Good day, dear colleagues. The topic of today’s post will be a macropod aquarium fish.
This aquarium dweller is one of the oldest fish. But in spite of this fact, it is far from being possible to meet it in our aquariums.
A pity, because the fish is quite interesting and beautiful. The only visible reason why aquarists do not want it to be taken by aquarists is excessive aggressiveness.
Macropods, like cockerels, constantly gnaw and find out the relationship. It is possible to contain this representative of aquatic organisms in an aquarium, but if it is divided into several parts or by placing them nearby. They come from macropods from Southeast Asia, where warm and dirty reservoirs can be found everywhere, and especially they like to occupy various gutters and rice fields.
In various Asian countries you can meet all sorts of groups that will differ only in their color.
Due to Spartan living conditions, the fish were forced to evolve and acquire a special organ-labyrinth, allowing oxygen to be released from atmospheric air. The device of the respiratory organs of the macropod is similar to pearl goura and lyalius. In the process of evolution, additional cavities formed in the gill bones of the fish, which are studded with small blood vessels.
When air from the atmosphere is in these cavities, carbon dioxide escapes from the capillaries, and instead, the blood is enriched with oxygen.
Therefore, when you buy yourself this aquarium fish in your underwater garden, remember that for it it is necessary to make an air gap between the surface of the water and the cover glass or cover. Especially this point should be taken into account when you buy the fish yourself home and will transport it.
Under natural conditions, macropodes can grow to a maximum of 10 centimeters, but in the aquarium they rarely reach the mark of 6 centimeters.
The body of the fish on the sides is slightly compressed and long. All fins, except the tail, also have an elongated shape. Pleases a wide variety of colors.
But because of the not widespread popularity of fish among amateur aquarists, you are unlikely to be in the sale of a wide variety of colors. Basically, a riot of flowers is found in nature, but not in poultry houses.
Macropods can be easily attributed to unpretentious aquarium fish, but do not think that if the fish likes to swim in a dirty smelly swamp or in a rice field, the aquarium should be turned into the same “pond”. In any case, the more comfortable the conditions you create for your pets, the better they will be plump and more beautiful. Try to keep the temperature of the water in the tank around 25-25 degrees.
It does not matter if the temperature deviates from that indicated by a couple of degrees “+” or “-“, for a macro, this is not essential.
Also plays the role of the chemical composition of water, filtration and aeration of the aquarium. Macropods can live in nature all living things that fall into the water, ranging from mosquito larvae to small bugs. In the aquarium, you can feed the fish with daphnia, bloodworms and cortex, and if necessary, you can add dry food to the diet.
As an option, ice cream feed can also be used for feeding. In nature, macropod ordinary hunts worms, snails and hydras.
Be sure to cover your can with a cover glass, otherwise one day your friend will jump out of the aquarium and lift it from the floor.
As I said above, the main problem of the maintenance of macropods in aquariums is the aggressiveness of the fish. You can try to take two males and put them in an aquarium, but only the bank must be large so that the skirmishes are not so frequent.
Do not forget to necessarily create a sufficient number of shelters of sludge and plants. It is recommended to find plants that will float on the surface (the pistols will fit perfectly), in which the males build nests.
Duration of daylight hours is standard, 10-12 hours is enough.
Due to the specific behavior of the macropods, far from all relatives can live peacefully in the aquarium. It is best if you grow them with other fish. If you want to stimulate spawning, it is recommended to add fresh water in the evening.
This will help to intensify the fights for the female and the incentive to spawn. I highly recommend that you remove the fish from the common jar, and then put them back, because the macro paths will perceive them as strangers and they will immediately fight.
Alternatively, try growing macropods with other large, peaceful fish. Very often in aqua forums, one can see disputes over whether macropods can be kept together with gouras or guppies. I’ll tell you what, it is not advisable to keep them with neons and guppies, with fish, which have threadlike fins – these can be the same ghouls and scalars.
What else I like about this aquarium fish is a good life expectancy in an aquarium – about 10 years, which is not enough for an aquarium inhabitant.
Even a beginner aquarist will be able to distinguish a male from a female. Sexual signs are quite pronounced – males will be larger than females, their fins are pointed at the edges and the color of the fish is brighter. The color can become even brighter when spawning or when the water temperature rises slightly.
The process of laying caviar is quite interesting for the macropod and it is worth looking at it even once, even if you are not going to leave small things.
The male builds a nest in the same way as gouras do – with the help of air bubbles. There were cases when a couple of macropods spawned in the general aquarium, only after the appearance of young stock, it was moved to another tank so that the locals did not eat it. However, there is a second option – you will need to transfer the nest with the larvae to another jar.
For a rearing aquarium, water is used from the common. The nest itself can be moved using a plate or cup.
Carefully lift the dishes from the bottom of the slot and gently lift it.
To breed small fish in spawning, you can use a can of small capacity (10 liters). You do not need to make it a high level of water and the temperature to make about 28 degrees.
In order to provoke and stimulate spawning, the producers are kept for about a week and a half separately, often changing water and feeding intensively. If the female macropod is not ready for spawning, then she hides in aquarium plants, and the male constantly rushes after her. For this reason, they definitely recommend dense planting, especially for small aquariums.
The fact is that if the aquarium is small, an aggressive male can easily kill the female. For one spawn, a female macropod can squeeze out about 1000 eggs.
When spawning ends, the female is removed from the aquarium, as the protection of the nest is managed by a male who can kill the mother of future children if he does not like something. If the nest collapses or the larvae fall out from there, the male adds new bubbles and the larva returns to its homeland. After two days, the larvae appear from the roe, and after another three days, the fry will appear, which are able to swim independently.
Just at this moment it is necessary to remove the male from the aquarium, otherwise he will eat them all or transmit them, returning them back to the nest.
As you understand, the process of breeding macropod ordinary is not a laborious process, which is available even to a beginner. Small things macropod is born very small, so for its feeding it is necessary to buy ciliates or rotifers. But it is good that at least they grow quickly and soon they will be able to give Nauplii Artemia.
A little later, you can begin to give a microworm and Cyclops. A fully mature labyrinth organ in young animals will appear only by the month of life, and as a result, when feeding small things, it is necessary to create a high concentration of oxygen. Set the filter to aerate with a small amount of bubbles.
I would like to note one thing – the young grows very unevenly, and the reason for this is the lack of food. Therefore, periodically better sort the young, so that the larger ones do not eat young for breakfast.
Fish become sexually mature at 7 months of age.
Another variety of this aquarium fish, which most likely will not be able to meet in the territory of the CIS countries. Homeland of the round-necked macropod is the eastern part of China, Taiwan and Korea. For all the main points (feeding, reproduction, maintenance and compatibility with other fish), this type of macropod is no different from the ordinary one.
There are two significant differences of this fish from other relatives: in winter it may require water temperatures of about 15 degrees and it lives in an aquarium for no more than 4 years, unlike 10.
The color of it is darker than that of other relatives. He will even be larger than his usual relative. It prefers warmer water, as it lives in nature in the waters of the Mekong.
All the above conditions of detention are suitable for black macropod, only you can hardly find a purebred soldier. Buy some kind of cross between – this is please, but with a purebred there will be problems.
This kind of macropod is more peaceful and less aggressive. If the aquarium is large, then you can even keep a few pairs in it, but only with a large number of shelters.
Does not show any aggressiveness to other fish of the same size. Try not to place narrow shelters in the aquarium and avoid gaps between the glass and the equipment, because if the fish swim there, it is unlikely to come up.
The fact is that the fish cannot swim backwards, and without air the flippers stick together very quickly.