maintenance, care, compatibility
In this article we will tell about one of the fish, ideal for beginner aquarists. Her name is minor.
This small fish has gained its popularity by the fact that it does not require complicated care, it is rather unpretentious, but at the same time it is very interesting to watch the moving and playful flock of minors. Despite the simplicity of the content, it is impossible to prevent the deterioration of conditions, since these Kheratsinovyhs slow growth, the brightness of the color is lost, they begin to multiply poorly, their life is shortened.
Minors have a rather peaceful temper. They prefer to stay in flocks of 4 individuals.
If you keep them one by one, they can start attacking other small fish or even their fellows. Especially they do not like sluggish veils, gnawing their fins and tails.
Almost all peaceful moving small fishes of approximately the same size and temperament, with the exception of the above, can become neighbors for minors.
Ideal for minors are the conditions of the aquarium “tropical forest”. What is required?
Long aquarium. Thirty-liter containers are quite acceptable, but the optimal volume is 10 liters for each fish from the flock.
There must be a lid on top, since these heracin ones are pretty jumping.
Vegetation. In the aquarium should be both abundant thickets of plants and open space for swimming.
It should be borne in mind that the Minors prefer the lower and middle layers of water.
Plants with roots are planted in the ground, and floating located on the surface of the water. Echinodorus, Javanese moss, cryptocorin, Thai fern will be quite appropriate.
Water parameters. The water itself should have a temperature of 22-26 ° C (and the fish can tolerate occasional lows well), a hardness of 4-8 degrees, an acidity of 6.8-7.
Filtration, aeration. Be sure to install a filter and aerator. Substitutions can be done weekly, removing and adding one fifth of the water.
Hyphessobrycon minor feel great in peated water.
Lighting. The intensity of illumination is quite average.
Priming better to take a dark color. It may be sand or gravel.
At the bottom put snags, which will decorate the home pond, and will serve as shelters for minors.
Organization spawning. For offspring will need to prepare spawning.
To do this, take a small capacity (10-20 liters). A separator screen is placed on the bottom.
It is needed to protect future caviar from parents who can eat it.
The lighting is set dim and diffused. Soil is not needed, but the plants are needed.
Preference is better to give small-leaved long-stalked varieties. Additionally, you can place a bush of Thai fern, peristristis or javanese moss.
As for water, then it is poured with a layer of not more than 10-15 cm. And it should correspond to the following parameters:
- temperature 24-28 degrees
- stiffness not more than 15,
- acidity 6.2-7.
Water can be used fresh or peeled. The last one is prepared as follows: a concentrated decoction of peat is introduced into distilled water (control of acidity is mandatory!) And insist from 7 to 30 days.
Parental choices and spawning. For breeding take a pair or a group of fish. For a week before the X-hour, they practice the separation of females and males and abundant feeding.
The spawning fish are usually placed in the evening, and after a few days or even in the morning spawning occurs. Ikrinok is from 200 to 300 pieces.
They fall to the bottom, stick to the leaves of plants. After that, the fish should be deposited, and the spawner should be supplied with weak aeration and shaded.
It is not recommended to touch caviar, as it is very sensitive to this.
It also happens that spawning does not occur either in the morning or in 2-3 days. All this time, the fish do not feed.
If the miracle did not happen, then the minors are released back into the general aquarium and try again a little later.
Care for offspring. Calf fry hatch after 1-2 days and hang on glass or plants.
They can swim only in 3-5 days. Then they begin to be fed with infusoria, rotifers, cyclops nauplii and small nematodes.
Every 2-3 weeks the water in the spawner is replaced, gradually increasing its hardness.
Fish grow fairly quickly and are ready for breeding at 8-10 months.
As you can see, there is nothing difficult in the care and breeding of minors. The main thing is to remember the peculiarities of the nature of the fish and maintain the purity of the water.
Then these creatures will frolic peacefully and delight the owners with their appearance and fecundity. Good luck!
Video about the maintenance of aquarium fish in a minor:
Minor serpas (Latin Hyphessobrycon minor) is a small aquarium fish of the Kharatsyn family.
Natural habitat – freshwater with a slow flow in South America. Like any tetra, the adult minor reaches a size of no more than 5 cm in length; it lives 5-6 years in captivity.
Minor is a bright and unpretentious inhabitant of your aquarium.
Minors feel calmer if they are not alone in an aquarium: they like to swim in a flock of 6 individuals (this is the minimum). This rule is important to observe and for the reason that the minor can become aggressive, living alone in the general aquarium.
It is possible that he will begin to attack other aquarium inhabitants. The minor still has this peculiarity: its content with small fish with long filiform fins is not recommended.
The fact is that minors can confuse them with plants and nibble.
Minor loves space, so its content involves buying a fairly large aquarium or using an existing one. The water temperature in the aquarium should be at least 23-26 degrees, pH – 7.5, and the hardness – 20 dGH.
And, of course, the maintenance of minors is permissible only in pure water. A compressor for improving aeration should be used at least twice a day: in the morning and in the evening, leaving it to work for 10-20 minutes.
Pondering over which soil to buy, choose a small-sized river pebble. If there is a desire, then you can buy a color version of pebbles: such an aquarium will give not only peace, but also cheerfulness.
Plants can be bought both slender and lush, but again it must be remembered: the minor likes space, which means there should not be too many plants. For the bottom of the aquarium fine-leaved plants are perfect.
Minor fish will not mind if you put freshwater snails in an aquarium: they will help to create an optimal climate in the water kingdom.
Minors like light, but if it is non-intense, soft. In winter, the fish will definitely need an additional light source.
Do not forget to say about the feed. However, you won’t have to rant for a long time: aquarium minors eat everything. They love and live food, and dry, and various vegetation.
But especially likes daphnia minor. The fish will enjoy such a meal, and you will get a lot of fun by watching the aquarium minors chasing daphnias throughout the aquarium.
Tip: Yolk can be used as a natural vitamin supplement. Boil the egg, cool it, rub it thoroughly and pour it into small tanks in an aquarium.
Successful breeding is impossible without the correct content, and therefore it is worth being attentive to all of the listed rules.
Red Tetra or Minor Fish: Peculiarities of Content in an Aquarium
Among the large variety of aquarium fish, people prefer beautiful and unusual specimens. The rarest and most exotic species are found in remote corners of the planet, where nature creates ideal conditions for their existence.
Among them, the minor is a small fish, which belongs to the family of Haracin and lives in the reservoirs of Brazil (from Guyana to the Paraguay River).
Minor live and breed in the southern areas of the Amazon (South America). Their length reaches 5 centimeters.
The body is elongated in length, and compressed at the sides. The back of the fish is brownish-olive, the flank has a rich red tint, a slight black spot can be seen behind the gill cover. The dorsal fin has a black contour at the edges, the tip of which remains white.
Other fins are red-ruby.
Females are much denser than males and have less bright and saturated color. Aquarium fish minor has a different name – red tetra.
These are schooling and peaceful representatives of the underwater world who love to swim in the lower water layers.
Minor have a playful character and prefer to relax in dense thickets. Fish enter puberty by 8 months, but do not create steam.
But in a single copy, a minor fish can become aggressive. She begins to hunt for smaller representatives or enter into a fight with calmer fish.
Red tetra is unpretentious in food: minors are happy to take any kind of feed. They can be offered live moths, artemia, daphnia, cyclop, dry gammarusa. The diet can include dry dandelion leaves, lettuce, spinach and duckweed.
The best would be the alternation of these feeds.
Minor is an active fish, and therefore it needs a similar environment or fish that will be stress-resistant to its mobility. You can choose barbs, rasborov, catfish, placium, labo and iris.
A flock of minors (5–6 individuals) can be kept in an aquarium that is 60 centimeters long. It is better to have live algae, thickets and floating plants in the tank, which will create shady places. They love to rest red tetra.
But water accessories should not obstruct the free swimming place.
The unpretentious minor fish, the content of which is limited to the minimum comfort, prefers a weekly water change (at 25% of the total). The temperature in the aquarium should not be below + 22ºC.
One fish should be about 10 liters of water. The water in the aquarium should be filtered.
For minors, it is better to pick up a dark ground, which is recommended to decorate with Thai ferns, Javanese moss and Echinodorus.
Fearful and sedentary fish can feel bad in the company of red tetra. And all because the Minors like to start fights and bite the long fins of their neighbors.
In good conditions and with the right content red tetra can live up to 6 years.
Minor – a fish, the photo of which is presented in various sources about the underwater world, can become unrecognizable. The fact is that minors can easily mate with similar species of fish. As a result, unusual specimens are obtained, the type of which can be determined only by an experienced aquarist.
Some amateurs get voile and albino forms in aquariums.
Minor have the following varieties:
- Hyphessobrycon serape.
- Hyphessobrycon haraldschultzi.
- Hyphessobrycon minor.
They differ in size black spot and the height of the body.
Red tetra is a real decoration of the aquarium. The playful nature of the fish, their exotic coloring is pleasing to the eye and uplifting.