maintenance, care, compatibility
Lyalius (lat. Colisa lalia) is one of the most popular aquarium fish. They love lyalius for a peaceful disposition, very bright coloring in males and small sizes.
As a rule, they grow no more than 7 cm, and females even less. This beautiful fish is suitable for all types of aquariums and decorates it incredibly.
The small size and availability, make it a good fish for beginners.
He can live in very small aquariums, even in 10 liters, but better, of course, more volume. Peaceful, can be contained with almost any fish, and it is easy to breed. Aquarium lalyusa can even be called a timid fish, especially if you keep it with fast fish.
He needs time to figure out where the food is, and dare to eat it, and during this time other fish already often manage to destroy everything.
In an aquarium, you need to plant planted space tightly so that you have where to hide. They are very shy and do not like vanity and loud sounds.
They belong to the labyrinth, and therefore can breathe atmospheric air, swallowing it from the surface of the water.
Coral, blue, neon-red, rainbow, neon-green, neon-blue – the whole palette of colors and colors belongs to one small ornamental fish called Lilius. A little shy and livable with his neighbors in the water house, he has been decorating many home aquariums for more than 100 years, providing an opportunity for adults and children to admire their grace.
Unpretentious fish is fairly easy to maintain, if you know the characteristics of its behavior.
This scaly fish can be called flat because of its ellipsoidal body, strongly flattened from the sides. Due to this, lyaliusa easily and naturally swim through dense thickets of water grass.
The size of an adult individual reaches 6 cm; females are slightly smaller than males.
Quite large dorsal and anal fins stretch all the way to the tail, ensuring the high mobility of the fish. There are no pectoral fins in laliusi, rather long mustaches grow in their place.
Nature has taken good care of the fish not getting lost in the turbid water filled with algae – with the help of a mustache a multicolored traveler feels like objects in front of him.
The color of scales is the real pride of the labyrinth fish. This bright color can not be described unambiguously: a mixture of turquoise with red, orange and green, with transverse shiny red and blue stripes.
The fins are also brightly colored. Another gender difference: females have a dimmer and less expressive color of scales.
If females are more calm and shy, then a certain characteristic of the behavior of male males can be called a certain aggressiveness towards each other. In the conditions of a small aquarium, collisions between them are inevitable until they divide the territory.
The lifespan of these beautiful small fish is only 2-3 years, taking into account the creation of optimal living conditions.
Lyalius fish belongs to the family of labyrinth fish. The name of the family comes from the fact that liliusy have a special respiratory system.
It differs by the presence of an additional respiratory organ, the so-called labyrinth. They need to periodically inhale atmospheric air through the gills.
Such a purchase, as lyalius – and living things in the house “for the soul”, and decoration of the aquarium. In addition to a special respiratory system, they also have other features that distinguish them from other species.
So that the maintenance of Lyalius does not cause troubles, it is better to create for them the conditions in which they will be comfortable.
Usually, in order to understand what kind of environment it is better to arrange for certain aquatic inhabitants, you just need to find out what their life and behavior is in natural conditions, that is, in nature. Where is the birthplace of aquarium fish lyalius? It turns out that this is India, as well as Indonesia.
They love heat and sunlight, and in their natural environment they are looking for places where there is a lot of algae. Among these thickets live these beautiful small fishes, they lay eggs, hide and even create their own “families” – when one male settles his territory in which several females live.
Accordingly, for lalius it is necessary to create enough thickets from plants, preferably not artificial ones. This is also due to the fact that their males sometimes arrange “fights”, which easily end as soon as the defeated hides in a corner among the thickets.
The winner immediately loses interest in him.
In general, the behavior of Lyalius cannot be called aggressive. With other species, they get along without problems. Other small fish are perfect as neighbors – in most cases, compatibility with them is normal.
They can arrange fights only among themselves, and only some males do it, and only during the spawning period. If the males are too quiet even at this time, this can speak about the disease of Lyalius.
In order to minimize the likelihood of “wars” between fish, it is recommended to settle them in an aquarium either in pairs or with a small number of males. Usually, three are enough, even for a fairly large number of females.
This is one of the features of the content of lyalius.
Sexual maturity occurs in 4-5 months. If you decide to breed lalius, you will need an aquarium of not less than 20 liters. It must be filled with soft water, with a temperature of 28 ° C, which must then be maintained.
Also pay attention to the compatibility of liliusi – they are of different types. 2 weeks before breeding, males and females need to be seated in different aquariums.
The aquarium is filled with water only 10-12 cm (for a 20-liter). Fish are planted there, there should be several males, and the number of females should prevail; then breeding lalius will be more productive. Subsequently, they will be divided into pairs, and the rest should be transplanted into another aquarium.
At this time, the maintenance of lalius should take place in a closed aquarium, since males are aggressive and can even jump out.
The entire breeding period, when you need to monitor the breeding of lyalius, will take about a week. When the female spawns, the male collects her and takes her to the place he has prepared. One pair can lay up to 600 eggs.
After caviar deposition, the male behaves aggressively towards the female. When she rises to the top, he rushes after her and attacks.
Therefore, the female at this stage is better deposited in another aquarium.
There are two main species of this fish: neon lilyus and red. At the second color of the corresponding color prevails. This species was bred about thirty years ago.
Neon is different from red in that it has more blue shades. The stripes of this color are wider, as a result it seems that he himself is bluish, but with red stripes.
It looks as if a light glow emanates from it, which is what caused this name. However, this is just the effect of an unusual color.
It should be noted that there is another kind, which is called the neon red lilyus. He absorbed the color of the second kind and the “glow” of the first.
In order for your inhabitants of the aquarium to be healthy, you need to follow fairly simple rules. First of all it concerns food.
It is preferable to give them live food, although dry is not forbidden. This type of fish is very fond of cyclops, daphnias, and small moths.
In order not to provoke Lalius’ disease, dry food should be given only small, or one that is very easy to crumble. To swallow a large piece of this fish is simply not capable, and therefore may die due to improper size of food.
Water is changed periodically, replacing 1/5 of the new, settled. If at the moment you are practicing the cultivation of liliusi, then do not forget about maintaining a high water temperature of –28 degrees. The rise above should not be allowed, but letting it go down to 27-26 is possible.
It is better to have a thermometer to measure. Such an approach is necessary in order for the dilution of liliusi to give the most positive results.
These fish love the light, especially sunny. The side from which the greatest amount of light enters the aquarium should not be excessively covered with algae.
From there it is better to remove them completely, move the bushes to another corner.
It should be noted that the main difference between the species – in colors. If you have acquired neon lilius, care for it will be normal, that is, the same as for all the fish of this species, without any special approach.
If you purchased red lalius, take care likewise. With the exception of breeding time, they can be kept in the same aquarium.
The very first lyalius were brought to Europe from Indian reservoirs. The largest number is concentrated in the waters of Assam and Bengal.
Not rare in the waters of Indonesia and Bangladesh. These fish live in polluted waters and in the marshes of rice fields.
The unique breathing apparatus of this family allows you to breathe atmospheric air. In the wild, this species reaches 5-6 centimeters.
Lyalius belongs to the family of labyrinth fish. In shape, it resembles an ellipse, on which elongated dorsal and anal fins are located.
Different from the usual, ventral fins, which look like filaments. This feature of the structure is justified by the fact that, due to the sensitivity of the fin, it can be considered an organ of touch.
This happened due to muddy water in the fish habitat.
Original colors of the body of the fish. Most representatives alternate color between reddish and blue transverse stripes.
Today, a huge number of colors, thanks to the efforts of breeders. The most valuable for aquarists – red lilius.
Unfortunately breeders, the fish breeds poorly in captivity, so most of the colors can only be seen on wild fish.
Despite careful care, lyalius lives in aquariums for no more than 3 years. The amazing beauty of all individuals found in modern aquariums is not often.
This happens due to the fact that the stunningly beautiful males are aggressively disposed towards each other and keenly conquer their territory, bringing the opponent to death.
Aquarium fishes liliusy belong to the family of the belontievy to the order of labyrinth fishes. The lyalius fish is quite peaceful, but very shy, because of this, its maintenance requires many plants. Easily tolerate the lack of oxygen dissolved in water.
If there are several fish in an aquarium, they always swim in flocks. Males are aggressive with each other – several males can be kept only in large aquariums, the territory of which they will divide among themselves into areas.
These fish can not be kept with barbs and cockerels.
Aquarium fish liliusi are simple in maintenance and breeding, although there are some rules that you need to follow if you want to admire their beauty and enjoy taking care of them. Lyalius are very fond of bright light.
There should be a lot of plants in the aquarium – in the thickets of algae, lalius are hidden. Plants must grow from the side of the world, and have space for swimming.
Lyalius also need floating plants.
Water temperature in the range of 18 – 24 ° C. In the aquarium should be installed heater with thermostat.
The acidity of water pH -6,5 -7. In nature, lyalius live in dirty water, but in the aquarium it is necessary to carry out filtration.
Males can jump out of the aquarium, so the aquarium should be covered with glass, it will also protect the fish from colds when inhaling air outside the environment.
For fish, darker soil is preferable.
Fish love live food. It can be bloodworm, cyclops, daphnia. If dry food, then buy one that is designed for the smallest fish.
Carry out feeding plants. For example, seaweed, spinach or salad.
Spawning lyalius is recommended to be held in April or May.
In general, the aquarium fry does not survive. Therefore, for spawning you need another aquarium with a volume of 10 – 20 liters and a height of water of 10 -15 cm with soft defended water.
A couple of weeks, the male and female are kept separately to stimulate spawning. With the same purpose, the water temperature should be 24 ° C.
Place a few algae, the stems of which are elongated, as well as those that float on the surface of the water. Aquarium cover for the active male did not jump out. A couple or several fishes are selected for spawning.
Females in this case should be more. The male builds a nest of air bubbles on the plants.
The female usually hides, and the male finds it and drives around the aquarium. Spawning and fertilization occurs when the nest is ready.
The male bypasses the nest himself. Ikrinok is up to 800.
So that he does not score the female, it is deposited after spawning. From an aggressive male, the female may die if not ready to spawn.
After a day or two, the larvae appear, and the fry on day 5 or 6. The male is deposited on day 4, when the larvae swim.
Food for fry is “live dust”, ciliates, rotifers. Two weeks later, feed is larger.
To prevent competition and cannibalism, fry are sorted by size.
It is worth taking care that the volume of the “home” of the fish is not less than 15 liters. The space should be filled with warm water that does not require special chemical composition. These fish love to hide in the thickets of underwater plants.
Installation of the aerator is not mandatory, as lilius is a bright representative of the labyrinth fish. The diet consists of components of plant and animal origin, but you can use ready-made dry food.
Lyalius are very timid and peaceful creatures, which should not be linked with cockerels and barbs.
It is worth accepting and taking into account the fact that lalyusi are not long-lived and will live in an aquarium for a maximum of 3 years. The duration of their existence will in no way increase even with the maximum approximation of living conditions to natural ones.
During this time they grow up to 6 cm and delight the owner with a chic color of red or blue tones.
The neighbors of this species should be small fish with a peaceful nature and the ability to live in the same conditions. Compatibility of lyalius is at a high level and allows the owner to expand the selection of aquarium inhabitants. Males sometimes show intraspecific aggression and fight for the female, food, or guarding eggs.
However, this in no way applies to other species living on the same territory as lyalius.
Considering the fact that cockerels are prominent representatives of “fighting” fish and have a pugnacious temper, it is not recommended to plant them together with lyalius. Such a neighborhood is fraught with constant fatal conflicts for the latter.
Phlegmatism and pride of the scalar allows them to calmly endure all attacks by Lyalius. Possible injuries such as tears finned or faded sides.
But this will not last long, and revenge will not take long.
Gourami and lyalius can coexist quite successfully. If individuals have approximately the same size, then you should not be afraid of conflicts. Both species are calm and balanced until they notice a fish smaller than them.
The desire to assert oneself or simply to be covered is fraught with inflicting some minor injuries.
The extreme compatibility of the lilius and its unpretentiousness allows aquarists to combine them with almost all types of fish.