maintenance, care, compatibility
Lyalius (lat. Colisa lalia) is one of the most popular aquarium fish.
They love lyalius for a peaceful disposition, very bright coloring in males and small sizes. As a rule, they grow no more than 7 cm, and females even less. This beautiful fish is suitable for all types of aquariums and decorates it incredibly.
The small size and availability, make it a good fish for beginners.
He can live in very small aquariums, even in 10 liters, but better, of course, more volume. Peaceful, can be contained with almost any fish, and it is easy to breed.
Aquarium lalyusa can even be called a timid fish, especially if you keep it with fast fish. He needs time to figure out where the food is, and dare to eat it, and during this time other fish already often manage to destroy everything.
In an aquarium, you need to plant planted space tightly so that you have where to hide. They are very shy and do not like vanity and loud sounds.
They belong to the labyrinth, and therefore can breathe atmospheric air, swallowing it from the surface of the water.
Lyalius fish unpretentious and can be recommended even for novice aquarists. Of course, some of the requirements for the content they have, but they are all feasible.
Regular maintenance of the aquarium and water change, as they are sensitive to its purity. The location of the aquarium, as they are shy and do not like sudden movements and fuss.
Proper and regular feeding, that’s all.
Live in all layers of water, but prefers to stick to the surface. Even a 10-liter aquarium will be suitable for keeping one lalius; however, a couple or several fish already need a larger volume of about 40 liters.
However, they can still live in very small aquariums, it’s just easier for them to hide in large ones, and the aquariums themselves are more stable in balance.
It is important that the temperature of the air in the room and the water in the aquarium coincide as much as possible, since they breathe atmospheric oxygen, then with a big difference they can damage their labyrinth apparatus. Filtration is desirable, but the main thing is the absence of a strong current, they are not special swimmers and they will not be comfortable.
The most advantageous look on a dark ground, what kind of soil will be at the same time does not matter. They love densely overgrown aquariums, where they can find shelter and hide. It is also desirable that there are floating plants on the surface of the water; lyalius loves to stand under them.
It is better to put the aquarium in a quiet place, as the fish is shy and does not like loud sounds and fuss.
You need to keep one male and several females, as the males can arrange fights between themselves. If you keep a few males, it is best in a spacious aquarium densely planted with plants.
They adapt well to different parameters of water, but the most appropriate: water temperature 23-28C, ph: 6.0-8.0, 5 – 18 dGH.
Lyalius: fish maintenance, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review
Order, family: labyrinth
Comfortable water temperature: 22-27 ° C.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
Compatibility lalius: in fact, with all the peaceful fish. It is not recommended to settle them with cichlids (they are aggressors), as well as with the fish of the “Goldfish” family (llyalyus can “pinch” them).
Useful tips: Lyalius is a famous and popular fish of its kind. A truly peaceful fish, but sometimes it manifests itself as a burrow.
The native land of Lalius is the reservoirs of India, Indonesia and Bangladesh. Lyalius is one of the most beautiful, attractive fish of the labyrinth family.
The fish is not big in the aquarium can reach 5-6cm. The body of the fish is flat. The lilius color is greenish-blue with transverse stripes of red and blue-blue color, the belly near the gills is blue.
The fins of lalius are covered with red spots. The male lyalius differs from the female in a brighter color.
Liliusov clearly expressed sexual dimorphism. The male is large (7–9 cm) and is painted in bright vertical blue and red stripes, while the female is small (6 cm) have a simple silver shade.
As they mature, the males, like all labyrinth fish, develop elongated ends of the dorsal and anal fins.
Fish has a timid character. It is advisable to put lyalius in the aquarium with calm, peaceful fish. It is recommended to keep cutting with a flock of 3pcs., So the fish feel more confident.
Lyalius live only for a short period of 2-3 years.
The minimum volume of aquarium for lilius is 10 liters. For flocks from 50 liters.
In the aquarium should be the ground (preferably dark) and the plants are not densely planted, because Lovelyusy like bright lighting.
Comfortable parameters of water for the content of temperature 22-27 ° C, hardness up to 20 °, pH 6.5-7.0. In feed, lyalius is unpretentious.
Prefer live food, but eat and dry.
Feeding any aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.
Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc.
Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
Coral, blue, neon-red, rainbow, neon-green, neon-blue – the whole palette of colors and colors belongs to one small ornamental fish called Lilius. A little shy and livable with his neighbors in the water house, he has been decorating many home aquariums for more than 100 years, providing an opportunity for adults and children to admire their grace.
Unpretentious fish is fairly easy to maintain, if you know the characteristics of its behavior.
This scaly fish can be called flat because of its ellipsoidal body, strongly flattened from the sides. Due to this, lyaliusa easily and naturally swim through dense thickets of water grass.
The size of an adult individual reaches 6 cm; females are slightly smaller than males.
Quite large dorsal and anal fins stretch all the way to the tail, ensuring the high mobility of the fish. There are no pectoral fins in laliusi, rather long mustaches grow in their place.
Nature has taken good care of the fish not getting lost in the turbid water filled with algae – with the help of a mustache a multicolored traveler feels like objects in front of him.
The color of scales is the real pride of the labyrinth fish. This bright color can not be described unambiguously: a mixture of turquoise with red, orange and green, with transverse shiny red and blue stripes. The fins are also brightly colored.
Another gender difference: females have a dimmer and less expressive color of scales.
If females are more calm and shy, then a certain characteristic of the behavior of male males can be called a certain aggressiveness towards each other. In the conditions of a small aquarium, collisions between them are inevitable until they divide the territory.
The lifespan of these beautiful small fish is only 2-3 years, taking into account the creation of optimal living conditions.
Aquarium fishes liliusy belong to the family of the belontievy to the order of labyrinth fishes. The lyalius fish is quite peaceful, but very shy, because of this, its maintenance requires many plants. Easily tolerate the lack of oxygen dissolved in water.
If there are several fish in an aquarium, they always swim in flocks. Males are aggressive with each other – several males can be kept only in large aquariums, the territory of which they will divide among themselves into areas.
These fish can not be kept with barbs and cockerels.
Aquarium fish liliusi are simple in maintenance and breeding, although there are some rules that you need to follow if you want to admire their beauty and enjoy taking care of them. Lyalius are very fond of bright light.
There should be a lot of plants in the aquarium – in the thickets of algae, lalius are hidden. Plants must grow from the side of the world, and have space for swimming.
Lyalius also need floating plants.
Water temperature in the range of 18 – 24 ° C. In the aquarium should be installed heater with thermostat.
The acidity of water pH -6,5 -7. In nature, lyalius live in dirty water, but in the aquarium it is necessary to carry out filtration.
Males can jump out of the aquarium, so the aquarium should be covered with glass, it will also protect the fish from colds when inhaling air outside the environment.
For fish, darker soil is preferable.
Fish love live food. It can be bloodworm, cyclops, daphnia. If dry food, then buy one that is designed for the smallest fish.
Carry out feeding plants. For example, seaweed, spinach or salad.
Lyalius: compatibility with other fish
If there is a need to purchase one, the neighbors of Lalius can be any fish that have an equally quiet disposition and similar habitat requirements. But you should still choose individuals who prefer to live in the lower and middle horizons of the aquarium.
First of all, their presence will give life to these empty layers.
They will not overly intrude into the measured life of the people who prefer to spend almost all the time near the surface of the water. They will not ruin nests built by male lalius, and if spawning suddenly occurs in the general aquarium, it guarantees the survival of the offspring.
The lyalius fish, the compatibility of which with other ornamental fish is relatively good, still gets along poorly with too active representatives of the fish kingdom.
It is necessary to abandon the acquisition of such fish, which are much earlier than the slow labyrinth relatives reach the trough, managing to eat the most delicious pieces. Sometimes they can leave their slower competitors without any food at all.
Food for lyalius
Aquarium fish lalyus have a good appetite, but are not prone to excessive gluttony. In their natural habitat, the basis of the diet is flying insects, which accidentally fell on the surface of the reservoir. To feed these fish is not difficult.
Lyalius perfectly eat any food that fits them in size.
The main condition is that the feed remains on the surface of the water as long as possible without falling to the bottom. The fish descend with great reluctance. Korert, Daphnia or Cyclops are beautifully eaten by Lilius.
A shallow bloodworm will also be a huge success.
You can also diversify the feed for this fish by adding flakes balanced in composition. It will not be superfluous to periodically add to the feed products of plant origin, in particular wolfia.
It is possible to keep track of this process and not transferring lalius to another vessel. But this approach does not guarantee that the offspring will survive entirely, rather, on the contrary, with half the eggs you can say goodbye. The male copes with its functions and protects the nest, but can not save all the offspring.
Not fully protected and fry. If there is a desire to save the offspring of the fish, it is better to deposit them in a separate aquarium.
By the behavior of the male, you can find out if the pair is ready to spawn. Before this important event, the male begins to more actively form a place for the future offspring. Seeing parts of floating plants in an aquarium, you can move the fish to another location.
The main thing that should be taken into account when preparing a spawning: the water in it should be warmer than 28-30 ° C. You also need to disable water filtration.
Spawning of lalius begins after the formation of the nest. While the female spawns, the caring father of the family places the eggs in foam and covers it with a layer of bubbles. It is important to remove the female from the aquarium after the completion of the entire process.
Her intervention will only distract the male from nest care. From the owner of the aquarium is required only to maintain the required temperature in the vessel.
But to interfere with the work of the male to care for the nest is not worth it, otherwise it will destroy the eggs.
It is worth noting that lalyusy are very prolific, so even if partially the offspring did not survive, there will be a lot of new tenants in the aquarium. By the way, the fry have a great appetite, you need to always have food in the aquarium.
There is a very common opinion that aquarium fish are among the most unpretentious pets, and care for them takes almost no time. In fact, for the main number of fish, especially the most beautiful and large, requires quite specific conditions of detention.
Yes, and the aquarium should be regularly cleaned and washed.
Therefore, many amateur aquarists who do not take into account this fact later face a number of problems. In order to avoid this, beginners need to start with fish species that are really less demanding of conditions and patiently treat some of the mistakes of an inexperienced owner.
For example, for the beginning it is possible to purchase such aquarium fish as liliusi.
Lyalius are ornamental fish of the labyrinth family. Their sizes usually do not exceed 6 centimeters. Aquarium fish liliusi have a beautiful bright color, which is more pronounced in males.
For a pair of lalius, an aquarium of about 20 liters is enough. If you want to buy a flock of liliusi, where there will be several males, then the volume of the aquarium should be at least 60 liters.
This is due to the fact that the males will divide the territory and can be very aggressive towards each other, especially during the spawning period. If the Lyalius males have enough space, the division of the territory will pass quickly and rather peacefully.
Also in the aquarium there should be a lot of plants, including floating ones, since lalyusi live mainly in the upper layers of water. In addition, the male will use the plants in the construction of the nest.
At the bottom you can put a small layer of soil or sand. Lyaliuses are quite tolerant of temperature changes, but still it is better to maintain a constant temperature not lower than twenty degrees, approximately 22-28 ° C.
It is better to close the aquarium with glass so that the fish do not catch cold.
Generally, lyalius are very tender fish, but there are no any special diseases. The only problem is peptic ulcer disease.
On the body of the pet, as a rule, on the back, an ulcer appears and in most cases it leads to the death of the fish. Experts disagree on the definition of this disease, most often it is believed that it is tuberculosis.
If you start treatment at the earliest stage, then the probability of recovery is much higher.
It also sometimes happens that lyalius lies on the bottom of the aquarium. This can be either a manifestation of stress or a sign of illness. In any case, you’d better consult with a specialist who will tell you what drugs and what treatment your pet needs.
At this time, the fish must be deposited in a separate container.