Hello, friends! Managua tsikhlazoma belongs to the family of tsikhlovyh and he comes from the waters of Central America.
Its habitat extends from Costa Rica to Honduras. Not so long ago, fish farmers conducted an artificial settlement of this fish ponds of Salvador, Panama, Guatemala and southern Mexico.
A little later, tsikhlasoma appeared in the territory of Florida.
Many believe that it was brought there by fishermen. Unfortunately, the voracity and aggressive nature of the cichlids caused significant damage to other inhabitants, who inhabited the waters of Florida.
In nature, it is a commercial fish, but aquarists are not embarrassed by this fact and they are happy to get this Cichl representative into their aquariums.
Cyclase Managua has a powerful elongated body. The eyes have a red iris, the mouth is slightly tilted. The body is colored beige, on the fins there is a scattering of black and purple spots.
The arrangement of these spots is chaotic and is not repeated in any fish, therefore you will not find several identical patterns in nature. I would like to note that the color of coloring of a fish directly depends on its habitat.
Males are larger than females. Dorsal and anal fins in males more saturated color.
Moreover, at the end of the dorsal fin the male has a pigtail. In nature, the male can reach 50-60 centimeters in length, and females up to 40 centimeters.
In aquarium conditions, these dimensions are somewhat more modest – only 30-35 centimeters.
This type of cichlasoma is an ingrained predator and has an aggressive temperament. Often, you can see the manifestation of aggression to the representatives of a kind.
Like other representatives of tsikhlovyh (salvini cichlinomas, eliot, fest and citron), the Managuan tsikhlasoma is a territorial hydrobiont. For young fish, the size of which is not more than 20 centimeters suitable aquas volume of 150-200 liters. But when the fish grow up to 10 centimeters, they must be transferred to a more spacious jar of 300 liters.
The fish may be afraid of sudden movements, so it’s best to cover the aquarium so that it does not jump out.
I would not advise you to keep this fish with other smaller fish such as antsistrusov, neon, rasbor, swordtails, etc., as they will be eaten without fail. It is better, of course, to contain a tsikhlazoyu with various large catfish (shark catfish) and other cichlids of similar size (horn flover and parrot fish). Decorate the bottom of the reservoir with various shelters of stones and snags, build grottoes and caves so that the fish can hide in them.
But do not forget to leave enough space for swimming. To complement the interior of the aquarium, it is better to use artificial plants instead of living ones, since live plants will not last long.
In order to prevent damage to the aquarium equipment, place the filter and heater better so that the fish cannot reach them.
Despite all the above subtleties, it is not difficult to care for fish. The main thing is to provide serious mechanical and biological filtration.
The fact is that fish is adversely affected by an increased concentration of nitrite and ammonia, which immediately affects behavior. Fishes become fearful, lose their motley color and strive to hide somewhere.
If you miss this moment, then try to fix the problem in record time, otherwise it will greatly weaken their immunity, which can provoke the emergence of various diseases.
Optimum content options:
- acidity: pH 7.2;
- water temperature: 26-28 degrees;
- muffled light;
- light day: 10-12 hours;
- weekly substitution in the amount of 30-40%
I would like to note the gluttonous nature of the Managuanan tsikhlazomy. It absorbs dry food, small insects, shrimps, mollusks, small fish, beef, bloodworm, earthworms, small reptiles and tadpoles without any problems.
For about a year of life, the Managua cichlosome becomes sexually mature. Spawning should have a volume of 200 liters. Those pairs that were created in aquarium conditions are somewhat different from those that were formed in nature.
This type of tsikhlazomy after spawning change partners. In nature, the place for spawning are clefts of rock or separate areas with thick grass.
In aquariums, small fish are looking for a large flat stone and thoroughly clean it of impurities.
Mostly spawning takes place from March to November, but most often in July. During spawning, the female can sweep away up to 5 thousand pale yellow eggs. Spawning can last for 3 days, at the end of which the fry themselves swim in the aquarium and feed.
Starter feed for young animals – ciliates, daphnia and artemia. The color of the small things is inconspicuous: the body of gray is dotted with dark spots. If the fry are constantly under stress, then transverse stripes will appear on their body.
Fry grow unevenly. For four months, they can very quickly grow up to 15 centimeters, but in order to later reach the size of an adult fish, they can get away from this to a year and a half.