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List of predatory fish: what are carnivorous inhabitants of reservoirs

The list of predatory fish includes many species. They feed on other species of fish, sometimes even birds and some other animals.

All specimens – from small aquarium fish to huge sea monsters – are distinguished by their bloodthirstiness and excessive voracity. Most often they have rather sharp teeth and large mouths.

Predators have a good ingenuity and intelligence.

Most of the killers live in this environment. These include these types:

  • sharks;
  • moray eels;
  • barracudas;
  • swordfish;
  • sea ​​features;
  • Sargans;
  • tunas;
  • pelamides;
  • lufari;
  • croaks;
  • Lavraki;
  • rock bass;
  • sea ​​ruffles;
  • galeas;
  • different types of cod;
  • catfish;
  • pink salmon;
  • eaters;
  • brown rats;
  • glosses;
  • beluga;
  • sturgeon;
  • stellate sturgeon;
  • flounder;
  • Lihii;
  • whiting;
  • whips.

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The 11 meter long white shark is the most dangerous carnivorous sea creature for humans. Among the 250 species officially recognized the aggressiveness of 29 representatives. Tiger, hammerhead, mako, katran, gray and spotted scillium – with dimensions of about two meters, they are no less dangerous.

All representatives of sharks have not only sharp teeth, but also spiky spikes on a hard skin. Because of them, bumps are as dangerous as bites.

Although the whale shark is much more than the rest (body length up to 15 meters), it is quite safe for humans, because it feeds on plankton.

The abilities of these fish are unique. Thanks to the inner ear, which “hears” the sounds of low frequencies, they can pick up water oscillations at a distance of up to 200 meters – within these limits the shark will easily detect a swimming person.

The sense of smell is even better developed. This predator can feel a drop of blood at a distance of up to four kilometers.

Vision is better than human tenfold. The fish during the hunt accelerates to 50 km per hour.

Moray prefers coral reefs, underwater caves and algae. Large individuals grow up to 3 meters in length and 30 centimeters in thickness. Because of lightning and strong grip, scuba divers compare it with a bulldog.

A body resembling a serpentine is a great advantage in disguise. Moray prefers victims surpassing its size.

She uses the tail to hold the prey and tear it to pieces. From this, many divers are killed.

Impaired vision is compensated by superior insight.

Barracudas (spherenes) in their form resemble huge three-meter pikes. The jaws look frightening because of a protruding lower jaw. Thanks to good eyesight, the fish quickly reacts to any bright objects and water vibrations.

Large individuals prefer to hunt alone, and small ones gather in shoals. Barracuda is not selective in food, it feeds on poisonous fish without difficulty, because of this its meat is toxic and is not used in cooking.

The greatest danger to a diver is the chance of losing a leg or injuring intractable ones. Sometimes attacks sefiren blamed on sharks.

Three-meter swordfish weighs about 400−450 kg. On the upper jaw there is a growth of one and a half meters, strongly resembling the cold weapon of the same name. The shape of the fish is associated with a torpedo.

The impact force of this bone (4 tons) is amazing – this is enough to pierce 40 cm of oak or 2.5 cm of metal. Due to the lack of scales and a streamlined shape accelerates to 130 kilometers per hour.

It feeds even sharks.

Monkfish was so named because of the horrific view. A two-meter body weighs about 20 kg. The mouth is wide and resembles a crescent, while the eyes are planted close.

Lures prey with the help of a long outgrowth of the dorsal fin, which resembles a fishing pole. This explains the origin of the second name – the European anglerfish.

Tuna is a schooling predator of Atlantic waters. Although the carcass does not exceed 4 meters, it weighs almost half a ton. Accelerates to 90 km / h, can maintain this speed for a long time thanks to the spindle-shaped body.

Loves mackerel and sardines. Red tuna meat is widely used in gastronomy.

The French call it sea veal.

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Predatory freshwater fish are no less. They live in rivers and lakes, they actively eat sick individuals.

Fishermen are well aware of river fishing, because it is often used in cooking. Winter and summer fishing on the lakes is more common among lovers.

In the rivers live such varieties:

  • chubs;
  • asps;
  • soma;
  • pikes;
  • zander;
  • burbot;
  • starlet;
  • grayling;
  • beershi;
  • eels;
  • arctic omuli;
  • Pinagoras

The chub is handsome with its dark green back, orange fins, slightly golden sides and dark border on scales. He prefers small crayfish, young of other species and larvae.

Zherekh loves to briskly jump out of the water and rapidly fall on prey. Often, the prey is simply stunned by the impact of the tail and body.

He usually catches bleak, as it lives almost near the surface of the water. Asp species are found in large reservoirs and rivers.

Som is the largest predator, which has no scales. With a length of five meters, its weight almost reaches half a ton.

The fish spends the day in the pits of the waters of the European part of Russia, and at night they go hunting. He catches not only mollusks and other small freshwater inhabitants, but also birds.

Catching a catfish is quite difficult because of its strength and mind.

The pike is so bloodthirsty that it hunts even congeners. Likes rudd, roach and crucian, tries to avoid ruffs and perches because of their spines. Before swallowing, waiting for the moment when the caught victim stops moving.

It can feed on mice, frogs and birds.

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The pike perch lives only in the pure rivers, can live in sea waters. Because of the small sip eats only small fish.

Avoids vegetation, as it is afraid of being caught by a pike.

The torso of the burbot is compressed and somewhat resembles the body of a catfish; there are antennae on its chin. The stomach is whitish, the rest of the body is grayish-green with spots.

Do not disdain ruffs and perches, more voracious than pike.

Many river species live in lakes. These include the names of predatory fish:

  • trout;
  • whitefish;
  • Baikal omuls;
  • perch;
  • rotana;
  • alpine loaches;
  • ruffs;
  • petals;
  • line;
  • Amia.

Most trout on the Onega and Ladoga lakes. These elongated and slightly flattened schooling fish grow up to a meter in length. The color varies depending on the habitat, usually the body is covered with dark spots, and the mouth has an orange band.

Fishermen call it pestrushkoy. The rainbow variety is actively bred in fisheries for fishing. In the wild, a predator prefers depth, feels comfortable 100 meters from the surface.

Always trying to hide between stones or take another uneven terrain. Eats beetles, invertebrates, small fish and insect larvae.

SIG lives in the cool water of deep lakes of Siberia and Karelia. Even the weight of a large individual does not exceed one and a half kilograms: the body is elongated and compressed, the scales and eyes are large, and the mouth and head are small.

The diet includes clams, larvae, crustaceans.

Baikal omul loves a place of connection with large rivers due to the fact that their water is rich in oxygen. The fish is a schooling and small, elongated body with small scales of silver color does not weigh more than 800 grams, the back is cast brownish-green.

Record large individuals can be twice as large as normal.

The body of the perch is oval, the sides are compressed. It feeds on small relatives and some larger fish, preferring eggs and young.

Insatiable, never ceases to hunt.

Ruffs live almost everywhere. They are very unpretentious and live in packs.

Painted in dark green.

Not all species of predatory fish living in an aquarium behave aggressively. They can peacefully coexist with others, which is why they do not seem dangerous to their neighbors. However, buying a fish in an aquarium, you need to know its exact appearance.

It depends on the need for live feed, the amount of organic waste and the maximum heat drop. This is the only way to properly feed the fish, install the necessary cleaning systems and water temperature.

After all, any violation will lead to aggressive behavior. Lovers of aquariums better not to know what fish are at this moment – smaller or sick individuals will quickly suffer.

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The most popular predator aquarium fish include:

  • red-bellied piranha;
  • polypterus;
  • belonesoxy;
  • tiger perch;
  • livingston cichlids;
  • toad fish;
  • biahs;
  • fish-leaves;
  • tetra-vampires;
  • arawanas;
  • trachyras;
  • frog catfish;
  • dimidochromis.

A convex jaw and a series of sharp teeth scares off some, but attracts other lovers of aquarium fish. Due to the large tail, the red-bellied piranha accelerates quickly, and can use it in the fight against the victim or congeners. The fish is beautiful with its body of steel-gray color with a granular structure, as well as a bright red belly.

In the aquarium, it is recommended to keep a flock of 10–20 individuals. So the stronger will get the best pieces, and the sick will be eaten by congeners.

This strict hierarchy allows you to avoid the death of the population as a whole. You can feed them with insects, mussels, worms, live fish and shrimps.

Polyperus looks dangerous and is a bit like a small crocodile. The eel-like body no longer than 50 centimeters is colored pale green.

He badly needs access to air, but is unpretentious in content. Eats pieces of meat, worms and clams.

Belonesox is not afraid of even large fish, which is why it is sometimes called miniature pike. There are small black spots on its gray-brown sides.

Feed you need live small fish. A well-fed Belonesox does not kill prey until the next meal.

Golden tiger perch with black stripes grows up to half a meter, in form similar to the arrowhead. The long dorsal fin together with the tail provides good speed for hunting.

The diet should include worms, bloodworms and shrimp.

Tsikhlida Livingston – master of ambush hunting. She can pretend to be dead and can wait for prey for a very long time.

Despite the bright color of the predator with yellow, blue and silver spots and a body length of 25 centimeters, the victim does not expect an attack. The aquarium feeds on shrimp pieces, worms and fish.

Overfeeding is strictly prohibited.

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The toad fish has a very large head and large growths on the body. Because of its shape and masking color, it resembles a stone, hiding easily at the bottom of a reservoir.

In the aquarium prefers solitary content, loves pollock and shrimp.

Fish-list – another genius disguise. Her body is no longer than 10 centimeters, scales are yellowish-brown.

Able to imitate leaf drift in water. Eats up to two fish daily.

Biara is a serious predator, which can only be kept in large aquariums. An individual can grow in length up to 80 centimeters.

Wing-like abdominal fins and large jaws with sharp teeth are excellent helpers for hunting. You can feed only live fish.

Tetra-vampire in the air reaches a length of 45 cm, when maintained by a person – 30 cm. Fins on the belly are like wings and allow to accelerate rapidly.

Swim, head down slightly. Can eat pieces of meat.

Aravan is one of the oldest species. Fins on an elongated body (80 cm) resemble a fan, give good acceleration for hunting and the ability to jump.

The mouth is pointing upwards, which helps to capture prey from the surface. In the aquarium eats shrimp and worms.

Tetra Wolf, or trachira – legend of the Amazon. The body is powerful, the mouth and teeth are large.

With the care of a specialist can grow up to half a meter. Live food is optional.

Lovers are usually not available.

Frog catfish have a massive head and a wide mouth. Distinctive external features: dark body with a white abdomen, a pair of short antennae above and below the mouth.

Can grow up to 25 centimeters, happy to eat white fish.

Dimidohromis is colored mainly in shades of blue, but has orange stripes on the fins. Prefers small prey.

Live food can be combined with mollusks.

In any reservoir need predators. They play the role of a medic, eliminating excess weed fish.

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