Botsiya marble (Botia lohachata) It became known to aquarists in 1912, and only got to Europe in 1956.
The fish has other names – Bozia Lohakata, Botsiya Almora and Botsiya Yo-Yo.
Habitat: inhabits transparent waters of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal.
Description: the body is elongated, the back is arched, and the line of the abdomen is straight. The head is slightly obtuse, there are 3 pairs of antennae.
The color is dull and can vary from golden-ocher to gray-blue and silver-violet. Dark spots and bifurcated stripes are randomly located all over the body, including transparent fins and head.
The pectoral fins are very powerful, and under the eyes are the spikes that the fish uses for defense.
There are no pronounced sexual differences. Females are slightly larger and their abdomen line is more rounded.
Botsiya Marble – male
Under natural conditions, the marble combat reaches 11 cm, but in aquariums the fish do not grow more than 7 cm.
Botsiya marble – female
Arrangement and parameters of the aquarium: for a pair of marble batts required capacity of 100 liters. With a lack of space, the fish show aggression, both to the representatives of their own kind, and to other inhabitants of the aquarium.
Preferably content flock of 5 individuals. To prevent skirmishes, shelters made of kagag, areas with dense vegetation and grottoes are necessary.
The soil should be soft, as the marble battle refers to the creeper, which often burrow into the sand. Because of the lack of scales in fish, a lot of mucus is released on the surface of the body, which they rub off on the soil, and if the substrate is too large, damage can occur.
Lighting needs scattered and weak.
Water parameters: 23-28 ° C, optimal 25 ° C, pH 6-7.5, dGH to 12.
Able to withstand temperatures as high as 30 ° C if powerful aeration is provided in the aquarium.
When pressure changes before precipitation Botsiya marble (Botia lohachata) show increased activity, capable of spontaneous spawning.
With enough living space, the marble fights are quite peaceful fish and are not dangerous for the neighbors.
Nutrition: are omnivores. Accept any feed: frozen, live, vegetable and dry. Pick up the remnants of food from the bottom.
Prefer a variety of invertebrates. Vegetable dressing (spinach, cucumbers) will protect the aquarium vegetation from the encroachments of the marble battle. You can vary the diet of crushed oatmeal.
They can eat snails.
Boths, especially young individuals, are extremely voracious and prone to obesity, so feed them should be dosed, occasionally arranging a “fasting” day.
Reproduction: to breed marble battle in aquarium conditions have become very recently.
Producers are kept separately for some time and eat vegetable food.
In the 150-liter spawning fit separator mesh, snags and large smooth stones. It provokes spawning the addition of fresh water and periodic temperature drops in the range of 24-26 ° C.
Sometimes hormonal stimulation is required.
Water parameters in the spawning aquarium: 29-32 ° C, pH 6.7-7.0, dGH 5-6.
A very powerful filtration is required, and the flow that is created by means of tubes with nozzles installed in different places of spawning.
Marble fights have a very unusual spawning process. The male picks up the female under the abdomen by the pectoral fin and rises with it to the surface, where the fish and spawn.
Given the relatively small size, females are very prolific and are capable of sweeping up to 5,000 small gray-green eggs, the size of which after swelling reaches 2 mm. Unfertilized eggs (whitish eggs) should be removed. At a temperature of 28 ° C incubation lasts 16-18 hours.
Parents do not care about eggs, and after spawning can eat it. Therefore, adult fish immediately after spawning deposited.
Botsiya Marble – Teenager
The hatching larvae are very small and at first prefer to keep in dark places. On the 4th day, the fry are able to take Nauplii Artemia, rotifers and Cyclops.
By age fry marble battle (Botia lohachata) grow to 1.5 cm