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Live feed for aquarium fish

maintenance, care, compatibility

LIVE FOOD FOR AQUARIUM FISH-SPECIES STORAGE PHOTOS HOW TO FEED.

There are three main ways of storing live food: in natural form, in freezing or as a dried mixture. The natural appearance usually involves storage in a container with a small amount of water, where the purchased food is placed (this can be saved, in particular, by the bloodworm and the pipe worker). Such a bank is placed on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator and can be stored for several days without freezing.

In its natural form, the feed retains the maximum of its beneficial properties, but the long-term feed content in this form is impossible.

WHEELS DESCRIPTION BREEDING PHOTOS AND VIDEOS

Frozen live food can be stored without damage to six months. However, they usually retain most of the nutritional components.

However, there is a need to allocate space in the freezer for storing such feed.

Drying is the most durable way. Daphnia, artemia and cyclops are usually exposed to it.

Drying can be carried out independently, using the oven or purchase ready-made dry food. Such live mixtures can be stored from six months to one and a half years, but the disadvantage of this method is the depletion of nutrients, as they are lost during processing.

Live food in aquarium: advantages and disadvantages

Live food needed predatory and omnivorous fish. They can be bought at pet stores in dried or frozen form.

In the living, they can carry the infection. But if you plant them at home with your own hands, then the risk of bringing the disease will be minimal.

The process of obtaining live food is long, but it justifies the expectations. Homemade food is safe for fish.

How to grow live crops for fish:

  1. Do not overdo it with nutrients. If you strongly feed the culture, it will begin to multiply rapidly. This will lead to the death of its part due to oxygen deficiency and intoxication with its own waste products.
  2. Regularly make water changes in containers where live food is diluted.
  3. You can not keep all the culture in one container. If its part dies, the other can be restored in a backup hub.

Daphnia are microscopic crustaceans that are found in reservoirs with stagnant water. It is better to catch daphnids in ponds where there is no fish, so the probability of an infection in the aquarium will be low. Daphnia caught caught in infused water with good aeration.

Every day, change the fifth part of the water to fresh. Lighting should be dim.

Recommended temperature: 22-25 ° C.

You can feed the crustaceans with yeast, which is picked up in a pea batch, diluted in a spoonful of water, and added to the batch in water. If the water becomes cloudy – not scary. Daphnia can also be fed cabbage juice, carrots, beets – a teaspoon per 5 liters of water.

Crustaceans are very useful for aquariums – they quickly clear them from water blooming. In winter, they serve as food for fry.

Drosophila flies – are very easy to get divorced, as they are found in every home where there is a spoiled product. To dilute them, place in a closed razvodnik (glass jar) fruit puree, mixed with yeast and oatmeal.

The first insects will crawl out in 3 days, and in a week they will be enough to feed the fish.

If there are older aquarists in your family, among friends or acquaintances – those who kept the fish back in the Soviet era, the era of scarcity – then you should often hear from them how much easier it is for modern aquarium lovers.

Indeed, the stores now have a huge amount of equipment and medicines. The approach to the maintenance of aquariums has also changed: for example, a weekly full replacement of water in an aquarium is not required.

A huge assortment of aquarium fish, plants, invertebrates allows you to make the balance in the home pond perfect.

But most importantly – a huge selection of ready-made fish food appeared. Older generation aquarists had to spend a lot of time to prepare food for their pets, get moth and daphnia, get scarce ready food.

However, their experience can be useful and modern aquarium lovers, because the food prepared by their own hands is confidence in the quality and naturalness of the components, and, therefore, in its benefits for fish.

Cooked with their own hands from natural products, such food can be a complete substitute for not only dry food, but also live food. In terms of their nutritional value, they are not inferior to the highest-quality aquarium food, but will cost you much cheaper.

  • Beef heart. Grate frozen beef heart on the grater. Give, without washing, in small portions no more than once a day.
  • Egg. Pour the raw chicken egg into the cup, stir, slightly beating. Boil the water and pour the prepared egg in a thin stream in boiling water. Stir constantly while pouring. Finished egg catch net. Feed the fish in small portions.
  • Fresh frozen fish. Fish is grated or minced. Having spread the prepared mass into small containers, it can be stored for a rather long time in the freezer. Before use, it is recommended that the mass be thawed at room temperature, and given to fish in small quantities.
  • Boiled fish. The same method of cooking as fresh-frozen, the only thing is that you can chop food with just a knife. In both cases, it is better to use white lean fish, such as cod.
  • Shrimp, krill. Boil, cool, chop, rinse.
  • Milk. Boil the milk, cool it, separate the “foam” from its surface – the slime film. It will be food. Give crushed film in small portions.
  • Sour milk Prepare yogurt (for this, just give sour milk). Important: sour milk is not prepared from pasteurized, but from raw milk! The resulting mass rinse with whey. To do this, place it in a container with water, shake it, wait until the yogurt sinks to the bottom, drain the water. Repeat this several times. Washed sour milk is stored for a long time.

When feeding aquarium fish with natural protein food of its own preparation, it is important to give out food in small portions, and remove the remnants of the meal immediately after the completion of feeding from the aquarium. These feeds are very nutritious and deteriorate quickly, left in the water, they will begin to decompose and can cause a bacteriological explosion – turbidity of the water, diseases of the fish.

Protein feed is especially useful for predators, and boiled egg yolk is a classic feed for fry or very young small fish.

These types of food can be prepared from vegetables, cereals, greens, bread – there is also enough vegetable fiber. This is an excellent feeding for herbivorous aquarium fish.

Feeding conditions are the same as for protein feeds: small portions, rapid removal of uneaten residues.

  • Manka A tablespoon of semolina pour boiling water, give brew for 15-20 minutes. Rinse, give a little.
  • White bread. Special training does not require. It is better to use stale, with a crust. Crumble and produce a little, the remnants immediately removed.
  • Salad, broccoli, carrots. Boil vegetables, chop, wash, give out in small quantities.
  • Cereals. Grind, brew boiling water. Rinse the resulting mass.

Both vegetable and protein components can be mixed in different proportions, add vitamins to them, based on the needs and characteristics of aquarium fish. You can develop your own, unique recipes for homemade food.

It is recommended to add powdered dry nettle to the feed (it contains a lot of vitamins, purchased in pharmacies), dried daphnia (gives the feed an attractive scent for fish, and can act as an independent feed).

The method is usually somewhat laborious, but quite justified. It is difficult to challenge the use of live feed for aquarium fish, and if you breed them at home, you can be sure that such food is safe for your fish.

After all, the risk of introducing an infection into the home water reservoir, which is always to be feared when purchasing live or frozen food, is practically reduced to zero.

The basic rules for the cultivation of various cultures of live feed:

  1. Do not overdo it with nutrient substrate. With too abundant feeding, the culture begins to multiply rapidly, and then also die rapidly from lack of oxygen and poisoning by its own waste.
  2. Periodically replace the water in tanks where you breed live food.
  3. Do not keep the entire culture in the same container so that, in the event of the death of some part of it, to be able to easily resume the population from the backup distributor

Live food usually consists of small worms and insects, their larvae or eggs that fish in the wild love to eat. They are also suitable for feeding the inhabitants of aquariums, as they contain a large amount of vitamins and trace elements necessary for the proper functioning of the body of fish. The most common types of live food are: Daphnia, Artemia, Cyclops, Bloodworm and Tubber.

Some of them are caught in wild waters in the natural environment. It is also possible to breed live food for aquarium fish in special enterprises.

If you decide to feed your aquatic creatures with live food, you should consider a few points: first, due to the high degree of nutritional value, such food can lead to overeating in fish and even cause their death. This is especially true of feeding the bloodworm, so it should be given strictly metered. Secondly, if live food is used in its natural form (without drying or freezing), the uneaten larvae may eventually turn into insects.

That is, you need to give a dose of food that the fish can eat without residue. Finally, live food harvested under natural conditions can cause dangerous fish diseases.

Therefore, it is better to purchase food from proven vendors or one that is grown in an artificial environment.

There are three main ways of storing live food: in natural form, in freezing or as a dried mixture. The natural appearance usually involves storage in a container with a small amount of water, where the purchased food is placed (this can be saved, in particular, by the bloodworm and the pipe worker).

Such a bank is placed on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator and can be stored for several days without freezing. In its natural form, the feed retains the maximum of its beneficial properties, but the long-term feed content in this form is impossible.

Frozen live food can be stored without damage to six months. However, they usually retain most of the nutritional components.

However, there is a need to allocate space in the freezer for storing such feed.

Drying is the most durable way. Daphnia, artemia and cyclops are usually exposed to it. Drying can be carried out independently, using the oven or purchase ready-made dry food.

Such live mixtures can be stored from six months to one and a half years, but the disadvantage of this method is the depletion of nutrients, as they are lost during processing.

Food for aquarium fish – the most important of the conditions of your pets. The quality, nutritional value and diversity of food, how much you feed at a time, depends on the health of the fish, their resistance to diseases, appearance, proper development of fry.

Many demanding species require special food designed specifically for them.

Of course, the fish can live with the same food, but their health will then be at risk.

In order to properly formulate the diet of their pets, it is necessary to understand the composition, the usefulness of food for fish, to imagine how much food they need in one step.

Food for aquarium fish can be divided into two main categories: food for long-term storage (artificial – dry or jelly) and a limited shelf life (live).

Aquarium pets can live on artificial food. But no matter how good the dry feeds are, the living, natural components of the diet are simply necessary for the fish, especially the predatory ones. By its nutritional value, live food is better than artificial, it has no analogues.

Such nutrition is most appropriate for fish. It is an ideal food for predators recovering or spawning fish.

However, for all its merits, live food has a couple of serious drawbacks. Firstly, it is inconvenient and short-term storage, and, therefore, food must be purchased often and in small portions.

The possibility of acquisition is not always. Therefore, if you are counting how much live food to buy for you, proceed from the number of fish and their appetite.

But most importantly, live or frozen food is always a risk to introduce into the aquarium any infection. Such food should be bought only from trusted vendors, and before giving the fish, thoroughly rinse.

  • Bloodworm – the most popular and useful live food, suitable for all types of ornamental fish and all kinds of love. Suitable for bottom fish. A live bloodworm looks like a stirring mass of bright red color. It is mined in country reservoirs and canals with a small current. It is important that the water where the bloodworm is mined is not contaminated with toxic chemicals – this will necessarily affect the fish. Therefore, buying food is only from a trusted seller. For several days, the bloodworm can be stored in a cool place by placing it in a container with a damp cloth and periodically rinsing with cool water. Longer storage periods require freezing.
  • Tubber – looks like clumps of brownish color, consisting of long thin worms. A pipe maker can live quite a long time – a few weeks. This is a fatty food, it is important not to overfeed her fish. Good for bottom fish. The tubule is mined in sewers, so it can have an unpleasant odor. In addition, this type of food tends to accumulate harmful substances – it is important to know where it is obtained. The straw tube is stored in a flat closed container, at a temperature not higher than 10 degrees, adding water to the bottom of the tank and rinsing twice a day. It can be dried and frozen, but usually this is not required.
  • Crustaceans – daphnia, cyclops, artemia (“live dust”). Wonderful food, small and nutritious, indispensable for feeding fry, suitable for feeding every day, enhancing the brightness of the color of ornamental fish, but not suitable for all bottom fish. Live crustaceans are harvested in the warm season, sold in water. They should be stored in containers with water – while the concentration of live food in the tank should not be very large. If the crustaceans are cramped, they will suffocate. Before feeding the fish, the crustaceans are washed in a tight net. Unfortunately, alive these creatures can be obtained only in summer, and storage is possible only in a dry form. In the cold period there is no sale of live daphnia.

Applying live food, do not forget a few important rules:

  1. If you keep food frozen, it is better to defrost the needed portion before feeding, otherwise the fish may injure your stomach.
  2. If the bloodworm or tubule is too large for your fish (small, young or fry), they need to be cut with a razor, but you must bleed it before you enter the aquarium, otherwise you will provoke a bacteriological explosion in the water.

Of course, it would be useful to feed the fish, especially fry, with live food every day, but not all aquarists can afford to do this often. And pets spoiled with natural food are then hard trained to artificial food.

What to feed the guppy fry if you can not buy branded food? There are many options, so you can use chopped live food, which you can cook at home.

Such a diet is most focused on the natural conditions of life.

From the first days of life, guppy fry are recommended to be given live dust, after a week you can switch to rotifers, Artemia, small bloodworm, cyclop, micro-worm. You can also independently prepare a mixture of milk and chicken eggs.

They need to be finely chopped so that the small mouth of the fish can grab the food.

  1. Egg food. Cook a hard-boiled chicken egg, remove the yolk, chop it on a fine grater, and dip it in a glass of water. The resulting mixture should be mixed well until a homogeneous mass. Take a pipette and enter the solution into the aquarium.

  1. Dairy top dressing. Place the bowl of milk in a container of boiling water, where it will gradually evaporate. Powder, which will turn out, you need to collect and give the young fish.
  2. Live feed. It is possible to breed a micro-worm at home, which is a pure protein. Stir in the cornmeal and water (until thick, creamy consistency), and add a quarter teaspoon of yeast. Microharm need to run in the resulting mush. It is better to borrow it from a friend aquarist, or found in nature. They are found among the wet fallen leaves (they are white). In a few days the worms will be enough to feed the tiny fry.

See how the guppy fry eat the nematode.

  1. Vegetable feed. Guppies are omnivorous fish, so their young should also receive a portion of fiber. You can give green algae in branded feed or grown in an aquarium. There will be no problems with this, since phytoplankton (small algae) and zooplankton (living microorganisms) are found in all aquariums. Small algae – excellent feeding for fry, since the size of each section of this plant is not more than 1 mm in diameter.

  1. Growing phytoplankton at home is not that difficult. It is necessary to pour some aquarium water into the glass tank and place it on the windowsill in direct sunlight. The process of photosynthesis will start, and the algae will begin to multiply faster.
  2. After 2 days the water will turn greenish. At the same time, it can be added in small quantities to an aquarium with guppy fry. The first days of life they are happy to eat this vegetable food. In winter, to stimulate the growth of phytoplankton, you need to put a tank with aquarium water under the incandescent lamp, but avoid overheating the water.

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