratched, with bruises.
Carnivorous species can attack a wounded arm and damage it.
Look at the feeding of predatory aquarium fish.
Predatory aquarium fish just will not attack their neighbors or people. If this happens, then there are reasons for it, among them may be:
- Desire to satisfy your appetite, hunger;
- The desire to defend their territory;
- Spawning and protection of offspring;
- Conflict between males over a female, or dominant behavior;
- Similar body color, or bright body color of another fish;
- The small size of the body of neighbors, their sluggishness;
- Aggressive human behavior.
When settling it is necessary to take into account that representatives of one species get along better with each other. Exceptions are barbs, polypteruses, sharks, piranhas and other species that live better alone, or in very spacious tanks with other fish. African cichlids do not live with South American for the reason that they need different water parameters.
Dwarf cichlids live well with apistograms, patsils, mollies, scalars, and pelminochromis.
Do not settle small herbivorous fish with predatory, all aquarian inhabitants must be proportionate, have the same taste habits. Feed everyone in time. Make sure that during the holidays someone feeds your pets, otherwise those who are stronger will destroy the weaker ones.
Feed predatory fish in small portions 2 times a day. The abundance of animal feed with protein content is the key to their well-being. If a hungry predator decides to eat another fish, he can wait for it for a long time from an ambush.
Try to avoid such moments, create the most comfortable conditions for all pets.
See also: How to feed a cichlid in a home aquarium?