maintenance, care, compatibility
Guppy content care spawn photo video description compatibility.
These fish are great for children – so easy to care for them. The presence of fish will bring up the responsibility of the child.
Of course – one of those fish that are recommended for beginners.
But also experienced aquarists guppies are suitable, because in guppy fish breeding occurs very easily, which makes it possible to engage in selection. New species become capricious to the conditions of detention, hardly divorced, so it will not be boring.
The world of aquarium catfish is very diverse and has about 800 species. These are freshwater fish with a short body shape, a broad head and a flattened side.
There are no scales on the catfish’s body, and there are thorns on the fins. In nature, these fish can be found in different parts of the world.
Fans of aquarium catfish strikes their variety of species.
A variety of catfish species
Homeland aquarium catfish tarakatum from the family of armor-clad or kallichtovyh – shallow waters of South America. This species lives in thickets of rivers with a strong current.
In drought buries deep in the mud. Loves soft soil. Being bored, it does not damage the plants.
This catfish is characterized by the fact that he loves to jump in height, so it is important that the aquarium was always closed from above.
Homeland speckled catfish of the same family South America, Argentina, Brazil, as well as Uruguay, Paraguay. These are peaceful peaceful fish with a night peak of activity.
It is also called catfish ordinary, simple catfish or marble catfish. These fish are very unpretentious in the content.
Therefore, they are recommended even for beginners lovers of aquarium fish.
On the sandy areas of South American reservoirs, you can find bottomfish golden catfish. In captivity, he reaches no more than 7 cm in length.
Himself catfish yellowish-brown. Oxygen captures the mouth, and absorbs the posterior intestine.
Moves spikes, which are located on the pectoral fins. It is very interesting to watch these catfish creeping from place to place.
The catfish sparrow belongs to the family of crustaceans. South America is the birthplace of this aquarium catfish.
Homeland aquarium tiger catfish South America, Colombia, Brazil. These are predatory fish that feed on mussels, fish, and worms.
In an aquarium, sand and a lot of oxygen will be needed as a substrate. Predatory aquarium catfish tiger barbus loves live food: pipe maker, bloodworm.
Although they can eat and dry food.
Very interesting appearance of transparent catfish. The genus crypterus includes two types of transparent catfish from Southeast Asia.
Glass catfish can be found in India and Indonesia. They were first imported to Europe in 1934.
They live in the middle water layers. Their body is transparent.
The skeleton is clearly visible. Through the body, you can even see the back wall of the aquarium.
These fish are not aggressive and fearful. Feel confident in the flocks.
Recommend to keep these fish 5-6 pieces. Then they do not hide and calmly swim around the aquarium.
Homeland hakovom catfish is India, Burma, Sumatra. These catfishes have a powerful head, a wide mouth and a small dorsal fin. These are predator fish.
They are active only at night.
The catfish was sticking to the chain mail or Loricarids. It is distinguished by a large muzzle with suckers. With his face he cleans the algae from the walls of the aquarium for food.
These catfishes are called pterigoplichts or catfish cleaners. Pterigoplicht broth is common.
Homeland aquarium catfish sticky shallow water tributaries of large South American rivers, flooded areas of the jungle. It lives in thickets of plants.
Pimelody or flat-headed catfish are valued for the brightness of the coloration. The homeland of this aquarium catfish is Mexico and Argentina. Catfish cuckoo or multi-spotted catfish belongs to the family of fringed.
In nature, lives in one of the largest African lakes Tanganyika.
Shark catfish is from Thailand. Loneliness for this catfish can cause stress.
This is a schooling fish. With a sharp appearance of light or shadow, they rush around the aquarium near its very surface.
They may even damage their noses for fear. Pretty big fish.
Siamese shark catfish reach up to 30 cm. And, high-melting to half a meter.
Homeland aquarium catfish Changeling Africa, reservoirs of the Congo River. When a danger arises, he turns his belly up.
In this position, he rests and eats.
Its name – these fish were in honor of the man who first discovered and made public this discovery to the world community. His name was Robert Guppy. There was such a significant event on the island of Trinidat back in the year 66.
To date, there are a huge number of varieties of these fish, each of which has its own distinctive features. Consider some species of guppy in more detail.
The name of the aquarium fish photo catalog video species.
NAMES OF AQUARIUM FISHES.
Goldfish appeared almost more than a thousand years ago, the first color variations of the Chinese goldfish. It is from them that the goldfish with all its numerous species leads its pedigree.
Aquarium for goldfish should be large, with a large pebble or gravel.
GOLD FISH Name of aquarium fish
Beautiful fish “in the soul” remained crucian and, like crucians, dig in the ground, stir up the water and dig up the plants. It is necessary to have powerful filters in an aquarium and plant plants with a strong root system or in pots.
Body length up to 22 cm. The body is rounded, with long veil fins. The color is orange, red, black or spotty.
By a long-term selection of aquarists of the Ancient East, it was possible to bring out a huge number of beautiful species. golden fish. Among them: telescopes, veils, celestial eye, or astrologer, Shubunkin and others. They differ from each other in body shape, fins, color, and have long lost their resemblance to carp.
Name aquarium fish-COMET
Pretty small fish that can live in aquariums from 30 liters. Classic color – brown.
Often these little catfish are confused with larger counterparts – pterigoplichtami. In general, a very hardworking fish and well clean growth.
Name aquarium fish – ANCISTRUS
HUMBLER – one of the most popular aquarium fish. In nature, it is found in the waters of Honduras, Central America, Guatemala and Mexico.
Viviparous fish. Males are distinguished from females by the presence of a process in the form of a sword, hence the name. It has an interesting feature, in the absence of males, the female can change the sex and grow a “sword”.
They are also known for eating algae and snails.
HEMBERS –Name of aquarium fish
Contents: 24 – 26 ° С; dH 8 – 25 °; pH 7 – 8
Very cute and smart catfish corridor. We would compare them with the Pomeranian Spitz in the dog world. The bottom small fish, which does not require special conditions, feeds on what it can find at the bottom.
As a rule, they are 2-10 centimeters long. Do not know who to plant in the aquarium – buy a corridor.
CORRIDORAS—Name of aquarium fish
This type of bots is the most popular among aquarists. Most likely due to the fact that clowns look very impressive, as seen in the photo.
Feature of the fish – thorns, which are under the eyes. These spikes can be advanced when the fish are in danger.
Can live up to 20 years.
BOTTION CLOWN—Name of aquarium fish
Perhaps one of the most spectacular types of barbs – for this and is considered one of the most popular of its kind. Keep them necessary in the pack, which makes the fish even more spectacular.
Size in the aquarium – up to 4-5 centimeters.
BARBUS—Name of aquarium fish
SIAMSKAYA VODOROSLEED – peace-loving and very active fish. The best helper in the fight against algae.
Inhabits the waters of Thailand and the Malaysian Peninsula.
In nature it grows up to 16 cm, in captivity it is much smaller. Life expectancy in an aquarium can be 10 years.
It eats algae of almost all types and even “Vietnamese”.
Contents: 24 – 26 ° С; dH 4 – 20 °; pH 6.5 – 7
VODOROSLEED –Name of aquarium fish
DISKUS – the most interesting and beautiful fish, a representative of the Cichlid family. The birthplace of this fish is South America.
Discussions are calm, peaceful and a little shy. They live in the middle layers of water, they do not get along well with scalars and highly active fish.
Keep should be a group of 6 or more individuals. Very demanding on water temperature.
If the temperature is below 27 ° C, the discus is sick, refuse to eat and die.
Content: 27 – 33 ° С; dH to 12 °; pH 5 – 6
DISKUS—Name of aquarium fish
GUPPI – the most unpretentious fish, ideal for novice aquarists. Habitat – North part of South America and Barbados and Trinidad.
The male has a luxurious tail with a bright and beautiful pattern. The female is twice the size of the male and not so bright.
This fish is viviparous. The tank should be closed. It is better to keep them in a specific aquarium, as active neighbors can damage their veil tails.
Guppies are omnivores.
Content: 20 – 26 ° С; dH to 25 °; pH 6.5 – 8.5
GUPPI—Name of aquarium fish
Shark Barbus (bala)
The shark of the ball or the barbus is a fish, which was so named as a result of similarity with sharks (this can be seen from the photo of the aquarium fish next to the description). These fish are large, can grow up to 30-40 centimeters, so they are best kept together with other large barbs in the amount of 150 liters.
SHARK BALA—Name of aquarium fish
COCK – betta fish In nature, it is found in Southeast Asia.
The only drawback is that males are very aggressive towards each other. Can grow up to 5 cm in length.
Surprisingly, this fish breathes atmospheric air, due to a special labyrinth organ. The content of this fish does not require special knowledge.
It is desirable to have an aquarium from 3 liters. Variety in feed is welcome.
Content: 25 – 28 ° С; dH 5 – 15 °; pH 6 – 8
COCK –Name of aquarium fish
GURAMI – peace-loving and beautiful fish. It belongs to the Labyrinth family. Found in the waters of the large islands of Indonesia, the Malacca Peninsula, southern Vietnam.
They get along with any neighbors, grow up to 10 cm. It lives mainly in the upper and middle layers of water.
Maximum active in the daytime. Recommended for beginner aquarists.
It is necessary to keep in the aquarium at least 100 liters with live plants and bright lighting.
Contents: 24 – 26 ° С; dH 8 – 10 °; pH 6.5 – 7
GURAMI—Name of aquarium fish
Small fish up to 5 centimeters. It is not difficult to recognize because of the color – a black body with longitudinal white stripes.
Like all danios, nimble fish that never sits still.
DANIO—Name of aquarium fish
Telescopes come in gold and black. In size, as a rule, they are not particularly large, up to 10-12 cm, so they can live in aquariums from 60 liters.
Fish spectacular and unusual, suitable for those who love all the original.
TELESCOPE-Name of aquarium fish
There are black, orange, yellow, and mestizos. The form is a cross between a guppy and a swordtail.
The fish is larger than the above described relatives, therefore it needs aquariums from 40 liters.
Mollensia—Name of aquarium fish
Pecillia is the personification of the whole genus – petsiliev. They can be of different colors, from bright orange, to variegated with black patches.
Fish can grow to 5-6 centimeters.
PECILIA-Name of aquarium fish
Moral fish that does not like encroachment on its territory. Though beautiful, it requires proper attitude.
It is better not to plant them with their own kind, in the aquarium there is enough female and male of this species, they can get along with neons, guppies and other non-large species.
MACROPOD—Name of aquarium fish
NEON – mobile, schooling, peace-loving and very shy fish. Rod from the basin of the river Rio Negru.
In an aquarium it grows up to 3.5 cm, life expectancy up to 5 years. Keep should flock in an amount of 10 individuals.
It is not worthwhile to push them into large fish, since neon can easily become their prey. Keeps in the lower and upper layers.
The size of the aquarium is selected at the rate of 15 – 20 liters per couple of individuals. Feed: small bloodworm, dry flocculent.
Content: 22 – 26 ° С; dH to 8 °; pH 5 – 6.5
NEON-Name of aquarium fish
CALERY – angel fish. It is found in South America in the Amazon and Orinoco rivers.
This fish has been known to aquarists for many years. She is able to decorate with her presence absolutely any aquarium. This calm and gregarious fish with a life expectancy of 10 years.
Keep it should be a group of 4 – 6 individuals. A large and hungry angelfish can eat a small fish, such as neon.
And such a fish as a barbus can easily pluck her fins and antennae. Prefers live food.
Contents: 24 – 27 ° С; dH 6 – 15 °; pH 6.5 – 7.5
SCALARIAN—Name of aquarium fish
The tetra fish like when there are a lot of live plants in the aquarium, and therefore oxygen. The body of the fish is slightly oblate, the prevailing colors are red, black and silver.
TETRA—Name of aquarium fish
Ternetia is also called black tetra. Classic color – black and silver, in black vertical stripes.
The fish is quite popular, so finding it in your city is not difficult.
TERNESIA—Name of aquarium fish
The size of the fish is different, but in general they do not grow more than 8-10 centimeters. There are smaller species.
All the fish are beautiful, have a silver color, with different shades. Schooling fish and more calmly live in a group.
Rainbows—Name of aquarium fish
ASTRONOTUS – large, calm and a little shy fish. Occurs in the Amazon River Basins.
In the aquarium can grow up to 25 cm, the life expectancy can be more than 10 years. Little neighbors can eat.
The aquarium is selected at the rate of 100 liters per individual. Sharp scenery should not be, as the astronotus in a panic can hurt yourself.
Aquarium must be closed. Feed should be live food.
Content: 23 – 26 ° С; dH to 35 °; pH 6.5 – 8.5
ASTROTONUS –Name of aquarium fish
BLACK KNIFE – bottom and night fish. It inhabits overgrown parts of the Amazon River.
It has an interesting body structure. Can move in any direction. In the aquarium it grows up to 40 cm.
In the daytime, mostly hiding. It is better to keep alone, as skirmishes may occur between large individuals.
An aquarium of 200 l with snags, live plants and a large number of stone shelters will be suitable for maintenance.
It feeds on live food.
Content: 20 – 25 ° С; dH 4 – 18 °; pH 6 – 7.5
FISH KNIFE—Name of aquarium fish
Guppy fish, photo-video review of content, compatibility and breeding
Guppy Compatibility: compatible with all non-predatory and not big fish.
Personal experience and useful tips: Everyone probably knows these fish, even those who have never seen aquariums. We can say that these fish are the fish of all children of the former USSR (they were in all Soviet aquariums))). The fish is very beautiful and unpretentious.
The tail fin is her beauty. The simplicity of the fish is that it can withstand “difficult conditions of detention.”
I happened to see an aquarium with guppies without aeration, without filtration, without plants, without proper feeding, etc. – horror, terrible dream aquarist. Nevertheless, guppies managed not only to survive in such an aquarium, but even tried to multiply.
So to mock the fish of course not worth it.
Interestingly, guppies reproduce – they are viviparous and actually do it themselves without any special stimulation. I recommend to take 3-4 females per 1 male, otherwise they simply drive the females. Fry can not be removed from the general aquarium, but then on the surface of the water must be floating plants, for example, duckweed.
Fry will hide behind these plants.
In nature, lives in the northern part of South America. But now, as a result of artificial acclimatization, these fish have spread to all continents.
During the long years of keeping guppies in aquariums and careful selection, many species of guppies have been obtained, and their maintenance and maintenance are not so simple. At present, it is very difficult to classify guppies, because as a result of numerous crosses, more and more new breeds are bred each year.
The basis for the classification of guppies are body color (mainly in males), size, shape and color of the fins. The length of the male guppy is up to 3 cm, the females up to 6 cm.
The body of the male is elongated, slender, somewhat flattened laterally. The body of the female is also elongated, with the back part more flattened from the sides. Males have guppies much brighter and have not only beautiful patterns, but also luxurious tails and fins, while the fins of the female are short, the color is weak.
In males, the anal fin has become an organ of fertilization – gonopodium.
The group can be kept in the general aquarium (but not with fast-floating species that can tear off their fins) from 60 cm in length, in places with dense thickets of plants, including small-leaved, reaching the surface of the water (among them desirable Indian and glossy leaf) floating plants with roots hanging down, as well as riccia, where the fry will find shelter. To the volume of the aquarium guppies are undemanding. Compatible with any peaceful species of fish, but their voile and therefore inactive forms cannot be maintained even with such non-aggressive fish as barbs.
Therefore, pedigree species of guppies are best kept in a species aquarium. In the aquarium should not be plants with hard leaves and objects with sharp edges (stones, snags), which fish can damage the fins.
Although the temperature range of the guppy content is wide enough, you need to make sure that the temperature is stable 20 – 26 ° C; gH up to 25 °; pH in the range of 6.5 – 8.5, but preferably about 7.0. Sharp changes in temperature and water characteristics (pH, gH) adversely affect the state of the fins of males. Therefore, water should be replaced more often, but in small amounts (not more than a third).
Adding salt (1 tablespoon to 10 liters of water) and a 5% alcohol solution of iodine is useful.
Guppies are omnivorous, but prefer live food. They can not be overfed, as the fish are prone to obesity and then lose their ability to reproduce. The frequency of feeding is determined by the age of the fish.
Fry are fed three times a day in small portions. After determining and separating the sexes, they are fed twice a day.
At the age of more than four months, the frequency of feeding is reduced to once a day. At this time, males are dangerous to overfeed.
Feeding Guppy Aquarium Fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.
Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking.
In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry.
Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
Guppy breeding and reproduction. First, guppies are viviparous fishes (that is, they do not spawn, but give birth to full-fledged fry). Secondly, fertilization occurs in the general aquarium (you don’t even pay attention to it).
Well, and thirdly, small fry need a separate breeding ground to bring out the fry, because the newly born fry are in great danger of being eaten in the first minutes after their birth: these fish are prone to cannibalism!
As a breeding ground for breeding guppies, you can use any capacity: a plastic bowl (5 liters), a small round aquarium (5 liters), or just a three-liter jar. Naturally, any of the containers should be perfectly clean.
The pregnancy of the female lasts, about 5-6 weeks. Your task is this: watch the growth of the female’s abdomen.
As soon as you see that the anus of the female is slightly swollen, reddened and a dark spot appears on it – immediately replant the fish in the breeding ground! (it is sometimes recommended that a male be transplanted along with the female. I see absolutely no point in this: the female is already fertilized, and the male will only interfere.
By the way, the breeding feature of guppies: once a fertilized female, it can itself, without re-fertilization, bring the offspring into the light several times).
For breeding guppies need prepare a breeding ground: in a capacity of 5 liters, put a little Riccia, as well as some thick plants. The water temperature in the spawning area should be + 26 * C + 27 * C, the hardness and acidity is left as in the general aquarium. (Simply put, take five liters of aquarium water, pour it into the breeding ground and raise the temperature of this water).
All this time, feed the female with a bloodworm: she will need strength. Depending on the age of the female and male, from 20 to 100 fry are born.
At that moment, when the female gave birth to the last fry, it is necessary to deposit it.