Good day, dear readers. Something quite a while ago I did not get in touch, so I decided to please you with another useful material on the blog.
In today’s article, we will look at another representative of the cichl family, which falls into our aquariums from Lake Tanganyika.
Orange lamprologus prefers to stay close to the rocky bottom landscape, which is typical of the northeastern region of the lake. The fish has a moderately tall and elongated body, the back and abdomen are slightly arched. In nature, there are three options for coloring: orange, black and golden yellow.
Males, unlike females, have larger fins. Under natural conditions, the maximum body length of the fish is about 12 centimeters.
In aquariums males grow no more than 10 centimeters, and females – no more than 7 cm.
In general, the orange lamprologus is a peace-loving aquarium fish, which has the only drawback – territoriality. Although what is there to be surprised if the cichlids are all such, therefore, if you are going to buy this aquatic animal, then you should take into account this peculiarity of the behavior of fish.
Kept mostly in the lower and middle layers of the aquarium. It is preferable to purchase a group of fish for which a minimum 100-liter aquarium is needed, which is necessarily covered with a cover glass and a cover.
As neighbors, it is possible to submerge peaceful fish of similar sizes from other families. But as is the case with other cichlids described on the blog earlier, it is better, of course, to give preference to a species aquarium.
In addition, consider another nuance: if the size of the aquarium is too small for the number of fish that live in it, regular skirmishes may occur between lamprologus, which may result in the death of one of the opponents.
When you make an aquarium for a cichlid, you must take into account the preferences of its inhabitants. Tsikhlovye like the presence of a large number of stones, grottoes, caves and other useful things, which are a potential refuge for them.
A prerequisite for arranging shelters – there should be more than the cichlids in the aquarium. To at least somehow delineate the territory of ownership of individual fish, you can use the hard-leaved aquarium plants (pterygoid and Indian ferns, Anubias nana, lemongrass, spiral vallyseria).
The fact is that the orange lamprologus loves to nibble plants with delicate leaves, so if you suddenly put some limnofil or cabombo in an aquarium, it will soon be eaten by your pets.
The water parameters for the content of lamprologists should be as follows:
- Active reaction 7.2 – 8.5 pH;
- Hardness 8 – 20;
- Temperature 24 – 27 degrees.
Also in the aquarium, you will have to replace the water with fresh water once a week, buy a compressor for the aquarium with which you will provide aeration of the reservoir. If you have such an opportunity, it is better to buy an external filter for the aquarium, since it will provide better water filtration. It is possible to feed an orange lamprologus with live and vegetable foods.
Especially like fish eat snails coils, bloodworms, daphnia and enkhitreusov.
Lamprologists become sexually mature at the age of about a year. After the fish form a pair, the extra fish that were left without a pair should be removed from the aquarium. Spawning cichlids can both in the species aquarium, and in a separate spawning.
Only when breeding fish in a separate aquarium, please note that its minimum volume for a couple of individuals must be at least 40 liters. The presence of shelters in the aquarium is a mandatory factor for successful spawning of fish.
A female lamprologist chooses for herself a secluded spot among the stones and settles a nest there. While the female is in the shelter, the male patrols nearby territory, ready to chase random violators.
Before spawning, the formed pair digs holes in the ground, where the eggs will be deposited. The maximum number of eggs that a female may sweep aside for spawning is about 300 pieces. The female will take care of the offspring, which, during care, will change its color to a darker one.
The male at this time patrols near the nest. Sometimes the female will spawn in her mouth.
After a couple of days, the fry roam out of the eggs, which, after 7 to 10 days, can independently swim around the aquarium. Optimal starter feed for fry: Nauplii Cyclops and Artemia.