maintenance, care, compatibility
Lyalius (lat. Colisa Lalia) is a small labyrinth fish belonging to the Macropod family. Natural habitat – the countries of Southeast Asia, were later acclimatized in the United States and Colombia.
They can be found in warm ponds with soft water, among the abundance of dense thickets. One of the most common fish in the aquarium.
The Lyalius fish was first described at the beginning of the 19th century by the Scottish naturalist F. Buchanan-Hamilton. Lyalius first hit Europe in 1869, and after a few years, the famous Parisian aquarist Pierre Carbonier made a large supply of fish to other countries.
In the wild, they live in slow-moving streams, on the territory of rice fields with irrigation canals, in small ponds and lakes. Fish live in places with thick plants, where insect nests, their larvae and plankton are found.
Rivers Ganges, Brahmaputra, Baram – the natural environment of Lalius.
Comparing them with close relatives gourami, you can see common features, for example, also know how to get insects that fly above the surface of the water. Even in an aquarium you can watch such a spectacle: the fish freezes at the surface, waiting for the victim.
When the insect flies close to the water, the lilius spits out a stream of water, knocking the prey down.
Watch the video story about the care and maintenance of lyalius.
The maintenance and breeding of lilius is possible when in the aquarium their compatibility with other fish is likely, and also suitable water conditions are created.
Lyalius does not require a special approach, but every aquarist must be responsible. Lyalius is sensitive to the purity of water, does not tolerate sudden movements, bright lighting and fuss.
All that is required is peace and regular feeding.
The main diet in the wild – algae, zooplankton and insects. In the aquarium, lyalius eats everything: live, frozen, and artificial food.
It feeds from the surface of the water. He loves the cortex, the trumpet, artemia.
Bloodworm should not be given to avoid digestive upset. Once every 7 days you can do a fasting diet, giving less food – lilius prone to overeating.
Lettuce, spinach and seaweed are also suitable as feed.
The full maintenance of Lyalius is likely with the purchase of a 10l3 mini-aquarium, but you should not be so irresponsible about such beautiful creatures. Better get a 50-liter container for one pair of fish.
The temperature of the aquarium water and in the room should be the same, temperature differences are undesirable. Atmospheric oxygen is often captured, with temperature differences there is a chance of damage to the labyrinth apparatus. If it is very cold, cover the container with a lid.
Strong current is undesirable, filtration is allowed.
The content and compatibility of lalius in the tank should be as follows:
- Aquarium with dense thickets, shelters, location without extraneous sounds and strong light;
- Put floating plants in the nursery, the fish likes to hide in them;
- One male has a harem of several females; two males and more are capable of settling disputes with serious consequences;
- Suitable water parameters: temperature 24-28 degrees, acidity 6.0-8.0 pH, water hardness from 5 to 18 dGH.
- Compatibility is likely with peaceful fish, but not with cockerels and barbs – they can nibble on the fins.
Look at the lyalius in the company of neons, guppies and catfish.
Reproduction and breeding of lilius is possible upon reaching sexual maturity, 4 or 5 months. Like other members of the Macropod family, before spawning, the male builds nests of foam and floating plants on the surface of the pit.
A female laliliusa brings a lot of eggs with a high content of lipids. When the eggs come out, the male collects each, placing it in the nest.
Spawning and dilution are possible with a pH of water of 6.5-7.0 pH, dGH 10 hardness, water temperature 22-24 degrees. For spawning, fish are seated in pairs, they feed abundantly before spawning. Spawning volume – 6 liters.
Filtration and aeration are optional.
It happens that the female is not ready for procreation, and the male begins to catch up and beat her. In the absence of shelter, it can die, and reproduction will not occur.
She lays 500-600 small eggs into the foam nest, immediately after spawning, the female is deposited in a separate aquarium. The height of the nest can be more than 1 cm, the nest itself can cover almost the entire surface of the water.
The incubation period lasts 1-2 days. The larvae hatch and remain in the nest for another 5 days while the male protects them.
Taking care of them, and if the larvae accidentally fell out of the nest, then collect each and put it back. When the fry are born, the male is better to sit out.
The initial feed for babies is monoculture infusoria, cyclops nauplii, rotifers, boiled chicken yolk. Combined fry foods will also work, for example, “Sera baby”. Ten days later, the fry are transferred to fodder Artemia.
Feeding is necessarily abundant, otherwise young fish will die.
Growth of fry is very slow. They are plain-looking as females, but after the appearance of red stripes on the body, it becomes easier to see where the male is, and where the female is.
Over time, you can give them flakes, and put a filter in the aquarium. If possible, settle young animals in different nurseries.
From peaceful fish, rhomboid tetras – tetragonopteruses can become neighbors of Liliusov.
Lyalius (lat. Colisa lalia) is one of the most popular aquarium fish. They love lyalius for a peaceful disposition, very bright coloring in males and small sizes.
As a rule, they grow no more than 7 cm, and females even less. This beautiful fish is suitable for all types of aquariums and decorates it incredibly.
The small size and availability, make it a good fish for beginners.
He can live in very small aquariums, even in 10 liters, but better, of course, more volume. Peaceful, can be contained with almost any fish, and it is easy to breed.
Aquarium lalyusa can even be called a timid fish, especially if you keep it with fast fish. He needs time to figure out where the food is, and dare to eat it, and during this time other fish already often manage to destroy everything.
In an aquarium, you need to plant planted space tightly so that you have where to hide. They are very shy and do not like vanity and loud sounds.
They belong to the labyrinth, and therefore can breathe atmospheric air, swallowing it from the surface of the water.
Lyalius are well suited for common aquariums, provided that they are kept with medium-sized and peaceful fish. Large, active or aggressive fish will easily intimidate him. These are rather timid small fishes, and the first days can hide a lot.
To get used to the new conditions, they need some time. The compatibility of lyalius is quite high, they themselves don’t touch at all, but may suffer from other fish.
A couple can be kept separately, but keep in mind that the male is somewhat aggressive towards the female, and can chase her.
To avoid stress and death of fish, you need to give her a place where she can hide from the male and his pursuit. A pair of males can arrange serious fights with each other, and as mentioned above, they can be maintained only in spacious aquariums.
Coral, blue, neon-red, rainbow, neon-green, neon-blue – the whole palette of colors and colors belongs to one small ornamental fish called Lilius. A little shy and livable with his neighbors in the water house, he has been decorating many home aquariums for more than 100 years, providing an opportunity for adults and children to admire their grace.
Unpretentious fish is fairly easy to maintain, if you know the characteristics of its behavior.
This scaly fish can be called flat because of its ellipsoidal body, strongly flattened from the sides. Due to this, lyaliusa easily and naturally swim through dense thickets of water grass.
The size of an adult individual reaches 6 cm; females are slightly smaller than males.
Quite large dorsal and anal fins stretch all the way to the tail, ensuring the high mobility of the fish. There are no pectoral fins in laliusi, rather long mustaches grow in their place.
Nature has taken good care of the fish not getting lost in the turbid water filled with algae – with the help of a mustache a multicolored traveler feels like objects in front of him.
The color of scales is the real pride of the labyrinth fish. This bright color can not be described unambiguously: a mixture of turquoise with red, orange and green, with transverse shiny red and blue stripes.
The fins are also brightly colored. Another gender difference: females have a dimmer and less expressive color of scales.
If females are more calm and shy, then a certain characteristic of the behavior of male males can be called a certain aggressiveness towards each other. In the conditions of a small aquarium, collisions between them are inevitable until they divide the territory.
The lifespan of these beautiful small fish is only 2-3 years, taking into account the creation of optimal living conditions.
Together with lyaliuses, other peaceful tenants – guppies, danios, neons – can be safely kept in an aquarium.
But it is not recommended to substitute restless decorative animals (for example, barbs) in order to avoid clarifying the relationship.
The labyrinth freshwater fish, the Lilius family from the Belonte family, has been known to all aquarists for more than a century, but its presence in the aquarium has not lost its strength and attractiveness to this day. Keeping and breeding fish at home does not pose any particular difficulties even for beginners.
These pets have good compatibility with other fish due to their peace-loving nature. You can admire for a long time and observe with interest the behavior of the fish in the aquarium if you provide them with proper care.
The maintenance of lyalius in the general aquarium does not present any difficulties during the marriage time, when the fish manifests itself exclusively as a shy and modest creature. It has good compatibility with any other peaceful fish of its dimensions. The most optimal compatibility with neon, zebrafish, guppy, espey, tetra, catfish.
More complex compatibility with restless neighbors such as astronotuses, barbs, as lalyusi in the aquarium will be afraid of their excessive activity. Keeping lyalius with a flock will help them feel more confident.
The very first lyalius were brought to Europe from Indian reservoirs. The largest number is concentrated in the waters of Assam and Bengal. Not rare in the waters of Indonesia and Bangladesh.
These fish live in polluted waters and in the marshes of rice fields. The unique breathing apparatus of this family allows you to breathe atmospheric air.
In the wild, this species reaches 5-6 centimeters.
Lyalius belongs to the family of labyrinth fish. In shape, it resembles an ellipse, on which elongated dorsal and anal fins are located. Different from the usual, ventral fins, which look like filaments.
This feature of the structure is justified by the fact that, due to the sensitivity of the fin, it can be considered an organ of touch. This happened due to muddy water in the fish habitat.
Original colors of the body of the fish. Most representatives alternate color between reddish and blue transverse stripes. Today, a huge number of colors, thanks to the efforts of breeders.
The most valuable for aquarists – red lilius. Unfortunately breeders, the fish breeds poorly in captivity, so most of the colors can only be seen on wild fish.
Despite careful care, lyalius lives in aquariums for no more than 3 years. The amazing beauty of all individuals found in modern aquariums is not often.
This happens due to the fact that the stunningly beautiful males are aggressively disposed towards each other and keenly conquer their territory, bringing the opponent to death.
Barbus-care breeding description photo compatibility video
Black Barbus – a common aquarium fish. It was first imported to Russia in 1954.
Pethia nigrofasciatus is not large. By its behavior, the shape of the body resembles the barb of Sumatran. Habitat Black barb is naturally found in Sri Lanka, most commonly found in tributaries of the Nival and Kelani rivers.
They are distinguished by an abundance of vegetation, a weak current and cooler water than in other tropical waters. Here it is sour and soft, and the bottom covers fine gravel or sand.
Algae and detritus – the basis of the barb diet in nature.
Currently, the population of this fish has decreased significantly. This is due to the overfishing of the black barboo.withand for aquarists.
For a time, the species was considered endangered, but in recent years the population has increased slightly. Currently, it is prohibited to legally catch a black barb, therefore all individuals found on sale are artificially bred.
With the help of hybridization today, brighter, newer colors of black barb are being created.
CARE AND REPLENISHMENT
Water parameters. The temperature range for the Sumatrans is quite large – 23-26 ° C, they prefer soft and very clean water.
A good filter is a guarantee of the health of your pets.
Lighting. This fish has no special requirements for lighting, Sumatran barbus is generally distinguished by a rare unpretentiousness (what other underwater inhabitants are easy to maintain
Aeration. The sensitivity to the oxygen content in water of the Sumatran barb is extremely low. However, it is not necessary to bring the matter to the point when the fish will float on the surface head up, it is better to periodically replace some of the water,
if there is no forced aeration in the aquarium.
Barbs fishes: breeding
If there is a desire to start breeding barbs, then you need to start with the selection of the ideal breeding fish. They must be mature, healthy and without physical abnormalities.
Selected manufacturers should be in special conditions of detention. The list of these conditions begins with two main points – a spacious aquarium and high-quality food.
For a decade before the breeding season, females and males are deposited separately and properly fed. A spawning aquarium is absolutely not needed too large, as it will often need to change the water.
Twenty-liter volume is enough.
In the mating season, fish emit a huge amount of sexual products. Males should be placed near females 2 hours before switching off the lighting for the night.
It often happens that in the morning you can already notice the results of spawning. It is difficult to see caviar, it is very small and transparent.
But you should try to see it, because when the eggs appear, the fish should immediately be deposited, otherwise they will simply eat their unborn offspring, having decided that this is food.
If it was not possible to make out, look closely at the behavior of potential parents, if the “date” was successful, the male and female lose interest in each other and are each engaged in their own affairs. It happens that the caviar is dead, this can be determined by the color change of the eggs. After some time they will become white.
From live roe the next day a larva will appear, which will attach to the walls of the aquarium or to the leaves of algae. After waiting for the fry to swim, you can feed them.
This fish does not have a reputation for threatening an aquarium, however, short-term flashes of aggression still occur both in a flock of barbs and in bar’s relations with neighbors of other breeds. You must be prepared for the fact that quarrels between these creatures sometimes become so acute that the fish begin to destroy each other!
Veiltails, guppies, cockerels, scalars and telescopes are best to stay away from the barb in a bad mood, otherwise they may lose their voile tails and fins.
Do not expect anything good from the neighborhood brisk barbs and fearful passive lyalius. And the bullying astronotus bar is not a couple, because the fish will certainly want to measure themselves.
Of course, the barbs would not have refused to become the sole and full owners of the underwater territory, but if you plan to breed several types of fish in one aquarium, the World of Soviets recommends to add barley, parrots or mollies to barbs. Fish with a similar disposition and lifestyle will surely get along.
Rod barbus (Puntius) – one of the most common genera of aquarium fish. It is remarkable that its representatives are not capricious, have a bright and varied color, are very active and mobile.
Unpretentiousness attract the attention of novice aquarists.
Hailing barbs from the reservoirs of China, Africa, Southeast Asia. In the wild, fish of the genus Barbus live in flocks, and moreover very large ones.
The maintenance of barbs does not represent special difficulties. Chemical parameters of water (hardness, acidity) do not play a special role. Water barbs prefer the old, with the traditional replacement of 1/3.
Temperature range from 20 grams. Up to 26.
But the temperature is still desirable 23-26 gr.
The shape of the aquarium is chosen taking into account the fact that the barbs are very fast and fast-moving fish. Aquariums for barbs usually have an elongated, elongated shape, so that the frisky fish have a place to “gain acceleration”. The ground in such aquariums is usually dark, and the lighting is bright.
Such a contrast favorably emphasizes the coloring of barbs. Floating plants create extra space for fish “maneuver.”
Two mandatory conditions for the breeding and maintenance of barbs – powerful filtration and aeration of water. Also for the barbs you need to purchase a pump. The pump is needed to create a flow imitation.
Underwater currents are peculiar “toys” for barbs, fish love to frolic in the jets created by additional equipment.
In the aquarium barbs live in flocks (5-7 pcs.). They will please you with good care for 3-4 years.
For all their friendliness and livability, the barbs are sometimes snooty. They are particularly addicted to sluggish guppies with flowing tails.
The favorite occupation of the barbs is to sneak up on the tails of the tails and bite their fins. Magnificent fins annoy the barbs: occupy a lot of space in the already limited water space. It is possible that the modestly decorated barbs of nature are slightly envious of their overdressed counterparts.
Undemanding barbs are undemanding in everything, including food: they are omnivorous. With a food deficiency, barbs are happily reinforced by leaves of aquarium plants.
The average size of adult barbs is a maximum of 6-7 cm. The slightly flat yellow-silver body is decorated with dark vertical stripes.
The male has a bright red border around the edges of the dorsal, caudal, and anal fin.
Slightly less expressive, also in red (sometimes this color may be completely absent), the fins of the female are painted. In addition, the self-made barbus is significantly thicker than the male.
If we talk about breeding, it allowed aquarists to gain a wide range of color variations of this fish. For example, in a mutant barbus obtained in this way, the color of most of the body is emerald green.
Visiting pet stores and markets of Russian cities, you can most often meet the following types of barbus:
Barbed bar (otherwise, striped). The fish of this species is uncharacteristically large in size – it can reach 9 cm.
Her stripes are arranged horizontally, capturing the entire length of the body.
Barbus Everett. Remarkable are the inhabitants of the home pond for their non-standard color with black and blue specks over the entire area of the body.
Oligolepis. This species is attractive pearl scales and red fins with dark edging.
In addition, depending on the angle of incidence of lighting, the color of the fish changes.
Five-bar. The name of the fish itself indicates its difference – this aquatic inhabitant has five transverse bands on the body.
Green barb. Like a lined representative of a species, it has a large size (up to 10 cm) and its body has a corresponding color.
Ruby fish barbus. The unique ruby color of the pet, acquired by him during the mating games, is his main distinguishing feature.