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Little fish red cap conditions

maintenance, care, compatibility

Oranda red cap will be a great embodiment of a dream into reality. From its fabulous prototype, it is distinguished only by a small wen of red color on its head, from which it got its name.

Goldfish have always been popular with aquarists around the world, and the red cap is a popular type of it. She is not just beautiful, she is defiantly beautiful.

This fish appeared as a result of selection and was bred in China. And the delicate, elegant taste of Oriental masters is beyond doubt, and the fish turned out to be a match for him.

The swollen, oblong body of an ovoid shape is compensated for by luxurious long fins and tail, developing as a train dress woven from the finest Chinese silk.

The similarity of the shape of the body and the fins with the tail tail gave rise to the rumor that these two species are relatives. Perhaps this is so.

However, their main difference in the red growth that covers the entire surface of the head, except the eyes.

Body color can be varied: chocolate, black, red, red and black, but most often white and gold. Particularly advantageous with the red hat of the fish looks exactly the white color of the scales. White-red combination is always winning and most memorable.

Take, for example, carp koi. By the way, the oranda also belongs to the carp family.

Aquarium. Based on the size to which the fish can grow, an aquarium for its comfortable living should be chosen with a volume of 50 liters per 1 individual.

The more animals, the larger should be the aquarium.

Registration. You should not clutter the space with plants, stones, snags and other ornaments, as the fish prefers space for free swimming.

Bottom. It should be borne in mind that Oranda is a lover of digging in the ground, so it is better to cover the bottom of the aquarium with river sand or fine gravel.

There should be no large or sharp stones, as the animal can easily get hurt.

Vegetation. Preference is given to plants with a strong root system.

If the roots are weak, they must be hidden deep in the ground. It is best to choose hard-leaved representatives of the flora, such as sagittaria, fern, microsorum, tsiperus, etc.

Water temperature should be 16-24 ° C, pH 5-8, gH 6-18. Strong aeration and filtration is mandatory, as there will always be food residues in the water, as well as a weekly replacement of of the water.

Oranda red cap – it is from a variety of breeding derived forms of goldfish. According to some orana was known in Japan in the 15th century.

The shape of her body, she resembles a voilehvosta. The same oblong body ovoid shape, long luxurious fins.

On a small head there is a bright large fatty growth that covers the whole head of the fish, with the exception of the eyes and mouth.

The bigger and brighter the growth is, the more valuable and beautiful the fish is. The body and fins are painted white, the “cap” has a bright red-orange color.

Gold varieties of color are found in this way when the fish is completely colored in a rich orange color. Like most representatives of the Karpovye detachment, the oranda can be quite large in size (up to 23 centimeters).

In aquariums, life expectancy is on average 15 years.

Sexual maturity in these fish occurs between the ages of 1.5 and 2 years. For breeding you need to prepare a special aquarium, the so-called spawning.

Its volume should be about 30 liters, with a large number of small-leaved plants. Sand should be used as a primer.

Before spawning, selected future parents (2–3 males and 1 female) are kept separately for some time.

Spawning usually begins in the early morning and can last for several hours. After spawning, producers need to be removed from the aquarium and inspect the eggs.

All white, unfertilized eggs should also be removed from the aquarium.

Larvae hatch on 4-5 days. After another 2 – 3 days, they can already eat and swim. The best food for fry is the so-called “live dust”.

Care and conditions of keeping fry does not differ from conditions for adult fish.

Why is this name got a fish? The head of this aquarium fish, a photo of which can be seen below, is small in size.

With age on her head appear curly fatty growths. Such a growth, in the form of a “cap”, practically covers the whole head of the fish, leaving only the eyes visible.

Hence the name. And the more this so-called “cap”, the more valuable the aquarium fish itself.

The body resembles the shape of an egg, slightly oblong.

Oranda has a resemblance to a voiletail. Very clumsy and clumsy. The fins are like the finest silk.

Her dorsal fin is unpaired. The tail and anal in turn are double, and very smoothly hanging. The fins are white in color.

The fish can reach 23 cm. If you keep the fish in suitable conditions for it, then life can be fifteen years.

Oranda content feeding description compatibility photo reproduction.

Fish reach their maturity at the age of 1.5 years.

In principle, breeding an orange is not difficult, but the percentage of healthy fry is relatively small.

As a spawning, choose an aquarium with a volume of about 50 liters, in which are placed a few bushes of plants with small leaves. The ground should be sandy.

In order for the plants to stay at the bottom, their roots need to be pressed with small flat stones.

Before spawning, the producer should be kept apart for 1-2 weeks and fed abundantly with various feeds.

For spawning, 1 female and 2-3 males are planted. Spawning occurs in the morning and lasts 3-4 hours.

It should be noted that the stimulus to the beginning of spawning is a slight decrease in water temperature, immediately after its increase.

Immediately after spawning, producers should be deposited. Next, you need to carefully inspect the spawn.

That caviar, which has a cloudy whitish color, must be removed. Approximately on the 5th day the larvae hatch, and after a couple of days the fry begin to swim in search of food.

In the first days of life, the fry are fed live dust. Good results are obtained by feeding juveniles with special feeds for goldfish fry.

The life span of the red cap orange is about 15 years.


Carp family (Cyprinidae).

Oranda red cap is a selective form of goldfish.

The red cap oranda has a slightly oblong ovoid-shaped body. By its appearance, the fish resembles a voilehvosta.

Dorsal fin high, anal and caudal double, freely hanging. The head of the orange is small with a well-developed fatty growth of bright red color, covering everything except for eyes and mouth.

The more a hat is developed in a fish, the more valuable this individual is considered. The body and fins of orande are painted white. In length, the red cap can reach 23 cm.

Life expectancy in an aquarium depends on the conditions of detention and can reach 15 years.

Oranda Little Red Riding Hood is a peace-loving and calm fish. In the general aquarium, it can be maintained together with non-aggressive species of fish.

Fish in respect of feed unpretentious.

They eat quite a lot and willingly, so remember that it is better to underfeed the fish than to overfeed them. The amount of food given daily should not exceed 3% of the weight of the fish. Adult fish are fed twice a day – early in the morning and in the evening. Feed is given as much as they can eat in ten to twenty minutes, and the remnants of uneaten food should be removed.

Feeding aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.

Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is amazing.

In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feed for a certain type of fish: for goldfish for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry.



Relations with neighbors Oranda is a very calm and peace-loving neighbor. But she can easily be offended and even dangerous to injure any significantly smaller representative compared to her of another species, even guppies, who gladly gorge on luxurious jewelry – her magnificent fins and tail. Little Red Riding Hood So it is better to keep so different representatives of the underwater world in separate aquariums.

In addition, the Oranda is an extremely bright and colorful fish, it is completely self-sufficient and does not need noisy mixed-sized companies.

To keep red cap

a bright aquarium with a capacity of at least 80 liters with hard-leaved plants (for example, valisneria, nugget, sagittary, elodieus) and free swimming space is suitable. It should not have stones with sharp edges.

Water parameters for optimal red cap orande content: hardness 6-80, pH 7.0, temperature 16-24 ° C (overheating must be avoided). Filtration is necessary (preferably a biofilter), powerful aeration (sensitive to the oxygen content in the water) and a weekly substitution of up to 25% of the volume of water.



How to care for the red cap and what fish is compatible with

Elena Gabrielyan

Caring for Goldfish: (The Little Red Riding Hood is a type of Golden Fish and it can and should be held only with oneself and other somki somiki such as Goldenis, Ancistrus, Crayfish, Tarakatum)
An aquarium is needed for these small fish (50 liters of water for 1 fish, excluding its tail fin). Soil is desirable from gravel and large pebbles. Goldfish love to dig in the ground and dig up plants.

Because of this, it becomes necessary to have quite powerful filters with very strong aeration (very sensitive to the lack of oxygen in the water) and plant vegetation with a very strong root system.
Water temperature for Goldfish with a long body is desirable from 15 to 25 ° C, and with a short one a little more from 22 to 28 ° C.
The veil species of these fish are quite peaceful creatures and do not bite off the fins of other inhabitants of the aquarium. When you keep at home fish with big eyes, you need to consider that there should not be sharp shells and stones in the aquarium, which individuals can hurt.

This type of fish is a bit blind and slow. Usually they do not have enough speed to eat their share of food.
Goldfish eat different foods intended for aquarium fish. As a live food, you can give them earthworms and bloodworms (preferably frozen). From dry foods suitable oatmeal and semolina, white bread and seafood. Can eat meat balls from minced meat.

So that these Golden Crucians do not eat around the vegetation in the aquarium, they should be given nettle or lettuce as well, they love Ryaska, Riccia, and Wolfia. It is worth considering that these fishes are very voracious, but it is not recommended to overfeed them. If you overfeed them, the fish will become barren or die.

They need to give food to teenagers 1-2 times a day, and adults 1 time, 1 day a week should be hungry (not to feed) the food should be completely eaten in 2 maximum 5 minutes.

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