The Lionheaded Lamrologus (Congolese) is one of a dozen of these lamprologists, of whom the Cichlov family was formed in the 1980s. For the first time this fish appeared in our aquariums in 1986.
The first individuals were shipped from Germany for quite a long time, but despite this, the fish tolerated the road fairly well due to their high resilience.
The main form of this lamprologist lives in the coastal areas of the Congo River and forms a fairly large population of fish in the Tumba lake. Lionhead lamprologists have a rather attractive appearance.
Teenagers and youngsters are painted in beige tones with vertical stripes all over their bodies. As a complement to the dress, separate sparkles on scales and iridescent earrings on the gill cover are used. Adult fish are purple-gray in color with a silver speck.
The standard body length of the fish is 6 – 12 centimeters, the maximum recorded in nature was 15 centimeters. With “mature” males over time, fatty growths on the forehead are formed. Males, as a rule, twice as many females, have more elongated unpaired fins.
The females are more progonist and have a rounded belly.
Fans of fish from the family of tsikhlovyh, lion-headed lamprologists consider very problematic. But, as with the content of many species of fish, with the maintenance of the Congolese lamprologists there is one secret.
To successfully maintain and breed these fish, you must have two rival harem of fish that grew together (about 10 – 15 pieces).
Lamprologus prefers to dwell in small aquariums with a large number of different shelters in the form of plastic cylinders on the ground or vertical “shelves.” These cichlids are tolerable to aquarium plants, therefore, large elements of cryptocoryne (Wendta, green, Usteriana), echinodorus, Gedeloti borbitis, Anubias nana can be planted as decorative elements in the aquarium.
The main condition is that the plants do not worsen the view in the aquarium.
Fish that are ready for breeding can be identified by their changed behavior: females gladly accept courtship from males, acquire an upright position and tremble with their whole body. Another sign of readiness for spawning is an increase in ovipositor and blackening of females.
To stimulate the spawning of fish, it is necessary to feed abundantly, raise the temperature of the water in the aquarium to 28 degrees and make a big substitution of water for fresh. Inverted clay pots or a piece of plastic pipe with a diameter of 5 to 10 centimeters and a length of 10 to 15 centimeters are suitable for the role of substrate for spawning.
During the hour of spawning, the female can lay up to 400 small yellowish eggs.
All the main cares for the care of future offspring falls on the female. It is at this time that it is very important to feed her additionally with bloodworms, dropping tweezers with bloodworms near the entrance to the shelter, because she does not dare to leave far from her familiar place.
Marriage games are held at intervals of a day or two and one male can care for several females at the same time. With a good harem of 5-6 females and optimal conditions of detention, you can get up to 6 – 7 clutches in one quarter.
I would like to note the extremely high variation of hydrochemical parameters of water:
- Stiffness from 2 to 12 degrees;
- Active reaction environment 6.5 – 7.8 pH;
- Temperature 22 – 28 degrees;
- 24-hour filtration and aeration;
- Regular water changes to fresh.
Larvae hatch from eggs occurs after 70 hours, and after another week, the fry are already able to feed on the Nauplii Artemia independently. When feeding five times a day, the fry will grow extremely quickly, for a month of their life their length may increase to 2.5 centimeters.
But rare and abundant feeding can be fatal for fry, as this is fraught with mass death as a result of rupture of the abdominal wall and intestines.
In general, the lionhead lampologologi are unpretentious and very hardy aquarium fish. Foreign colleagues noticed that they rarely get sick, as a rule, as a result of improper care. The best lumps are insect larvae, chopped beef heart and meat, earthworms.
If you feed the fish with a pipe worker, the fish may dull the color, dystrophy and lethargy will appear. As a rule, the cause of this is the infection with worms.
Since fish often take food from the surface of the water, the aquarium should be covered with a cover glass.
Peak performance in cichlids is between one and a half to four years old. The maximum lifespan in aquarium conditions is 7 to 8 years.