Good day, fellow aquarists. Today, we have another representative of the Cichl agenda, originally from Lake Tanganyika, and it is called Lepidolamprologus Nkabe.
In nature, this cichlid grows to 14 centimeters in length, and with good conditions in the aquarium, it can reach 16 centimeters. In general, a fish is a predator, but it will never attack a living creature that it cannot swallow right away.
In nature, the fish prefers to stay on the sandy areas that are adjacent to the stone ridges. There were cases when the nkabe descended to a depth of 40 meters. Favorite food is small fish with an elongated body shape.
In aquarian aquatic animals you can feed on small tips and sliced earthworms. Especially actively need to feed the fish when it is preparing for spawning, as it needs a rich feed.
If you plan to contain a lepidolamprologist nkabe with other different types of Tanganyik cichlids, consider the fact that if the neighbors are more nimble, the nkabe can remain hungry and angry. Or they will have to be specially supplemented with meat of mollusks or minced fish, which will prove to be too tough for the rest of the inhabitants.
In order for hydrobionts to feel well, there must be a powerful aeration of water and filtration in the aquarium — at least one volume of the aquarium per hour, as well as increased carbonate hardness.
Nkabe males are distinguished by larger dimensions of their lean bodies. During spawning, the body color in males becomes darker and more saturated. Spawning can be observed strictly in March-April, as well as in the period from October to November.
In general, nkabe can spawn up to 4 times per year.
Replaced from the flock of steam will behave inadequately and very nervously. To prevent injuries to the producers during frequent skirmishes, the cover glass will have to be lifted 10 centimeters from the water level, as the fish will beat about it often. Substratum for spawning are hidden places in smooth vertical plates.
But through ceramic tubes fish are not suitable at all.
The color of the eggs is white-pink and its diameter is 2 millimeters. In rare cases, one female can sweep up to 400 eggs.
However, salvo spawning is a rare occurrence and spawning is accompanied by dotted clutches of 50-60 pieces each. If the aquarium does not have a stable biological equilibrium and constant bio-purification of water, the caviar will begin to deteriorate rapidly.
With poor filtration, soluble beta-carotene and methylene blue give a good result in the proportion of 2 and 10 ml per 150 liters of water. But the best effect is artificial incubation.
During the maintenance of the aquarium from the withdrawal of the substrate with caviar you should not forget about the sudden movements of cichlids. Such sharp gestures negatively affect the vision of fish.
Accordingly, blind fish must be rejected in view of the fact that complete disorientation will lead to slow exhaustion and starvation.
The incubation period for caviar lasts about three days, but on condition that the temperature in the aquarium will be around the mark of 27 degrees. The youngsters start eating independently after 5-7 days of age.
To speed up the process of resorption of the yolk sac, the larvae are given red dust in the form of cyclops nauplii and rotifers. Also benign artemia is suitable for these purposes, but you should not overfeed the fry.
In addition, positive water changes in the amount of 1/10 of the total volume of the incubator are positive for fish. As fry grow, it is necessary to pay close attention to food and chemical toxins.
Under good conditions and with proper and balanced feeding, lepidolamprologus nkabe will acquire an amazing color and will be able to live in an aquarium for up to 12 years. Observations of experienced tsikhlidnik showed that the peak of marital activity in fish occurs in the period of 3-8 years of age.