maintenance, care, compatibility
Lyalius (lat. Colisa Lalia) is a small labyrinth fish belonging to the Macropod family. Natural habitat – the countries of Southeast Asia, were later acclimatized in the United States and Colombia.
They can be found in warm ponds with soft water, among the abundance of dense thickets. One of the most common fish in the aquarium.
The Lyalius fish was first described at the beginning of the 19th century by the Scottish naturalist F. Buchanan-Hamilton. Lyalius first hit Europe in 1869, and after a few years, the famous Parisian aquarist Pierre Carbonier made a large supply of fish to other countries.
In the wild, they live in slow-moving streams, on the territory of rice fields with irrigation canals, in small ponds and lakes. Fish live in places with thick plants, where insect nests, their larvae and plankton are found.
Rivers Ganges, Brahmaputra, Baram – the natural environment of Lalius.
Comparing them with close relatives gourami, you can see common features, for example, also know how to get insects that fly above the surface of the water. Even in an aquarium you can watch such a spectacle: the fish freezes at the surface, waiting for the victim.
When the insect flies close to the water, the lilius spits out a stream of water, knocking the prey down.
Watch the video story about the care and maintenance of lyalius.
The maintenance and breeding of lilius is possible when in the aquarium their compatibility with other fish is likely, and also suitable water conditions are created.
Lyalius does not require a special approach, but every aquarist must be responsible. Lyalius is sensitive to the purity of water, does not tolerate sudden movements, bright lighting and fuss.
All that is required is peace and regular feeding.
The main diet in the wild – algae, zooplankton and insects. In the aquarium, lyalius eats everything: live, frozen, and artificial food.
It feeds from the surface of the water. He loves the cortex, the trumpet, artemia.
Bloodworm should not be given to avoid digestive upset. Once every 7 days you can do a fasting diet, giving less food – lilius prone to overeating.
Lettuce, spinach and seaweed are also suitable as feed.
The full maintenance of Lyalius is likely with the purchase of a 10l3 mini-aquarium, but you should not be so irresponsible about such beautiful creatures. Better get a 50-liter container for one pair of fish. The temperature of the aquarium water and in the room should be the same, temperature differences are undesirable.
Atmospheric oxygen is often captured, with temperature differences there is a chance of damage to the labyrinth apparatus. If it is very cold, cover the container with a lid.
Strong current is undesirable, filtration is allowed.
The content and compatibility of lalius in the tank should be as follows:
- Aquarium with dense thickets, shelters, location without extraneous sounds and strong light;
- Put floating plants in the nursery, the fish likes to hide in them;
- One male has a harem of several females; two males and more are capable of settling disputes with serious consequences;
- Suitable water parameters: temperature 24-28 degrees, acidity 6.0-8.0 pH, water hardness from 5 to 18 dGH.
- Compatibility is likely with peaceful fish, but not with cockerels and barbs – they can nibble on the fins.
Look at the lyalius in the company of neons, guppies and catfish.
Reproduction and breeding of lilius is possible upon reaching sexual maturity, 4 or 5 months. Like other members of the Macropod family, before spawning, the male builds nests of foam and floating plants on the surface of the pit.
A female laliliusa brings a lot of eggs with a high content of lipids. When the eggs come out, the male collects each, placing it in the nest. Spawning and dilution are possible with a pH of water of 6.5-7.0 pH, dGH 10 hardness, water temperature 22-24 degrees.
For spawning, fish are seated in pairs, they feed abundantly before spawning. Spawning volume – 6 liters.
Filtration and aeration are optional.
It happens that the female is not ready for procreation, and the male begins to catch up and beat her. In the absence of shelter, it can die, and reproduction will not occur. She lays 500-600 small eggs into the foam nest, immediately after spawning, the female is deposited in a separate aquarium.
The height of the nest can be more than 1 cm, the nest itself can cover almost the entire surface of the water.
The incubation period lasts 1-2 days. The larvae hatch and remain in the nest for another 5 days while the male protects them. Taking care of them, and if the larvae accidentally fell out of the nest, then collect each and put it back.
When the fry are born, the male is better to sit out.
The initial feed for babies is monoculture infusoria, cyclops nauplii, rotifers, boiled chicken yolk. Combined fry foods will also work, for example, “Sera baby”. Ten days later, the fry are transferred to fodder Artemia.
Feeding is necessarily abundant, otherwise young fish will die.
Growth of fry is very slow. They are plain-looking as females, but after the appearance of red stripes on the body, it becomes easier to see where the male is, and where the female is.
Over time, you can give them flakes, and put a filter in the aquarium. If possible, settle young animals in different nurseries.
From peaceful fish, rhomboid tetras – tetragonopteruses can become neighbors of Liliusov.
Aquarium fish lyalius: maintenance, care, compatibility
If there is a need to purchase one, the neighbors of Lalius can be any fish that have an equally quiet disposition and similar habitat requirements. But you should still choose individuals who prefer to live in the lower and middle horizons of the aquarium.
First of all, their presence will give life to these empty layers. They will not overly intrude into the measured life of the people who prefer to spend almost all the time near the surface of the water.
They will not ruin nests built by male lalius, and if spawning suddenly occurs in the general aquarium, it guarantees the survival of the offspring.
The lyalius fish, the compatibility of which with other ornamental fish is relatively good, still gets along poorly with too active representatives of the fish kingdom. It is necessary to abandon the acquisition of such fish, which are much earlier than the slow labyrinth relatives reach the trough, managing to eat the most delicious pieces.
Sometimes they can leave their slower competitors without any food at all.
Aquarium fish lalyus have a good appetite, but are not prone to excessive gluttony. In their natural habitat, the basis of the diet is flying insects, which accidentally fell on the surface of the reservoir.
To feed these fish is not difficult. Lyalius perfectly eat any food that fits them in size.
The main condition is that the feed remains on the surface of the water as long as possible without falling to the bottom. The fish descend with great reluctance.
Korert, Daphnia or Cyclops are beautifully eaten by Lilius. A shallow bloodworm will also be a huge success. You can also diversify the feed for this fish by adding flakes balanced in composition.
It will not be superfluous to periodically add to the feed products of plant origin, in particular wolfia.
The maintenance of lyalius in the general aquarium does not present any difficulties during the marriage time, when the fish manifests itself exclusively as a shy and modest creature. It has good compatibility with any other peaceful fish of its dimensions.
The most optimal compatibility with neon, zebrafish, guppy, espey, tetra, catfish. More complex compatibility with restless neighbors such as astronotuses, barbs, as lalyusi in the aquarium will be afraid of their excessive activity.
Keeping lyalius with a flock will help them feel more confident.
For the first time, Laliusa was described by the distinguished Scottish scientist Francis Buchanan-Hamilton in the early 19th century, who lived for a long time in India. He included the description of Indian lyalius in his famous work, which he entitled “About the fish of the Ganges and its sleeves” (Great Britain, 1822).
It can be said that the European history of Lelius, or Colisa lalia (in the Latin version) begins with that year.
In nature, this small bright freshwater fish is found not only in Indian waters. She can be seen in the rivers of Burma, Bangladesh, Indonesia, where she prefers to live in shallow water among the thickets.
Often peasants encounter a multicolored or ordinary lyalius on rice fields filled with water.
According to the scientific classification, Colisa latia belongs to the order of the labyrinth fish of the Belontium family.
Together with lyaliuses, other peaceful tenants – guppies, danios, neons – can be safely kept in an aquarium.
But it is not recommended to substitute restless decorative animals (for example, barbs) in order to avoid clarifying the relationship.
Lyalius fish belongs to the family of labyrinth fish. The name of the family comes from the fact that liliusy have a special respiratory system.
It differs by the presence of an additional respiratory organ, the so-called labyrinth. They need to periodically inhale atmospheric air through the gills.
Such a purchase, as lyalius – and living things in the house “for the soul”, and decoration of the aquarium. In addition to a special respiratory system, they also have other features that distinguish them from other species.
So that the maintenance of Lyalius does not cause troubles, it is better to create for them the conditions in which they will be comfortable.
This species of fish is very beautiful, especially males, as is often the case in the underwater world. They have their own varieties, for example, red lilius.
The main colors are strips running across the whole body, their alternation is reddish and blue. The red stripes of lalius are quite bright, and the blue ones are slightly dimmer (in most varieties), and can be of different shades – from turquoise to light, bluish-white. Also, their appearance can be affected by lighting, on which the visual brightness of the color depends.
Fading can not talk about diseases liliiusov.
The size of this beautiful fish from 5 to 15 cm in length. Their oval tall body is compressed from the sides; the edges of the fins are rounded in females and pointed in males Lalius.
Also, males are usually slightly larger than females.
Males can even be distinguished on their own, even when they buy in a store where they breed Lyalius. They are more colorful, clearly stand out for beauty and have a different shape of fins.
Females are the same, but more faded, as if dull. However, this dullness is manifested precisely against the background of the males; On the whole, Lyalius is undoubtedly beautiful.
Usually, in order to understand what kind of environment it is better to arrange for certain aquatic inhabitants, you just need to find out what their life and behavior is in natural conditions, that is, in nature. Where is the birthplace of aquarium fish lyalius?
It turns out that this is India, as well as Indonesia. They love heat and sunlight, and in their natural environment they are looking for places where there is a lot of algae.
Among these thickets live these beautiful small fishes, they lay eggs, hide and even create their own “families” – when one male settles his territory in which several females live.
Accordingly, for lalius it is necessary to create enough thickets from plants, preferably not artificial ones. This is also due to the fact that their males sometimes arrange “fights”, which easily end as soon as the defeated hides in a corner among the thickets.
The winner immediately loses interest in him.
In general, the behavior of Lyalius cannot be called aggressive. With other species, they get along without problems.
Other small fish are perfect as neighbors – in most cases, compatibility with them is normal. They can arrange fights only among themselves, and only some males do it, and only during the spawning period.
If the males are too quiet even at this time, this can speak about the disease of Lyalius.
In order to minimize the likelihood of “wars” between fish, it is recommended to settle them in an aquarium either in pairs or with a small number of males. Usually, three are enough, even for a fairly large number of females.
This is one of the features of the content of lyalius.
Sexual maturity occurs in 4-5 months. If you decide to breed lalius, you will need an aquarium of not less than 20 liters.
It must be filled with soft water, with a temperature of 28 ° C, which must then be maintained. Also pay attention to the compatibility of liliusi – they are of different types.
2 weeks before breeding, males and females need to be seated in different aquariums.
The aquarium is filled with water only 10-12 cm (for a 20-liter). Fish are planted there, there should be several males, and the number of females should prevail; then breeding lalius will be more productive. Subsequently, they will be divided into pairs, and the rest should be transplanted into another aquarium.
At this time, the maintenance of lalius should take place in a closed aquarium, since males are aggressive and can even jump out.
The entire breeding period, when you need to monitor the breeding of lyalius, will take about a week. When the female spawns, the male collects her and takes her to the place he has prepared.
One pair can lay up to 600 eggs. After caviar deposition, the male behaves aggressively towards the female. When she rises to the top, he rushes after her and attacks.
Therefore, the female at this stage is better deposited in another aquarium.
There are two main species of this fish: neon lilyus and red. At the second color of the corresponding color prevails.
This species was bred about thirty years ago. Neon is different from red in that it has more blue shades.
The stripes of this color are wider, as a result it seems that he himself is bluish, but with red stripes. It looks as if a light glow emanates from it, which is what caused this name.
However, this is just the effect of an unusual color.
It should be noted that there is another kind, which is called the neon red lilyus. He absorbed the color of the second kind and the “glow” of the first.
In order for your inhabitants of the aquarium to be healthy, you need to follow fairly simple rules. First of all it concerns food. It is preferable to give them live food, although dry is not forbidden.
This type of fish is very fond of cyclops, daphnias, and small moths.
In order not to provoke Lalius’ disease, dry food should be given only small, or one that is very easy to crumble. To swallow a large piece of this fish is simply not capable, and therefore may die due to improper size of food.
Water is changed periodically, replacing 1/5 of the new, settled. If at the moment you are practicing the cultivation of liliusi, then do not forget about maintaining a high water temperature of –28 degrees. The rise above should not be allowed, but letting it go down to 27-26 is possible.
It is better to have a thermometer to measure. Such an approach is necessary in order for the dilution of liliusi to give the most positive results.
These fish love the light, especially sunny. The side from which the greatest amount of light enters the aquarium should not be excessively covered with algae.
From there it is better to remove them completely, move the bushes to another corner.
It should be noted that the main difference between the species – in colors. If you have acquired neon lilius, care for it will be normal, that is, the same as for all the fish of this species, without any special approach.
If you purchased red lalius, take care likewise. With the exception of breeding time, they can be kept in the same aquarium.
Compatibility barbs with other fish in the aquarium
Barbus are considered one of the most interesting and beautiful species of aquarium fish. Their main distinguishing feature is the liveliness of character and some aggressiveness. Therefore, to keep them in one aquarium can be far from all the fish.
On the peculiarities of the behavior of these beauties and their compatibility with other residents of the home “underwater corner” and talk later in the article.
In the wild, these interesting inhabitants of the underwater world can be found in almost all the waters of Indonesia, China, Africa and India. Some species live in the rivers of our country. Barbus refers to the genus of carp, most of the varieties of which are classified as commercial.
Usually it is very large fish with unusually tasty meat. Species bred in aquariums are usually not particularly large.
The length of their body most often is no more than 5-7 cm.
Very good for such fish as Sumatran barbs, compatibility with rireo danyushkami. According to the behavior of the latter are similar to neons.
However, they are not so whimsical and timid, and also practically not subject to stress. Therefore, do not die from the smallest trifle.
In addition, the decorative qualities of the aquarium will benefit from such a neighborhood. The transverse strips of the Sumatran beauties are very well combined with the longitudinal danios.
The compatibility of barbs with other fish is beyond doubt even in the case of representatives of the haracin ones. These can be, for example, ornatus, minors, thorns or strestells.
Like cichlids, do not touch the barbs of all sorts of catfish. They also get along well with active swordtails. Being by nature a little aggressive, the latter, most likely, will not give offense to themselves.
The same applies to gourami and parrots.
The above varieties may well be very good neighbors for the barbs. However, most often in aquariums – for a change – they plant at the same time just their various varieties. The barbs of Sumatran, fiery, cherry, green, etc., get along quite well together.
If the angelfish or even guppies can get along with the barbs under certain conditions, then lalyusi from such a hectic neighborhood will be delighted with delight. With the aggressive astronotuses, the barbs will probably begin long and very serious conflicts.
Of course, you should not sit down to these fish and voilehvostov.
Aquarium fish barbs, whose compatibility with other species, as we found out, largely depends on the conditions of housing and cultivation, despite their simplicity, they still require compliance with certain rules of care. Experts recommend:
- Keep them only in flocks.
- Be sure to plant in the aquarium more plants. They should be one of the sources of oxygen required barbs.
- The minimum volume of the aquarium for varieties of small size (Sumatran, “mutants”, etc.) – 50 liters.
- Be sure to arrange aeration and filtration.
- Barbs eat a lot. Feed them often and in small portions. Food should be as varied as possible. Moth, tubule, cyclops, daphnids are eaten very well by this fish. Dry food is occasionally allowed. Also a good meal for the barbs can be a gruel of cucumber or chopped lettuce. It is possible to judge whether the fish have enough food by the condition of aquarium plants. If they are plucked, then its quantity is not enough.
Most often, amateurs keep unpretentious Sumatran barbs in aquariums. These are rather beautiful fish of silver color with transverse black stripes on the body and a red lower fin.
There are among Sumatran barbus and albinos. The scales of the latter are molded in gold, and the stripes are white and almost invisible.
The compatibility of barbs with other fish in the case when it comes to the Sumatran variety is very doubtful in many cases. Select neighbors for these whales should be especially careful.
The fact is that this is the most aggressive variety.
The barbs Karhonius, which are also called fiery, are also very popular. The females of barbs of this species are colored silver, while males have pink-red scales. There are other varieties of these fish – scarlet, arulyus, shubert, cherry, denison, etc.
As already mentioned, the fish is extremely mobile. Therefore, for them it is best to buy an aquarium, strongly elongated in length.
The composition of the water for these fish does not play a special role. Unpretentiousness can be attributed to one of their main characteristics.
Therefore, the compatibility of barbs with other fish, just as undemanding, quite active and not too aggressive is a matter of no doubt. Who exactly can be podsazhivat them, just below we consider in detail.
Another feature of the barbs is that they love to beat the long fins and tails of their neighbors in the aquarium. It is also necessary to take into account when selecting the inhabitants of your home underwater angle.
It is believed that these two species of fish get along in one aquarium is not too good. However, in fact, in most cases, it all depends on the conditions in this particular aquarium.
If it has a significant volume (at least 100 liters), the cohabitation of these two types of fish is possible. But then, when there are not too many barbs in the aquarium, and the scalars are big enough. However, even under such conditions, the latter must be pushed in carefully.
The first time the behavior of the fish you need to watch. Most likely, the angelfish from the aquarium will soon have to be removed. The danger for them will be less in the event that they put in the aquarium first, and already a little later, add some barbs.
In this case, the scalars will feel on their territory. Active whales will also have to get used to it. Peaceful relations also depend on the age at which barbs and scalars were acquired.
Compatibility of fish in the event that they grew up together, many aquarists no doubt.
Guppies – perhaps the most favorite aquarists and popular fish. Therefore, the question of whether it is possible to keep barbs together with them is quite logical.
In fact, this neighborhood usually does not end well. Guppies, seated to the barbs, will most likely be driven to death. In the same case, if the fish have grown together, with them, of course, nothing will happen.
However, the owners of the aquarium will hardly be able to admire the beautiful guppy fins.
As mentioned above, barbs and neons, the compatibility of which is also in doubt, get along well if there are a lot of plants in the aquarium. The same goes for guppes.
Planted in the aquarium more vallisnerium, kambob, water ferns, etc., and they will be where to hide from annoying striped or green neighbors.
In this case, a good neighborly relations aquarist also should not be expected. And this time it’s not about the barbs. Cichlids are perhaps the most aggressive of all fish intended for domestic breeding in aquariums.
They do not get along with almost anyone. The only fish they don’t touch are bottom somiki of various kinds.
One can only try to keep together adult barbs and young cichlids. After the last ones grow up, it is best to remove them from the aquarium.
Even being well acquainted with the local barbs, adult cichlids will not miss the opportunity to become the absolute masters of the territory.